THE INFLUENCE OF COMPUTER ASSISTED LANGUAGE ?· THE INFLUENCE OF COMPUTER ASSISTED LANGUAGE LEARNING…

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  • THE INFLUENCE OF COMPUTER ASSISTED LANGUAGE

    LEARNING ON STUDENTS LISTENING SKILL

    (An Experimental Study at the First Grade of Students of SMK Yaspia Jakarta)

    By:

    NAILA JAUHARA

    NIM. 108014000052

    DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH EDUCATION

    FACULTY OF TARBIYAH AND TEACHERS TRAINING

    SYARIF HIDAYATULLAH STATE ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY

    JAKARTA

    2014

  • i

    ABSTRACT

    Naila Jauhara (108014000052), The Influence of Computer Assisted Language Learning on Students Listening Skill; An Experimental Study at the

    First Grade Students of SMK Yaspia Jakarta, Skripsi of Department of English

    Education, Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teachers Training, Syarif Hidayatullah State

    Islamic University of Jakarta. 2014.

    The objective of this research was to describe the empirical evidence about

    the influence of computer assisted language learning on students listening skill

    for the first grade students at SMK Yaspia Jakarta academic year 2013/2014. The

    experimental study applied in X AP 1 class, and for the controlled class used X

    AP 2 class. The study had been done in six meetings that were designed; first

    meeting was for pre test, 4 meetings were for treatments, and the last meeting was

    for post test.

    The data of this research were analyzed by using t-test. The result showed

    that there was significant influence between the students who was taught with

    computer assisted language learning and without computer assisted language

    learning. The result of analysis data between variable X and Y using t-test formula

    showed that the value of to (t observation) was 8.74. In the t- table, score degree of

    freedom 5% is 2.02 so we can conclude that to is higher than tt (to : tt = 8.74 >

    2.02). In other words that computers have influence in students listening skill.

    Keywords: computer assisted language learning, Listening Skill.

  • ii

    ABSTRAK

    Naila Jauhara (108014000052), The Influence of Computer Assisted Language Learning on Students Listening Skill; An Experimental Study at the

    First Grade Students of SMK Yaspia Jakarta, Skripsi of Department of English

    Education, Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teachers Training, Syarif Hidayatullah State

    Islamic University of Jakarta. 2014.

    Penelitian ini bertujuan menjelaskan bukti empiris pengaruh tentang

    pembelajaran bahasa berbantuan komputer terhadap keterampilan menyimak

    siswa pada kelas sepuluh SMK Yaspia Jakarta tahun pelajaran 2013/2014. Untuk

    mengetahui berpengaruh atau tidaknya media pembelajaran ini, digunakan metode

    penelitian eksperimen yang diterapkan di kelas X AP 1, dan untuk kelas kontrol

    menggunakan kelas X AP 2. Penelitian dilakukan dalam 6 kali pertemuan yang

    didesain sebagai berikut: pertemuan pertama untuk tes awal, 4 pertemuan untuk

    pelatihan, dan pertemuan terakhir untuk test akhir.

    Analisis data pada penelitian ini dengan menggunakan t-test. Hasilnya

    menunjukkan bahwa ada perbedaan yang signifikan antara siswa yang diajarkan

    menggunakan komputer dan yang tidak menggunakan media tersebut. Hasil

    analisis data dari kedua variabel tersebut (variabel X dan Y) dengan menggunakan

    rumus t-test menunjukan bahwa nilai to lebih rendah dibanding dengan nilai tt

    (8.74 > 2.02). Hasil tersebut menunjukan bahwa pembelajaran bahasa berbantuan

    komputer berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap keterampilan menyimak siswa.

    Katakunci: pembelajaran bahasa berbantuan komputer, keterampilan menyimak.

  • iii

    ACKNOWLEDGMENT

    In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. All praise is to Allah,

    Lord of the Worlds, who has bestowed strength and health upon the writer in

    finishing this research paper. Peace and blessing be upon our prophet Muhammad

    SAW, his family, companions, and all his followers.

    Alhamdulillah by the grace of Allah the Highest, the writer could finish

    her research paper after long hard effort of writing. Thus, she would like to

    express her greatest gratitude to her beloved parents (H. Abdul Hadi and Hj.

    Hasanah) who always pray, support, and motivate her in every part of her life

    especially in doing this study.

    The writer would also like to address her gratitude to her advisors Drs.

    Syauki, M.Pd. and Atik Yuliyani, M.A. TESOL for their patient guidance, kindness,

    valuable advice, and correction during the development of this research.

    She would like to express her deep appreciation and gratitude to:

    1. All lecturers of Department of English Education who have taught her new

    knowledge and have given her gorgeous experiences in study.

    2. Drs. Syauki, M.Pd. and Zaharil Anasy, M.Hum. The head and secretary of

    Department of English Education.

    3. Dra. Nurlena Rifai, M.A., Ph.D., the Dean of Faculty of Tarbiyah and

    Teachers Training.

    4. The principal and the English teacher of SMK Yaspia Jakarta for

    permitting and helping the writer to conduct the research.

    5. Her beloved best friends who have always been in the researcher side in

    facing all the laughter and tears during her study, especially for

    Murniasih, Isnawati, Raisa Amiyatul Hijriani and Shofwatunnida.

  • iv

    6. All her beloved friends of Department of English Education Class B for

    academic year 2008 whose names cannot be mentioned one by one who

    always help and motivate her in accomplishing this research paper.

    May Allah, the Almighty bless them all. Amin.

    Finally, this research paper still has some weakness and shortage. Thus,

    she would be grateful to accept any suggestions and corrections from anyone

    for better writing.

    Jakarta, August 2014

    The Writer

  • v

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    ABSTRACT .................................................................................................... i

    ABSTRAK ...................................................................................................... ii

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ............................................................................. iii

    TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................. v

    LIST OF TABLES ......................................................................................... vii

    LIST OF APPENDICES ............................................................................. viii

    CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION .................................................................. 1

    A. The Background of the Study ............................................... 1

    B. Limitation of the Problem ..................................................... 3

    C. The Formulation of the Study ............................................... 4

    D. The Objective of the Study ................................................... 4

    E. The Use of the Study ............................................................. 4

    CHAPTER II: THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK ...................................... 5

    A. Listening Skill ....................................................................... 5

    1. The Definition of Listening ............................................. 5

    2. The Extensive and Intensive Listening ............................ 6

    3. Factors Affecting Listening ............................................. 9

    4. Teaching Listening .......................................................... 11

    a. Procedures and Activities ............................................ 11

    b. Listening Materials ..................................................... 12

    B. Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) ................ 13

    1. Definition of CALL 13

    2. The Uses of CALL 14

    3. The Advantages of CALL 15

    C. Thinking Framework . 16

    D. Theoretical Hypothesis . 16

  • vi

    CHAPTER III: REASERCH METHODOLOGY ........................................ 17

    A. The Place and Time of the Study . ........................ 17

    B. The Method of the Study ...................................................... 17

    C. The Population and Sampling .............................................. 17

    D. The Technique of Data Collecting ....................................... 17

    E. The Technique of Data Analysis ........................................... 19

    F. Statistical Hypothesis ............................................................ 22

    CHAPTER IV: RESEARCH FINDING ......................................................... 23

    A. The Description of the Data 23

    B. The Analysis of the Data 25

    1. The Experiment Class .................................................. 25

    a. Frequency Distribution ............................................. 25

    b. Normality Test .......................................................... 26

    2. The Control Class ......................................................... 28

    a. Frequency Distribution ............................................. 29

    b. Normality Test .......................................................... 29

    3. Homogeneity Test ......................................................... 31

    4. Statistical Test (T-Test) .................................................. 32

    C. Test of Hypothesis .......................................