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THEA OBJECTIVE #2 Main Idea and Supporting Details

THEA Objective #2

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THEA Objective #2. Main Idea and Supporting Details. What is a Main Idea?. A Main Idea is : The topic plus the author’s most important point about the topic. It is also a complete sentence. Unlocking the Mystery of Main Idea. Find the topic. What is ….Topic??. A topic is: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of THEA Objective #2

  • THEA OBJECTIVE #2Main Idea and Supporting Details

  • What is a Main Idea?A Main Idea is :The topic plus the authors most important point about the topic. It is also a complete sentence

  • UNLOCKING THE MYSTERY OF MAIN IDEA Find the topic

  • What is .Topic??A topic is:Who or what the whole selection is aboutThe topic is a word or phrasenot a complete sentence

  • dogsfishcatsbirdsHondaToyotaMazdaSubaru

    PitbullPoodleSiberian huskyCollie

  • WHATS THE TOPIC? 1 Symbols can have a tremendously powerful emotional impact upon us, instantly conveying many feelings and ideas. 2 Symbols like the cross, the Star of David, or the star-and-crescent immediately make us think of the Christian, Jewish, or Muslim religions. 3 This may be why burning an American flag often arouses more anger than does an attack on the values for which the flag actually stands. 4 Another symbol with terrible power is the swastika. 5 Until this century, the swastika was an innocent traditional symbol found in many cultures. 6 Then it became the symbol of Nazi terror. 7 Today, the very sight of a swastika can send chills down our spines.

  • WHATS THE TOPIC?1 A major study of firstborn children reveals that they tend to be super-achievers who strive very hard to make their families proud. 2 It was discovered that of the countrys first twenty-three astronauts, an amazing twenty-one were firstborn in their families. 3 Also, slightly more than half52 percentof our presidents were firstborn children. 4 Less positive is the fact that firstborns are under a lot of pressure to succeed, because their families often pin their hopes and dreams on them. 5 Also, as the eldest, they are expected to set an example for their younger brothers and sisters. 6 Furthermore, these firstborns sometimes have trouble with personal relationships because they learned to be very independent and to enjoy doing things on their ownsince they were the only children in their families until their younger brothers and sisters were born. 7 The conclusion of the study is that being a firstborn child is a mixed blessing, having positive as well as some negative aspects.

  • What is a Main Idea?A Main Idea is :The topic plus the authors most important point about the topic. It is also a complete sentence

  • STATED MAIN IDEA VS. IMPLIED MAIN IDEAStated Main Idea is found within the text

    Implied Main Idea must be created by the reader using hints and clues in the passage.

  • STATED MAIN IDEAA major study of firstborn children reveals that they tend to be super-achievers who strive very hard to make their families proud. 2 It was discovered that of the countrys first twenty-three astronauts, an amazing twenty-one were firstborn in their families. 3 Also, slightly more than half52 percentof our presidents were firstborn children. 4 Less positive is the fact that firstborns are under a lot of pressure to succeed, because their families often pin their hopes and dreams on them. 5 Also, as the eldest, they are expected to set an example for their younger brothers and sisters. 6 Furthermore, these firstborns sometimes have trouble with personal relationships because they learned to be very independent and to enjoy doing things on their ownsince they were the only children in their families until their younger brothers and sisters were born. 7 The conclusion of the study is that being a firstborn child is a mixed blessing, having positive as well as some negative aspects.

  • IMPLIED MAIN IDEA1 In the late 1980s, concern about the deadly effects of illegal drugs became a topnational issue. 2 Politicians loudly proclaimed a war on drugs, and TV news shows carried regular reports about the fatal toll of drugs, especially crack cocaine. 3 These drugs do have a terrible effect on individuals and society, but the facts about them are somewhat different from their popular image. 4 Each year, about two thousand people die from heroin overdoses, and about three thousand die from cocaine-related causes. 5 At the same time, 50,000 people die every year because of alcoholincluding thousands of innocent victims of drunk drivers. 6 Additionally, a third of a million people die every year from cancer due to smoking cigarettes.

    A. In the late 1980s, politicians proclaimed a war on drugs.B. Our war on drugs ignores the two deadliest (though legal) drugs, alcohol andtobacco.C. Thousands of people die each year from heroin overdoses and cocaine-relatedcauses.D. More people die each year from alcohol-related causes than from cocaine related causes.

  • TheoryA Main Idea is a general statement that incorporates all details. This statement must contain the topic. A main idea without a topicis like a Whataburger with no meat! TopicdetaildetaildetaildetaildetaildetailMain Idea

  • 2 Steps to choosing the Correct the Main Idea Does it have the TOPIC? Is it about the WHOLE passage?WHOLETOPIC

  • The female black widow spider is not as terrible a killer as is generally believed. While the creature is certainly poisonous, she is also very shy and will bite humans only when she feels cornered. Also, the idea that the black widow always kills the male after mating is untrue. The male is often spared-if he remembers to tap out a special signal as he ventures onto his mates web. The vibrations on the web let her know he is one of her own kind, not an insect to be rushed at and killed. Topic?The female black widow spiderPoisonous spidersThe fate of the male black widow spider

  • WHATS THE MAIN IDEA?The idea that the black widow always kills the male after mating is untrueShe is not as terrible a killer as is generally believed. The female black widow spider is not as terrible a killer as is generally believedThe male is often spared-if he remembers to tap out a special signal as he ventures onto his mates web

  • The Center for Disease Control in Atlanta, Georgia, has conducted a wide-scale survey in eleven states to determine teenagers knowledge about AIDS. Half of the teens surveyed believe a person can get AIDS through giving blood. Almost three-quarters of teenagers think that AIDS can be gotten from a simple blood test. And half believe that the disease can be easily contracted from a public toilet. None of these beliefs is well-founded.

    According to one survey, many teens have a poor understanding of how people get AIDS.

    B. The Center for Disease Control conducted a survey to discover teens knowledge about AIDS.

    C. Teenagers have a poor understanding of sexually transmitted diseases.

  • According to scientists, cockroaches evolved about 300 million years ago, which means they saw the dinosaurs come and go and later watched people emerge on Earth. If you wonder how such little creatures have lasted so long, consider the fact that they can live in a refrigerator or in extreme heat. They can develop resistance to poisons faster than scientists can develop new ones. And they can live for two months on water alone or go for five months without water. Furthermore, they are quick to escape from danger. The takeoff time for a threatened cockroach has been timed at 54/1000th of a second.

    Cockroaches evolved about 300 million years ago.

    B. Cockroaches can live in a wide variety of temperatures and quickly develop resistance to poisons.

    C. Cockroaches have survived for millions of years because they can adapt to a wide variety of circumstances and react quickly to danger.

  • Pesticides kill plants and animals other than the pests they are intended for. Pesticides pollute water systems. Some pests develop immunity to frequently used pesticides. Some pesticides such as DDT and its relatives can remain in the environment for many years beyond the time necessary to do their intended job. Some pesticides have been linked to cancer and other health problems in humans.Some pesticides have been linked to cancer and other health problemsPesticides can be very harmful.Pesticides kill plants and animals other than the pests they are intended for.They can be very dangerous to both people and the environment.

  • REVIEW FOR QUIZ OVER NOTES (OBJECTIVE #2)What is the difference between Stated Main Idea and Implied Main Idea?Define Main Idea.Define Topic.Explain the difference between topic and main ideaWhat are the 2 steps to choosing the correct Main Idea?

  • MAIN IDEA HOMEWORKGreen Book:

    Red Book:

    Yes, with topic and paraphrase for each paragraph!

  • THEA OBJECTIVE 2CONTINUEDSupporting Details

  • DETAILSProve (or support) the Main Idea

    Are small bits of information from the paragraph

  • DETAILS CAN BEReasons Examples Facts Steps Causes Advantages /disadvantages Descriptions

  • KEY WORDS THAT LET YOU KNOW A DETAIL IS COMINGSome reasonsOneFirst of allSecondlyFinallyFurthermoreNext

    AnotherAlsoIn additionFor exampleFor instanceLast of allThe final

  • M.I.--HALLOWEEN CAN BE FUN FOR KIDS.Details: Kids get to dress up and pretend on Halloween nightKids gather lots of yummy candy to eat from going door to door on HalloweenSome children have been poisoned with Halloween candy.Older children get to spend time with their friends during Halloween

  • THEA SAMPLEWhich of the following statements best supports the writers assertion that during the 1920s, intelligence tests were used to prevent many Europeans and others from immigrating to the United States?

  • Authors / writers opinionviewassertioncontentionargumentsupportsthatRECOGNIZE THE QUESTION

  • THEA SAMPLEWhich of the following statements best supports the writers assertion that during the 1920s, intelligence tests were used to prevent many Europeans and others from immigrating to the United States?What proves

  • MAKING IT EASYWhich of the following statements best supports the writers assertion that these people just graduated?A. They all look very excitedB. They are posing for a pictureC. They are wearing graduation caps and gowns

    What proves

  • MAKING IT EASYWhich of the following statements best supports the writers contention that Eminem received an award?A. Eminem is a talented musician.B. Eminem, as always, looks angry.C. Eminem is holding an MTV award in his hand.

    What proves

  • MAKING IT EASYWhich of the following statements best supports the authors point of view that this picture of the Beatles was taken in the 60s?A. The Beatles are the best musicians that ever lived.B. The clothes and hair fashion are typical of the 1960s.C. Today, there are only 2 surviving members of the original Beatles.

    What proves

  • WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DETAILS BEST SUPPORTS THE AUTHORS OPINION THAT SESAME STREET IS THE MOST WATCHED CHILDRENS EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM IN AMERICA?

    Sesame Street has been on the air for over 35 years.For the third year in a row, Sesame Street was first in TV ratings nationwide.Sesame Street is designed for children 18months to 10 years of age.

  • WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS BEST SUPPORTS THE AUTHORS ASSERTION THAT THE FACULTY WAS DISPLEASED WITH THE BOARDS DECISION REGARDING PAY RAISES? A 6.9% raise was approved.The board announced its intent to follow through with a 3 year pay raise plan.Grumbling and complaining was audible among the faculty as soon as the board announced its decision.

  • Which of the following statements best supports the writers assertion that alcohol has a negative effect on domestic violence?A. Alcohol is by far the most destructive drug in American culture. B. Social workers report that alcohol is a factor in nearly half of their domestic violence cases.C. Alcohol, in the form of drinking and driving, is the number one killer of teenagers.