Click here to load reader

The New Testament Canon

  • View
    190

  • Download
    20

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

ow We Got the ible. The New Testament Canon. ow We Got the ible. Outline of Study: What is the Canon? Why Study the Canon? Did the Catholic Church Give us the Bible? Stages of Canonization Evidence for a Closed Canon. ow We Got the ible. What is the Canon?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of The New Testament Canon

  • The New Testament Canon

  • Outline of Study:

    What is the Canon?Why Study the Canon?Did the Catholic Church Give us the Bible?Stages of CanonizationEvidence for a Closed Canon

  • What is the Canon?

  • The list of books contained in scripture, the list of books recognized as worthy to be included in the sacred writings of a worshipping community. . .list of the writings acknowledged by the Church as documents of Divine revelation.(F.F. Bruce, The Canon of Scripture p. 17) 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 20001500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 What is the Canon?Greek: - Reed or Measuring Rod

  • In reference to a set list of books the term first appears in the writings of Athanasius, bishop of Alexandria around A.D. 367.

    Previously it referred to the summary of Christian Teaching and Doctrine1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 20001500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 What is the Canon?Greek: List of Accepted Books

  • Why Study the Canon?

  • 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 20001500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 Why Study the Canon?

    Reason 1: Not everyone accepts the same Canon

    Samaritans = 5 books (Pentateuch only)Nestorian Church (Syrian Church) = 22 booksEthiopian Orthodox Church = 81 booksCatholic Canon = 66 plus ApocryphaMormons = Bible plus Book of Mormon, Doc & Cov

  • 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 20001500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 Why Study the Canon?

    Reason 2: To Determine The Limits of Divine Revelation Does God Still Speak today? Does the Holy Spirit lead and guide in extra-Canonical ways today?

  • Did the Catholic Church Give us the Bible?

  • Did the Catholic Church Give us the Bible?1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 20001500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000J.I. Packer Noted ScholarThe church no more gave us the canon than Sir Isaac Newton gave us the force of gravity. God gave us gravity by the work of His creation, and similarly, He gave us the New Testament canon by inspiring the original books that make it up. (God Speaks To Man, p. 81) Canonization

  • Did Scripture Mold the church?Did the Church Mold Scripture?1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 20001500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000F.F. Bruce Noted ScholarThe books did not become authoritative for the church because they were formally included in a canonical list but on the contrary, the church included them in her canon because she already regarded them as divinely inspired. (The New Testament Documents: Are They Reliable, p. 27) Canonization

  • Did Scripture Mold the church?Did the Church Mold Scripture?1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 20001500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 CanonizationAnd they continued steadfastly in the APOSTLES DOCTRINE and fellowship, in the breaking of bread, and in prayers. (Acts 2:42 NKJV)

  • Stages of Canonization

  • Stages of CanonizationComposition gospel preached and epistles writtenCommunity writings read and circulated by the churchCompilation letters collected and bound in codicesCanonization ex post facto authority given to booksCriteria determination of what writings were legitimate

  • The Word became flesh and dwelt among men (John 1:14) 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 20001500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 Jesus Birth Jesus Ministry Oral Teaching Jesus Death, Burial, Resurrection

    CompositionThe Role of Jesus

  • Holy Spirit Superintended Apostles Words 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 20001500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000However, when He, the Spirit of truth, has come, He will guide you into all truth; for He will not speak on His own authority, but whatever He hears He will speak; and He will tell you things to come. (John 16:13 NKJV) CompositionThe Role of the Holy Spirit

  • The first New Testament book was not written until perhaps 15 years after Jesus ascension.

    At first the gospel was passed on by oral tradition. 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 20001500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 CompositionJesusApostlesOral TraditionEpistlesGospelsLettersThe Role of Oral Tradition

  • 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 20001500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 CompositionJesusApostlesOral TraditionEpistlesGospelsLetters

    A.T. Robinson argued in his Redating the New Testament that the entire New Testament was written and in circulation between 40 and 65 A.D

    Such a short Transmission Period adds veracity to the reliability of the NT Canon.The Role of Time

  • 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 20001500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 CommunityJesusApostlesOral TraditionEpistlesGospelsLettersLetters were Written to Address NeedsBeloved, while I was very diligent to write to you concerning our common salvation, I found it necessary to write to you exhorting you to contend earnestly for the faith which was once for all delivered to the saints. (Jude 1:3 NKJV)Writings Needed

  • 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 20001500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 CommunityPaulPeterMatthewLukeLaodiceaColosseTitusGalatiaChurchesJewishChristiansGentileChristiansWritings Written

  • Gospel of LukeGospel of Matthew 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 20001500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 CommunityLaodiceaColosseTitusBook of GalatiansWritings Circulated

  • 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 20001500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 20001500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 CompilationEarly Church Collected Sacred Writings

    Now when this epistle is read among you, see that it is read also in the church of the Laodiceans, and that you likewise read the epistle from Laodicea. Colossians 4:16 NKJV

    Writings Collected

  • 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 20001500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 20001500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 CompilationSpiritual Gifts guided the Church until the Word could be fully Revealed and Compiled

    For we know in part, and we prophesy in part. But when that which is complete is come, then that which is in part shall be done away. (1 Corinthians 13:9-10 KJV)

    Writings Compiled

  • 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 20001500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 20001500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 CanonizationEx Post Facto AuthorityCanonization approved books already acceptedCanonization approved books already used in worshipCanonization approved books already known to be valid

    Writings Approved

  • 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 20001500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 20001500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 CanonizationOver Time 27 New Testament Books Were Accepted Clement of Rome Recognized 8 Books (A.D. 95)Polycarp Recognized 15 Books (A.D. 108)Irenaeus Mentions 21 Books (A.D. 185)Muratorian Canon All but Hebrews, James, 3 John (A.D. 170)Eusebius Lists 22 Books (A.D. 275)

    Writings Recognized

  • 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900

Search related