Three Types of Learning Styles1. visual (learn by seeing)2. auditory (learn by hearing)3. tactile / kinesthetic (learn by doing)
No-one uses only one of the styles, and at times we use all three learning styles.
Each person is born with a tendency toward one style.
Young children are all kinesthetic learners, visual and auditory skills develop later.The dominant style may not always be the same. It may vary or be combined with other learning styles, depending on the activity.
Why should you know your learning style?
You are a unique learner. No one else learns in exactly the same way you do. There are many benefits to discovering how you process information best. Some of these include:At School:gives you a head start and maximizes your learning potentialenables you to succeed in school, college, universitygives you customized techniques to score better on tests and examsallows you to learn your way through your own best strategiesshows you how to overcome the limitations of poor instructorsreduces the stress and frustration of learning experiencesexpands your existing learning and studying strategies
Personal Life:increases your self-confidenceimproves your self-imageteaches you how to use your brain bestgives you insight into your strengths, weaknesses and habitsenables you to enjoy any learning processinspires greater curiosity, motivation for lifelong learningshows you how to take advantage of your natural skills & inclinations
Visual LearnersMake up about 65% of populationClues This Is Your Learning Style:Need to be able to see the informationDifficulty following spoken directions (prefers written directions)Strong sense of colorMay be easily distracted by soundsTrouble following lecturesMisunderstands or misinterprets spoken materialTends to think in images or pictures (even visualizes notes or outlines)Artistic talent in the visual artsOften have vivid imaginationsNeeds something to watch so may tend to stareOften quiet or not lengthy talkersBecomes impatient or drifts away when extensive listening requiredLearns by seeing and watching demonstrationsTends to conform to classroom standards (such as sitting quietly, writing neatly, organizing materials)Effective in written communication, symbol manipulation, etc.
TIPS FOR VISUAL LEARNERS:Write things down!Jot down key points on post-it notes and display around the houseCopy what's on the boardSit near the front of the classroom to see instructor clearlyLook at professors and others when they talk to help you focus and to pick up on body languageWrite key wordsUse outlines to summarize large amounts of informationUse highlighters, underlining, circling, etc.Draw pictures in notes to illustrate ideas (maps, sketches, lists, diagrams, etc.)Watch videosBorrow others' notes, compare to ownUse a plastic cover with erasable markers to label diagrams over and over, or to test yourself writing answers to questionsRewrite or redraw things from memoryVisualize spelling of words or facts to be memorizedMake and use flashcards for studying (vocabulary, formulas, condensed notes, etc.)Use computers to organize material and to create graphs, tables, chartsStudy in a quiet place away from verbal disturbancesMake your study area visually appealing
Visual LearnersPREFERRED TEST STYLES FOR VISUAL LEARNERS Essays, Diagramming, Maps, Demonstrating a process
WORST TEST TYPE Listen and respond
POSSIBLE CAREER PATHS visual artists, inventors, architects, interior designers, mechanics, engineers, navigators, sculptors
Auditory LearnersMaking up about 30% of the population, auditory learners absorb information best through the sense of hearing. Clues This Is Your Learning Style:Excellent listenersPrefers to get information by listening- needs to hear it or speak it to know itWritten directions more difficult to follow than spoken onesPrefers listening to reading or writingHas difficulty reading body language and facial expressionsCan reproduce symbols, letters or words by hearing themGood at telling jokes and storiesEnjoys plays, discussions & debatesLoves musicCan learn concepts by listening to tapesOften hum s, sings or talks to self or othersCan repeat or fulfill verbal instructionsLearning phonics helpful to readingTends to listen first to lecture and then take notesWritten information may have little meaning unless read aloudSolves problems by talking about themLikes class discussions but can be easily distracted by noiseEnjoys talking to others, talkative in classPrefer giving oral reports to written onesRemember who said what in the pastTend to memorize wellPrefer listening to the newsRemember namesNotices sound effects in moviesDoesnt automatically understand graphs, diagrams or mapsMay use finger as pointer when readingIs good at grammar and foreign languagesRepeat phone numbers in order to repeat them.Uses jingles to remember pieces of informationBenefits from study groupsPrefers to listen to music rather than view a piece of artReads slowlyMay be articulate speakersCant keep quiet for long
Auditory LearnersStudy Tip SuggestionsStudy in groups and talk things outGet a small tape recorderRecord lectures, tutoring and study groups (makes a verbal record for review)Reduce lecture notes to main ideas (3:1) and put them on tapeRead texts out loud or into recorderListen to lecture/text tapes while drivingDictate papers, to be typed laterRead questions aloudWork out problems aloudSit in the front of the classLearn by participating in class discussions and debatesMake speeches and presentationsCreate musical jingles or mnemonics to aid memorizationUse verbal analogies and story telling to demonstrate your pointRead explanations out loudTo learn a sequence of steps, write them out in sentences, then read them aloudExplain ideas to other peopleRecite, recite, reciteDiscuss your ideas verbally whenever possible, even if you're having a conversation with yourself!Use audiotapes for learning languagesRead textbooks aloudRepeat facts with eyes closedAsk questionsDescribe aloud what is to be rememberedUse word association to remember facts and lines.Watch videos.Participate in group discussions.Listen to taped notesRecord lectures & listen to them againUse audiotapesAvoid auditory distractions.
Auditory LearnersPREFERRED TEST STYLES FOR AUDITORY LEARNERS Writing responses to lectures, oral examsWORST TEST TYPE Reading comprehension exercisesPOSSIBLE CAREER PATHS Writer, journalist, teacher, lawyer, politician, blogger, translator, poet
Making up about 5% of the population, tactile and kinesthetic learners absorb information best by doing, experiencing, touching, moving or being active in some way.Enjoy feeling, discovery and actionRemember by using tools, building models and manipulating thingsLearn through emotions, touch, movement and spaceEnjoy demonstrations of concept demonstrationsMaster skills through imitation and practice.Benefit from hands-on teaching techniquesFind it difficult to sit still for long periods of time.Remember who did what in the past, rather than what they said or how they looked.Prefer to stand, walk about or use large motor muscles when learning.Learn well from field trips and excursions.Tends to collect thingsDo not have good handwritingAre weaker at spelling.Talk fast using hands to communicateBenefit from role-playing and simulationsEnjoy having background music while studying or working.Good at sportsTake frequent breaks when studyingThink in terms of physical actionMay play a musical instrument.Enjoy exploring the environmentParticipates in martial arts, dance.Can grasp concepts when abstract theories are combined with practical experienceEnjoy science experiments, construction games, arts ad craftsCould be considered hyperactiveMore relaxed and open to learning in a beanbag than a hard chair.Good internal compass for finding their way around.Get restless during long lecturesComfortable touching others as a gesture of friendshipPrefer participating actively rather than watching video or reading from a bookLearn more effectively when free to moveStudies effectively laying on floor or bed, fidgeting, tapping fingers or touching objectsClues to StylePreference for hands on learningCan assemble parts without reading directionsNeeds to be able to touch or manipulate what is being learnedPrefers to study with a pen or pencil in hand to write things downBenefits from pictures or diagrams in notesUsually don't have visuals in mindTends to be less organizedSense of time difficult because they work better in the present moment rather than seeing the futureDifficulty sitting stillFocusing and listening to a lecture without doing something is difficultUsually takes notes and likes to write on boardLikes to do artworkLikes to piece things togetherResponds to music by physical movementOften found doodlingLearning is more effective when physical activity is involvedLearns skills by imitation and practiceLikes to trace words and picturesOften seen "fiddling" with somethingTasks that require manipulating something usually more successfulStrong athletic talent
SUGGESTIONS FOR TACTILE-KINESTHETIC LEARNERSCreate a modelDemonstrate a principlePractice a techniqueParticipate in simulationsEngage in hands-on activitiesStudy in comfortable position, not necessarily sitting in a chairStudy Tip SuggestionsGet hands on-in labs for example-don't just watch someone else do itUse models to study-of the human brain, DNA, etc.Draw charts or diagrams of relationshipsSkim through reading material to get a rough idea of what it's about before looking for detailsUse finger or bookmark as a guide while readingWrite, copy, underline and highlight with bright colorsTrace letters and words to learn spelling and to remember factsUs