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The wasteland (6)

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1. The Waste Land (1922)T. S. Eliot 2. Purpose of The Waste Land To convey the souls and civilizations senseof emptiness, confusion, and aimlessnessafter WWI To provide a means of regeneration for thesoul and civilization To revitalize poetry 3. Objective CorrelativeThe only way of expressing emotion in theform of art is by finding the objectivecorrelative, in other words, a set of objects,a situation, a chain of events which shall bethe formula of that particular emotion; suchthat when the external facts, which mustterminate in sensory experience, are given,the emotion is immediately evoked. 4. The Objective CorrelativeThe waste land is the situation thatsignifies human despair and fear ofdeath 5. Premise of The Waste Land We need to accept that all wars are one war,all battles are one battle, all journeys onejourney, all rivers one river, all rooms oneroom, all loves one love, and ultimately, allpeople one person. All of the specific examples of these thingsin the poem are in every case representativeof their kind. 6. The Meaning of The Waste Land convey the state of post-war civilization andthe soul through the heap of brokenimages transcend the ego by identifying with thecontinuity of significant tradition, of theinherited wisdom of the human race 7. External Sources Biographical and historical background The collective vision 8. The Waste Land: Biographical and HistoricalContextsModern AimlessnessT. S. Eliot Post-war society 9. Biographical Context met Ezra Pound, who introduced him toseveral modernist poets married Vivien Haigh-Wood worked at Lloyds Bank had a nervous breakdown; recuperated inMargate and Lausanne, Switzerland 10. Historical Context: WWI had laid the battlefields to waste had spiritually scarred soldiers and thepopulation at large had physically weakened populations,enabling the Spanish flu to kill over 50million people 11. The Waste Land: RegenerationCarl JungThe Golden BoughFrom Ritual to RomanceThe Tarot 12. Carl Jungs Collective Unconscious the unconscious inherited wisdom of therace contains all of the images, archetypes, thathave ever given rise to myths archetypes, to be of value, must be recreatedin collaboration with the consciousintelligence into a process of orderedgrowth, of transformation 13. Jungs Archetypes ofTransformation refers to the integration of the personality occurs with the detachment from the worldof objective reality as the center ofexperience and the finding of a newdimension in which to live involves the death of an old pattern of lifeand the birth of a new 14. Jungs Archetypes ofTransformation During the process of transformation, certainarchetypical images occur, forming a continuityand an interaction of symbols expressing thedisintegration and death of the old pattern and thegradual emergence of the new. After the transformation, the center of thepersonality shifts from the ego to a point ofequilibrium between the individual consciousnessand the collective psyche. 15. Jessie L. Weston: From Ritual toRomance (1920) an attempt to explain the roots of the legend of theHoly Grail enumerates the seemingly inexplicable elements ofthe quest--The Fisher King, The Wasteland, theChapel Perilous, and the Grail Cup itself ties them to the symbols and initiatory rites of theancient mystery religions whose common sourcewere the vegetation rituals and fertility rites 16. The Legend: The Curse concerns a land which has been blighted bya curse so that it is arid and waterless,rendering it infertile linked with the plight of a ruler, the FisherKing, who as a result of an illness or awound has become sexually impotent 17. The Legend: The Curse removed when a Knight appears who mustask the question as to the meaning of theLance and the Grail the lance which pierced Christs side at theCrucifixion The cup from which Christ and the disciplesdrank at the Last Supper 18. The Legend: Other Versions of theCurse removed when Knight asks why this cursehas taken place removed when the Knight undertakesvarious ordeals, culminating in that of theChapel or Cemetery Perilous 19. James Frazer: The Golden Bough:A Study of Magic and Religion(1890-1915) reads a bit like a novel that touches onalmost anything explores the roots of mythology, folklore,magic, and religion from the far East, thenear East, Africa, Europe, America andmore shows the parallels between these andChristianity 20. Significance of The Golden Bough Its thesis is that ancient religions were fertilitycults that centered around the worship of, andperiodic sacrifice of, a sacred king, the incarnationof a dying and reviving god, a solar deity whounderwent a mystic marriage to a goddess of theearth, and who died at the harvest and who wasreincarnated in the spring. It claimed that this legend was central to almost allof the world's mythologies. 21. Significance The golden bough is a reference to a mystical tree in aGreco-Roman myth. In the ancient tale the hero Aeneas consults the prophetess who isone of the Sybil at Cumae. The Sybil tells Aeneas to break a branch from a certain tree that issacred to Juno Inferno. Then Aeneas is led to the entrance of the Underworld that hedescends. Aeneas approaches the Stygian lake that Charon will not ferry himacross because he is not dead. The Sybil who accompanies Aeneas then produces a golden boughthat allows Aeneas entrance into the Underworld. 22. The Tarot Based on similarities of the imagery andnumbering, some associate the Tarot withancient Egypt. The pack of cards was used to forecast therising and falling of the waters of the Nile. Cards were used to control the sources oflife. 23. The Form of The Waste Land fragments of human experience of thepresent moment allusions to the significant tradition of thepast 24. The FormThe Mythical MethodThe LabyrinthFilmCollageThe KaleidoscopeAlchemy 25. The Mythical Method The presentation of experience in symbolicform The creation of a pattern that brings humanbeings into significant relationship withmysterious forces outside the actualities ofdaily life 26. The Mythical Method means of perceiving inner realities through theirreflection in concrete images means of manipulating a continuous parallelbetween contemporaneity and antiquity means of structuring experience, of projectingemotional material by definition fragmented means of expressing revelation rather thanexplanation 27. Alchemy an early protoscientific practice combining elements ofchemistry, physics, astrology, art, semiotics, metallurgy,medicine, and mysticism most well-known goal was the transmutation of any metalinto either gold or silver the mythical substance, the Philosophers Stone,believed to be an essential ingredient in this goal goal of alchemy was really a metaphor for a spiritualtransformation of the self when reading a book on alchemy, the reader must read"over" the words to figure out the way to follow decoding the secret text to discover its true meaning 28. Labyrinths still being used throughout the world asmeditative and healing tools suggest going on a pilgrimage to discoversomething about ourselves and God implies losing ones way and having to startfrom the beginning all over again 29. Labyrinths Release of distracting cares as you move towardthe center and let your mind gradually quiet Receptivity to whatever illumination you receiveas you pause in the center for prayer or meditation Rejoining the world with your renewed vision orrefreshed spirit as you follow the path outwardagain. 30. Kaleidoscope The kaleidoscope is a tube of mirrors containing loose coloredfragments. The viewer looks in one end and light enters the other end, reflectingoff the mirrors. Typically there are two rectangular lengthways mirrors. Setting of themirrors at 45 degrees creates eight duplicate images of the objects, sixat 60 degrees, and four at 90 degrees. As the tube is rotated, the tumbling of the fragments presents theviewer with varying colors and patterns. Any arbitrary pattern of objects shows up as a beautiful symmetricpattern because of the reflections in the mirrors. A two-mirror model yields a pattern or patterns isolated against a solidblack background, while a three-mirror (closed triangle) model yields apattern that fills the entire field. 31. Film made up of images that are spliced (edited)together to create an emotional reactionfrom the viewer can be used to document reality captures the dynamism and chaos of themodern age 32. Collage A work composed of bringing together two ormore disparate realities A new relationship is enacted between lowculture (mass culture) and high culture. This relationship is felt to be inappropriate,jarring, or wrongyet interestingly so. The end result is indecency, paradox, and enigma. 33. The Mythical Method For Eliot, the mythical method was themeans of revitalizing poetry. According to Eliot, poetry had become in itspresent state too beholden to description,narrative, discussion, to reflection, todecoration. 34. Meaning: The Mythical Method For Eliot, the mythical method was themeans of revitalizing poetry. According to Eliot, poetry had become in itspresent state too beholden to description,narrative, discussion, to reflection, todecoration. 35. Form: Modern Music and Jazz imitates the jazz-like syncopation--and, like 1920sjazz, essentially iconoclastic captures the dissonance and urban rhythms ofmodern life parallels The Rite of Spring which transforms therhythm of the steppes into the scream of the motorhorn, the rattle of the machinery, the grind of thewheels, the beating of iron and steel, the roar ofthe underground railway, and the other barbariccries of modern life; and to transform thesedespairing noises into music

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