The Different Sects of Christianity: How the Christian Faith Split

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The Different Sects of Christianity: How the Christian Faith Split. Get out some Paper and Pens!!. Take some quick notes, but dont write every last word Every few slides we will recap the main points to make sure everyone has the important facts. The First Split. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Slide 1

The Different Sects of Christianity:How the Christian Faith Split

The Eastern Orthodox ChurchEastern Orthodox rejects the authority of the Pope

They reject any modifications made to the Christian Faith after 787 AD

This church dominates in Greece, Russia, Ukraine, Serbia, Bulgaria and Romania

Focus on saints and rituals in the early Christian Church

Led by the Patriarch in Istanbul

MAP225 Million MembersThe Roman Catholic ChurchMAP Through the Crusades the Roman Catholic Church united Europe under Catholicism and expanded their influence The Council of Trent (1543 AD) occurred during the Catholic Reformation which affirmed all basic Catholic Teachings At this Council ,they described three destinations for the soul- Heaven, Hell and Purgatory; Purgatory is a temporary state where the soul can be cleansed of sin and then enter heaven It was also deemed that prayers to Mary and the saints are acceptable Upheld the importance of both the Bible and Church Tradition Over the centuries the Pope remains the Head of the Church with great power over Catholic Doctrine

1 Billion MembersThe First Split what went wrong?

As Christianity grew, Church leaders began to wonder who was the One True Leader of the Christian Faith The Roman Patriarch (Pope) had declared himself Head over the whole Church. This caused tensions The final straw was over the filioque clause which the Pope added to the Nicene Creed which added and the Son to the phrase And we believe in the Holy Spirt, the Lord and giver of Life, who proceeds from the Father- The Eastern Leaders believed the Power of the Holy Spirit came ONLY from God the Father

The First Split what went wrong?In 1054 AD, the Pope of Rome and the Patriarch in Constantinople excommunicated each other and expelled all of the others senior church officials This split created two new churches: The Eastern Orthodox, centered in Constantinople and the Western Church, centered on the Pope in Rome

The Protestant Reformation the second splitA Christian reform movement in Europe which is generally deemed to have begun with Martin Luther's Ninety-Five Theses

The movement began as an attempt to reform the Catholic Church because many Catholics were troubled by what they saw as false doctrines (e.g., Mary, saints , many sacraments and sale of indulgences)

Another major issue was the practice of buying and selling church positions (simony) and what was seen at the time as considerable corruption within the Church's hierarchy

The Protestants Those that PROTESTED that the Bible was not followed closely enough were called PROTESTANTS

Protestantism is known for its belief that the Bible, not church tradition or ecclesiastical interpretations of the Bible, is the final source of authority for all believers

Protestants also believe that salvation is by grace through faith, not grace and works

By grace alone through faith alone, because of Christ alone Martin Luther

MAP

75 Million MembersThe Anglican ChurchThe creation of the Anglican Church was a somewhat political move by King Henry VIII

Henry wanted his marriage to Catherine of Aragon annulled and voided, however the Catholic Church & Pope would not allow it

After this Henry created the Act of Supremacy, which made the British Monarch, the Head of the Church

Then he had an Archbishop annul his marriage without papal approval

Because of this the Roman Catholic Church excommunicated Henry

The Anglican Church

Anglicans celebrate the traditional sacraments, with special emphasis on the Holy Eucharist, or Holy Communion

Anglicans do not recognize the authority of the Pope

They also so not believe in the doctrine of transubstantiation

Anglicans tend to view themselves as a bridge between Protestants and Roman CatholicsThe Baptist Churches Baptists have the belief that the Bible, not church tradition or ecclesiastical interpretations of the Bible, is the final source of authority for all believers

Baptists also believe that salvation is by grace through faith, not grace and works

Believe that becoming a Christian should be a mature and informed decision and not a birthright

Believe heavily in Baptism (immersion), similar to the way of John the Baptist baptised people

Celebrate communion, but do not believe in transubstantiation

Presbyterian Church The Presbyterian church began with John Calvin in Scotland

He emphasized the sovereignty of God, the authority of the Bible, and the necessity of grace through faith, focused on the control God exercises over the world

God appointed the eternal destiny of some to salvation by grace, while leaving the remainder to receive eternal damnation for all their sins: Predestination

Today there are a range of theological views within contemporary Presbyterian.

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