The Persian Wars

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The Persian Wars. March 20, 2012. The Persian Wars 499 – 449 BC. Fought between the Persians and the Greeks Persians decided to go on the offensive after the Ionian Revolt They sailed across the Aegean Sea to fight the Greeks Major Battles Marathon Thermopylae Salamis - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Persian Wars

The Persian WarsMarch 20, 2012The Persian Wars499 449 BC

Fought between the Persians and the GreeksPersians decided to go on the offensive after the Ionian RevoltThey sailed across the Aegean Sea to fight the GreeksMajor BattlesMarathonThermopylaeSalamisRecorded in the writings of the Greek historian Herodotus.

The GreeksThe PersiansPersians vs. GreeksThe PersiansLarge and diverse group of men from all over PersiaLed by a powerful GeneralArmed with a short spear and swordCarried long rectangular wicker shieldsWore leather armourFought in the Sparabara formationAlso had archers and lightly armed cavalry

The GreeksArmies from different city-states; eg. Sparta, AthensHad no central leadershipArmed with a long spear and swordCarried concave shields made of metalWore metal armour: Breastplate, helmet and greavesFought in the Phalanx formationHad few archers, no cavalry

AssignmentAnswer the following three questions on looseleaf:

Which side would you rather be fighting on? Why?

Who do you think will emerge victorious from the Persian Wars?

List and explain three reasons for your choice to question #2.

What factors not listed above might also influence the outcome of the wars?