The Historical Jesusthe-eye.eu/public/Books/For Dummies/The Historical Jesus for Dum¢  by Catherine

  • View
    2

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of The Historical Jesusthe-eye.eu/public/Books/For Dummies/The Historical Jesus for Dum¢  by...

  • by Catherine M. Murphy, PhD

    The Historical Jesus

    FOR

    DUMmIES ‰

    01_167854 ffirs.qxp 10/29/07 7:07 PM Page i

  • The Historical Jesus For Dummies®

    Published by Wiley Publishing, Inc. 111 River St. Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774 www.wiley.com

    Copyright © 2008 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana

    Published simultaneously in Canada

    No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning, or oth- erwise, except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, 978-750-8400, fax 978-646-8600. Requests to the Publisher for per- mission should be addressed to the Legal Department, Wiley Publishing, Inc., 10475 Crosspoint Blvd., Indianapolis, IN 46256, 317-572-3447, fax 317-572-4355, or online at http://www. wiley.com/go/permissions.

    Trademarks: Wiley, the Wiley Publishing logo, For Dummies, the Dummies Man logo, A Reference for the Rest of Us!, The Dummies Way, Dummies Daily, The Fun and Easy Way, Dummies.com and related trade dress are trademarks or registered trademarks of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the United States and other countries, and may not be used without written permission. All other trademarks are the property of their respec- tive owners. Wiley Publishing, Inc., is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book.

    LIMIT OF LIABILITY/DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY: THE PUBLISHER AND THE AUTHOR MAKE NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE ACCURACY OR COMPLETENESS OF THE CONTENTS OF THIS WORK AND SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION WARRANTIES OF FITNESS FOR A PAR- TICULAR PURPOSE. NO WARRANTY MAY BE CREATED OR EXTENDED BY SALES OR PRO- MOTIONAL MATERIALS. THE ADVICE AND STRATEGIES CONTAINED HEREIN MAY NOT BE SUITABLE FOR EVERY SITUATION. THIS WORK IS SOLD WITH THE UNDERSTANDING THAT THE PUBLISHER IS NOT ENGAGED IN RENDERING LEGAL, ACCOUNTING, OR OTHER PRO- FESSIONAL SERVICES. IF PROFESSIONAL ASSISTANCE IS REQUIRED, THE SERVICES OF A COMPETENT PROFESSIONAL PERSON SHOULD BE SOUGHT. NEITHER THE PUBLISHER NOR THE AUTHOR SHALL BE LIABLE FOR DAMAGES ARISING HEREFROM. THE FACT THAT AN ORGANIZATION OR WEBSITE IS REFERRED TO IN THIS WORK AS A CITATION AND/OR A POTENTIAL SOURCE OF FURTHER INFORMATION DOES NOT MEAN THAT THE AUTHOR OR THE PUBLISHER ENDORSES THE INFORMATION THE ORGANIZATION OR WEBSITE MAY PROVIDE OR RECOMMENDATIONS IT MAY MAKE. FURTHER, READERS SHOULD BE AWARE THAT INTERNET WEBSITES LISTED IN THIS WORK MAY HAVE CHANGED OR DISAPPEARED BETWEEN WHEN THIS WORK WAS WRITTEN AND WHEN IT IS READ.

    For general information on our other products and services, please contact our Customer Care Department within the U.S. at 800-762-2974, outside the U.S. at 317-572-3993, or fax 317-572-4002.

    For technical support, please visit www.wiley.com/techsupport.

    Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic books.

    Library of Congress Control Number: 2007939644 ISBN: 978-0-470-16785-4

    Manufactured in the United States of America

    10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

    01_167854 ffirs.qxp 10/29/07 7:07 PM Page ii

  • by Catherine M. Murphy, PhD

    The Historical Jesus

    FOR

    DUMmIES ‰

    01_167854 ffirs.qxp 10/29/07 7:07 PM Page i

  • The Historical Jesus For Dummies®

    Published by Wiley Publishing, Inc. 111 River St. Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774 www.wiley.com

    Copyright © 2008 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana

    Published simultaneously in Canada

    No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning, or oth- erwise, except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, 978-750-8400, fax 978-646-8600. Requests to the Publisher for per- mission should be addressed to the Legal Department, Wiley Publishing, Inc., 10475 Crosspoint Blvd., Indianapolis, IN 46256, 317-572-3447, fax 317-572-4355, or online at http://www. wiley.com/go/permissions.

    Trademarks: Wiley, the Wiley Publishing logo, For Dummies, the Dummies Man logo, A Reference for the Rest of Us!, The Dummies Way, Dummies Daily, The Fun and Easy Way, Dummies.com and related trade dress are trademarks or registered trademarks of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the United States and other countries, and may not be used without written permission. All other trademarks are the property of their respec- tive owners. Wiley Publishing, Inc., is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book.

    LIMIT OF LIABILITY/DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY: THE PUBLISHER AND THE AUTHOR MAKE NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE ACCURACY OR COMPLETENESS OF THE CONTENTS OF THIS WORK AND SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION WARRANTIES OF FITNESS FOR A PAR- TICULAR PURPOSE. NO WARRANTY MAY BE CREATED OR EXTENDED BY SALES OR PRO- MOTIONAL MATERIALS. THE ADVICE AND STRATEGIES CONTAINED HEREIN MAY NOT BE SUITABLE FOR EVERY SITUATION. THIS WORK IS SOLD WITH THE UNDERSTANDING THAT THE PUBLISHER IS NOT ENGAGED IN RENDERING LEGAL, ACCOUNTING, OR OTHER PRO- FESSIONAL SERVICES. IF PROFESSIONAL ASSISTANCE IS REQUIRED, THE SERVICES OF A COMPETENT PROFESSIONAL PERSON SHOULD BE SOUGHT. NEITHER THE PUBLISHER NOR THE AUTHOR SHALL BE LIABLE FOR DAMAGES ARISING HEREFROM. THE FACT THAT AN ORGANIZATION OR WEBSITE IS REFERRED TO IN THIS WORK AS A CITATION AND/OR A POTENTIAL SOURCE OF FURTHER INFORMATION DOES NOT MEAN THAT THE AUTHOR OR THE PUBLISHER ENDORSES THE INFORMATION THE ORGANIZATION OR WEBSITE MAY PROVIDE OR RECOMMENDATIONS IT MAY MAKE. FURTHER, READERS SHOULD BE AWARE THAT INTERNET WEBSITES LISTED IN THIS WORK MAY HAVE CHANGED OR DISAPPEARED BETWEEN WHEN THIS WORK WAS WRITTEN AND WHEN IT IS READ.

    For general information on our other products and services, please contact our Customer Care Department within the U.S. at 800-762-2974, outside the U.S. at 317-572-3993, or fax 317-572-4002.

    For technical support, please visit www.wiley.com/techsupport.

    Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic books.

    Library of Congress Control Number: 2007939644 ISBN: 978-0-470-16785-4

    Manufactured in the United States of America

    10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

    01_167854 ffirs.qxp 10/29/07 7:07 PM Page ii

    www.wiley.com http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions www.wiley.com/techsupport

  • About the Author Dr. Catherine Murphy is Associate Professor of New Testament at Santa Clara University, where she teaches courses on the Bible, the historical Jesus, gender in early Christianity, and apocalyptic literature. She earned her doctorate in New Testament and early Christianity from the University of Notre Dame, where she worked on the Dead Sea Scrolls publication team. She has traveled frequently to Israel, Greece, Turkey, and Europe and has written two books, Wealth in the Dead Sea Scrolls and in the Qumran Community (2002) and John the Baptist: Prophet of Purity for a New Age (2003). She also gives fre- quent talks on the Bible, the historical Jesus, Mary Magdalene, and Jesus in film.

    01_167854 ffirs.qxp 10/29/07 7:07 PM Page iii

  • 01_167854 ffirs.qxp 10/29/07 7:07 PM Page iv

  • Dedication This book is lovingly dedicated to my family, to Kate McNichols and Bess Murphy; to Jen, Andrew, Ian, and Neil Moore; to Eileen, Stephan, Will, and Aaron Georis; and to Tim, Diane, Zoe, and Erin Murphy.

    Author’s Acknowledgments I would like to acknowledge the many colleagues who have taught me about the historical Jesus and first-century Judaism, from my mentors at the University of Notre Dame to the members of the Catholic Biblical Association and the Society of Biblical Literature. Their insights and hard work fill these pages. In particular, I relied on the work of John P. Meier, Amy-Jill Levine, Fabian E. Udoh, Seth Schwartz, Warren Carter, Paula Fredriksen, Jonathan Klawans, Thomas F. Matthews, Lloyd Baugh, Jerome Murphy-O’Connor, and Mary Rose D’Angelo.

    Thanks, too, to my colleagues and relatives who were gracious enough to read this whole book ahead of time and offer suggestions, especially my “alpha dummy,” Bess Murphy, Kate McNichols, Dr. Cynthia M. Baker (Santa Clara University), and Dr. Susan A. Calef (Creighton University). Other colleagues at Santa Clara University who generously offered help with certain sections include Dr. Frederick Parrella, Dr. David Pinault, Dr. Tom Beaudoin, Dr. James Bennett, Dr. David Gray, Dr. J. David Pleins, and Fr. Paul Soukup, SJ.

    Special and sincere thanks are also due to the Wiley Publishing team. I’m especially grateful to Georgette Beatty, whose encouragement and diligence made the entire editorial process smooth and fun. Jessica Smith carefully corrected every single word. Her keen awareness of audience helped make this a much better book. Mike B