Title Master style Arial Bold 34pt. ?· The Renaissance 1485–1660. Renaissance Timeline 1558: ...…

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  • The Renaissance14851660

  • Renaissance Timeline

    1558:

    Elizabeth I

    crowned

    1517:

    Martin Luther

    begins Protestant

    Reformation

    1588:

    English navy

    defeats Spanish

    Armada

    1649:

    Charles I executed;

    English monarchy

    suspended

    1480 1660

    1509:

    Henry VIII

    crowned

    c. 1533:

    Henry VIII splits

    Church of

    England from

    Rome

    1564:

    Shakespeare

    born

    1620:

    Mayflower lands

    at Plymouth

    Rock

  • What Was the Renaissance?

    The Renaissance (French for rebirth) was a great

    revival of art, literature, and learning in Europe.

    It began in Italy in the fourteenth century and spread

    across Europe to England over the next 100 years.

    Interest in the classical learning of ancient Greece and

    Rome was renewed.

    The arts and sciences flowered.

    The human spirit of curiosity and creativity seemed

    reenergized.

  • Characteristics of the Renaissance

    People read ancient Greek and Roman texts to

    expand their understanding of the world.

    A humanist philosophy spread, focusing on human life

    in the present as well as on eternity.

    Printing made books more widely available.

    The wealthy, growing merchant class began to

    challenge the power of the church and the nobility.

    Scholarly Latin spread across Europe, aiding the

    sharing of ideas across cultures.

  • The Renaissance and the Arts

    Art flourished during the Renaissance. Church officials,

    royalty, and wealthy families served as patrons to artists

    such as

    Leonardo da Vinci (14521519)

    Michelangelo (14751564)

    Edmund Spenser

    (1552?1599)

    William Shakespeare

    (15641616)

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    A study for Leda and the Swan by

    Leonardo da Vinci.

  • Humanism in the Renaissance

    Humanists combined ideas from Latin and Greek

    classics with traditional Christian thought to teach

    people how to live and rule. They sought

    to answer questions about lifeWhat is a good life?

    and How do I lead a good life?

    to use the classics to strengthen, not discredit,

    Christianity

    Desiderius Erasmus and Thomas More were two well-

    known humanists who helped shape European

    thought and history.

  • The Invention of the Printing Press

    In the early 1450s Johannes Gutenberg, a German,

    invented the printing press. His invention transformed

    the way information and ideas were exchanged.

    Books no longer had

    to be copied by hand.

    Books became more

    numerous, available,

    and affordable.

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  • The Protestant Reformation

    began with Martin Luther in Wittenberg, Germany,

    1517 and spread across Europe to England

    Martin Luther believed that religion should be based on a

    personal understanding of the Bible, not on the authority

    of the Pope and his bishops.

    gained momentum as the Catholic Church was

    criticized for corruption

    had a financial component in England, where the

    English objected to the financial burdens placed on

    them by the Vatican in Italy

  • Henry VIII (r. 15091547)

    split the Church of England from the Roman Catholic

    Church and declared himself head of the new church

    had six wives

    executed the humanist Thomas More

    authorized creation of the Great Biblethe first official

    English translation of the Bible to be used in the

    Church of England

    created the Royal Navy

  • The Reigns of Edward and Mary

    Edward IV (r. 15471553)

    son of Jane Seymour

    crowned at age nine

    smart but sickly

    ruled only in name

    died of tuberculosis at

    age fifteen

    Mary Tudor (r. 15531558)

    daughter of Catherine of

    Aragon

    restored power of Pope

    and Catholic Church

    called Bloody Mary

    because she executed

    hundreds of Protestants

    Henry VIII was survived by three heirs; each ruled

    England in turn.

  • Elizabeth I (r. 15581603)

    daughter of Anne Boleyn

    regarded as a brilliant and

    successful monarch

    reestablished Church of

    England

    never married; known as the

    Virgin Queen

    patron of the arts

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  • Defeat of the Spanish Armada

    In 1588 King Philip of Spain assembled the powerful

    Spanish Armada and attacked England.

    Englands Royal Navy destroyed the Spanish Armada.

    The victory at sea was a

    turning point in history. It

    ensured Englands

    independence from the

    powerful Catholic countries

    of the Mediterranean.

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  • Decline of the Renaissance

    When Elizabeth died, she was succeeded by her

    second cousin, James, the king of Scotland.

    James I (r. 16031625) loved literature and drama. He

    was a patron to Shakespeare and sponsored a new

    translation of the Bible.

    However, he was unable to resolve religious and

    economic concerns, and his lavish dress and court life

    offended pious and thrifty merchants.

  • Decline of the Renaissance

    Charless troubles with the English Parliament

    sparked the English Civil Wars (16421651), which

    ended in

    dissolution of the monarchy

    Charles beheading

    flight of Charles II, his son and heir, to France

    Charles I (r. 16251649) succeeded James I, his father.

  • Puritans in Power (16491660)

    Puritans ruled England under the guidance of Oliver

    Cromwell.

    Cromwell was a shrewd ruler who led England to

    international prominence.

    Puritans closed down theaters from 1642 to 1660.

  • Match the achievement to the Renaissance ruler.

    _____________ established the Church of England,

    separate from the Roman church

    _____________ supported the arts but offended the

    English with a lavish and costly lifestyle

    _____________ united England so that it could achieve

    military victory over Spain

    Elizabeth I James I Henry VIII

    What Have You Learned?

    Elizabeth I

    James I

    Henry VIII

  • The End

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