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726 (Hons.) in the previous year. A monograph on the waters of Harrogate appeared from his pen in , 1893, and his publications thereafter showed that his interests were in dermatological and rheumatic conditions. He became hon. physician to the Royal Bath Hospital at an epoch when pathological labora- tories were unheard-of luxuries, and the physician had to struggle to obtain a tiny pantry, furnished with his own microscope. In result, most of the section-cutting was done at home. He was alsox hon. physician to the convalescent home of the Sunderland infirmary. In the new century he began to be interested in colonic lavage, and was instru- mental in getting the corporation baths fitted with appropriate appliances, thereby earning the gratitude of many sufferers. He remained to the end a firm believer in the Harrogate treatment and was a striking exemplar of its benefits. Dr. Liddell was a member of the Harrogate Golf Club from its inception, having been a pioneer of golf in England in the days when players were glad tohave for a course a field or two with a few holes dotted about to suit the convenience of the farmer. Curling, too, when winters were winters, was a pastime which he introduced to Harrogate clubs. Retiring some seven years ago, he eventually settled in Wilt- shire only last summer. He leaves a widow and a younger son, who is lecturer in physiology at Oxford and a fellow of Trinity College. His elder son, a lieutenant in the 60th Rifles, died of wounds in 1916. ARCHIBALD FAIRLIE, M.D. Glasg. THE death occurred at the end of February of Dr. Archibald Fairlie after a brief illness. He received his medical education at the University of Glasgow, where he graduated as 1l2.B., C.M. in 1889, proceeding in the following year to the doctorate. He held resident appointments at the Western Infirmary, Glasgow, and at the Maternity Hospital, Glasgow, and practised for a time at Bebside, his connexion spreading to Blyth. He was a promoter of all benevolent and charitable work in the Blyth area, was a prominent member of the British Medical Association, and worked hard in connexion with the St. John Ambulance Association. The public value of his services was recognised by his being appointed a J.P. for the county of Northumberland. Dr. Fairlie was an excellent clinical physician taking all pains to keep up with modern work, while apart from his professional interest he was a well-known authority on the history of his neighbourhood. His death at the age of 72 is a loss to all classes. He was a widower and leaves two sons, both of whom are in the medical profession. INFECTIOUS DISEASE IN ENGLAND AND WALES DURING THE WEEK ENDED MARCH 6TH, 1937 Notifications.-The following cases of infectious disease were notified during the week : Small-pox, 0 ; scarlet fever, 1652 ; diphtheria, 1087 ; enteric fever, 41 ; pneumonia (primary or influenzal), 1256 ; puerperal fever, 38 ; puerperal pyrexia, 122 ; cerebro- spinal fever, 25 ; acute poliomyelitis, 2 ; acute polio- encephalitis, 1 ; encephalitis lethargica, 1 ; dysentery, 15 ; ophthalmia neonatorum, 85. No case of cholera, plague, or typhus fever was notified during the week. Notifications of acute pneumonia were still much below expectation : in London 5<i per cent. below ; in the country as a whole 26 per cent. below. The number of cases in the Infectious Hospitals of the London County Council on March 12th was 3307, which included : Scarlet fever, 875 ; diphtheria, 1048 ; measles, 25 ; whooping- cough, 592 ; puerperal fever, ,19 mothers (plus 11 babies) ; encephalitis lethargic!],, 282 ; poliomyelitis, 2. At St. Margarot’s Hospital there were 17 babies (plus 6 mothers) with ophthalmia neonatorum. Deaths.-In 122 great towns, including London, there was no death from small-pox or from enteric fever, 10 (0) from measles, 4 (2) from scarlet fever, 21 (8) from whooping-cough, 35 (8) from diphtheria, 58 (26) from diarrhoea and enteritis under two years, and 181 (36) from influenza. The figures in paren- theses are those for London itself. Of the 145 deaths from influenza in the 122 great towns of England and Wales outside Greater London the largest totals were reported from Birmingham 13, Liverpool 9, Manchester and Sunderland each 8, Newcastle-upon-Tyne 7, Gateshead 6, and Norwich 5. Hull reported 3 deaths from measles, Stoke-on-Trent 2. Fatal cases of whooping-cough were scattered over 14 great towns ; Liverpool reported 3. Fatal diphtheria was reported from 25 great towns : 4 from Gateshead, 3 from Birmingham. The number of stillbirths notified during the week was 281 (corresponding to a rate of 41 per 1000 total births), including 42 in London. THE SERVICES ROYAL NAVAL MEDICAL SERVICE IN the Abstract of Navy Estimates for 1937 the Medical Establishments and Services are estimated at 482,160 gross and 411,400 net. For 1936 the estimates were 467,330 gross and 397,300 net. ROYAL NAVAL VOLUNTEER RESERVE Proby. Surg. Lt. R. A. Mogg to be Surg. Lt. In the Abstract of Army Estimates, 1937, the Medical Services are estimated as follows : gross, 1,107,000 ; net, 1,055.000. ROYAL ARMY MEDICAL CORPS Officers who wear spectacles when on duty, states a new Air Ministry Order, are responsible for providing them- selves with a pair having the approved type of flattened side-pieces which do not interfere with the wearing of a respirator. Such frames can be readily obtained from optical firms. In the Abstract of Air Estimates, 1937, the Medical Services are estimated as follows : gross, 466,000 ; net, 439,000. The figures for the year 1936 were : gross, 405,000 ; net, .E382.000. INDIAN MEDICAL SERVICE The following officers have assumed appointments in India : Col. J. 0. Andrews, D.S.O., Deputy Director of Medical Services, Northern Command (confirmed from officiating appointment); Lt.-Col. G. Wilson, O.B.E., M.C., D.A.D.M.S. (Mobilisation), Northern Command (confirmed from officiating) ; and Maj. R. Murphy, D.A.D.M.S., Waziristan District. Lt.-Col. J. G. Gill, D.S.O., O.B.E., M.C., Asst. Director of Hygiene and Pathology at Army Headquarters, will be on leave in China and Japan from March 15th until the middle of May. The undermentioned officers have vacated appts. in India :- D.A.D.M.S.-Lt.-Col. P. S. Tomlinson, D.S.O., R.A.M.C. D.A.D.H.-Maj. J. D’A. Champney, R.A.M.C. D.A.D.P.-Maj. F. J. Hallinan, R.A.M.C. The undermentioned appts. have been made in India :- D.A.D.M.S.-Maj. R. Murphy, R.A.M.C. D.A.D.H.-Maj. F. Harris, M.C., R.A.M.C. D.A.D.P.-Lt.-Col. A. C. Craighead, I.M.S. Indian Medical Department.-Asst. Surg. (1st Cl.) F. G. Whitbread to be Lt. (Sen. Asst. Surg.). Maj. (Sen. Asst. Surg.) W. G. H. Warner and Lt. (Sen. Asst. Surg.) S. C. Gomez retire. COLONIAL MEDICAL SERVICE Dr. W. A. C. Hortor has been appointed Medical Officer, Cayman Islands, and Dr. J. I. Rerrie Medical Officer, Jamaica. Dr. J. Portelly and Dr. W. Young become Medical Officers, Superscale Grade A, Malayan Medical Service; Dr. J. H. Bowyer and Dr. J. C. Carson become Medical Officers, Superscale Grade B, Malayan Medical Service ; Dr. J. A. A. Duncan becomes Assistant Director of Medical Service, Nigeria; Dr. L. W. Fitzmaurice Medical Officer and Bacteriologist, Bahamas; and Dr. F. W. Vint, Senior Pathologist, Kenya.

THE SERVICES

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726

(Hons.) in the previous year. A monograph onthe waters of Harrogate appeared from his pen in ,1893, and his publications thereafter showed that hisinterests were in dermatological and rheumaticconditions. He became hon. physician to the RoyalBath Hospital at an epoch when pathological labora-tories were unheard-of luxuries, and the physicianhad to struggle to obtain a tiny pantry, furnishedwith his own microscope. In result, most of thesection-cutting was done at home. He was alsoxhon. physician to the convalescent home of theSunderland infirmary. In the new century he beganto be interested in colonic lavage, and was instru-mental in getting the corporation baths fitted withappropriate appliances, thereby earning the gratitudeof many sufferers. He remained to the end a firmbeliever in the Harrogate treatment and was a

striking exemplar of its benefits.Dr. Liddell was a member of the Harrogate Golf

Club from its inception, having been a pioneer ofgolf in England in the days when players were gladtohave for a course a field or two with a few holesdotted about to suit the convenience of the farmer.Curling, too, when winters were winters, was a pastimewhich he introduced to Harrogate clubs. Retiringsome seven years ago, he eventually settled in Wilt-shire only last summer. He leaves a widow and ayounger son, who is lecturer in physiology at Oxfordand a fellow of Trinity College. His elder son,a lieutenant in the 60th Rifles, died of wounds in1916.

_____

ARCHIBALD FAIRLIE, M.D. Glasg.THE death occurred at the end of February of

Dr. Archibald Fairlie after a brief illness. Hereceived his medical education at the University ofGlasgow, where he graduated as 1l2.B., C.M. in 1889,proceeding in the following year to the doctorate.He held resident appointments at the WesternInfirmary, Glasgow, and at the Maternity Hospital,Glasgow, and practised for a time at Bebside, hisconnexion spreading to Blyth. He was a promoterof all benevolent and charitable work in the Blytharea, was a prominent member of the British MedicalAssociation, and worked hard in connexion with theSt. John Ambulance Association. The public valueof his services was recognised by his being appointeda J.P. for the county of Northumberland. Dr.Fairlie was an excellent clinical physician taking allpains to keep up with modern work, while apart fromhis professional interest he was a well-known authorityon the history of his neighbourhood. His death atthe age of 72 is a loss to all classes. He was awidower and leaves two sons, both of whom are in themedical profession.

INFECTIOUS DISEASEIN ENGLAND AND WALES DURING THE WEEK ENDED

MARCH 6TH, 1937Notifications.-The following cases of infectious

disease were notified during the week : Small-pox,0 ; scarlet fever, 1652 ; diphtheria, 1087 ; entericfever, 41 ; pneumonia (primary or influenzal), 1256 ;puerperal fever, 38 ; puerperal pyrexia, 122 ; cerebro-spinal fever, 25 ; acute poliomyelitis, 2 ; acute polio-encephalitis, 1 ; encephalitis lethargica, 1 ; dysentery,15 ; ophthalmia neonatorum, 85. No case of cholera,plague, or typhus fever was notified during the week.

Notifications of acute pneumonia were still much belowexpectation : in London 5<i per cent. below ; in the countryas a whole 26 per cent. below.The number of cases in the Infectious Hospitals of the London

County Council on March 12th was 3307, which included :Scarlet fever, 875 ; diphtheria, 1048 ; measles, 25 ; whooping-cough, 592 ; puerperal fever, ,19 mothers (plus 11 babies) ;

encephalitis lethargic!],, 282 ; poliomyelitis, 2. At St.Margarot’s Hospital there were 17 babies (plus 6 mothers) withophthalmia neonatorum.

Deaths.-In 122 great towns, including London,there was no death from small-pox or from entericfever, 10 (0) from measles, 4 (2) from scarlet fever,21 (8) from whooping-cough, 35 (8) from diphtheria,58 (26) from diarrhoea and enteritis under two years,and 181 (36) from influenza. The figures in paren-theses are those for London itself.

Of the 145 deaths from influenza in the 122 great towns ofEngland and Wales outside Greater London the largest totalswere reported from Birmingham 13, Liverpool 9, Manchesterand Sunderland each 8, Newcastle-upon-Tyne 7, Gateshead 6,and Norwich 5.

Hull reported 3 deaths from measles, Stoke-on-Trent 2.Fatal cases of whooping-cough were scattered over 14 greattowns ; Liverpool reported 3. Fatal diphtheria was reportedfrom 25 great towns : 4 from Gateshead, 3 from Birmingham.

The number of stillbirths notified during the weekwas 281 (corresponding to a rate of 41 per 1000 totalbirths), including 42 in London.

THE SERVICESROYAL NAVAL MEDICAL SERVICE

IN the Abstract of Navy Estimates for 1937 the MedicalEstablishments and Services are estimated at 482,160gross and 411,400 net. For 1936 the estimates were467,330 gross and 397,300 net.

ROYAL NAVAL VOLUNTEER RESERVE

Proby. Surg. Lt. R. A. Mogg to be Surg. Lt.In the Abstract of Army Estimates, 1937, the Medical

Services are estimated as follows : gross, 1,107,000 ;net, 1,055.000.

ROYAL ARMY MEDICAL CORPSOfficers who wear spectacles when on duty, states a new

Air Ministry Order, are responsible for providing them-selves with a pair having the approved type of flattenedside-pieces which do not interfere with the wearing of arespirator. Such frames can be readily obtained fromoptical firms.

In the Abstract of Air Estimates, 1937, the MedicalServices are estimated as follows : gross, 466,000 ; net,439,000. The figures for the year 1936 were : gross,405,000 ; net, .E382.000.

INDIAN MEDICAL SERVICEThe following officers have assumed appointments in

India : Col. J. 0. Andrews, D.S.O., Deputy Director ofMedical Services, Northern Command (confirmed fromofficiating appointment); Lt.-Col. G. Wilson, O.B.E.,M.C., D.A.D.M.S. (Mobilisation), Northern Command(confirmed from officiating) ; and Maj. R. Murphy,D.A.D.M.S., Waziristan District.

Lt.-Col. J. G. Gill, D.S.O., O.B.E., M.C., Asst. Directorof Hygiene and Pathology at Army Headquarters, will beon leave in China and Japan from March 15th until themiddle of May.The undermentioned officers have vacated appts. in

India :-D.A.D.M.S.-Lt.-Col. P. S. Tomlinson, D.S.O., R.A.M.C.D.A.D.H.-Maj. J. D’A. Champney, R.A.M.C.D.A.D.P.-Maj. F. J. Hallinan, R.A.M.C.The undermentioned appts. have been made in India :-D.A.D.M.S.-Maj. R. Murphy, R.A.M.C.D.A.D.H.-Maj. F. Harris, M.C., R.A.M.C.D.A.D.P.-Lt.-Col. A. C. Craighead, I.M.S.Indian Medical Department.-Asst. Surg. (1st Cl.)

F. G. Whitbread to be Lt. (Sen. Asst. Surg.). Maj. (Sen.Asst. Surg.) W. G. H. Warner and Lt. (Sen. Asst. Surg.)S. C. Gomez retire.

COLONIAL MEDICAL SERVICEDr. W. A. C. Hortor has been appointed Medical Officer,

Cayman Islands, and Dr. J. I. Rerrie Medical Officer,Jamaica. Dr. J. Portelly and Dr. W. Young becomeMedical Officers, Superscale Grade A, Malayan MedicalService; Dr. J. H. Bowyer and Dr. J. C. Carson becomeMedical Officers, Superscale Grade B, Malayan MedicalService ; Dr. J. A. A. Duncan becomes Assistant Directorof Medical Service, Nigeria; Dr. L. W. FitzmauriceMedical Officer and Bacteriologist, Bahamas; and Dr.F. W. Vint, Senior Pathologist, Kenya.