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Timog Asya Group 4

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Pamir Mountains

Pamir Mountains5Pamir MountainsSigirayaBelum CavesKali GandakiHunza ValleyDiyaluma FallsSundarbans Phobjikha ValleyMga Tanawin Sa Timog Asya

Belum Caves Mga tanawin

Hunza ValleyPamir mountains

ThePamir Mountainsare amountain rangeinCentral Asiaformed by the junction of theHimalayaswithTian Shan,Karakoram,Kunlun, andHindu Kushranges. They are among the worlds highestmountains, and since Victorian times, they have been known as the "Roof of the World" presumably a translation from Persian.

The precise extent of the Pamir Mountains is debatable.They lie mostly inGorno- Badakhshanprovince,Tajikistanand Badakshan Province,Afghanistan. To the north they join the Tian Shan mountains along theAlay ValleyofKyrgyzstan. To the south they join the Hindu Kush mountains along theWakhan Corridor(orWakhjir Pass) inAfghanistanandGilgitBaltistanin Pakistan. To the east they may end on the Chinese border or extend to the range that includesKongur Taghwhich is sometimes included in theKunlun Mountains.

SundarbansBelum caves

Belum Cavesis the second largest cave inIndian subcontinentand the longest caves in plains of Indian Subcontinent, known for its stalactiteandstalagmiteformations. Belum Caves have long passages, spacious chambers, fresh water galleries and siphons. It is a natural underground cave formed by the constant flow of underground water. The caves reach its deepest point (150 feet from entrance level) at the point known asPataalaganga. Belum Caves derive their name from "Bilum"Sanskritword for caves.InTelugu language, it is calledBelum Guhalu. Belum Caves has a length of 3229 metres, making it the second largest natural caves in Indian Subcontinent.

Kali GandakiKali gandaki

TheKali GandakiorGandaki River(also known as theNarayaniin southernNepaland theGandakinIndia) is one of the major rivers of Nepal and a left bank tributary of theGangesin India. It is also calledKrishna Gandakiin Nepal.In Nepal the river is notable for its deepgorgethrough theHimalayasand its enormoushydroelectricpotential. It has a total catchment area of 46,300 square kilometers (17,900sqmi), most of it in Nepal. The basin also contains three of the world's 14 mountains over 8,000m,Dhaulagiri,ManasluandAnnapurna I. Dhaulagiri is the highest point of the Gandaki basin. It lies between the similarKosi system to the east and theKarnali(Ghaghara) system to the west.Sigiriya

Sigiriya is an ancientpalacelocated in the centralMatal Districtnear the town ofDambullain theCentral Province,Sri Lanka. The name refers to a site of historical and archaeological significance that is dominated by a massive column of rock nearly 200 metres (660ft) high. According to the ancient Sri Lankan chronicle the Culavangsha, this site was selected by KingKasyapa(477 495 CE) for his new capital. He built his palace on the top of this rock and decorated its sides with colourful frescoes. On a small plateau about halfway up the side of this rock he built a gateway in the form of an enormous lion. The name of this place is derived from this structure Shgiri, the Lion Rock. The capital and the royal palace was abandoned after the king's death. It was used as a Buddhist monastery until the 14th century.Sigiriya today is a UNESCO listedWorld Heritage Site. It is one of the best preserved examples of ancient urban planning.It is the most visited historic site in Sri Lanka.

Hunza valley TheHunzais a mountainous valley in theGilgitBaltistanregion ofPakistan. The Hunza is situated north/west of theHunza River, at an elevation of around 2,500 metres (8,200ft). The territory of Hunza is about 7,900 square kilometres (3,100sqmi).Aliabadis the main town while Baltit is a popular tourist destination because of the spectacular scenery of the surrounding mountains likeUltar Sar,Rakaposhi,Bojahagur Duanasir II,Ghenta Peak,Hunza Peak,Passu Peak,Diran Peakand Bublimotin (Ladyfinger Peak), all 6,000 metres (19,685ft) or higher.Diyaluma falls

Diyaluma water falls'is 220m high and the second highest waterfall inSri Lankaand 361st highest waterfall in the world.It is situated 6km away fromKoslandainBadulla DistrictonColombo-Badullahighway. The Falls are formed by Punagala Oya, a tributary of Kuda Oya which in turn, is a tributary of Kirindi Oya

In Sinhalese, Diyaluma or Diya Haluma means "rapid flow of water". According to Dr.R.L. Brohier, the famous historian, Diyaluma is the setting of thefolkloreabout a tragedy involving a young King and a young woman of a low-caste.

Sundarbans TheSundarbansis the largest single block of tidalhalophyticmangroveforest in the world.The Sunderbans is approximately 10,000 Sq Km of which 60% is located inBangladeshwith the remainder in India.The Sunderbans is aUNESCO World Heritage Site. TheSundarbans National Parkis aNational Park,Tiger Reserve, and aBiosphere Reservelocated in the Sundarbansdeltain the Indian state ofWest Bengal. SundarbansSouth,EastandWestare three protected forests inBangladesh. This region is densely covered bymangroveforests, and is one of the largest reserves for theBengal tiger.

Phobjikha valley ThePhobjikha Valley,is a vast U-shaped glacial valley, also known as Gangteng Valley named after the impressiveGangten Monasteryof theNyingma sectin centralBhutan, where the gracefulBlack-necked Cranes in Bhutan(Grus nigricollis) from theTibetan Plateauvisit the valley during the winter season to roost. On arrival in the Phobjikha Valley in the last week of October, the Black-necked Cranes circle theGangteng Monasterythree times and also repeat the process while returning toTibet.

The broad valley with its best-known marshland in Bhutan, is popular for its scenic splendour and cultural uniqueness. The valley is rich in faunal biodiversity and has, apart from the globally threatened Black-necked CranesGrus nigricollis, 13 other globally threatened species.