The Renaissance Period (England 1485-1660). The Renaissance Rediscovering Ancient Greece and Rome. Renaissance / _________________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________ - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
The 16th Century
The Renaissance Period(England 1485-1660)The RenaissanceRediscovering Ancient Greece and RomeRenaissance /____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
(Renewed interest in the literature of ancient Rome and Greece)
Refers to the renewal of curiosity and creativity Peoples values
BeliefsBehaviorrebirth The RenaissanceRediscovering Ancient Greece and RomeRenewal of Human SpiritRenaissance personWell rounded interests, such as___________ _________________(and other fine arts)_____________________________________
InventorScienceLanguages, etc.The Church is still rich and powerful.
It All Began in Italy: A Flourish of Genius______________________ was responsible for financing many intellectual and artistic endeavors. A few Italian geniuses _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The Roman Catholic Church Boccaccio/Author of The Decameron
DaVinci/The perfect Renaissance Man
Columbus/An explorerHumanism: Questions About the Good Life_________ was an intellectual movement whichUsed the classics combined with traditional Christian thought _________________________________________ ________.Taught people how to live and rule by answering the question how do we achieve happiness; which is through ____________
Humanism has a VERY OPTIMISTIC VIEW of human potential that people are capable of perfect-ability (striving to become perfect) tried to harmonize Bible with classics i.e. Greek and Latin.a life of virtue.HumanismThe New Technology: A Flood of PrintThe _____________ was created in about 1455 by Johann Gutenberg, and transformed the way information was exchanged.The first book printed______________________Helped spread knowledgeMade books more available to more people(REVOLUTIONIZED THE WORLD)______________Created the English Printing Press (set up) in 1476
Printing Press The Latin Bible
Two Friends Two HumanistsTwo prominent humanists are____________________________Dutch Monk---loved to travel---wrote in LatinBelonged to all of Europe---because of travelsOn a trip to EnglandTaught Greek at CambridgeMet and became friends with a young lawyer_____________________________________________________________________________________________________(Both men wrote in several languages, including English)He wrote poems, pamphlets
However, Utopia had the greatest impact. Desiderius Erasmus (1466?-1536)
Sir Thomas More (1477?-1535)
A common feature common to all Reformers was ___________________________________________ _________In Germany __________________________________
This action against the Church is a historic event. The Reformation: Breaking with the Church People should have personal understanding of the Bible rather than depend solely on the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church. , Martin Luther 1517 pinned his thesis statements (95 issues) to the door of the church. He wanted a New Christianity where
The rejection of authority of the Pope and the Italian churchman.The Reformation: Breaking with the Church continued There were three circumstances that led to Englands break with the Church.____________________________________________________________________________________Financial burdens.Patriotism.National Identity.King Henry VIII Versus Pope: All for an Heir
King Henry VIII wanted to end his marriage with Catherine of Aragon because__________________________________________________King Henry VIII wanted to break with the Catholic Church ____________________________ ___________________________________________King Henry VIII executed Sir Thomas More ___________________________________________He wanted to marry Anne Boleyn.She was unable to give King Henry a son. because he wanted to divorce Catherine of Aragon.because More did not recognize King Henry VIII as head of the church. More believed that church and state should be separate.King Henry VIII Versus Pope: All for an Heir continuedThere were five groups dissatisfied with the Church of England:_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________These groups were dissatisfied with the Church of England because____________________________________________ ____________________________________________.Puritans remember this one.PresbyteriansBaptistsNon-conformistsDissidentsThese groups felt that it was a copy of the Catholic Church.King Henry VIII Versus Pope: All for an Heir continuedThe five things these dissatisfied groups wanted to get rid of were___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________BishopsPrayer booksPriests vestmentsChurch bellsStained glass windowsKing Henry VIII Versus Pope: All for an HeirWives of King Henry VIII___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Katherine of Aragon (divorced/annulled)
Anne Boleyn (beheaded)Anne of Cleves (divorced)Catherine Howard (beheaded)Catherine Parr (survived)Jane Seymour (died)King Henry VIII :Renaissance Man and Executioner_____________ started the Royal Navy_______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________.Under King Henry VIII , it put stop to foreign invasions, allowed England to spread power, language, literature all over world. (beginnings of England as World Power)
King Henry VIII King Henry VIII Versus Pope: All for an HeirKing Henry VIII is considered a Renaissance Man because_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ wrote poetry, music, literaturein youth very athletic, handsome
ladies man, good dancer, etc.
Henry VIII: Renaissance Man and ExecutionerList Henry VIIIs wives, their fates and children (if any) he had with each.
READY, SET, GO .Katherine of AragonWife 1
Katherine of Aragon continued Very Catholic!They were very happy for awhile.Gave birth to daughter: Mary.Doesnt give him the son he wants, eyes move elsewhere to Anne Boleyn.Annulment (divorce) sends her back to Spain.
Anne Boleyn Wife 2
Anne Boleyn continued Henry created the Church of English in 1531 for her.Henry became attracted to her about 1525 she was one of Katherine of Aragons ladies in waiting.Henry sent Cardinal Wolsey to the Pope to plead his case for a divorce. Wolsey was later dismissed as Lord Chancellor.Henry secretly married Anne 1533.Anne Boleyn continued Parliament declared the marriage to Katherine invalidCareful..if marriage is invalidWhat happens to Mary????She is considered illegitimate.Anne gives birth to Elizabeth Sept. 1533Jane SeymourWife 3
Jane SeymourQuiet, mousey and frail.One of Anne Boleyns ladies in waitingSeemed to always be frightened.VERY different from Katherine and Anne.Married Henry day after Boleyns execution.Already carrying Henrys only legitimate son.Edward (1537-1553)Childhood fever causes his death.Was Henrys favoriteshe gave him a son.Anne of ClevesWife 4
Anne of ClevesWife 41540---Henry marries her, sight unseen.Alliance with Germany.Had only seen portraits of Anne (in person, didnt like what he saw called her a Flanders mare.)She saw what was coming (SMART).Testified-the marriage was never consummated. Probably most fortunate of all Henrys wives.Received many gifts from Henry (SET for LIFE).Catherine HowardWife 5
Catherine HowardBorn between 1520 and 1525no recordCousin of Anne Boleyn (poor side of family)Wild child -- not supervised like most young childrenAffair with music teacherAffair with estate managerOne of Anne of Cleves ladies in waiting
Catherine Howard continued Rumors she was carrying Henrys son before he annulled marriage to Anne of ClevesProbably started by her familyIt workedthey were married a few weeks later (16 days after being freed from Anne)Henry showered her with jewels and clothesHenry called her his rose without a thornCatherine vowed all his wishes would be metBUT.
Catherine Howard continued She found her marriage bedunappealingBy this time, Henry wasNearly 50 (she was approximately 19)Weighed about 300 lbs.SickHad a leg ulcerEarly in 1541..she had a romance with Thomas Culpepper.
Catherine ParrWife 6
Catherine Parr continued 1512-1548Widowed twiceIn a relationship with Thomas Seymour (Janes brother, actually married him after death of Henry)She caught Henrys eye-he proposedMarried in July 1543She was friends with his childrenEven brought Henry and his daughters togetherThrough and Act of Parliament-they were put back in the line of succession
The Boy King and Bloody Mary
The Boy King and Bloody Mary continued King Henry VIII only legitimate male heir was __________________.Edward VIMary I (Tudor) (daughter of Katherine of Aragon)
Mary I (Mary Tudor) continued Determined to have a Catholic heir.Her uncle was the King of SpainMarried the King of Spains sonPhillip 1st cousin.Strong-willed, determined to avenge the wrongs done to her mother (Katherine of Aragon). Converted England back to Roman Catholic, burned 300 Protestants at the stake, known as BLOODY MARY.Overthrown by subjects but died before being ousted.Elizabeth I: The Virgin Queen (daughter of Anne Boleyn)
Elizabeth I (Elizabeth Tudor) continued Considered one of the most brilliant & successful monarchs in history Church important to her. Reestablished Church of England, excommunicated from Roman Catholic Church.Never married (knew strength in independence and ability to play one suitor against another).Taxes (Catholic families being taxed more smiling raiders in Catholic church really her own men, kept her 10% from Church - $$$ to her military (Navy).
Elizabeth I: The Virgin Queen continued Survived many plots against her, many from cousin, Mary Queen of Scots; endured 20 years and then had Mary beheaded.The Spanish Armada Sinks: A Turning Point in HistoryBecause Queen Elizabeth had Mary Queen of Scots beheaded, King Phillip of Spain (widower of Mary Tudor) used the beheading of Mary Stuart as excuse to invade England.Spanish Armada (130 ships; 30,000 men) smaller, faster, more maneuverable English ships DEFEATED Armada. Half Spanish fleet destroyed by English and weather (5,000 men drowned). England lost 100 men and NO ships!Defeat of Spanish Armada = turning point in history -- Established England as WORLD POWER.
A Flood of LiteratureQueen Elizabeth became a source of INSPIRATION for the English people.She established a religious & national identity.She established a sense of stability for the Country and for the Church.English writers started writing as never before.William ShakespeareChristopher MarlowEdmund Spencer. All wrote about her.Composer and Musician Robert JohnsonDecline of the Renaissance: A Dull Man Succeeds a Witty WomanJames I (James Stuart James VI of Scotland) replaced Queen Elizabeth in 1603.
Decline of the Renaissance:A Dull Man Succeeds a Witty WomanJames I was the son of Mary Queen of Scots.The group which disliked King James I the most was the puritanical merchants. (Puritans)King James lacked Elizabeths ability to resolve or postpone conflicts, especially religious and economic issues. Difficult reign.James I tried to endear himself to his subjects by:__________________________________________._______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Writing books in favor of divine right of monarchyPatronizing Shakespeares Kings Men and Jonson.A new translation of Bible: King James Version.
Began an anti-tobacco policy.Decline of the Renaissance:A Dull Man Succeeds a Witty WomanThree reasons James Is subjects did not like him:_________________________________________________________________________He was a spendthrift.He was considered thick-tongued and google eyed.He was a foreigner (Scotland not England.)Charles I son of James I, autocratic, self-destructive, own people had him beheaded in 1649The Glass of FashionGreen = _______Pansy = _______Snake = _______Black and White = ___________________White and Tawny = __________________LoveSadnessFlatteryChastity and purityPatience in adversityThe Glass of Fashion continuedWhen a person was referred to as having a peascod or goose belly it meant ____________________.A man with a peascod or goose belly was ______________________.one had a fat belly.considered wealthy.Jewish Life in EnglandThe most famous Jewish character in Renaissance literature was ______________.The two most unflattering characteristics of this famous Jewish character were:________________________________________________________ banished the Jews from England in 1290 and__________________ allowed the Jews to return in the 17th century?He had no mercy.
He was a moneylender.ShylockKing Edward IOliver CromwellJewish Life in England continued Three Examples of persecution suffered by the Jews were:______________________________________________________Were segregated Ghettos.
Were charged extra taxes.Could not own land.QuizThe Renaissance
Quiz - The Renaissance1. Why are historical periods so inexact, and why are they generally unknown as periods or eras to the people who live during them?a. They are too complex to be understood by most people.b. c. They come and go with such suddenness that people usually cannot distinguish what historical period they live in.d. They are completely artificial constructs and have no basis in documented reality.They are created later by historians to describe general trends rather than precise beginnings and ends.Quiz - The Renaissance continued2. Which of the following statements best characterizes the intellectual environment of the Renaissance?a. Most people could not read, in part because they could not gain access to books.b. Most Europeans were highly sensitive to the achievements of people from other cultures, particularly people of the Orient.c.
d. Through their superior knowledge, scholars established power over the majority of the people.As people became interested in the writings of ancient Greece and Rome, they became more inquisitive and creative.Quiz - The Renai...