This safety training awareness brief is on spring/summer boating and water safety. This brief will focus on boating, personal water craft safety and reviews the National Safe Boating Campaign. Please review the following slides and ensure all personnel do so as well. Some of the issues addressed and tips in these briefs are basic but may be things that we need to be reminded of. Safety on the waterfront.
Safe Boating Week Safe boating involves: Knowing the waters you plan to operate on.Wearing a life jacket near water, even when youre not in a boat.Be a responsible operator and be prepared.May 16-22, 2009 is National Safe Boating WeekThe theme of the 2009 campaign is Wear It promoting life jacket use.In the U.S. for 2007, there were 685 boating fatalities reported. Injuries and property damage increased nationally for the 3rd consecutive year. 70% of the fatalities involved drowning. 90% of the victims who drowned were NOT wearing a life jacket. Wearing Life Jackets saves lives. Boater Education saves lives.Sober Boating saves lives In the state of Florida there were 44 drowning deaths, in Alabama there were 6. All boating statistics for the state of Florida increased.Dont believe it could happen to you? Well, it does happen in Florida to an average of almost one person each week who never thought it could happen to them either.
StatisticsRoughly 476 lives could have been saved if boaters had simply worn their life jackets. Although nationally fatalities decreased, injuries and reported accidents increased. There were 3673 injuries and a total of 5191 reported accidents. Half of the vessels involved in either boating accidents or fatalities didnt even have life jackets onboard!Over 1/2 of the boating accidents and fatalities were due to unsafe operation of the vessel including: operator inattention, careless/reckless operation, passenger/skier behavior, excessive speed, and alcohol use.Nationally 111 drowning deaths occurred in kayaks, canoes and personal watercraft (jet skis etc..). 192 drowning deaths occurred on motorboats of < 16 in length. In Alabama there were a total of 96 boating accidents with 50 injuries and 11 fatalities. In Florida there were a total of 663 boating accidents with 387 injuries and 75 fatalities.
Perception Vs. RealityPerception: Its all the young, inexperienced boat operators who are causing the problems.Reality: The vast majority of operators involved in boating accidents are 36 years of age and older.
All recreational boats must carry one Type I, II, III, or V (wearable) Personal Flotation Device (PFD) for each person on board.
Boats 16 or over must carry a Type IV throwable PFD.
Water skiers are considered onboard the vessel and must wear a PFD.
PFDs must be immediately available for use, not stored in plastic bags, closed or locked in compartments or have other gear stowed on top of them. If your boat does not have a maximum capacity plate, you can determine the maximum capacity for your boat by the following formula:
Boat Length X Boat Width
Boating Under the InfluenceBoating Under the Influence or BUI is just as deadly as drinking and driving on land. It is illegal to operate a boat while under the influence of alcohol or drugs in every state. Boat operators are often less experienced and less confident on the water than on the highway. Recreational boaters don't have the benefit of experiencing daily boat operation. In fact, boaters average only 110 hours on the water per year.The marine environment motion, vibration, engine noise, sun, wind and spray accelerates a drinker's impairment. These stressors cause fatigue that makes a boat operator's coordination, judgment and reaction time decline even faster when using alcohol. Nationally, alcohol was a factor in 157 boating fatalities. There were 20 boating fatalities in the state of Florida involving alcohol (nearly double the amount in 2006) and 3 in the state of Alabama.
Boating Under the Influence (BUI)The Coast Guard and every state have stringent penalties for violating BUI laws. Penalties can include large fines, suspension or revocation of boat operator privileges, and jail terms. The Coast Guard and the states cooperate fully in enforcement in order to remove impaired boat operators from the waters. Take along a variety of cool drinks, such as water, soda, tea, lemonade, bring plenty of food and snacks. Wear clothes that will help keep you and your passengers cool. Plan to limit your trip to a reasonable time to avoid fatigue. Having no alcohol while aboard is the safest way to enjoy the water intoxicated passengers are also at risk of injury and falls overboard. Spread the word on the dangers of BUI. Many recreational boaters forget that a boat is a vehicle - and that safe operation is a legal and personal responsibility. Boating, fishing and other water sports are fun in their own right. Alcohol can turn a great day on the water into the tragedy of a lifetime.
Boating and Carbon MonoxideCO (carbon monoxide) is a potentially deadly gas produced any time gasoline, propane, charcoal or oil burns. Sources on your boat include engines, generators, cooking ranges, and space and water heaters. Cold or poorly tuned engines produce more CO than warm, properly tuned engines. Regular maintenance and proper boat operation can reduce the risk of injury from carbon monoxide. CO enters your bloodstream through the lungs and displaces the oxygen your body needs. Prolonged exposure to low concentrations or very short exposure to high concentrations can lead to death. Exhaust leaks, the leading cause of death by CO, can allow CO to move throughout the boat into enclosed areas. Using rear deck swim platforms with engines running and /or dragging behind a slow moving boat are other potentially deadly sources .
Safe Boating TipsEnroll in a boating course and learn how to swim.Never operate a boat while or after drinking alcohol.Watch the weather and respect it. If you can see or hear a storm get off the water.Buckle up with a life jacket.Install and maintain a CO detector in accommodation areas. You can be exposed to dangerous CO levels both outside and inside the boat.File a float plan with a friend/relative. Maintain constant supervision of children regardless of swimming abilities or use of life jackets.List CPR instructions and a local emergency number on the boat.Do not swim or wade near a boats exhaust pip, sit on the swim platform when the engine is running or hold onto the deck while the boat is moving.
More Boating Accident StatisticsThe top 5 types of boating accidents in 2007 were: The top 10 contributing factors were:
Personal Water Craft (PWC)Nationally in 2007, 32 deaths and 293 injuries were associated with rented water craft/vessels. In 2007, 982 people were injured while operating PWCs, 67 of them lost their lives. Of the 6,932 vessels involved in boating accidents, 1,655 involved PWCs. Over 1,051 of those involved collisions with another vessel and 81 involved collisions with a fixed object. Learn local laws and regulations. Some states have special laws governing the use of personal water craft (PWC) which address operations, registration and licensing requirements, education, required safety equipment and minimum operating ages. Learn to swim and take the time to be SAFE.In contrast to boating accidents, a large portion of fatal PWC accident victims die from blunt-force trauma. 75% of PWC accidents are collisions. 75% of vessel operators involved in fatal accidents received NO boating/vessel operation instruction of any kind. Take the time to LEARN safe boating, you owe it to your passengers and everyone else on and in the water.
Ride with a buddy. PWCs should always travel in groups of two or three. You never know when an emergency might occur. Alcohol and operating a PWC doesnt mix. Alcohol impairs your judgment, balance, and coordination. Operate your PWC with courtesy/common sense. Follow the traffic patterns, obey no-wake and speed zones. Use extreme caution around swimmers/surfers. Run your PWC at a slow speed until the craft is away from shore, swimming areas, and docks. Avoid passing close to other boats and jumping wakes. WEAR a Coast Guard approved LIFE JACKET.No one under the age of 14 may operate a personal water craft (PWC) on Florida waters at any time. Personnel are reminded that no one under the age of 18 may rent/lease a PWC. It is also illegal for the owner of a PWC to knowingly allow a person under the age of 14 to operate a PWC.
Watch out for the dangerous toos too tired, too cold, too far from safety, too much sun, too much strenuous activity. General Water Safety Tips Children or inexperienced swimmers should wear a U.S. Coast Guard-approved personal floatation device (PFD) when around or near the water. Read and obey all rules and posted signs. Learn to swim. Never swim alone. Swim in areas supervised by a lifeguard. Set water safety rules for the whole family based on swimming abilities.Be knowledgeable of the water environment you are in and its potential hazards, such as deep and shallow areas, currents, depth changes, obstructions.Pay attention to local weather conditions. Stop swimming at the first indication of bad weather.
If you want to sail/windsurf/scuba or any other water sport take lessons from a properly qualified instructor. General Water Safety Tips Use a feet-first entry when entering the water. Never leave a child unobserved around water period.Stay away from piers, pilings and diving platforms when in the waterNever dive/snorkel/surf or swim alone. If you are going tubing/rafting and using a tour company, make sure the guides are qualified. Chec