The Unique Identity of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church

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This article establishes the fact that the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church has a unique identity in the history of Indian Christianity. In fact the "Coonnan Cross Oath" was a revolution to establish the unique identity of the Malankara Church. But unfortunately in this struggle for ecclesiastical identity a faction of St. Thomas Christians in India lost their catholicity which they pray every day in the creed. And the reunion movement started by the great Archbishop Mar Ivanios was the fruitful attempt to reestablish the lost catholicity and the Syro-Malankara Catholic Major Archiepiscopal Church sui iuris with its Cardinal gives witness to the fullness of the vision that Catholic church is a communion of churches sui iuris (Churches which are governed by their own laws) Actually this article which was published first in "Christava Kahalam" in 2007 established for the first time in Malankara circles the canonical principle of equality of the position of Major Archbishop with Catholicos based on "Cleri Sanctitati" Can. 335.

Text of The Unique Identity of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church

  • 1

    aeckpdnbm\n Itmenmk`bpsS A\\y hynXzw

    ^m.tUm. tXmakv Ipgn\mpdv

    (PpUojyhnIm Xncph\]pcw taP AXn`{Zmk\w)

    hnfnpIqshcpsS kaqlw (Ecclesia) F \nebvv Hmtcm k`mkqlhpw GI kXyhnizmkw kzoIcnpIbpw PohnpIbpw sNpXv

    AXXns {]tXyI Ncn{X kmwkvImcnI PohnX ]mefn \nmWv.

    Cu X\Xmb PohnX ]mes GI kXyhnizmkhpambn Cg

    tNptm Hcp k`mkaqlns hynXzw cq]sSpIbmbn. Cu

    ]men aec kpdnbm\n Itmenmk`bpsS hynXzsbpw

    Ncn{Xsbpw ]T\hnt[bampIbmWv Cu {]_n.

    AtmkvXenI k`

    tbiphns Cu temI PohnXn \np A\p`hw kmnb

    {InkvXpinjy\mb amtmm olm (am. 10, 3; atm. 3, 18; Atm.

    {]h. 1, 13) bn \nv Xs {InkvXphjw 52 Xs ss{IkvXh hnizmkw kzoIcnphm `mKyw knn hnizmko

    kaqlamWv `mcXnteXv. CXn\v `mcXnepw

    Gjybnepw \ne\nncp ss{IkvXh

    ]mccyfnepw Bcm[\m {Iafnepw thpthmfw

    kmyfpv. amtXmm olmbn \npw

    kzoIcn Cu hnizmkw Bj`mcns

    kmwkvImcnI X\nabpambn ka\zbnnv XfpsS

    PohnXns `mKamphm\mWv ChnSps hnizmknI Fpw

    ]cn{iannpffXv. AtXmsSmw XpSp h \qmpIfn t]jy

    (]uckvXy kpdnbm\n) k`m]mccyhpambn hfsc ASp _hpw ]pen

    hp. CXn\v ImcWambn Ncn{XImcm NpnmpXv t]jy k`bpw

  • 2

    `mcXk`bpw XfpsS s]mXp k`m]nXmhmbn amtXmm olmsb IcpXpp

    F hkvXpXbmWv. Fm Ggmw \qmphscbpff ImeLfn

    aecbnse k` t]jy k`bpsS A[nImcn Iognembncpp FXn\v

    bmsXmcp sXfnhpIfpw e`ya. Cu ImeLn ChnSps {]tZinI

    k`m[nImcnIfmbncpncnWw `mcXk`sb \bnncpXv.

    aecbnse k`bpw \{kmWnIfpw

    `mcXnse k` ]pcmX\Imew apX aec k` Fdnbsncpp.

    F.Un. 522 ChnSw kin tImkvtamkv F kmcn kmh{XnI

    ss{IkvXh Ncn{Xw F {Kn C{]Imcw tcJsSpnbncnpp

    IpcpapfIv hfcp amse FcmPyv Hcp k`bpv. AhnsS t]jybn

    \npw \nbanX\mb Hcp sa{Xm\pv. ChnsS kqNnnp amse

    aecbpsS Npcpcq]amsWv Ncn{XImcm kmnpp. ]pcmX\

    Imev IpcpapfIv Dev]mZnnncp GI{]tZiw tIcfw am{Xambncpp.

    amtmam olm tIcfn BZyamsbnb sImSpq, ameyc

    FdnbsncpXn\mepw ChnSps k` aec k`sbv

    hnfnsSphm\nSbmbXmbpw Nne Ncn{XImcm m]nppv.

    IppIfpw XmgvhcIfpw CSIev nXn sNp `q{]tZiambXn\m

    ChnSw aec Fdnbsp F hmZhpw \nehnepv. `mcXnse k`

    aec k`sbpw ChnSps {InkvXym\nI aecm Fo

    AdnbsncpXn\pw Ncn{XtcJI kmyw hlnpp. aninlm ]ndnv

    1776 mw Imew Ipw`amkw 15 \v Bemv aadnbw DmsS ]ffnbn _lpam\s amktekntbmkv Pan\oky F \psS sa{Xms apmsI

    hv aec CShIm IqSn FgpXn h ]Sntbme. 18 mw \qmn ChnSps \{kmWnI FgpXn kan ]Sntbmebn kzbw

    hntijnnncnpXv aecm FmsWpffXv {]tXyIw {itbamWv.

  • 3

    aec \{kmWnI DXamb kmaqlnI \nehmcw Dffhcmbncpp.

    \{kmWnIfpsS PohnXmhbntev hnc Nqp ]pcmX\

    Ncn{XtcJIfmb sNpXInSpI AYhm sNtSpI `mcXk`sb

    kw_nnStmfw AaqeyNcn{XtcJI XsbmWv. Xcnmffn sNtSv

    (849) hoccmLh ]bw (13 - 14 \qmpI) XpSnb sNpXInSpI Cu KWns]Spp. Cu tcJIfneqsS ChnSps \{kmWnIv {]tXyI

    AhImifpw B\pIqeyfpw `cWm[nImcnI Iev]np \evInbncpp.

    \{kmWnIfpsS t{ijvTamb PohnXmhsb ]cnKWnmbncpncnWw Cu

    AhImifpw B\pIqeyfpw \evIsncpXv.

    tIcfn DZbwt]cq Bm\amn hnmhw F

    t]cnednbsncp Hcp ss{IkvXh cmPhwiw \ne\nncpXmbn

    Ncn{XtcJI kmysSppp. tPm Ccp]ncmw amm

    (1316 - 1334) AhntmWn\npw tIcfnse ss{IkvXh cmPmhn\v IpIfbncpXmbn hnm tcJmtiJcn \npw kqN\I

    e`yamWv. CXv kqNnnpXv aecm BZna \qmpIfn Xs

    aX]cambpw cmjv{Sobambpw AwKoIcnsShn[w DXPohnX

    \nehmcw ]penbncpp FmWv.

    aeck`bpw t]mpKokv anjWdnamcpw

    1498 tIcfn h hmkvtImUnKmabpsS t\XrXznepff t]mpKokv \mhnIkwLw tIcfnse

    ss{IkvXhcpambn BZyImefn sas_w

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    eo anj\dnam ChnsS t{]jnXhrnmbn

    ISphp. `mcXns ZznXob AtmkvXes\v

    AdnbsSp hn.{^mknkv tkhy Bbncpp

    Ahcn {][m\n.

  • 4

    {]mcw`Ln lrZyamb _ambncpp t]mnKokv anj\dnamcpw

    \{kmWnIfpw XnepmbncpXv. Fm {ItaW ChnSps

    \{kmWnIfpsS k`sb eo B[n]Xyn Iogn sImphcphm\pff

    t]mpKokv anj\dnamcpsS {iaw Bcw`ntXmsS Ahcpw

    \{kmWnIfpambpff _w hjfmbn. 1600 BKv 4 - mw XobXn t]mpKokv `cW\oamb ]ms{ZmhmtZm `cWw tIcfnse aeck`bpsS

    ta ASntnp. XpSv ChnSps \{kmWnIfpsS X\Xmb kpdnbm\n

    Bcm[\m{Iasbpw PohnXssiensbbpw ]mccysfbpw

    eo\oIcnm\pff _emevImcamb ]cn{iafmWv t]mpKokv

    anj\dnamcpsS `mKp\npapmbXv. CXns\Xnscbpff aecmcpsS

    sNdpp\nev]mWv Ip\ Ipcniv kXyn sImpsNsnXv. 1599

    Pq 20 \v Bcw`n DZbwt]cq kpltZmkv Cu sNdpp \nev]ns Bw hnnp.

    Iq\ Ipcnip kXyw : k`mhynXzw

    \ne\npXn\p thnbpff {]tm`w

    aeck`sb cmbn shnapdn Iq\IpcnipkXyw k`m hynXzw

    \ne\nphm\pff aecmcpsS X{XmSns `mKambnpthWw IcpXphm.

    kmeq ]mXncnamcpsS Iogn Rtfm RfpsS ]nXeapdItfm

    \ne\nevpIbn FXmbncpp Iq\Ipcnip kXynse

  • 5

    {]XnmhmNIw. XfpsS k`bpsS X\Xmb hynXzsbpw

    Bcm[\m{Iasbpw Xobnenv NppIcnv t]mpKokv t\XrXzn\pt\sc

    Dbnb iamb {]Xntj[hpw XmoXpw am{Xambncpp AXv. adnv

    hnizmknepw k`mIqmbvabnepw \npff hyXnNe\w Hcp Xcnepw

    eyw hncpn.

    ]noSv Hmw amtmam F t]cn 1653 sabv 22\v 12 sshZnIcpsS ssIhbvneqsS sa{Xms\ hmgnpXv hsc sImpsNsn

    kw`hhnImksf \n`mKyIcsav am{Xta ]dbm\mhq. Fnepw XfpsS

    hynXzsfbpw kmaqlnI Ans\bpw kzm{ib k`mkvXnXzsbpw

    BcpsSapnepw ASnbdhp hbvmXncnphm\pff aec {InkvXym\nIfpsS

    Nphpw Bm`nam\hpw CXns Fmw ]nn shfnhmIpps Imcyw

    A\ntj[yamWv. Fm k`mkzmX{yn\pthnbpff At\zjWw

    ]noSv Ahsc sImv sNsnXv apNne B[n]Xyv

    Iogntembncpp FXpw Ncn{X bmYmyw. Fncpmepw XfpsS

    k`mhynXzw \ne\nnsImv {InkvXphns GIk`bpsS `mKamphm

    aecm Fpw A`nejnncpp. Cu eyw km[npXn\pthn

    ]noSv Ah \Snb InS]mSpIfpw apw, Cpw hnhn[ hnm

    ImcymebfpsS tcJmebfnse Nphp \mSIfn

    IpSpnt]mbnmbncppshn tIcf k`bpsS Ncn{Xw asmmIpambncpp.

    bmtm_mb k`bpambpff _w

    sshZnIcn \npw e`n ssIhbv]ns km[pXsb Ipdnpff kwibw

    Hmw amtmmbpsS Imew apXt Dmbncpp. Bdmw

    amtmmbpsS Imeambtmtgpw bYm ssIhbv]v e`npXn\v

    thnbpff A`nhm sImp sNsnXv bmtm_mb k`bpambpff

    _ntembncpp. As\ Bdmw amtmm, am Znhytkymkv

    F t]cn 1770 bmtm_mb sa{Xm\mb am {KntKmdntbmkn \npw ssIhbv]v kzoIcnpXneqsS aecbnse GIk`bpsS hn`P\w

  • 6

    ]qWamhpIbmbncpp. Cu Ahkcap]tbmKnv AtymJymbnse

    bmtm_mb k` XfpsS A[nImcw aecbn ]qWambn

    hn\ntbmKnm\pw XpSn. aecbnse k`bpsS `uXnI kzntaepw

    {ItaW AtymJy k` A[nImcw D]tbmKnphm XpSnbtm aec

    sa{Xmtmeom AXns\Xnsc {]Xntj[apbn. 1909 tIcfnsenb am A_vZpffm ]m{Xnbokv aec k`bpsS

    Bobhpw `uXoIhpamb A[nImcw X\nps AhImihmZw Dbnp.

    CXns\Xncp \n aec sa{Xmtmenmsb 1911 A_vZpffm ]m{Xnbokv apSnbtXmsS sa{XmInbpw _mhmInbpw F

    hn`P\hpw aecbn kw`hnp.

    ImtXmentv m]\w

    Cu ZpnXnbn \npw aec k`sb IcIbpXn\mbn

    ^m.]n.n.Kohokv (]noSv am Cuhm\ntbmkv) t\XrXzsaSpv am

    A_vZpffm ]m{Xnbokn\m \njvImknX\mbncp bYm

    ]m{Xnbokmb A_vZv Zv aviolm ]m{Xnbokns 1912 se Dchv hgn

    aecbn ImtXmenm knwlmk\w km[nXamn. CsXpdn vam

    Cuhm\ntbmkv Xs BIYbn tcJsSpnbncnpXv {]ImcamWv.

    apSpmb DSs\ \mw B hnhcw ImWn v A_vtZZv aviolm ]m{Xnbokv

    _mhmXncpa\nse t]v InbSnp. XmaknbmsX BizmkIcamb

    adp]Sn Iev]\hp. CsX Ipdnv 1087 CShw 19 se aebmfat\mca bn

    h hm C{]Imcambncpp. \n. h. Zn. a. {io.tamdm am CmtXymkv

    A_vvavinlm ko\nb ]m{Xnbokv _mhm AhI aecbvv hcp

    hgn _{kbn \nv I tIdn Cse (shffnbmgvN) CUybpsS

    hSp]Snmdpff Idmn FXpdapJ v FnbnpffXmbn am

    Znhymtkymkv skan\mcn {]nkn ^m.]n.n.Kohokv Fw.G.

    AhIv In hncnpXmbn Adnbpp. 1912 sk]vw_ 16 se

  • 7

    aebmfat\mca Zn\]{Xw ImtXmenmhmgvNsbpdnv XmsgmWp

    hnhcWw \evpp. CXns\ XpSv Znh\ymtkymkv skan\mcn {]nkn

    dh.^m.]n.n.Kohokv Fw.F. AhI ImtXmenm m\sbpw

    m\hensbpw apw ]n Ncn{X kmytfmSpIqSn thsdmcp {]kwKw

    sNpIbpw sNbvXp. Cu ImtXmenm knwlmk\ kvYm]\n\p ]nnepw

    aecbpsS hninjvS ss]XrIhpw hynXzhpw Imp kqnpI F

    AZayamb A`nhmbmWpmbncpXv.

    aecbpsS \m\mhn[amb ]ptcmKXn eyw hpsImpff XpS

    kXymt\zjWw ^m.]n.n.Kohokns\ _Y\nsb kymk

    {]m\ntev \bnp. {InkvXphns k` GIamsWpw

    hnipamsWpw ImtXmenIamsWpapff t_m[yntev ISphcphm

    ^m.]n.n.Kohokv am Cuhm\ntbmkv F \mat[bw kzoIcnpsImv

    _Y\bpsS sa{Xm\mbn Xotm Atln\pkm[nXpw Cu

    kXymt\zjWneqsS Bbncpp. CXv Itmenm hnizmkspdnv

    ]Tnm\pw a\nemphm\pw am Cu hm\ntbmkns\ t{]cnnp. {ItaW

    Cu hnizmkns Iqmbvabn ]ptNcpXns\ Ipdnv Atlhpw aec

    sa{Xm kwLhpw Kuchambn NnnpXpSn. CXpambn _spff

    InS]mSpI \Sphm 1926 ]cpaebn IqSnb aec k`m kpltZmkv am Cuhm\ntbmkns\ NpaXesSpn. ]s

    A{]XonXambn e`n Hcp A\pIqe tImSXnhn[n Cu DZyan \npw

    am Cuhm\ntbmkpw am sXtbm^ntemkpw HgnsIbpff aec

    sa{Xmmscsbmw ]nncnnp. ]nmnbncphscmw ]nncnsnepw

    shdpw ItmsS ZrU\nbhpw ssZhIr]bpw am{Xw ssIapXemn _Y\n

    sa{Xm Xs kXymt\zjWw XpScpI Xs sNbvXp. s]spmb

    hnImcmthim Iq\ Ipcnins Bemn IbdnnSnv kXyw sNbvX

    ]qhnIcpsS am{`wis Xncpphm\pff Ahkcambn Atlw

    CXns\Ip.

  • 8

    ]p\sscIy {]kvYm\hpw k`m hynXzhpw

    1930 sk]vw_ 20 \v am Cuhm\ntbmkv, amsXtbm^ntemkv, ^m.tPm Ipgn\mpdv Hm.sF.kn., AeIvkm simi, {io.Infntev

    Nmtm FnhtcmsSmw Itmenm Iqmbvabntev hopw ISp

    hcptm 1653 se Iq\Ipcnip {]tm`w X\Xmb hynXzw \ne\npXn\p thnbpffXmbncpp shnepw AXneqsS k`bpsS

    ImtXmenIam\w ssItamiw hp FsXvv

    XncpstSXv XsbmWv F

    t_m[yambncpp Atls Itmenm

    Iqmbvabntev \bnXv. Amcw`n

    ]p\sscIy{]m\w aecbnse hn`PnX

    kaqlfpsS apgph sFIyw eyw

    hpsImv Gsd XymK GsSpm

    Fpw kambncpp. As

    ImtXmenm _mh ]noSv Itmenm

    Iqmbvabntev ISphcpsa {]Xobn Bm\w HgnnSpIbmbncpp.

    aec ]mccyn ImtXmenm _mhmbpsSbpw ]cnip

    kpltZmknsbpw A[nImcsIpdnv XnI t_m[yapmbncp am

    Cuhm\ntbmkv BWv k`bpsS HmIen\pw ]ptcmKXnpw thn Cu

    m\fpw A[nImcfpw \onhbvm

    XmdmbsXtmWw. 1926 Atlw tdmanteb\nthZ\n C{]Imcw

    FgpXnbncnpp. ImtXmenm

    knwlmk\ns Iognepff kpltZmkv

    AXns A[nImc ]cn[npffnepff AXn`{Zmk\

    `{Zmk\fn sa{Xmtmeomamscbpw

    sa{Xmmscbpw hmgnpIbpw A[nImcw

  • 9

    \SpIbpw sNp ]mccyamWv aec k`bvpffXv. ItXmenm

    m\w aecbpsS