The Thirteen English Colonies New England Colonies Middle Colonies Southern Colonies

  • Published on
    14-Dec-2015

  • View
    213

  • Download
    1

Embed Size (px)

Transcript

<ul><li>Slide 1</li></ul> <p>The Thirteen English Colonies New England Colonies Middle Colonies Southern Colonies Slide 2 Why colonize the New World? Opportunities to make a living Opportunities to make a living Religious freedom Religious freedom Avoid tyranny Avoid tyranny Climate favorable to Englishmen Climate favorable to Englishmen Slide 3 How will the colonies be financed (paid for) and organized? Joint stock company formed by a group of wealthy businessmen who apply to the King for a charter to settle a colony. (Jamestown, Massachusetts Bay) Joint stock company formed by a group of wealthy businessmen who apply to the King for a charter to settle a colony. (Jamestown, Massachusetts Bay) Proprietary colony The king gives land to a loyal subject or friend to start a colony (Pennsylvania, North Carolina) Proprietary colony The king gives land to a loyal subject or friend to start a colony (Pennsylvania, North Carolina) Royal colony the king appoints a governor who controls the colony for him. (all colonies would become royal colonies by the start of the revolution) Royal colony the king appoints a governor who controls the colony for him. (all colonies would become royal colonies by the start of the revolution) Slide 4 Slide 5 New England Colonies Massachusetts (1620) Massachusetts (1620) Rhode Island (1636) Rhode Island (1636) Connecticut (1636) Connecticut (1636) New Hampshire (1638) New Hampshire (1638) Slide 6 New England Colonies ColonyDateFounderReasonsImportance Plymouth MA Bay MA16201630PilgrimsPuritans Religious freedom Religious freedom (City on a Hill) Mayflower Compact Representativ e govt.- General Court New Hampshire 1623 John Mason, Sir F. Gorges Religion, profit from trade and fishing MA colonists moved in area Connecticut1636 Thomas Hooker Religion &amp; political freedom limited govt. Fundamental Orders of CT Rhode Island 1636 Roger Williams Religious tolerance Separates church and state Slide 7 New England The New England colonies based their economy mostly on trade and shipping. It was also supported by fishing, lumber, manufacturing, and some agriculture. The New England colonies based their economy mostly on trade and shipping. It was also supported by fishing, lumber, manufacturing, and some agriculture. The New England area was covered with forest, the soil was thin and rocky. The area has long, cold winters and short growing seasons. The New England area was covered with forest, the soil was thin and rocky. The area has long, cold winters and short growing seasons. Slide 8 The Middle Colonies New York (1626) New York (1626) Delaware (1638) Delaware (1638) New Jersey (1664) New Jersey (1664) Pennsylvania (1682) Pennsylvania (1682) Slide 9 Middle Colonies Colony Dat e FounderReasonImportance New Netherlands New York 16241664Dutch Duke of York Trade, religious freedom Trade Diverse population Delaware163816641682SwedesEnglish W Penn Trade Seized by rival Known as lower counties Provide PN a coastline New Jersey 1664 Lord Berkeley, Sir Carteret Trade, religious and political freedom Religion and assembly rights Pennsylvania1682 W Penn Religious and political freedom Diverse population Slide 10 Middle Colonies The economy of the Middle Colonies was a mixture of agriculture and commerce they were the middle man between the Southern and New England colonies. They became known as the Bread Basket colonies The economy of the Middle Colonies was a mixture of agriculture and commerce they were the middle man between the Southern and New England colonies. They became known as the Bread Basket colonies The Middle Colonies has fertile soil, temperate climate with longer growing seasons The Middle Colonies has fertile soil, temperate climate with longer growing seasons Results-some large estates; large family farms with indentured servants, little slavery except in Delawares tobacco plantations. Results-some large estates; large family farms with indentured servants, little slavery except in Delawares tobacco plantations. Slide 11 Southern Colonies Virginia (Jamestown 1607) Virginia (Jamestown 1607) Maryland (1633) Maryland (1633) North Carolina (1653) North Carolina (1653) South Carolina (1663) South Carolina (1663) Georgia (1732) Georgia (1732) Slide 12 Southern Colonies ColonyDateFounderReasonImportance JamestownVirginia16071624 VA Co of London Trade, farming, land, money Rolfe-tobacco House of Burgesses (1 st Representative Assembly in North America) Maryland1632 Lord Baltimore Religious and political freedom Elected assembly; Act of Toleration Carolinas N Carolina S Carolina 166317121729 Eight Proprietors Royal colony Trade, farming religion African slaves Representative assemblies Georgia1732 James Oglethorpe Haven for prisoners and debtors; buffer for Spanish FL Slavery and plantations Slide 13 Southern Colonies The Southern Colonies economy was based on the sale of crops to the other colonies and England. The Southern Colonies economy was based on the sale of crops to the other colonies and England. Fertile soil; mild winters with long growing season; lots of waterways for transportation Fertile soil; mild winters with long growing season; lots of waterways for transportation Most farms were small and worked by families; plantations with hundreds of slaves Most farms were small and worked by families; plantations with hundreds of slaves Slide 14 Triangular Trade The colonies engaged in a trading system called Triangular Trade. Slide 15 The Middle Passage A particularly harsh part of the slaves experience, the middle passage was the voyage across the Atlantic Ocean on a slave ship. This led to African Diaspora. A particularly harsh part of the slaves experience, the middle passage was the voyage across the Atlantic Ocean on a slave ship. This led to African Diaspora. Slide 16 Political life in colonial North America Political life in the colonies was based on self-government in England (Parliament) Political life in the colonies was based on self-government in England (Parliament) Town meetings, where people met to discuss and vote on local matters, were an important part of the democratic process (direct democracy). Town meetings, where people met to discuss and vote on local matters, were an important part of the democratic process (direct democracy). The colonial governor was usually appointed by the king. The colonial governor was usually appointed by the king. </p>