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The Dewey Decimal Classification System. Sheila Squire MEDT 6463. Scope. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of The Dewey Decimal Classification System

  • Sheila SquireMEDT 6463The Dewey Decimal Classification System

  • This presentation is designed as an introduction to the Dewey Decimal Classification System for third grade students. After the presentation, students will have a better understanding of how non-fiction books are organized in a media center. Students will be able to locate books for research purposes and pleasure reading.

    Scope

  • The Dewey Decimal Classification System is a way of organizing non-fiction books in a media center invented by Melvil Dewey.What is the Dewey Decimal Classification System?

    It is used all over the world. Why do we need to know about it?By grouping books of the same subject together, it makes it easier to find them.

  • A combination of numbers and letters is used to identify each non-fiction book.This is called the call number and is located on the spine of the book.The number represents the subject of the book.The letters are the first three letters of the authors last name.

    Dewey Decimal Classification System

  • There are 10 main classes that make up the Dewey Decimal System.

  • Meet DeweyGeneralities000(above head)

  • Books with many subjects all in one.Encyclopedias, dictionaries, almanacs, etc.Guinness World Record books

    Generalities 000-099

  • Generalities000(above head)Philosophy and Psychology100(brain)

  • Books on feelings, thoughts and ideasBooks on self-improvement

    Philosophy and Psychology 100-199Click on book for an overview.

  • Generalities000(above head)Philosophy and Psychology100(brain)

    Religion200(eyes)

  • All the ideas of religionWhat different religions believeStories and books from the Bible

    Religion 200-299

  • Generalities000(above head)Philosophy and Psychology100(brain)

    Religion200(eyes)Social Sciences300(smile)

  • Books about laws and governmentBooks about the holidaysFolk Tales and Fairy TalesBooks on customs

    Social Sciences 300-399

  • Generalities000(above head)Philosophy and Psychology100(brain)

    Religion200(eyes)Social Sciences300(smile)Language400(talking mouth)

  • Books about foreign languages such as Spanish, French, German, etc.English Grammar nouns, verbs, adjectives

    Language 400-499

  • Generalities000(above head)Philosophy and Psychology100(brain)

    Religion200(eyes)Social Sciences300(smile)Language400(talking mouth)Science500(neck)

  • MathematicsAstronomy (study of space, stars, and planets)Birds, plants, landforms, volcanoesWild animals (including dinosaurs)Natural Sciences & Mathematics 500-599Click on book for more information.

  • Generalities000(above head)Philosophy and Psychology100(brain)

    Religion200(eyes)Social Sciences300(smile)Language400(talking mouth)Science500(neck)Technology600(shoulder)

  • Cars, trucks, motorcycles Making electronic gadgetsHow things workCare of petsMedicineCookbooks

    Technology 600-699

  • Generalities000(above head)Philosophy and Psychology100(brain)

    Religion200(eyes)Social Sciences300(smile)Language400(talking mouth)Science500(neck)Technology600(shoulder)Arts and Recreation700(hands)

  • SportsMusicArts and CraftsPainting and Drawing

    Arts & Recreation 700-799

  • Generalities000(above head)Philosophy and Psychology100(brain)

    Religion200(eyes)Social Sciences300(smile)Language400(talking mouth)Science500(neck)Technology600(shoulder)Arts and Recreation700(hands)Literature800(heart)

  • Short storiesPlaysPoemsRiddle & Joke Books

    Literature 800-899

  • Generalities000(above head)Philosophy and Psychology100(brain)

    Religion200(eyes)Social Sciences300(smile)Language400(talking mouth)Science500(neck)Technology600(shoulder)Arts and Recreation700(hands)Literature800(heart)History and Geography900(feet)Biographies (body)

  • History (wars, countries, groups of people)TravelGeography (atlases)

    Geography & History 900-999True story about the life of a person (written by someone else).Dewey Number for biographies is 921.Autobiography person writes the story of her own life.

    BiographiesClick on bookfor an overview.

  • SummarizeGeneralities000(above head)Philosophy and Psychology100(brain)

    Religion200(eyes)Social Sciences300(smile)Language400(talking mouth)Science500(neck)Technology600(shoulder)Arts and Recreation700(hands)Literature800(heart)History and Geography900(feet)Biographies (body)

  • Dewey Decimal Classification System Test

    Name:_________________________________

    1. Books in the library are organized by _________.a. Subjectsb. Sizesc. Colors2. Books are labeled with________.a. Numbers (500)b. Numbers and Letters (500 SQU)c. Nothing

  • 3. Here is a picture of the cover of a book. Where can you find the Dewey Decimal number? XY Z a. Xb. Yc. Z

  • 4. How many main classes make up the Dewey Decimal Classification System?a. 1b. 6c. 105. Who invented the Dewey Decimal Classification System?a. George Washingtonb. Melvil Deweyc. Dewey Decimal

  • Ajmera, M. (2009). Faith. Watertown, MA: Charlesbridge Publishing, Inc. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.comBerger, M. (2007). Do stars have points? New York, NY: Scholastic. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.comBorgia, R. (1993). My first spanish word book. New York, NY: D. K. Publishing, Inc. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.comBratun, K. (2002). Drawing cats. New York, NY: Penguin Group (USA) Incorporated. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.comD. K. Publishing. (2013). My first encyclopedia. New York, NY: D. K. Publishing, Inc. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.comdePaola, T. (1988). Tomie dePaolas book of poems. New York, NY: Penguin Group (USA) Incorporated. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.comDisney princess cupcakes and more (2011). Lincolnwood, IL: Publications International. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.comEick, J. (1998). Garbage trucks. North Mankato, MN: Child's World, Incorporated. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.comGaDOE (2013). 3rd grade English language arts common core Georgia performance standards. Retrieved fromhttps://www.georgiastandards.org/Common-Core/Common%20Core%20Frameworks/CCGPS_ELA_Grade3_Standards.pdf

    Bibliography

  • Guillian, C. (2012). Sports. Chicago, IL: Heinemann-Raintree. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.comGuinness World Records. (2013). Guinness world records 2014. New York, NY: Guinness World Records. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.comHeller, R. (1998). A cache of jewels. New York, NY: Penguin Group (USA) Incorporated. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.com Jones, T. (2013). Fairy Tales. London: Pavilion Books, Limited. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.comKyi, T. L. (2010). Georgia. Vancouver: Whitecap Books, Limited. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.comLoewen, N. (2002). Do I have to?: Kids talk about responsibility. Mankato, Minnesota: Capstone Press. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.comMadison, L. (2002). The feelings book: The care and keeping of your emotions. Middleton, WI: American Girl Publishing. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.comNiven, F. (2013). Weird science jokes. Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow Publishers, Incorporated. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.comRotner, S & Kelly, S. (2010). Many ways: How families practice their beliefs and religion. Minneapolis, MN: Lerner Publishing Group. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.com

    Bibliography

  • Seymour, S. (2002). Animals Nobody Loves. San Francisco, California: Chronicle Books LLC. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.comSherman, J. (2009). Melvil dewey: Library genius. Minneapolis, MN: Essential Library. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.comStevenson, A. (1986). Paul revere. New York, NY: Aladdin. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.comThomas, W. D. (2008). What are the parts of the government? New York, NY: Gareth Stevens Publishing. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.comBibliography

    [As an activating strategy, have students sort a group of books in a way that makes sense to them. Students must explain their sorting strategies. This can be done whole group or in small groups. Another option would be to create a flipchart for the Promethean board and have students sort pictures of books.]

    Boys and girls, take a look at the books you have before you. If you had to sort them in any way you wanted to, how would you sort them? Discuss this with your group, and take a few minutes to sort your books.

    How did your group sort your books? [Discuss after each group shares.]**The Dewey Decimal Classification System is a way of organizing non-fiction books in a media center invented by Melvil Dewey. Because he liked order and logic, Dewey invented a way to organize all knowledge into a uniform system that is used in libraries throughout the world. Before Dewey came up the the DDC, how do you think people sorted books? (Books were sorted by size or even color!) How difficult that would make finding a book. Different libraries sorted books by their own systems. Librarians used the way he or she thought best. Dewey had the great idea to organize books by what they are about or their subjects so that we could find books that we wanted to read easier to find. He created this system along time ago, and it has been published since 1876.

    Click on Deweys Picture to learn more about him.*Have you noticed all the information on the spine of the books? Look at some of the books on your table and discuss with your neighbor what you see.

    This is the Dewey Decimal Classification System at work. The call numbers are like an address for the book.

    The numbers tell us what the subject of the book is, and the letters tell us the first 3 letters of the authors last name. If you were an author, what three letters would show up on a book by you?

    Mine would be SQU since my last name is Squire.

    The numbers help keep books about the same topic shelved together. If you are looking for a book about sports you can look in a certain section and find many books in one place without having to search all over the media center. *We are going to look at the 10 main classes that make up the Dewey Decimal System, and under each class there are hundreds and thousands of more specific topics for each class.

    Lets see if we can find a way to remember the system to help us find materials.

    *This is a way that you can remember how to use the Dewey Decimal Classification System. Meet Dewey. He can help you remember the 10 classes. Use your hands to form a zero above your head. This is for Generalities. Everyone say that with me. Generalities. Dewey categorized materials that were of general knowledge in the 000s. These types of books contain so much information and facts they cant all be contained in your memory. They are above your head.

    *Generalities would include a book that contains a lot of different subjects. Can anyone think of a book that we have used this year that has a lot of different subjects? We use these when we do research.

    This section contains books like dictionaries, almanacs, newspapers, and encyclopedias.

    Raise your hand if you think you have a book in your stack that belongs in this section. Why do you think it is in this section?*Now we are going to talk about Philosophy and Psychology. Does anyone know what this is? These books are thoughts about big questions like: What is the meaning of life? Why do people act the way they do? Why do we feel the way we feel? We use our brain to think of the answers to these big questions. In fact, these are questions that very smart people have answered for us, and this is where we can find books about these questions.

    The way to remember that philosophy and psychology are in the 100s is to remember they have to do with the brain - so touch your head!

    *These books are on feelings, thoughts, and ideas. Many books are on self-improvement. What is self-improvement? [Discuss.]

    Raise your hand if you think you have a book that belongs in this section. Why do you think it is in this section?

    *The 200 section contains books about religion. Religion includes all of the different faiths in the world, past and present. It will have stories and books from the Bible and other faiths and religions. With faith, you believe something you cannot see. Our eyes represent the things we cannot see. Everyone close your eyes. Although you can no longer see the things around you know they are still there.

    *Religion is just not about the church you go to or the things you believe. The religion has a lot of different books from different cultures from all over the world. It includes religion from a long time ago. We studied about Ancient Greece earlier this year. The book on Greek Myths tells about the gods that people worshiped in Greece many years ago.

    Raise your hand if you think you have a book that belongs in this section. Why do you think it is in this section?

    *How many of your smile when you think of your family and friends? The 300s are the Social Sciences. The way you can remember that is to smile. When you smile - you are social. Social means thing people do together. This includes working, living in communities, celebrating and sharing stories. People working well together make us happy. Social sciences have to do with thinking about other people. *This section contains information about our government, folklore, and holidays. We have read many folk tales, fairy tales, and fables. This is where I found those books. Other books might be books about customs of other countries.

    Raise your hand if you think you have a book that belongs in this section. Why do you think it is in this section?

    *The 400s are about LANGUAGE so think about the mouth talking. Language is what we do when we talk to one another.

    *Books in this group include things about the origins and the history of languages. We use our mouths when we turn our thoughts into language. It also contains books about writing, which we know is very important and consists of many different types of words such as nouns, verbs, and adjectives. We study these parts of speech. [ELACC3L1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.]

    Raise your hand if you think you have a book that belongs in this section. Why do you think it is in this section?

    *The next category is for Science. Books in the 500s deal with science, math, animals, nature, and dinosaurs. We can remember our neck for this group because when we look around us we have to move our neck.

    *Science books deal with nature. This is the section where you might come to look up information about astronomy, birds, plants, landforms, volcanoes, animals, etc.

    Raise your hand if you think you have a book that belongs in this section. Why do you think it is in this section?

    *The 600s are for technology. Think of your shoulder for this class. I think about carrying my laptop in case, and I put the strap on my shoulder. This helps me remember technology. *These are books that are about man-made things such as cars, trucks, occupations, along domestic animals like pets. You have to really think about how all of these things fit together. This could be called the How To section of the media center - how to make motorcycles, cars, satellites. It also has books on making gadgets and how things work. How to care for pets and how to cook can be found here as well. See? Its the how to section!

    Raise your hand if you think you have a book that belongs in this section. Why do you think it is in this section?

    *The 700s are represented by our hands and stand for arts, recreation, and sports. This is the work with your hands section. All of the activities are done with your hands or applauded by an audience.

    *The 700s are books about things we like to do for fun like sports, music, and art. All of these are done with the hands.

    Raise your hand if you think you have a book that belongs in this section. Why do you think it is in this section?

    *The 800s are represented by the heart. This class is full of materials that touch the heart.Our hearts should remind us of our love for books or Literature.

    *The 800s contains stories, plays and poems, riddle and joke books, all of which touch the heart of the reader in some way. My resent book talk was on poetry. I found Where the Sidewalk Ends by Shel Silverstein in this section. We learn about poetry and our standards reflect it. [ELACC3RL5: Refer to parts of stories, dramas, and poems when writing or speaking about a text, using terms such as chapter, scene, and stanza; describe how each successive part builds on earlier sections.] The call number is 811 SIL. Did his poems or any of the others I read get a reaction from your heart?

    Raise your hand if you think you have a book that belongs in this section. Why do you think it is in this section?

    *Finally we have the 900s. This one makes me think about my feet. The 900s contain books on history, geography, and places. When I think of the feet being the 900s I think of traveling through time. Biographies are also included in the 900s. You could think of the Biography section as B for BODY. Biographies are books written about someBODY.

    *In the 900s, we can find the history of wars. We studied about the American Revolution this year and the Civil War. I found books for us in the 900s on these subjects. Other books are about traveling to places and geography.

    Biographies are true stories written by someone about another persons life. The call number for biographies is 921. Autobiographies are found in the 920 section. These are books written about ones own life.

    Raise your hand if you think you have a book that belongs in this section. Why do you think it is in this section?*We are going to review the 10 classes. Lets see what you remember. [Click to show the arrow and see what the students remember.]*This will be given as a pre-test and post-test.*