TOEFL Appetizer Teknik

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STRUCTURE AND WRITEN EXPRESSION

APPETIZER FOR TOEFL (PBT)BYCB(COACH BARANS)TEST OF ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGETHESE LESSONS ARE ONLY ABOUT STRUCTURES, TIPS, AND TRICKS. THEY WILL BE USELESS, IF YOU DO NOT MASTER VOCABULARIES BAD SCENARIO IN TOEFLSECTION 1: LISTENING COMPREHENSION GROGI

SECTION 2: STRUCTURE AND WRITTEN EXPRESSION PUSING

SECTION 3: READING COMPREHENSION NGANTUK

+ BOLAK BALIK KE TOILET.

STRUCTURE AND WRITEN EXPRESSIONSTRUCTUREWORDPHRASECLAUSESENTENCEQUIZPHARSE? CLAUSE?LETS ANSWER IT LATERWORDSNOUNVERBADJECTIVEADVERBPREPOSITIONCONNECTORWORD ENDINGS IN ENGLISHNOUN (PERSON)NOUN (THING)VERBADJECTIVEADVERB-ER

-NCE-ATE-FUL-LY-OR-ISM-IZE-NT-IST-NESS-FY-AL-IAN-LOGY-BLE-ION-OUS-TYOBSERVERNPOBSERVANTOBSERVANTLYOBSERVANCE

OBSERVATIONOBSERVERNPOBSERVANTADJOBSERVANTLYOBSERVANCE

OBSERVATIONOBSERVERNPOBSERVANTADJOBSERVANTLYADVOBSERVANCE

OBSERVATIONOBSERVERNPOBSERVANTADJOBSERVANTLYADVOBSERVANCE

NTOBSERVATIONOBSERVERNPOBSERVANTADJOBSERVANTLYADVOBSERVANCE

NTOBSERVATIONNTPRESENCENTPRESENTERPRESENTATIONPRESENTABLE

PRESENTLYPRESENCENTPRESENTERNPPRESENTATIONPRESENTABLE

PRESENTLYPRESENCENTPRESENTERNPPRESENTATIONNTPRESENTABLE

PRESENTLYPRESENCENTPRESENTERNPPRESENTATIONNTPRESENTABLE

ADJPRESENTLYPRESENCENTPRESENTERNPPRESENTATIONNTPRESENTABLE

ADJPRESENTLYPRESENCENTPRESENTERNPPRESENTATIONNTPRESENTABLE

ADJPRESENTLYADVNOUNSPLACESPERSONSNAMESTHINGSNOUNSFUNCTIONS:AS A SUBJECTAS AN OBJECTVERBSACTION VERBSAUXILLIARY VERBSACTION VERBSVERB 1 VERB 2VERB 3VERB INGWALK (S)

WALKEDWALKEDWALKINGWRITE (S)WROTEWRITTENWRITINGTHINK(S)THOUGHTTHOUGHTTHINKINGAUXILLIARY VERBS1. TO BE (AM , IS, ARE, WAS, WERE, BE, BEEN, BEING)2. PERFECT ASPECT (HAS, HAVE, HAD)3. MODALS(WILL, WOULD, CAN, COULD, MAY, MIGHT, SHALL, SHOULD, MUST, etc.)4. DO, DOES, DID (-/?)ADJECTIVESOSIASCOMPOPINION (GOOD)SIZE (BIG)AGE (NEW)SHAPE (SQUARE)COLOR (BLUE)ORIGIN (BRITISH)MATERIAL (IRON)PURPOSE (CHEMICAL)ADJECTIVE (write on your paper)FUNCTIONS

I SAW A BEAUTIFUL GIRLADVERBSADVERBSTHEY SING THE SONGS BEAUTIFULLY

BEATIFULLY THEY SING THE SONG

THEY BEAUTIFULLY SING THE SONG

ADVERBS (write on your paper)THEY ARE PLAYING THE GAME ACTIVELY

ACTIVELY THEY ARE PLAYING THE GAME

THEY ARE ACTIVELY PLAYING THE GAME

ADVERBS (FOR PASSIVES)THE GAMES ARE USED ACTIVELY

ACTIVELY THE GAMES ARE USED

THE GAMES ARE ACTIVELY USED

ADVERBSTHE TASTE IS ORIGINALLY CRISPY

ADVERBSTHE RUNNER WAS INCREDIBLY QUICKLY

PREPOSITIONSIN, ON, AT, TO,ETC.IN SEMARANGON THE TABLEAT THE CAMPUSTO THE TOILETCONNECTORSWILL BE EXPLAINED LATERLETS GO BACK TO THE PREVIOUS QUIZ

PHRASES?, CLAUSE?EXTREMELY FAST (PHRASE/CLAUSE)

TO THE TOILET (PHRASE/CLAUSE)

PAIJO IS RUNNING (PHRASE/CLAUSE) PHRASES?, CLAUSE?EXTREMELY FAST (PHRASE/CLAUSE)

TO THE TOILET (PHRASE/CLAUSE)

PAIJO IS RUNNING (PHRASE/CLAUSE) CLAUSE TO SENTENCEPAIJO IS RUNNING

PAIJO SUBJECT

IS (RUNNING) VERB

PAIJO IS RUNNING EXTREMELY QUICKLY TO THE TOILET

STRUCTURE SKILLSRECOGNIZING SUBJECT & VERB (CLAUSE)S + V

PERATURAN PADA SEKSI 2 TOEFLDI TOEFL TIDAK BOLEH ADA YANG JOMBLODI TOEFL BOLEH LDRDI TOEFL BIBIT, BEBET, BOBOT SANGAT DIPERHATIKANPERATURAN PADA SEKSI 2 TOEFLDI TOEFL TIDAK BOLEH ADA YANG JOMBLOExample 1ONE CLAUSE Engineers _____ for the projectnecessaryare neededHopefullyNext monthExample 1ONE CLAUSE Engineers _____ for the projectnecessaryare neededHopefullyNext monthExample 1ONE CLAUSE Engineers _____ for the projectnecessaryare neededHopefullyNext monthCONNECTORAND, BUT, OR, BECAUSE, IF, WHO, THAT, WHICH, etc.MULTIPLE CLAUSESShe was pleased with what she had done although she was surprised at the results.

Although she was surprised at the result(,) she was pleased with what she had done.

MULTIPLE CLAUSESShe was pleased with what she had done although she was surprised at the results. (3 clauses 2 connector) N-1

Although she was surprised at the result(,) she was pleased with what she had done. (3 clauses 2 connector) N-1

EXAMPLE 2MULTIPLE CLAUSES______ were late, we missed the class

WeBecauseThe trainSince theyEXAMPLE 2MULTIPLE CLAUSES______ were late, we missed the class

WeBecauseThe trainSince theyEXAMPLE 2MULTIPLE CLAUSES_____were late(,) we missed the class

WeBecauseThe trainSince theyEXAMPLE 2MULTIPLE CLAUSES_____were late(,) we missed the class

WeBecauseThe trainSince theyEXAMPLE 2MULTIPLE CLAUSES_____were late(,) we missed the class

WeBecauseThe trainSince theyPERATURAN PADA SEKSI 2 TOEFLDI TOEFL BOLEH LDR

ADJECTIVE CLAUSE (SUMPELAN)THE MAN WHOM SHE LOVES HAS A LONG BEARDEXAMPLE 3 (SUMPELAN/ADJ CLAUSE)The gift ____ selected for her is too expensiveBecauseWasSinceWhich you EXAMPLE 3 (SUMPELAN)The gift ____ selected for her is too expensiveBecauseWasSinceWhich you EXAMPLE 3 (SUMPELAN)The gift ____ selected for her is too expensiveBecauseWasSinceWhich you EXAMPLE 3 (SUMPELAN)The gift ____ selected for her is too expensiveBecauseWasSinceWhich you EXAMPLE 3 (SUMPELAN)The gift ____ selected for her is too expensiveBecause (subject?) Was SinceWhich you EXAMPLE 3 (SUMPELAN)The gift ____ selected for her is too expensiveBecause (subject?) Was (too many verbs)Since Which you EXAMPLE 3 (SUMPELAN)The gift ____ selected for her is too expensiveBecause (subject?) Was (too many verbs)Since (subject?)Which you EXAMPLE 3 (SUMPELAN)The gift ____ selected for her is too expensiveBecause (subject?) Was (too many)Since (subject?)Which you IF THE N-1 DOESNT WORKADA CONNECTOR FUNGSI GANDA (SEBAGAI CONNECTOR & SUBJECT)ADA KLAUSA YANG DI REDUKSI (REDUCED CLAUSE)

CONNECTOR/SUBJECT (FUNGSI GANDA)WHO, THAT, WHICH, WHAT, etc.

EXAMPLE 4(SUMPELAN)____ is on the table has two speakersThe notebookBecause the notebook The notebook whichThat the notebookEXAMPLE 4(SUMPELAN)____ is on the table has two speakersThe notebook Because the notebook The notebook whichThat the notebookEXAMPLE 4(SUMPELAN)____ is on the table has two speakersThe notebook (subject? connector?)Because the notebook The notebook whichThat the notebookEXAMPLE 4(SUMPELAN)____ is on the table has two speakersThe notebook (subject? connector?)Because the notebook (other subject?) The notebook whichThat the notebookEXAMPLE 4(SUMPELAN)____ is on the table has two speakersThe notebook (subject? connector?)Because the notebook (other subject?) The notebook whichThat the notebook (other subject?)EXAMPLE 4(SUMPELAN)____ is on the table has two speakersThe notebook (subject? connector?)Because the notebook (other subject?) The notebook which That the notebook (other subject?)EXAMPLE 4(SUMPELAN)____ is on the table has two speakersThe notebook (subject? connector?)Because the notebook (other subject?) The notebook (which) sub/con That the notebook (other subject?)REDUCEDCLAUSEHUKUM REDUKSI1. REDUKSI TERJADI PADA SUBJECT DAN VERB ANAK KALIMAT (SUB CLAUSE)She was pleased with what she had done although she was surprised at the results.

She was pleased with what she had done although surprised at the result.

HUKUM REDUKSI2. REDUKSI TERJADI KETIKA ADA DUA SUBYEK YG SAMAAlthough she was surprised at the result, she was pleased with what she had done.Although surprised at the result, she was pleased with what she had done.

HUKUM REDUKSI3. KETIKA REDUKSI TERJADI, SUBJECT DAN TO BE HILANGAlthough she was surprised at the result, she was pleased with what she had done.Although surprised at the result, she was pleased with what she had done.

EXAMPLE 5MULTIPLE CLAUSESWhen______ , you are free to leaveThe finished reportFinished with the reportThe reportIs the reportEXAMPLE 5MULTIPLE CLAUSESWhen______ , you are free to leaveThe finished reportFinished with the reportThe reportIs the reportEXAMPLE 5MULTIPLE CLAUSESWhen______ (,) you are free to leaveThe finished reportFinished with the reportThe reportIs the reportEXAMPLE 5MULTIPLE CLAUSESWhen______ (,) you are free to leaveThe finished report (verb?)Finished with the reportThe reportIs the reportEXAMPLE 5MULTIPLE CLAUSESWhen______ (,) you are free to leaveThe finished report (verb?)Finished with the reportThe report (verb?)Is the reportEXAMPLE 5MULTIPLE CLAUSESWhen______ (,) you are free to leaveThe finished report (verb?)Finished with the reportThe report (verb?)Is the report (other subject?)EXAMPLE 5MULTIPLE CLAUSESWhen______ (,) you are free to leaveThe finished report (verb?)Finished with the report (you are)The report (verb?)Is the report (subject)SUMPELAN (utk kalimat aktif)The principal is meeting with his staffs.The principal who prepared to give a speech yesterday is meeting with his staffs.The principal preparing to give a speech yesterday is meeting with his staffs.85EXAMPLE 6MULTIPLE CLAUSESThe boy______ playing in the yard is my brothernowIshe wasEXAMPLE 6MULTIPLE CLAUSESThe boy______ playing in the yard is my brothernowIshe wasEXAMPLE 6MULTIPLE CLAUSESThe boy______ playing in the yard is my brothernowIs (other subject?)he wasEXAMPLE 6MULTIPLE CLAUSESThe boy______ playing in the yard is my brothernowis (other subject?)he (connector?)was EXAMPLE 6MULTIPLE CLAUSESThe boy______ playing in the yard is my brothernowis (other subject?)he (connector?)was (connector?)EXAMPLE 6MULTIPLE CLAUSESThe boy______ playing in the yard is my brothernow (who is now) Is (other subject?)he (connector?)was (connector?)HUKUM REDUKSI4. PADA SUMPELAN (ADJ CLAUSE), KETIKA TERJADI REDUKSI, KLAUSA TERSEBUT BISA PINDAH KE DEPAN. SUMPELAN [aktif]The principal is meeting with his staffs.The principal who prepared to give a speech is meeting with his staffs.The principal preparing to give a speech is meeting with his staffs.Preparing to give a speech(,) The principal is meeting with his staffs.93EXAMPLE 7______ on several television progra