Thinking Themes: Path to Federation

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Thinking Themes: Path to Federation

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<ul><li><p>www.macmillan.com.au Samantha Frappell</p><p>Activities to switch on thinking skills!Activities to switch on thinking skills!</p><p>45 photocopiable pages</p><p>ages</p><p>10+Thinking Themes is a practical series packed with exciting, ready-to-use activities for popular Curriculum topics. Every activity is cross-referenced to Howard Gardners Multiple Intelligences and to Blooms Taxonomy of thinking skills.</p><p>Use the activities as a learning centre, or add them to an inquiry unit. However you use the series, it will enable you to: consciouslyandsystematicallyincorporate </p><p>thinking skills into your program ensurethatyourstudentsworkacrossthe </p><p>intelligences as active investigators covertheskillsoftheAustralianCurriculum.</p><p>The perfect partners . . .</p><p>ISBN</p><p> 978</p><p> 1 4</p><p>202 </p><p>9387</p><p> 6 </p><p>ISBN</p><p> 978</p><p> 1 4</p><p>202 </p><p>9351</p><p> 7 </p><p>About the author</p><p>Dr Samantha Frappell is an author, historian and teacherwithaPhDinAustralianHistory.Shehaswritten numerous history books for students, ranging from primary to senior secondary school level.</p><p> M</p><p>acmillan Education Au</p><p>stra</p><p>lia</p><p>Cop</p><p>yright material</p><p>For review purposes only</p></li><li><p> M</p><p>acmillan Education Au</p><p>stra</p><p>lia</p><p>Cop</p><p>yright material</p><p>For review purposes only</p></li><li><p>Samantha Frappell</p><p>ages</p><p>10+</p><p>Activities to switch on thinking skills!</p><p> M</p><p>acmillan Education Au</p><p>stra</p><p>lia</p><p>Cop</p><p>yright material</p><p>For review purposes only</p></li><li><p>First published in 2012 by</p><p>MACMILLAN EDUCATION AUSTRALIA PTY LTD1519 Claremont Street, South Yarra, Vic 3141</p><p>Visit our website at www.macmillan.com.au</p><p>Associated companies and representatives throughout the world.</p><p>Copyright Samantha Frappell/Macmillan Education Australia 2012Thinking Themes: Path to Federation Ages 10+</p><p>ISBN 978 1 4202 9867 3Publisher: Sharon DalgleishManaging editors: Bonnie Wilson, Janne GalbraithEditor: Sarah PayneProduction controller: Janine BidermanDesign and illustrations: Nice Stuff</p><p>Printed in Australia by TYPO Corporate Services, South Melbourne</p><p>Copying of this work by educational institutions or teachersYou may reproduce pages within this book in accordance with the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (the Act) and provided the educational institution (or body that administers it) has given a remuneration notice to the Copyright Agency Limited (CAL) under the Act. </p><p>For details of the CAL licence for educational institutions, contact:Copyright Agency LimitedLevel 15, 233 Castlereagh StreetSydney NSW 2000Telephone: (02) 9394 7600Facsimile: (02) 9394 7601Email: info@copyright.com.au</p><p>Reproduction and communication for other purposesExcept as permitted under the Act (for example, any fair dealing for the purposes of study, research, criticism or review), no part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, communicated or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written permission. All inquiries should be made to the publisher. </p><p> M</p><p>acmillan Education Au</p><p>stra</p><p>lia</p><p>Cop</p><p>yright material</p><p>For review purposes only</p></li><li><p>Path to Federation 4</p><p>Models of federalism 30</p><p>Origins of Australian democracy 35</p><p>Democracy in action 40</p><p> M</p><p>acmillan Education Au</p><p>stra</p><p>lia</p><p>Cop</p><p>yright material</p><p>For review purposes only</p></li><li><p>4Name Date</p><p>Thinking Themes: Path to Federation Ages 10+ Samantha Frappell/Macmillan Education Australia. ISBN 978 1 4202 9867 3</p><p>Task 1</p><p>Make a time line of the events leading to Australias Federation, using the dates below. For each date, write the event and a brief description of what happened.</p><p>IntelligenceLogical-mathematical</p><p>Thinking skillUnderstanding</p><p>Path to Federation</p><p>Event</p><p>Event</p><p>Event</p><p>Event</p><p>Event</p><p>Description</p><p>Description</p><p>Description</p><p>Description</p><p>Description</p><p>Event</p><p>Event</p><p>Event</p><p>Event</p><p>Description</p><p>Description</p><p>Description</p><p>Description</p><p> M</p><p>acmillan Education Au</p><p>stra</p><p>lia</p><p>Cop</p><p>yright material</p><p>For review purposes only</p></li><li><p>5Name Date</p><p>Thinking Themes: Path to Federation Ages 10+ Samantha Frappell/Macmillan Education Australia. ISBN 978 1 4202 9867 3</p><p>Task 2</p><p>IntelligenceIntrapersonal</p><p>Thinking skillAnalysing</p><p>Imagine you are living in your home state in 1899 (or 1900 for Western Australia) and that you are one of the following people. Tick the person that you choose.</p><p> an Indigenous Australian</p><p> a merchant</p><p> a farmer</p><p> a campaigner of voting rights for women</p><p>Write a paragraph about how you would have voted in your states Federation referendum.In your paragraph, state: howFederationwouldbenefitordisadvantageyourhomestate howFederationwouldbenefitordisadvantageyoupersonally.</p><p>Path to Federation</p><p> M</p><p>acmillan Education Au</p><p>stra</p><p>lia</p><p>Cop</p><p>yright material</p><p>For review purposes only</p></li><li><p>6Name Date</p><p>Thinking Themes: Path to Federation Ages 10+ Samantha Frappell/Macmillan Education Australia. ISBN 978 1 4202 9867 3</p><p>State</p><p>New South Wales</p><p>Queensland</p><p>South Australia</p><p>Tasmania</p><p>Victoria</p><p>Western Australia</p><p>Adult men of British descent</p><p>Adult women of British descent</p><p>Indigenous Australians</p><p>People of non-British descent</p><p>Poor people Children</p><p>IntelligenceLogical-mathematical</p><p>Thinking skillEvaluating</p><p>Task 3</p><p>More than half of all adult Australians were unable to vote in the Federation referendums held in 1899 and 1900.</p><p>Use the internet or your school library to complete the table. Use a tick to show who was able to vote in each of the states.</p><p>Path to Federation</p><p>Do you think the vote for Federation represented the will of most Australians? Why or why not?</p><p>_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________</p><p>_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________</p><p>_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________</p><p>_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________</p><p>Of the people who were eligible to vote, only 60% did vote. Of those who voted, 72% voted for Australia to become a federation. But if all eligible voters were counted, only 43% of eligible voters actually voted for Federation. </p><p>What do you think this shows about the importance of the Federation issue for people who were eligible to vote?</p><p>_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________</p><p>_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________</p><p>_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________</p><p>_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________</p><p> M</p><p>acmillan Education Au</p><p>stra</p><p>lia</p><p>Cop</p><p>yright material</p><p>For review purposes only</p></li><li><p>7Name Date</p><p>Thinking Themes: Path to Federation Ages 10+ Samantha Frappell/Macmillan Education Australia. ISBN 978 1 4202 9867 3</p><p>IntelligenceVisual-spatial</p><p>Thinking skillAnalysing</p><p>Task 4</p><p>Why did people vote for Federation? List as many reasons as you can why people voted for Federation. </p><p>Path to Federation</p><p>Which reason do you think would be the most persuasive? __________________________________________________________</p><p>_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________</p><p>Why? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________</p><p>Now, design a poster based on that idea to convince people to vote for Federation. Remember to use a large eye-catching heading and bold colours.</p><p> M</p><p>acmillan Education Au</p><p>stra</p><p>lia</p><p>Cop</p><p>yright material</p><p>For review purposes only</p></li><li><p>8Name Date</p><p>Thinking Themes: Path to Federation Ages 10+ Samantha Frappell/Macmillan Education Australia. ISBN 978 1 4202 9867 3</p><p>Queensland</p><p>State</p><p>New South Wales</p><p>South Australia</p><p>Tasmania</p><p>Victoria</p><p>Western Australia</p><p>Number of votes for</p><p>107 420 82 741</p><p>38 488 30 996</p><p>65 990 17 053</p><p>13 437 791</p><p>152 653 9805</p><p>44 800 19 691</p><p>Number of votes against</p><p>IntelligenceLogical-mathematical</p><p>Thinking skillRemembering </p><p>Task 5</p><p>The table shows the outcome of the Federation referendums. All states voted in 1899 except for Western Australia, which voted in 1900.</p><p>Make a vertical column graph showing how each state voted in the 1899 and 1900 referendums. Use two columns for each state. One column will show votes for and the other column will show votes against. Choose one colour for for and another colour for against.</p><p>Path to Federation</p><p>What two states had the most support for Federation?</p><p>_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________</p><p>What two states had the most opposition to Federation?</p><p>_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________</p><p>NSW QLD SA TAS VIC WA</p><p>Title Key</p><p> Number of votes for</p><p> Number of votes against</p><p>Num</p><p>ber</p><p> of </p><p>vote</p><p>s (1</p><p>000s)</p><p>200</p><p>150</p><p>100</p><p>50</p><p> M</p><p>acmillan Education Au</p><p>stra</p><p>lia</p><p>Cop</p><p>yright material</p><p>For review purposes only</p></li><li><p>9Name Date</p><p>Thinking Themes: Path to Federation Ages 10+ Samantha Frappell/Macmillan Education Australia. ISBN 978 1 4202 9867 3</p><p>IntelligenceBodily-kinaesthetic</p><p>Thinking skillApplying</p><p>Task 6</p><p>Imagine you are the leader of Budget Federation Tours the Federation tour thats convenient, educational, fun and free. Your tour will visit six stops. Each stop will represent a location where a key event in Australias achievement of Federation happened.</p><p>1 Write a card for each stop to explain what happened there on the date shown. </p><p>Path to Federation</p><p>2 On the back of this page, draw a map of your school. Design a Federation tour path on the map. Choose a place in the school to represent each stop on the tour. Write the names of the tour stops on your map. </p><p>3 Use cardboard or paper to make a sign for each tour stop. 4 Ask your teacher for permission to stick up your signs at the tour stops along the tour path. </p><p>Then, conduct a Federation tour for some of your classmates. Use the fact cards to tell them about what happened at each tour stop.</p><p>Parliament (Westminster), London, England, 1885</p><p>Parliament House, Sydney, NSW, 1891</p><p>Adelaide, SA, 1897</p><p>Tenterfield, NSW, 1889</p><p>Corowa, NSW, 1893</p><p>Centennial Park, Sydney, NSW, 1901</p><p> Macmillan Education</p><p> Aust</p><p>ralia</p><p>Cop</p><p>yright material</p><p>For review purposes only</p></li><li><p>10</p><p>Name Date</p><p>Thinking Themes: Path to Federation Ages 10+ Samantha Frappell/Macmillan Education Australia. ISBN 978 1 4202 9867 3</p><p>Research area</p><p>Population Colour the map to show population density across Australia.</p><p>Resources Draw the location of Australias main mineral resources on the map.</p><p>Rainfall Colour the map to show the average rainfall across Australia.</p><p>Topography Draw Australias main rivers and mountain ranges on the map.</p><p>Task Group member</p><p>IntelligenceInterpersonal</p><p>Thinking skillApplying</p><p>Task 7</p><p>Work in a group of four. Imagine your group has been asked to redraw the boundaries of the six Australian states that form the federation. </p><p>1 Before your group can decide where the new boundaries will be, each group member must complete one research area.</p><p>Path to Federation</p><p>Research area map</p><p>New state boundaries map</p><p>2 In your group, decide which of the four research areas is the most important for defining the new state boundaries. Then, draw the new state boundaries so that each state has a fair share.</p><p>3 As a group, decide if these new state boundaries would have made Federation easier to achieve or more difficult. </p><p> easier more difficult</p><p> Why? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________</p><p> ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________</p><p> M</p><p>acmillan Education Au</p><p>stra</p><p>lia</p><p>Cop</p><p>yright material</p><p>For review purposes only</p></li><li><p>11</p><p>Name Date</p><p>Thinking Themes: Path to Federation Ages 10+ Samantha Frappell/Macmillan Education Australia. ISBN 978 1 4202 9867 3</p><p>Australians all let us rejoice,For we are young and free;Weve golden soil and wealth for toil;Our home is girt by sea;Our land abounds in natures giftsOf beauty rich and rare;In historys page, let every stageAdvance Australia Fair.In joyful strains then let us sing,Advance Australia Fair.</p><p>Beneath our radiant Southern CrossWell toil with hearts and hands;To make this Commonwealth of oursRenowned of all the lands;For those whove come across the seasWeve boundless plains to share;With courage let us all combineTo Advance Australia Fair.In joyful strains then let us sing,Advance Australia Fair.</p><p>Advance Australia Fair by Peter Dodds McCormick, Commonwealth of Australia</p><p>IntelligenceMusical-rhythmic</p><p>Thinking skillEvaluating</p><p>Task 8</p><p>Advance Australia Fair was sung by a 10 000-voice choir at the inauguration of Australias Federation in 1901. It became Australias national anthem in 1984.</p><p>Path to Federation</p><p>Read the anthem verses. Does the anthem mention anything about Federation?</p><p> Yes No</p><p>What does the anthem celebrate about Australia? _______________________________________________________________________</p><p>_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________</p><p>_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________</p><p>Write your own verse of Advance Australia Fair to commemorate Australias Federation. You might like to refer to the different states, the referendums or to key people involved in the Federation process.</p><p> M</p><p>acmillan Education Au</p><p>stra</p><p>lia</p><p>Cop</p><p>yright material</p><p>For review purposes only</p></li><li><p>12</p><p>Name Date</p><p>Thinking Themes: Path to Federation Ages 10+ Samantha Frappell/Macmillan Education Australia. ISBN 978 1 4202 9867 3</p><p>IntelligenceBodily-kinaesthetic</p><p>Thinking skillCreating</p><p>Task 9</p><p>Design a menu for dignitaries to celebrate Federation. Write a six-course menu for the dinner. </p><p>The dinner must include: appetiser </p><p>(small snack) soup entree mainmeal dessert cheeseand </p><p>fruit platter.</p><p>You can choose to represent six different ethnic groups that were living in Australia at the time of Federation in 1901 (for example, Indigenous Australians, Chinese, English, Irish, Italian and Scottish). Or, you could include a menu item to represent each state.</p><p>Path to Federation</p><p>Now try this . . . If possible, cook one of the menu items to share with the class.</p><p> M</p><p>acmillan Education Au</p><p>stra</p><p>lia</p><p>Cop</p><p>yright material</p><p>For review purposes only</p></li><li><p>13</p><p>Name Date</p><p>Thinking Themes: Path to Federation Ages 10+ Samantha Frappell/Macmillan Education Australia. ISBN 978 1 4202 9867 3</p><p>Feature of celebration</p><p>Street decorations (streamers)</p><p>Street parade</p><p>Tiered outdoor seating for specta...</p></li></ul>

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