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  • 1984OAT NEWSLETTER

    Vol. 35

    The de.. p,......ted tMre .,. not to be UHcllnpubllcltlon, without lhe conHnI of the .uthon.

    Aprtl1985

    Sponaorad by the National 0.' Conference

  • 1984

    OAT NEWSLETTER

    Volume 35

    Edited in the Department of Agronomy, North Dakota StateUniversity, Fargo, NO 58105. Costs of preparation financedby the Quaker Oats Company, Chicago, Illinois 60654.

    The data presented here are not to be used in publicationswithout the consent of the authors and citing of materialin the Oat Newsletter should be avoided if at all possiblebecause of the general unavailability of the letter.

    April 1985

    Sponsored by the National Oat Conference

    Michael S. McMullen, Editor

  • i i

    Matthew B. Moore (Photo by MinneapolisStar and Tribune, 1982)

  • iii

    OED ICATION

    To Matthew B. Moore

    Matthew B. Moore, known to most of us as "Matt," a Professor Emeritus in theDepartment of Plant Pathology, University of Minnesota, was born April 11,1905 and lived most of his early life on a small fruit farm that is nowengulfed by residences in the expanding city of St. Paul. He attendedMechanic Arts High School in St. Paul in 1920, and the School of Agricul-ture on the St. Paul Campus from 1920-24. He attended the Uni versity ofMinnesota from 1924-29, ultimately obtaining his B.S. degree. In 1929, hebegan hi s career as a techni ci an for the USDA on a cerea 1 rust project. Healso joined the staff at the University of Minnesota as an Instructor in theSchool of Agriculture and as an Assistant in the Department of PlantPathology that same year. He spent a sabbatical leave at Louisiana StateUniversity in 1931-1932 as an Instructor in Botany. He then returned to theUniversity of Minnesota as a staff member in the Department of PlantPathology until he retired in June, 1973. In 1960 and again in 1962, Mattspent sabbatical leaves as a consultant to the Alaska Agricultural Experi-ment Station where he advised them on potato disease problems, barley yel lowdwarf in cereals, timothy and alfalfa diseases.

    Matt played a major role in the development of seventeen oat cultivarsreleased by the Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station. He workedcooperati vely with several oat breeders in the Department of Agronomy andPlant Genetics and the program reflects the philosophy and approachesadvocated by Matt. Each of the last six cultivars that have been releasedpossess generalized resistance to crown rust based on their testing in thebuckthorn nursery.

    Matt has had a significant national and international impact on plantpathology and plant pathologists. His principal contributions have been ondiseases of oats, however, his philosophy and fundamental discoveries onbroadly-based resistance to fungal pathogens have been applicable to othercrops as well. The buckthorn plot on the St. Paul Campus was established in1953 and expanded again in about 1965 to the consternation of some whocondemned the establ ishment of such rust "race factories." Matt prevai ledand, as a result, many lines and six most recent cultivars released by theMinnesota Agricultural Experiment Station have durable resistance to crownrust. In 1952, Matt publ ished an abstract on "the cause and transmission ofbl ue dwarf and red 1eaf of oats" in which he reported that he had found avirus transmitted by aphids to be the cause of red leaf. Red leaf was latershown to be the same virus that causes barley yellow dwarf, a cereal diseaseof world-wide importance. .

    Matt is an avid and dedicated naturalist. Field trips with him wereparticularly stimulating because of his depth of understanding of crops,their diseases, and his magnitude of perception of a vast array of naturalphenomena. Tri ps down the freeway were a voi ded if reasonab 1e alternater 0 ute s "d ow nthe back r 0 ads" we rea vail ab1e. Fie 1ds , wood1ands , andpastures were classrooms and the crops and diseases were reviewed anddiscussed in frequent stops. Sometimes we arrived at our destination late,possibly somewhat weary, but stimulated and wiser.

  • iv

    Matt is innovative with equipment and gadgets. This may have resultedpartly because his career stretched back to the time when either funds were1imited or equipment to do certain tasks had not been manufactured. Mattdeveloped smut inoculators and multiple rust inoculators; he modified anddevised plot planters such as illustrated in the photograph. Many of thesegadgets and devices are yet in use in one form or another across thecountry.

    Matt has been a stimulating and challenging educator. Those of you who havehad the good fortune to take a course in Introductory Plant Pathology fromhim remember that as a unique experience. Matt taught this course forapproximately 35 years, usually fall and spring quarters and over the yearsreached probably 3,000-4,000 students. A lab project was usually onecomponent of this course and through this, many students received theirfirst exposure to experimental techniques under Mattis guidance. Some wereprompted into careers in plant patho 1goy or other sci ences because Mattstimulated and encouraged students who appeared to possess a spark ofscientific curiosity. It was not uncommon to find Matt and a couple ofstudents investigating cultures of pathogens or discussing their discoverieslong after the scheduled lab was over. He undoubtedly taught one of thebest courses at the University of Minnesota.

    Matt has touched many lives in his long and useful career. He is one of thestrongest supporters of the Department of Plant Pathology at St. Paul. Hisspecific and broadly-based contributions are of real and lasting value.Matt has been unable to attend our annual national Phytopathology meetingsfor several years because of poor health. It is not unusual at thesemeetings for a dozen or more different acquaintances or former students ofMatt to i nqui re about him and request that I bri ng a IIHe 110 and Best Regardsto Matt Moore ll when I return to St. Paul.

    Matt currently resides at 1170 Eldridge Avenue, St. Paul, MN 55113 with hiswi fe Dorothy.

  • v

    CONTENTS

    TITLE PAGE . . . . . . . . .PAGE

    i

    MATTHEW B. MOORE - Dedication for Service

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    I. NOTES

    Newsletter Announcements and Instructions

    North Central Oat Workers Field Day

    II. CONTRIBUTIONS FROM THE UNITED STATES

    ii

    1

    3

    Data TelecommunicationsKeith D. Gilchrist 4

    Identification of Oat Cu1tivars by CombiningPolyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis andReversed-Phase High Performance LiquidChromatographyG. L. Lockhart

    Characterization of Oat Species by PolyacrylamideGel Electrophoresis and High-Performance LiquidChromatography of Their Prolamin ProteinsG. L. Lockhart and Y. Pomeranz

    5

    5

    Oats as a Feedstuff for LivestockR. L. Harrold . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

    Oats Straw is'a Valuable Crop ReturnA. B. Roskens

    Is Victoria Blight Attempting a Comeback?M. B. Moore and P. G. Rothman

    . . . . . . . . 7

    8

    Status of International Oat Rust Nursery ProgramJ. G. MoseID.an .. 9

    Rusts of Oats in the United States in 1984A. P. Roe1fs, D. L. Long, D. H. Casper andM. E. Hughes . . . . . . . . . . . 10

    Continued Interest in Hull-less OatsPaul G. Rothman . . . . . . . . . . . 12

  • III. CONTRIBUTIONS FROM COUNTRIES OTHER THAN THE UNITED STATES

    AUSTRALIA

    New South Wales Oat Crop 1984-85R. W. Fi tzsitmnons

    Oat Production in VictoriaM. W. Price

    CANADA

    Oats in Manitoba - 1984R. I. H. McKenzie~ P. D. Brown~ D. E. Harder~J. Chong~ and S. Haber

    Ontario~ Dormancy Studies: Dormoats".J. A. Fregeau and V. D. Burrows

    BYDV Resistance in OatsA. Comeau~ J.-P. Dubuc~ and C.-A. St.-Pierre

    DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

    Perspectives of Oat Production in the Dominican. Republic

    Ing. Heriberto Alonso

    FINLAND

    Phytic Acid Content of Some Oat Varieties and itsCorrelation with Chemical CharactersMarketta Saastamoinen and Tiina Heinonen

    INDIA

    Nitrogen Application and Quality of Forage OatsBhagwan Das~ K. D. Taneja~ and P. S. Gill

    Performance of Some New Oat Strains for FodderProduction in Kashmir ValleyBimal Misri~ R. N. Choubey~ and S. K. Gupta.

    JAPAN

    Four Spikelet Types of Avena in View of the PloidyI. Nishiyama . -. . . . .. . .

    MOROCCO

    vi

    PAGE

    13

    14

    15

    17

    17

    18

    20

    23

    24

    25

    Oats in MoroccoA. Bari . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

  • vi i

    PAGE

    IV. STATE REPORTS

    ARKANSAS. R. K. Bacon . . . . . . 29INDIANA. H. W. Ohm, F. L. Patterson, J. M. Hertel,

    J. E. Foster, G. E. Shaner, G. C. Buechley,R. M. Lister, K. M. Day, O. W. Luetkemeier, andc. L. Harms . . . . . . . . . .

    IOWA. K. J. Frey, M. D. Simons, R. K. Skrdla,L. J. Michel, and G. A. Patrick

    MARYLAND. D. J. Sammons

    MINNESOTA. D. D. Stuthman, H. W. Rines,P. G. Rothman, L. L. Hardman, and R. D. Wilcoxson

    MISSOURI. Paul Rowoth, Dale Sechler, andc. Hoenschell

    30

    31

    32

    33

    33

    NEBRASKA. John W. Schmidt and Thomas S. Payne

    NEW YORK. M. E. Sorrells and G. C. Bergstrom . .34

    35

    NORTH CAROLINA.J. Paul Murphy

    Ronald E. Jarrett and37

    NORTH DAKOTA. Michael S. McMullen and Hal Fisher

    OHIO. R.W. Gooding and H. N. Lafever

    SOUTH DAKOTA. D. L. Reeves and Lon Hall

    38

    39

    40

    TEXAS.DavidDavidLucas

    M. E. McDaniel, J. H. Gardenhire,S. Marshall, L. R. Nelson, K. B. Porter,Worrall, E. C. Gilmore, James Mulkey,Reyes, Earl Burnett, and C. A. Erickson 41

    UTAH. R. S. Albrechtsen

    WASHINGTON. C. F. Konzak

    WI

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