STD X LITERATURE POETRY THE MIRROR (Q.) When the poet says that the mirror has no preconceptions it means: i. It reflects your image objectively. ii. It gives a biased view of the person. iii. It is emotionally involved with the person whose image it reflects. (Ans) It reflects your image objectively. (Q.) What is the woman bending over? (Ans) The woman is bending over the lake. (Q.) Why does the woman bend over? (Ans) The woman bends over to see her reflection. (Q.) Is she satisfied with what she observes? Give reasons for your answers. (Ans) No, she is not satisfied with what she observes. In fact she is very upset and begins to cry. (Q.) Why has the mirror been described as being unmisted? What is that the poet is trying to convey about the nature of the mirror? (Ans) The mirror has been described as being unmisted as it is unbiased and has complete clarity. It gives the person a true reflection of their appearance. The poet means to say that the Mirror is a keen observer and is not affected by the whims of the people. (Q.) How does the Mirror swallow? What is the poetic device used here? (Ans) The Mirror has the keen power of assimilating or absorbing everything it sees. The poetic device used here is personification. It is compared to a person who swallows everything. Therefore it is also a metaphor. (Q.) Find out words from the poem used to describe the mirror. (Ans) The words used to describe the Mirror are: Exact, silver, unmisted, truthful, four cornered, not cruel etc. (Q.) There are number of examples of personification in this poem. Find and enlist them. (Ans) I am silver and exact. I have no preconceptions. Whatever I see I swallow immediately. I am not cruel, only truthful. (Q.) The mirror says, I am not cruel, only truthful. How? (Ans) The mirror reflects everything as it is. It gives the person a true reflection of his/her appearance. Some people cannot accept the reality. So the mirror says that he is not cruel but he just reflects the truth. (Q.) Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow. I am important to her. She comes and goes. Each morning it is her face that replaces the darkness. In me she has drowned a young girl, and in me an old woman Rises toward her day after day, like a terrible fish. (a) Why does the poet refer to the woman as a terrible fish? (b) Why has the young girl drowned? (c) Identify the figure of speech used in the extract. (Ans) (a) The woman has grown old and has lost her beauty. She behaves like a fish out of water feeling
terrible. (b) The young girl has drowned because she has lost her youth and beauty and is now an old woman. (c) The figure of speech used in the above extract is simile in the line Rises toward her day after day, like a terrible fish. (Q.) Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow. Now I am a lake. A woman bends over me, Searching my reaches for what she really is. Then she turns to those liars, the candles or the moon. I see her back, and reflect it faithfully. She rewards me with tears and an agitation of hands. (a) Name the poem and the poet. (b) Why are the candles and moon called liars? (c) What does the phrase the agitation of hands signify? (Ans) (a) The poem is Mirror written by Sylvia Plath. (b) The candles and the moon are called liars as they do not reflect a true image. (c) The agitation of hands signifies that the woman is very worried about her lost youth and feels helpless. (Q.) Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow. The eye of a little god, four-cornered. Most of the time I meditate on the opposite wall. It is pink, with speckles. (a) Whom does I refer to? (b) Why is I referred to as a four-cornered god? (c) Name the poem and the poet. (Ans) (a) I refers to the mirror. (b) The mirror like God watches everyone objectively and impartially from all the four angles. (c) The poem is Mirror written by Sylvia Plath. (Q.) Describe the qualities which the mirror possesses? (Ans) The mirror has no preconceived ideas as it faithfully reflects the exact image of what it sees. It does not pass any judgment. It is objective and impartial and does not show any emotion. The mirror is not emotionally involved with the person whose image it reflects. It also has the power to absorb what it sees. The mirror like God watches everyone objectively and impartially from all the four angles. Some people may think that the mirror is cruel because it reflects their true self but it is not cruel only truthful. So the qualities of the mirror can be summarised in these words namely: truthful, honest, exact and impartial. (Q.) Imagine that you are the woman who is disturbed by your reflection in the mirror. Make a diary entry and express your feelings. (Ans) Wednesday, February 23 6:30 p.m. Dear Diary A truth dawned on me when I stood in front of the mirror to admire my beauty that I was no longer a young and beautiful girl. I was very upset about gradually losing my beauty. I saw the signs of advancing age on my face in the mirror. Observing the wrinkles on my face in the mirror, pained my heart. I turned towards the candles and the moon to see myself. As they give a faint light, they did not reflect my true self. I am not able to accept the truth that my beauty is diminishing. I am no more a beautiful young girl. I have turned into an old woman. Although I know that I am heading towards old age, yet I go again and again to the mirror to rediscover the young girl that had drowned in the mirror.
(Q.) Comment on the use of personification in the poem Mirror. (Ans) In the poem Mirror, Sylvia Plath has personified the mirror. The poem is in the form of a monologue. The mirror is the speaker in the poem. The mirror says that it has no preconceived notions and reflects truthfully what it sees. The mirror calls itself unmisted as it is unaffected by emotions. The mirror says that it spends its time by meditating, on the opposite wall which is pink and filled with speckles. It has grown very close to its heart because of its long association with it. The mirror says, I have looked as it is so long. So it can be said that the poetess has made use of the personification effectively in the poem.
LITERATURE FICTIONTWO GENTLEMEN OF VERONA (Q.1) Read the extracts given below and answer the questions that follow. Write each answer in your answer sheet in one or two sentences only. Well, I said, were leaving on Monday. Is there anything I can do for you before we go? Nicola shook his head, but suddenly Jacopo said, Sir, he burst out, every Sunday we make a visit to the country, to Poleta, 30 kilometres from here. Usually we hire bicycles. But tomorrow, since you are so kind, you might send us in your car. (a) Who is I in the first sentence? (b) Why did they go to Poleta every Sunday? (c) From the above lines, what difference do you find in the nature of two brothers? (Ans) (a) I in the first sentence is the narrator of the story. (b) They went to Poleta every Sunday to meet their ailing sister and pay for her treatment. (c) Nicola is more serious and mature as compared to his age, whereas Jacopo is still childish and doesnt mind availing the opportunity of taking help from the narrator. (Q.2) Ah, yes. Her face lit up; she opened the door to admit me. Nicola and Jacopo. I will take you up. She led me through a cool, tiled vestibule into the hospital --- for hospital the villa had become. At the door of a little cubicle the nurse paused, put her finger to her lips, and with a smile bade me look through the glass partition. The two boys were seated at the bedside of a girl of about twenty, who propped up on pillows, wearing a pretty lace jacket, was listening to their chatter, her eyes were soft and tender. (a) Who do She and me in second sentence refer to? (b) Why did the nurse pause at the little cubicle? (c) was listening to their chatter, her eyes soft and tender means that (Ans) (a) She refers to the nurse and me refers to the narrator. (b) She did not want to disturb the affectionate meeting between the two brothers and their sister. (c) she was listening to their continuous and excited talk with love for them in her (Q.3)What had happened to the parents and the house of Nicola and Jacopo? (Ans) Nicola and Jacopo had lost their mother earlier only. Their father, who was an established singer, was killed in the war when Italy was attacked by Germany. Their house was blown off by a bomb, so both these brothers, as well as their sister Lucia, were rendered homeless. (Q.4) Although Nicola and Jacopo are young boys, the narrator refers to them as gentlemen. Why does he do so? (Ans) In order to pay for the medical expenses of their ailing sister, Nicola and Jacopo worked hard; sold fruit and newspaper, polished shoes, etc. They had tremendous patience, self-respect, love and devotion. Family values along with their pride and determination make the narrator call them gentlemen. (Q.5) We do many things, sir, Nicola answered seriously. What were those many things he was referring to?
(Ans) They did different things like selling newspapers, fruits, polishing shoes, delivering messages, showing the tourists around the city, etc. They worked very hard to pay the bills of the hospital so that their sister could lead a normal life again. (Q.6) Imagine that you are the narrator. Write a page in your diary reflecting your thoughts on how you felt after what you saw in the hospital, in about 150 words. (Ans) Day: Date: Time: Dear Diary Today, I took Nicola and Jacopo to Poleta in my car. When we reached the destination, the boys leapt out of the car and just disappeared inside a big villa. Out of curiosity, I also went inside. I was shocked to see the two boys sitting near an ailing girl. I just peeped from outside the room and did not interfere when they were sharing their close moments with each other. A nurse told me about their tragic life. Now, I have understood why the