Three World Religions: Judaism, Christianity, & Islam EQ: Explain the similarities and differences between the worlds three largest monotheistic religions

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<ul><li>Slide 1</li></ul> <p>Three World Religions: Judaism, Christianity, &amp; Islam EQ: Explain the similarities and differences between the worlds three largest monotheistic religions. Slide 2 MONOTHEISM MONOTHEISM FJudaism, Christianity, and Islam are major faiths that are examples of monotheism, or belief in one supreme god. FJFJudaism, Christianity, and Islam are major faiths that are examples of monotheism, or belief in one supreme god. Slide 3 I. JUDAISM FFirst practiced by a small group of people in Southwest Asia called the Israelites. FFollowers today are known as Jews. FHoly book is the Torah. FFirst practiced by a small group of people in Southwest Asia called the Israelites. FFollowers today are known as Jews. FHoly book is the Torah. Slide 4 Jewish Beliefs: FBelieve that they descended from Abraham and Sarah, the first people to worship Yahweh (God). Abraham lived at least 3,700 years ago in what is now Iraq. FTorah says that God made an agreement, or covenant, with Abraham (move to Canaan [Palestine] and he will be blessed). FBecause of this, Jews believe they are Gods chosen people. FBelieve that they descended from Abraham and Sarah, the first people to worship Yahweh (God). Abraham lived at least 3,700 years ago in what is now Iraq. FTorah says that God made an agreement, or covenant, with Abraham (move to Canaan [Palestine] and he will be blessed). FBecause of this, Jews believe they are Gods chosen people. Slide 5 Ten Commandments FMost important of Gods laws. FGod gave the commandments to Moses (a prophet, or messenger of God). FHe moved Israelites out of Egypt, where they were slaves. FCommandments said that all people are equal, whether they are rich or poor. FMost important of Gods laws. FGod gave the commandments to Moses (a prophet, or messenger of God). FHe moved Israelites out of Egypt, where they were slaves. FCommandments said that all people are equal, whether they are rich or poor. Slide 6 Slide 7 Jerusalem, Israel Slide 8 Diaspora FOver the centuries, the Jews would be conquered and forced to leave their homeland many times. FEventually, they spread to countries in many parts of the world. FScattering of the Jews = Diaspora. FIn many areas, the Jews were treated cruelly FOver the centuries, the Jews would be conquered and forced to leave their homeland many times. FEventually, they spread to countries in many parts of the world. FScattering of the Jews = Diaspora. FIn many areas, the Jews were treated cruelly Slide 9 Jewish Diaspora Slide 10 Holy Days FPassover: festival that retells the story of the Israelites fleeing Egypt. FRosh Hashanah: Jewish New Years Day. FYom Kippur: known as the Day of Atonement. People fast (go without food) and pray on this day. FPassover: festival that retells the story of the Israelites fleeing Egypt. FRosh Hashanah: Jewish New Years Day. FYom Kippur: known as the Day of Atonement. People fast (go without food) and pray on this day. Slide 11 II. Christianity II. Christianity FArose from Judaism in Southwest Asia. FA Jew named Jesus began preaching in what today is Israel, the West Bank, and Jordan. FTaught that God loved all people, even those that have sinned. FSome Jews greeted him as the messiah, or savior, who would deliver them from the Romans. FArose from Judaism in Southwest Asia. FA Jew named Jesus began preaching in what today is Israel, the West Bank, and Jordan. FTaught that God loved all people, even those that have sinned. FSome Jews greeted him as the messiah, or savior, who would deliver them from the Romans. Slide 12 Jesus FA.D. 30, Jesus and his disciples, or followers, went to Jerusalem to celebrate Passover. FMany Jews greeted him as the messiah, and this worried other Jews and Romans. FJesus was convicted of treason under Roman law and crucified, or executed. FA.D. 30, Jesus and his disciples, or followers, went to Jerusalem to celebrate Passover. FMany Jews greeted him as the messiah, and this worried other Jews and Romans. FJesus was convicted of treason under Roman law and crucified, or executed. Slide 13 Jesus FDisciples proclaimed that Jesus had risen from the dead. FThey began preaching that Jesus was the Son of God, and they called him Christ (Greek for messiah). FThey spread Jesus teachings throughout the Roman world and beyond. FThe holy book of the Christians is the Bible; stories about Jesus became the New Testament. FDisciples proclaimed that Jesus had risen from the dead. FThey began preaching that Jesus was the Son of God, and they called him Christ (Greek for messiah). FThey spread Jesus teachings throughout the Roman world and beyond. FThe holy book of the Christians is the Bible; stories about Jesus became the New Testament. Slide 14 Christianity Spreads FA.D. 300: Christians were persecuted until Roman emperor Constantine became one and proclaimed it a lawful religion. FChristianity later divided into Roman Catholics (Pope in Italy), Eastern Orthodox, and Protestants (Martin Luther). FHas more followers than any other religion. FA.D. 300: Christians were persecuted until Roman emperor Constantine became one and proclaimed it a lawful religion. FChristianity later divided into Roman Catholics (Pope in Italy), Eastern Orthodox, and Protestants (Martin Luther). FHas more followers than any other religion. Slide 15 Holy Days FChristmas: Jesus birthday. FGood Friday: day Jesus was crucified. FEaster: most important day of Christian calendar; believed to be the day that Jesus rose from the dead. FCFChristmas: Jesus birthday. FGFGood Friday: day Jesus was crucified. FEFEaster: most important day of Christian calendar; believed to be the day that Jesus rose from the dead. Slide 16 III. ISLAM FBegan in the A.D. 600s in the Arabian Peninsula (Southwest Asia). FIn Arabic, Islam means surrender to the will of Allah (God). FFollowers of Islam are called Muslims. FBelieve that Muhammad is the last and greatest prophet of Islam, following Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. FBegan in the A.D. 600s in the Arabian Peninsula (Southwest Asia). FIn Arabic, Islam means surrender to the will of Allah (God). FFollowers of Islam are called Muslims. FBelieve that Muhammad is the last and greatest prophet of Islam, following Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. Slide 17 Slide 18 Muhammad FBorn A.D. 570 in Makkah (Mecca), city in western Arabia. FA.D. 610, he heard the voice of angel Gabriel telling him to preach about God. FTold the people there is only one God, Allah, and all believers in him are equal. FUrged the rich to share with the poor. FSaw life as a preparation for the Day of Judgment (when Allah would reward the good and punish the bad). FBorn A.D. 570 in Makkah (Mecca), city in western Arabia. FA.D. 610, he heard the voice of angel Gabriel telling him to preach about God. FTold the people there is only one God, Allah, and all believers in him are equal. FUrged the rich to share with the poor. FSaw life as a preparation for the Day of Judgment (when Allah would reward the good and punish the bad). Slide 19 Muhammads swords Muhammads hat, robe, and staff Slide 20 A piece of Muhammads hair! One of Muhammads sandals Slide 21 Hijrah FMuhammads message angered the rich merchants of Makkah. FA.D. 622, he was forced to flee for safety to Madinah. FHis departure is known as the Hijrah, or migration. FHis forces eventually defeated armies who came to Madinah. FMade Madinah the center of Islam. FBy the time of his death in A.D. 632, most of Arabia had accepted Islam. FMuhammads message angered the rich merchants of Makkah. FA.D. 622, he was forced to flee for safety to Madinah. FHis departure is known as the Hijrah, or migration. FHis forces eventually defeated armies who came to Madinah. FMade Madinah the center of Islam. FBy the time of his death in A.D. 632, most of Arabia had accepted Islam. Slide 22 Makkah to Madinah Slide 23 The Green Dome in Madinah Muhammads grave lies under the Green Dome. (Above is his casket.) Slide 24 The Quran FThe Muslim holy book is the Quran. FDescribes the Five Pillars of Faith (obligations all Muslims must fulfill). FThe Muslim holy book is the Quran. FDescribes the Five Pillars of Faith (obligations all Muslims must fulfill). Slide 25 Five Pillars of Faith: F1. Confession, or statement, of faith. F2. Pray 5 times a day, facing Makkah. F3. Give charity to people in need. F4. Fast during daylight during Ramadan (the month in which God began to reveal the Quran to Muhammad). F5. Make the hajj, or journey, to Makkah to pray (once in each Muslims lifetime). F1. Confession, or statement, of faith. F2. Pray 5 times a day, facing Makkah. F3. Give charity to people in need. F4. Fast during daylight during Ramadan (the month in which God began to reveal the Quran to Muhammad). F5. Make the hajj, or journey, to Makkah to pray (once in each Muslims lifetime). Slide 26 The Grand Mosque in Makkah The Grand Mosque in Makkah </p>

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