The Complete Guide to Raw Photography - What Digital Camera in Association With Adobe

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Mastering RAW; All You Need to Know From Capture to Print


<p>ln associaIion wiIh-!34%2).'2!7All you need Io know, Irom capIure Io prinI"%9/.$4(%"!3)#3Advanced Iechniques Io Iake your phoIography Io Ihe nexI level!$/"%,)'(42//-ln-depIh Iour oI Ihis IanIasIic new kAW soIIware2!72/5.$50Guide Io Ihe besI kAW processing soIIware4(%#/-0,%4%'5)$%4/2!70(/4/'2!0(93 1he CompleIe Guide Io kAW AugusI 200So kAW lnIroducIion WhaI is kAW, and how can iI benehI your phoIography?6 ShooIing kAW lI's easier Ihan iI seems Io change Ihe way you shooI8 Managing hles Row Io bring order Io your kAW hles!0 Processing hles keady Io sIarI enhancing your kAW hles? lollow our 20 hrsI sIeps in kAW processing!4 8eyond Ihe basics Advanced Iechniques Io Iake your phoIography Io Ihe nexI level!6 Adobe LighIroom We walk you Ihrough Ihe key IeaIures oI Ihe exciIing new kAW soIIware. Why noI download Ihe beIa and geI involved? 20 kAW LdiIor kound-up Rere's Ihe key IeaIures oI a selecIion oI some oIher kAW processing programs 22 OuIpuIIing hles 1here are some greaI ouIpuI opIions available. We Iake a look aI IhemDI1DkIAL 1AMditor Nigel AIherIon Contributing ditor !amie RarrisonWriter Philip AndrewsProduction ditor !acqueline PorIerArt &amp; Design Simon WarrenADDI1IDNAL IMAC5Philip Andrews AdobeCcnLcnLslI you're a regular reader oI WDC you'll have heard a loI abouI kAW phoIography. lI's a meIhod oI working designed Io exIracI Ihe maximum image qualiIy Irom your digiIal phoIos. MosI cameras process each picIure as iI's Iaken so IhaI you geI an image IhaI's virIually ready Io prinI sIraighI ouI oI Ihe camera. 8uI in doing so some oI Ihe inIormaIion IhaI was capIured by Ihe sensor is discarded. 8y shooIing in Ihe kAW hle IormaI you bypass Ihe in-camera processing and reIain all Ihe daIa collecIed by Ihe sensor. ShooIing in kAW involves a sIeep learning curve, buI iI is ulIimaIely worIhwhile Ior phoIographers who value image qualiIy above all else.1haI's where we come in. We've prepared Ihis comprehensive guide Io working in Ihe kAW IormaI - iI Iells you everyIhing you need Io know, Irom sIarI Io hnish.8uI iI you'd like even more guidance and inIormaIion visiI our websiIe aI www.whatdigita|, where you'll also hnd a selecIion oI QuickIime movie IuIorials covering many oI Ihe Iopics IeaIured here.NigeI Atherton7%,#/-%CONTENTSc0ML7 0Ul0 70 kAWln associaIion wiIh-!34%2).'2!7All you need Io know,IromcapIure Io prinI"%9/.$4(%"!3)#3Advanced IechniquesIo Iake your phoIographyIo Ihe nexI level!$/"%,)'(42//-ln-depIh Iour oI Ihis IanIasIicnewkAWsoIIware2!72/5.$50Guide Io Ihe besI kawprocessing soIIware4(%#/-0,%4%'5)$%4/2!70(/4/'2!0(</p> <p>0kA7 0Ulck7lM M0Vl 7U70klAL5 0N kAW c0NVk5l0N 7cHNl0U5ICo to and cIick on DownIoads4 1he CompleIe Guide 1o kAW www.whaIdigiIalcamera.comMost D5Lks, and more and more high-end compact cameras provide the option for switching from the traditionaI capture formats of IPC and 1Iff to kAW. 1hls capLure ormaL glves phoLographers more conLrol over Lhe dlglLal phoLos Lhey creaLe by Laklng back a bunch o processlng sLeps LhaL unLll now have been handled by Lhe camera and placlng Lhem rmly ln Lhe hands o Lhe phoLographer. 1hls oers more creaLlve opLlons and poLenLlally beLLer cuallLy conLrol, buL along wlLh Lhls exlblllLy comes lncreased responslblllLy. WHA1 lS kAW!All slngle shoL dlglLal cameras (excepL Lhose uslng Lhe loveon chlp) conLaln a sensor made up o a grld, or maLrlx, o llghL-senslLlve slLes. Lach slLe responds proporLlonaLely Lo Lhe amounL o llghL hlLLlng lLs surace. 8y recordlng and analyslng each o Lhese responses a Lone ls aLLrlbuLed Lo each sensor poslLlon ln Lhe grld. A dlglLal plcLure can Lhen be creaLed rom Lhe range o scene brlghLnesses ocused Lhrough Lhe lens onLo Lhe sensor's surace. 1hls process resulLs ln a monochrome (black, whlLe and grey) lmage as Lhe CCD or CMOS sensors Lhemselves cannoL record Lhe colour o Lhe llghL, only Lhe amounL o llghL hlLLlng Lhe sensor slLe.1o creaLe colour, a small lLer ls added Lo each o Lhe sensor slLes. ln mosL cameras Lhese lLers are a mlxLure o Lhe Lhree prlmary colours ked, Green and 8lue and are lald ouL ln a deslgn called a 8ayer paLLern. lL conLalns 2S/ red lLers, 2S/ blue and S0/ green (Lhe hlgher percenLage o green slmulaLes Lhe human eye's senslLlvlLy Lo Lhls parL o Lhe vlslble specLrum). Uslng Lhls sysLem Lhe varlous elemenLs o a scene are recorded as a maLrlx o red, green and blue plxels o varylng brlghLnesses. 1he phoLo ln Lhls ormaL ls whaL we generally reer Lo as a kAW le. lL conLalns lnormaLlon abouL Lhe brlghLness and colour o Lhe WhaI is kAW and whaI are Ihe advanIanges oI capIuring in Ihis IormaI Ior Ihe phoIographer? PhiIip Andrews explains all).42/$5#4)/.4/2!7scene buL ln a orm LhaL can'L be readlly edlLed or enhanced wlLh sLandard phoLo soLware. UnLll Lhe currenL lnux o kAW-enabled dlglLal cameras and soLware, phoLographers were bllssully unaware o Lhe exlsLence o such les, as Lhe lmages LhaL Lhey recelved rom Lhelr cameras were already converLed rom Lhe kAW sLaLe Lo Lhe much more amlllar (and useable) !lLG or 1lll orm. 1hls converslon occurs as an lnLegral parL o Lhe capLure process where Lhe raw daLa comlng rom Lhe sensor ls used Lo creaLe a ull 2!7)NTRODUCTIONc0ML7 0Ul0 70 kAWkAW hles diIIer Irom oIher hles in IhaI some opIions IhaI are hxed during Ihe processing oI 1llls,!PLGs eIc can be changed losslessly wiIh kAW. 1hink oI kAW hles as having Ihree disIincI secIions:L camera 0ata (a.k.a LXll or meIadaIa):lncludes Ihings such as camera, shuIIer speed and aperIure deIails, mosI oI which cannoI be changed;Llmage 0ata:recorded in-camera,buI can be changed in a kAW ediIor. Changeable opIions include colour mode, whiIe balance, saIuraIion, conIrasI and applicaIion oI sharpness. L7he lmage:1he daIa drawn direcIly Irom Ihe camera's sensor siIes in a non-inIerpolaIed (8ayer paIIern) Iorm. lor mosI cameras, Ihis daIa is supplied wiIh a I6biI colour depIh, providing many more colours and Iones Ihan Iound in a sIandard 8biI !PLG or 1lll camera hle. Aboe: A RAR lle is ccrcse1 c llree arls: lle lrace, lle Oarera Dala ar1 lle lrace Dala 0Ifferences hcLwccn k^W and cLhcr crnaLs2!7#/.6%23)/.A RAR lle is lle lclc ccrerle1 rcr ils aralccte lecirrircs ltl slill searale1 irlc lle Baer allerr sc llal eacl serscr sile rereserls cre cclctr crlS 1he CompleIe Guide 1o kAW www.whaIdigiIalcamera.comA0VAN7A05ou geI Io use Ihe Iull Ional and colour range capIured by Ihe camera.ou can remove many oI Ihe hle processing decisions Irom Ihe camera Io Ihe deskIop where more Iime and care can be Iaken in Iheir execuIion. 1his includes:L WhiIe balance changesLRighlighI, shadow and mid Ione ad|usImenIsLApplying sharpnessLManipulaIing saIuraIionLColour mode (skG8, Adobe kG8 eIc) swiIchesLDe-moir improvemenIs ou creaIe and save Ihe mosI comprehensive digiIal picIure hle - 'digiIal negaIive'- currenIly available.ou can make image daIa changes such as a swiIching whiIe balance seIIings wiIhouI image loss. 1his is noI possible wiIh non-kAW IormaIs as Ihe whiIe balance resulIs are hxed in Ihe camera processed hle. ou can 'upscale'using primary image daIa (sIraighI Irom Ihe sensor) raIher Ihan pre-processed inIormaIion which arguably leads Io beIIer resulIs.0l5A0VAN7A05 8igger hle sizes on your camera's memory card.Raving Io process Ihe images beIore use back aI Ihe deskIop.ln some cases needing specialisI kAW processing soIIware Io converI hles in addiIion Io your image-ediIor package.Working in kAW is more Iime consuming, especially posI-capIure.Some knowledge is needed Io make Ihe mosI oI Ihe benehIs oI kAW.res &amp; cens c ShccLnc kawcolour lmage. Speclal algorlLhms are employed Lo change Lhe 8ayer paLLerned daLa Lo a sLandard kG8 orm. ln Lhls process Lhe correcL colour value or each plxel ls 'guessLlmaLed' uslng Lhe lnormaLlon rom Lhe surroundlng red, green and blue slLes. 1hls process ls called lnLerpolaLlon and works exLremely well on mosL cameras. So when you opL Lo save your lmages ln !lLG or 1lll ormaLs Lhls capLure and lnLerpolaLlon process happens lnLernally ln Lhe camera each Llme you push Lhe shuLLer buLLon. SelecLlng kAW as your preerred capLure ormaL sLops Lhe camera rom processlng Lhe colour-separaLed (prlmary) daLa rom Lhe sensor and slmply saves Lhls daLa Lo your memory card. 1hls means LhaL Lhe ull descrlpLlon o whaL Lhe camera 'saw' ls saved ln Lhe lmage le and ls avallable Lo you or use ln Lhe producLlon o cuallLy lmages. X1kA Pk0CSSlNC S1PSounds greaL, doesn'L lL` 8uL whaL's Lhe caLch` Well, kAW les have Lo be processed beore Lhey can be used ln a sLandard lmage-edlLlng appllcaLlon llke lhoLoshop. New appllcaLlons llke Adobe's LlghLkoom and Apple's AperLure can enhance kAW les wlLhouL rsL converLlng Lhem buL or Lhe mosL parL serlous edlLlng can only Lake place on a converLed kAW le. So you wlll need Lo employ a speclal kAW converLer. 1hese programs come as elLher sLandalone pleces o soLware or as a dedlcaLed eaLure ln your avourlLe edlLlng package. Some can process les rom capLure devlces o several manuacLurers, oLhers are resLrlcLed or use wlLh slngle camera models only. Deslgned Lo allow you Lo Lake Lhe unprocessed kAW daLa dlrecLly rom your camera's sensor and converL lL lnLo a usable lmage le, Lhese edlLors also provlde access Lo oLher lmage characLerlsLlcs LhaL would oLherwlse be locked lnLo Lhe le ormaL. varlables such as colour space, whlLe balance, lmage sharpness and Lonal compensaLlon (conLrasL and brlghLness) can all be accessed, edlLed and enhanced as parL o Lhe converslon process. WH 801Hk!So why noL usL sLlck Lo !lLG` 1he answer ls Lwoold: beLLer lmage cuallLy and more creaLlve conLrol. Armed wlLh Lhe Lop-cuallLy kAW-edlLlng soLware now avallable, and a kAW-enabled camera, phoLographers can make consldered udgemenLs abouL Lhe many varlables LhaL aecL Lhe plcLure converslon, provldlng cusLomlsed plcLure-by-plcLure soluLlons never posslble ln-camera. 1he real advanLages o enhanclng your phoLos aL Lhe kAW sLage are LhaL Lhese changes are made Lo Lhe le aL Lhe same Llme as Lhe prlmary lmage daLa ls belng lnLerpolaLed Lo orm Lhe ull colour plcLure. LdlLlng aLer Lhe le ls processed (saved by Lhe camera ln 8 blL verslons o Lhe !lLG and 1lll ormaL), means LhaL you wlll be applylng Lhe changes Lo a plcLure wlLh ewer Lones and colours. And we all know Lhe beneLs LhaL such hlgh-blL edlLlng provldes. A second bonus or dedlcaLed kAW phoLographers ls LhaL acLlons llke swlLchlng rom Lhe whlLe balance opLlon selecLed when shooLlng, Lo anoLher cholce when processlng, are perormed wlLhouL any lmage loss. 1hls ls noL Lhe case once Lhe le has been processed wlLh Lhe lncorrecL whlLe balance seLLlng. MosL kAW converslon programs also conLaln several baLch processlng opLlons. 1hese allow Lhe user Lo seL general parameLers or a group o lmages and Lhen lnsLrucL Lhe program Lo process and save each le ln Lurn auLomaLlcally. 1hls ls a real Llme saver when you have Lo edlL a bunch o plcLures Laken under Lhe same condlLlons. Some soLware also lncludes Lhe ablllLy Lo shooL and adusL plcLures whlle your camera ls aLLached Lo Lhe compuLer. 1hls eaLure, usually reerred Lo as 'LeLhered' shooLlng, works well or sLudlo phoLography and has Lhe advanLage o bypasslng Lhe camera's memory card and savlng les dlrecLly Lo your associaIion wiIh</p> <p>Becre a RAR lle car le erlarce1 Will a slar1ar1 e1ilirc rccrar lle icltre las lc le irlerclale1 irlc a slar1ar1 ROB icltre crral. !lis ccrersicr rccess is tstall lar1le1 l a 1e1icale1 ccrersicr tlilil stcl as A1cle Oarera RaW 6 1he CompleIe Guide Io kAW www.whaIdigiIalcamera.comlI you swiIch your camera Io kAW, you will need Io shooI diIIerenIly in order Io geI Ihe benehIs. 8uI iI's easier Ihan iI seems3(//4).'2!7|a|||| SJ Pro Be|ow: Rill RaW eralle1 careras, sWilclirc caltre crrals is tstall a sirle raller c raicalirc a cctle c Sel U rert aces lecre seleclirc lle reW lle crralSHOOTING2!7c0ML7 0Ul0 70 kAWnabIIng k^W capLurc 7hough the basic controIs such as focus, composition and exposure remain the same regardIess of the capture format you choose, the inherent differences in the characteristics of IPC and kAW mean that some changes in your shooting workow are warranted.CHANClNC 0Uk SH001lNC W0kkfl0W f0k kAW'Once l have swlLched my camera Lo kAW wlll Lhere be any change ln Lhe way LhaL l shooL`' Maybe. MosL experlenced phoLographers prlde Lhemselves on Lhelr ablllLy Lo conLrol all Lhe uncLlons o Lhe camera. OLen Lhelr dexLerlLy exLends beyond Lhe LradlLlonal conLrols such as aperLure, shuLLer speed and ocus Lo 'dlglLal only' eaLures such as whlLe balance, conLrasL and sharpness. lor Lhe besL resulLs Lhey manlpulaLe Lhese eaLures Lo maLch Lhe camera seLLlngs wlLh Lhe scene. lor lnsLance, a landscape phoLographer may add conLrasL, boosL saLuraLlon and manually adusL Lhe whlLe balance seLLlng o hls camera or a mlsLy valley shoL aL dawn. An avld Lravel phoLographer may reduce conLrasL and saLuraLlon and swlLch Lo a DayllghL whlLe balance seLLlng when conronLed wlLh Lhe oaLlng markeLs ln 1halland ln summer. lL has long been known LhaL such cusLomlsaLlon ls essenLlal l you wanL Lo make Lhe besL lmages posslble and are capLurlng ln a !lLG or 1lll ormaL. 8uL as we have seen, seLLlngs such as Lhese, Lhough xed ln 1lll and !lLG ormaLs, are ully adusLable when shooLlng kAW. lMPllCA1l0NS f0k CAP1Uk VAklA8lSWhaL does Lhls mean ln our day-Lo-day phoLography` Well, l aLer documenLlng some lnLerlors you orgeL Lo swlLch Lhe whlLe balance seLLlng rom LungsLen back Lo dayllghL beore sLarLlng Lo shooL ouLslde, all ls noL losL. 1he whlLe balance seLLlng used aL Lhe Llme o capLure ls recorded wlLh Lhe raw le buL ls only applled when Lhe plcLure ls processed. So when you open Lhe lmages ln a raw converLer Lhe plcLure ls WiIh mosI kAW-enabled cameras swiIching Irom one capIure IormaI Io anoIher is a simple maIIer oI enIering Ihe camera seI-up menu and selecIing Ihe kAW enIry Irom Ihe lmage QualiIy opIions. 1his opIion may also be accessed via a qualiIy Ioggle or swiIch elsewhere on Ihe camera.Some models also oIIer a choice beIween compressed and non-compressed versions oI Ihe hle. Compressing will mean picIures will Iake up less space on Ihe memory card, buI Ihe process oI compression resulIs in longer saving Iimes. 1his isn'I an issue unless you like Io phoIograph acIion, as Ihe exIra Iime Iaken Io compress Ihe hle will reduce Ihe Irames per second raIe oI your camera.1here are several cameras on Ihe markeI IhaI also have Ihe abiliIy Io save boIh kAW and !PLG versions oI Ihe same hle aI Ihe Iime oI capIure. 1his opIion can be a real Iime saver iI you need Io access your picIures quickly, buI Ihe IeaIure is less oI an advanIage iI you regularly perIorm many enhancemenI sIeps Io your hles as, in Ihe end, Ihe capIured !PLG will noI resemble Ihe processed kAW hle. 7 1he CompleIe Guide Io kAW www.whaIdigiIalcamera.comreprIetary and Opcn k^W hc crnaLskAW enabIed cancraskAW fll X1NSl0NSCAN0N .CkW Nlk0N .NLCAN0N .Ck...</p>


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