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The Legal Bases of Special Education

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  • Articles 356 and 259 Commonwealth Act No. 3203

    The right of every child to live in an atmosphere conducive to his physical, moral and intellectual development and the concomitant duty of the government to promote the full growth of the faculties of every child.


  • Republic Act No. 3562 An act to promote the Education of the blind in the Philippines

    Republic Act No. 5250 Ac act establishing a ten-year teacher training program for teachers of special and exceptional children

    The Philippine Constitution Section 8 Article XV The provision of a complete , adequate, and integrated system of education relevant to the goals of national development196319681973

  • Presidential Decree No. 603 The Child and Youth Welfare Code

    Article 3 on the Rights of the Child: The emotionally disturbed or socially maladjusted child shall be treated with sympathy and understanding and shall be given the education and care required by his particular condition

    Article 74 Where needs warrant, there shall be at least special classes in every province, and if possible, special schools for the physically handicapped, the mentally retarded, the emotionally disturbed and the mentally gifted. The private sector shall be given all the necessary inducement and encouragement1975

  • Presidential Decree No. 1509 created the National Commission Concerning Disabled persons (NCCDP). It was renamed as National Council for the Welfare of Disabled Persons (NCWDP) The Education Act or Batas Pambansa Bilang 232 The state shall promote the right of every individual to relevant quality education regardless of sex, age, breed, socioeconomic status, physical and mental condition, social and ethnic origin, political and other affiliations. The state shall therefore promote and maintain quality of success to education as well as enjoyment of the benefits of education by all its citizens


  • Section 24 Special Education Service of the same law affirms that the State further recognizes its responsibility to provide, within the context of the formal education system services to meet special needs of certain clientele. These specific types shall be guided by the basic policies of state embodied on General Provisions of this Act which include; (2) special education, the education of persons who are physically, mentally, emotionally, socially, culturally different from the so-called normal individuals that they require modification of school practices and services to develop to their maximum capacity. 1982

  • Batas Pambansa Bilang 344 The Accessibility LawAn act to enhance the mobility of disabled persons The Philippine Constitution Article IV Section 1 The State shall promote the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all.Section 2 The state shall provide adult citizens, the disabled and out-of-school youth with training in civics, vocational efficiency and other skills19831987

  • Republic Act No. 6759 White Cane Safety Day in the Philippines

    Republic Act No. 7610 An Act Providing for the Strong Deterrence and Special Protection Against Child Abuse, Exploitation and Discrimination, Providing Penalties for Its Violation and Other Purposes

    Institutionalization of SPED Programs in All Schools198919921997

  • Presidential Proclamation No. 361 National Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation Week Celebration of July Republic Act No. 9288 The New Born Screening Act of 2004


  • Section 2 Article IV For maximum efficiency, class sizes at any given time shall be as follows

    ExceptionalityOne Year LevelGifted/Fast Learner30-35Mentally Retarded8-15Visually Impaired5-10Hearing Impaired7-12Behavior Problems15-20Orthopedically Handicapped10-15Multiple Handicapped5-8Speech Defective10-15Learning Disabled7-10

  • Article IV Section 1.5Learners with special needs maybe admitted anytime during the year, if circumstances warrant such admission. Students aged 16 or older shall be admitted to an appropriate regular or alternative special program Promotion of LearnersRegularAcceleration/Advance PlacementReclassification of Regular Items for Teachers BSE Major in SPEDBSE +18 units of SPED in the Graduate LevelBSE+ 15 units in SPED w/ 2 years VS teaching in the Regular schoolBSE + 12 units in SPED w/ 4 years VS teaching in the regular classBSE + 9 units in SPED w/ 6 years VS teaching in the regular schoolBSE + 2 years of VS teaching experience as a SPED teacher

  • We are guilty of many errors and many faults, but our worst crime is abandoning the children, neglecting the foundation of life. Many of the things we need can wait. The children cannot. Right now is the time their bones are being formed, their blood is being made and their senses are being developed. To them we cannot answer Tomorrow . Their name is

  • People wont care how much you know until they know how much you care.