THE HAMILTON SPECTATOR DESIGN-A- DRESS PROGRAM PowerPoint Presentation 3 Elements of Design: Colour

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Colour Definitions


Elements of Design:ColourColour DefinitionsHue: another term for the name of a colour

Value: refers to the lightness or darkness of a colour

Tint: white is added to a colour

Shade: black is added to a colour

Intensity: refers to the brightness or dullness of the colour (i.e., the bright yellow of a daffodil is considered a highly intense colour whereas the dull yellow of mustard is considered a colour of low intensity)

Neutrals: used to change the value of a hue and create a tint or shade - black, white, beige or gray -in fashion, a neutral can be worn with any other colour

Warm colours: described as being warm like the sun- red, orange, yellow - makes objects advance- in fashion they make the body look larger

Cool colours: described as being cool like the water or sky- blue, green, violet - makes objects recede or back away from the viewer- in fashion makes the body look smaller, used for plus sizes

Colour EffectsWhat do you want to do?Use theseHuesUse theseValuesUse theseIntensitiesIncrease size or draw attention to an areaWarm hues, such as reds, oranges and yellowsLight, high values, light tints, strong contrasts in valueHigh intensities, pure, strong, brilliant, saturated with colourDecrease the size or take attention away from an areaCool hues, such as blues, blue greens and blue-purplesLow, middle values, dark shades, weak or no contrast in valueLow intensities, weak or grayed coloursColour WheelShows all of the colours and the colours that are mixed to create them.

Colour Classifications (Primary, Secondary)Primary colours: colours that are mixed together to create all of the other colours. - red, yellow, blue

Secondary colours are a mixture of equal amounts of two primary colours - red and yellow = orange- red and blue = violet- blue and yellow = green

Colour Classification (Tertiary or Intermediate)Tertiary (Intermediate) Colours: the combination of a primary colour plus a neighbouring secondary colour. They are named using the primary colour name first. For example:

yellow-orange yellow green red orange red violet blue green blue violet

Colour Harmonies or Colour SchemesWhen certain colours are used together in a pleasing manner, they create a colour harmony, or colour scheme. There are not definite right or wrong ways to harmonize, but there are guidelines:

a. Monochromatic-a single hue/colour is used-variation added by changing values and intensity

Monochromatic colour schemes

b. Complementary Colour Schememade by combining complementary colours - those positioned directly across from each other on the colour wheel (e.g., red and green)

Using complementary colours makes each colour look brighter and more intense (e.g., blue next to orange makes the blue look more blue, and the orange more orange)

Complementary Colour Scheme Analogous Colour Schememade by combining related hues (those that appear next to each other on the colour wheel)

usually between 3 and 5 hues are used

having the same primary colour makes these colour schemes successful and attractive

because they are related, they blend easily (e.g., yellow, yellow-green and green and the Fall colours in Canada red, red-orange, and orange)

Analogous Colour Schemehttps://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com

d. Triad Colour Schemeuses 3 colours that are spaced evenly around the colour wheel (e.g., the 3 primary colours form a triad)

results in a vibrant and bold colour combination

to be successful, a variety in value and intensity is important

Triad Colour Schemehttps://thestylenote.files.wordpress.com