THE SYRO-MALANKARA CATHOLIC CHURCH
THE SACRED LECTIONARY
2017 - 2018
THE SYRO-MALANKARA CATHOLIC CHURCH
THE SACRED LECTIONARY
The Feasts of our Lord, such other obligatory days and
days of importance are given in this Ecclesiastical Calendar.
The Lords Feasts, which commemorate the salvific events of
our Lord, God and Savior Jesus Christ and the other very
important feasts are to be observed like Sundays. On these
days, the faithful should participate in the Holy Qurbono and
should refrain from all servile works. They should specially be
solicitous to observe these days holy by engaging themselves
in the reading of the Holy Scripture, meditation, prayer and
other virtuous deeds. On the Sunday before the important feasts
the priest has to announce in the church about them and how
to observe them.
The Feasts of Our Lord and other important feasts that we
celebrate are given below.
The Feasts of Our Lord
1. Yaldo (The Birth of Our Lord)
2. Denho (Baptism of Our Lord)
3. Mayaltho (Entrance of Our Lord into the Temple)
4. Qyomtho (Easter)
5. Sulokho (The Ascension of Our Lord)
6. Pentecost (Fiftieth Feast)
7. Mthale (Transfiguration of Our Lord)
The Feasts to be observed like the Feasts of Our Lord
1. March 25 Suboro (Feast of the Annunciation)
2. June 29 Feast of Sts. Peter and Paul
3. July 3 Dukrono
(The Martyrdom of St. Thomas)
4. August 15 - Sunoyo (The Assumption of Mary,
the Mother of God into heaven)
5. Sept. 14 Exaltation of the Holy Cross
XMoran Mor Baselios Cardinal Cleemis
Major Archbishop-Catholicos of the Syro - Malankara Catholic Church
20 September 2017
The Synodal Commission for Liturgy
The Major Archiepiscopal Curia
of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
Catholicate Centre, Pattom, Trivandrum - 695 004
St. Mary's Press, Pattom, TrivandrumPhone : 0471 - 2446116
The Sacred Lectionary
The faithful above 21 years and below 60 years of age
are obliged to fast till noon on the second day of the Ninuveh
Fast, first Monday and all Fridays of the Great Fast. Sick
persons, pregnant women and those who do hard labour are
not obliged to fast.
Prohibition from Marriage Celebrations
The Holy Episcopal Synod gives certain particular laws
concerning the celebration of marriage in our Church. The
Church earnestly desires that the Sacrament of Marriage
be conducted at the periods prescribed for the celebration
of marriage. The celebration of marriage is prohibited in our
Church during the Seasons of the Twenty-Five Days Fast,
Three-Days Fast, Fifty-Days Fast and the Season of the
Expectation of the Coming of the Holy Spirit (From Ascension
to the Feast of Pentecost). But for serious reasons, the heads
of the Archieparchies/Eparchies have the authority to grant
dispensation to the faithful to celebrate marriage during these
prohibited seasons. The faithful are reminded that such
dispensation shall be sought only when there are grave
reasons. In the Pastoral set up, considering the needs of the
faithful of different regions favorably, the application shall be
given for conducting marriage during the periods of the
Expectation of the coming of the Holy Spirit, the Twenty-Five
Days Fast and the Great Lent (Up to the Mid-Lent). In order to
obtain such dispensation, a fees in proportion to the
dispensation has be remitted to the eparchial curia. This fee
shall be used to conduct the marriage of poor girls. All are
informed that dispensation for conducting marriage
during the Three-Days Fast and the days from the Fortieth
Friday to Easter Sunday will not be given at any reason.
The abstinence from meat as prescribed by our Church shall
be strictly observed in marriage celebrations held during the
Seasons of Fast. The abstinence that are stipulated by the
This is the day of commemoration of our Lord institutingthe Holy Qurbono. On this day all faithful, young as well as old,shall participate in the Holy Qurbono and receive the sameworthily.
Good FridayAll are obliged to participate in the special liturgical
services of the day.
Season of the PassoverThe period from the beginning of the Great Fast till the
first Sunday after Pentecost is known as the Season ofPassover
Fasts1. Twenty-Five Days Nombu - 1-25 December 20172. Three-Days Nombu or Nineveh Nombu
- 22-25 January 20183. Fifty-Days Nombu or the Great Lent - 12 Feb-1 April 2018
Besides these three fasts, there are 3 others, which althoughnot binding under law, we are advised to be observed as devotion.1. Thirteen-Days Nombu (Sleeha Nombu - 16-29 June 2018)2. Fifteen-Days Nombu (Sunoyo Nombu - 1-15 August 2018)3. Eight- Days Nombu (1-8 September 2018)
On all Fridays and days of the Twenty-Five Days Nombu,the Three-Days Nombu and the Fifty-Days Nombu, the faithfulshall abstain from meat. But the 18 days, after the Three-Days
Nombu till the commencement of the Great Fast and 50 daysbetween Qyomto and Pentecost are exempted from thisabstinence.
On days of the Nineveh Fast, first Monday (Shubkono)and all Fridays of the Great Fast and on days from 40th Fridaytill Qyomto we should also abstain from fish and egg. On Good
Friday, besides what is mentioned above we should abstainfrom milk and all milk-products. There is no abstinence on the
closing day of Fasts, whatever day it may be.
The Sacred Lectionary
Church shall be also observed in all other celebrations in the
seasons of Fast. The marriage that are blessed with the
special permission during the seasons of Fast shall not
be blessed by the Bishops of our Church. (Ref. Prot. No.
Holy Qurbono for the People
According to the norms of the Code of Canons of the
Eastern Churches, the Parish Priests and Mission Superiors
are obliged to celebrate the Holy Qurbono for the people on
ten important feast days of the liturgical year. The days are: 1)
Yaldo, 2) Denho, 3) Annunciation to the Bl. Virgin Mary (Suboro),
4) Qyomto, 5) Sulokho, 6) Pentecost, 7) Commemoration of
Saints Peter and Paul, 8) Dukrono, 9) Commemoration of the
Servant of God Archbishop Mar Ivanios and 10) Shunoyo.
From the Major Archiepiscopal Curia
Catholicate Centre Chancellor
A.D. 52 Arrival of St. Thomas to Kerala. The
Churches established by him are
Kodungalloor, Palayoor, Paravoor
(Kottackavu), Kokkamangalam, Chayal,
Niranam and Kollam.
72 July 3 Martyrdom of St. Thomas.
344 Thomas of Cana landed at Kodungalloor.
1599 June 20-26 Synod of Diamper (Udayamperoor).
1653 Jan 3 Koonan Cross Oath (Against the Portuguese
1930 Sep 20 Syro-Malankara Re-Union
A group of five persons headed by Abp. Mar
Ivanios along with Bishop Mar Theophilos
reunited with the Catholic Church.
1932 June 11 Establishment of the Syro-Malankara
Catholic Hierarchy. Erection of the
Archieparchy of Trivandrum and Eparchy of
1933 March 12 Inauguration of the Syro-Malankara Catholic
Hierarchy and the installation of Archbishop
Geevarghese Mar Ivanios as the first
Metropolitan Archbishop of Trivandrum.
1933 Nov 6 Installation of Bishop Jacob Mar Theophilos
as the first Bishop of Tiruvalla.
1937 Nov 29 Re-union of Bishop Joseph Mar Severios
from the Orthodox Diocese of Niranam.
1938 Nov 12 Re-union of Bishop Thomas Mar Dioscoros
from Knanaya Jacobite Church.
1943 Feb 22 Demise of Bishop Thomas Mar Dioscoros.
1950 May 5 Installation of Bishop Joseph Mar Severios
as Bishop of Tiruvalla.
The Sacred Lectionary Memorable Days
1953 Jan 29 Episcopal ordination of Bishop Benedict Mar
Gregorios as Auxiliary Bishop of Trivandrum.
1953 July 15 Demise of Archbishop Geevarghese Mar
1954 April 22 Episcopal ordination of Bishop Zacharias
Mar Athanasios as Auxiliary Bishop of
1955 Jan 18 Demise of Bishop Joseph Mar Severios.
1955 Jan 22 Installation of Archbishop Benedict Mar
Gregorios as second Metropolitan
Archbishop of Trivandrum.
1955 Jan 27 Installation of Bishop Zacharias Mar
Athanasios as Bishop of Tiruvalla.
1956 June 27 Demise of Bishop Mar Theophilos.
1962 Oct 11 Inauguration of the 21st Ecumenical Council
(Second Vatican Council).
Archbishop Benedict Mar Gregorios,
Metropolitan Archbishop of Trivandrum and
Bishop Zacharias Mar Athanasios, Eparchial
Bishop of Tiruvalla, were attended in all
sessions of Second Vatican Council,
representing Syro-Malankara Catholic
1964 Dec 4 Visit of Pope Paul VI to India.
1965 Feb 22 Blessing of the Metropolitan Church of the
Archieparchy of Trivandrum.
1965 Dec 8 Closing of the 21st Ecumenical Council.
1967 Dec 16 Episcopal ordination of Bishop Paulose Mar
1977 Aug 28 Re-union of Bishop Paulose Mar Philexinos
from Malabar Independent Church.
1977 Sep 28 Demise of Bishop Zacharias Mar Athanasios.
1978 Oct 28 Erection of the E