The Qur’an Qur’anHadith Islamic Jurisprudence © Karen Devine 2008

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  • The QuranQuranHadithIslamic Jurisprudence Karen Devine 2008

  • QuranThe Quran is central to Islam. It is the revelation of God to Muhammad through the Angel Gabriel.The Quran should be the first and the last word a person hears.It is considered unalterable and literal.It has 114 chapters or suras, divided into 6000 verses.

  • QuranThe Quran is treated with the greatest respect:Hands are washed before reading itIt is wrapped in a special clothNo other books are shelved higher than it.It is chanted in personal prayer.

  • QuranMost Muslims know a chapter, some memorise the whole book. The Quran is also the source of:Islamic doctrines and ethicsIslamic lawThe intellectual aspects of Islam.Muhammad did not write the Quran but received it and scribes wrote it. Professional memorisers were used for the scribing of the Quran.

  • QuranThe collection of sura were pieced together by the first and third caliphs. The final Quran is arranged in order of decreasing length.There are no variations of the Quran text. It is written in Arabic and recitations should only occur in Arabic.

  • QuranThe Quran contains:Rules for livingStories of the ProphetsPassages on the meaning of lifeDetails on fastingThe ritual of the HajjCriminal lawSocial and economic policy.

  • HadithsA hadith is a narration on the life of the prophet. This is distinguished from the sunna which is the details of the actual life of Muhammad.Hadith include the sayings of the prophet.The Hadith are secondary to the Quran in terms of their religious importance.

  • HadithsThere are 2 kinds of Hadith:Sacred Hadith: Words of God uttered by Muhammad yet not part of the Quran.Noble Hadith: Details of the actions and words of the prophet.There are 6 key collections of Hadith known as the accurate six. The sayings of the Hadith make an authoritative guide to the sunna of Muhammad and the life that Muslims should seek to imitate.

  • Islamic JurisprudenceSurrendering to the will of Allah is the key Islamic value. There are 4 ethical sources for Islamic values:The Quran- a recitationSunna- the life of MuhammadIjma- the consensus views of Muslim scholarsQiya- analogies drawn from the Quran

  • Islamic JurisprudenceTogether these 4 values form the guiding principles of Islam. A Muslim must try ones hardest (Jihad) to establish good.Jihad is the use of personal energy to sustain a Muslim way of life.

  • Islamic JurisprudenceSharia law or path to the waterhole regulates Muslim life on issues including:MoralityHygieneEtiquetteInheritanceCommerce

  • Islamic JurisprudenceAll Muslim actions are either halal (allowed) or haram (forbidden).There are 3 severe offences that can be committed by a Muslim:Kufr: disbelief or ingratitude to Allah.Shirk: Associating anything with Allah such as icons or ideas.Tughyan: Not trusting in Allah and acting in a contrary way to nature.

  • Question TimeResearch behaviours which are halal and haram.