The Shakespearean Sonnet
The Shakespearean SonnetMs. StolpEnglish 9 HonorsRomeo and Juliet UnitRo Ro and Ju JuI.i.1-14What is it?The PrologueWho is speaking?The ChorusWhy is it important?Entire plot in just 14 lines kind of ironic, no?
Elements of a Shakespearean SonnetLength (14 Lines) and FormatIambic PentameterRhyme SchemeThematic Scheme
1. Length and FormatPretty self explanatory 14 lines BUTSonnet is divided into four partsQuatrain 1 (Lines 1-4)Quatrain 2 (Lines 5-8)Quatrain 3 (Lines 9-12)Couplet (Lines 13-14)
Quatrain: a stanza or poem consisting of four lines with a rhyme scheme Couplet: two lines of poetry that rhyme WHAT THE HECK?2. Iambic Pentameter
10 syllables per lineStressed and unstressed syllables5 pairsDa DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUMEx: daDUMdaDUMdaDUMdaDUMdaDUMtwoHOUSEholdsBOTHa-LIKEinDIG-ni-TY3. Rhyme SchemeTwo types of rhyme scheme (depends)ABAB CDCD EFEF GGABBAABBA CDCDCD or CDE CDEPSST, the prologue in R&J is this first one!4. Thematic SchemeTwo households, both alike in dignity,In fair Verona, where we lay our scene,From ancient grudge break to new mutiny,Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.From forth the fatal loins of these two foesA pair of star-crossed lovers take their life;Whose misadventured piteous overthrowsDoth with their death bury their parents strifeThe fearful passage of their death markd love,And the continuance of their parents rage,Which, but their childrens end, naught could remove,Is now the two hours traffic of our stage;The which if you with patient ears attend,What here shall miss, our toil shall strive to mend.
Quatrain 1: Introduces a situation, problem, or question
Quatrain 2 and 3: Expand upon the problem or question
Couplet: Concludes the situation; provides a resolution