The Church Documents ( for the Students of Theology)

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This file contains selected quotes from various church documents as a help for the students of theology, in preparation for their comprehensive examinations.

Text of The Church Documents ( for the Students of Theology)

  • Referrecnces from Church Documents Page 1

    References from the Church Documents

    For the Theology Comprehensive Exams

    Collected and Edited by

    Rayan Lobo, SJ

  • Referrecnces from Church Documents Page 2


    DV 2 tells us that God in his goodness and wisdom chose to reveal himself and made

    known the mystery of his will (paraphrased). - that his will was that all people should

    have access to the Father through Christ in the Holy Spirit and thus become sharers in

    his divine nature. - emphasizing the self-communication of a Trinitarian God. - the most

    intimate truth which this revelation gives us about God shines forth in Jesus Christ.

    DV4 and Heb 1:1-2 will say after God had spoken many times and in various ways

    through the prophets, in these last days he has spoken to us by a Son. - --the most

    intimate truth which this revelation gives us about God shines forth in Jesus Christ.

    DV5 will say the obedience of faith is nothing but a willful assent to the revelation given

    by God.

    DV 2&7 - Church claims the Jesus Christ is the sum total of revelation

    DV8 will tell us that what the apostles experienced and expressed (in a special way in the

    inspired books, i.e. Scripture) was to be preserved in a continuous line of succession till

    the end of time. In other words, the original deposit of faith

    DV9 will say Sacred Scripture is the speech of God as it is put down in writing, under

    the breath of the Holy Spirit.

    DV10 says scripture and tradition go hand in hand. They together make up a single

    sacred deposit of the Word of God. - DV 10 states clearly that the task of giving an

    authentic interpretation of the Word of God, whether in its written form or in the form of

    tradition has been entrusted to the living (teaching office) of the church alone.

    Magisterium is not above the word of God. But is at the service of the Word. - It listens

    to the word of God devoutely. - Guard it with dedication. - Expounds it faithfully.


  • Referrecnces from Church Documents Page 3

    LG 1 - The Church in Christ, is in the nature of the sacrament, a sign & instrument i.e.,

    of communion with God & unity of all humanity. Divine (invisible nature, faith reality)

    and Human (visible nature, historical & hierarchical).

    LG-2: It speaks about the role of God the Father in the Church: Theo centric - God in his

    wisdom and goodness created the whole universe to share in his divine life. - LG 2 :

    Foundation church is part of the Gods plan of salvation

    LG 3: speaks about the role of the Son- giving form-life. Christocentric - Christo

    Centric Origin of the church (role of Jesus Christ) - LG 3: Inaugurated by the son

    LG 4: The symbolism of the origin of the Church is very important because the Spirit

    guides the Church, inspires the Church, leads the Church to the finality or destination.-It

    speaks of the birthing of the church on the day of Pentecost.

    LG 5 : Church is the budding forth or the initial seed of realization of the kingdom. - LG 4

    : Role of the spirit - Spirit continues the mission of Jesus through the Church.-LG 4:

    Spirit: Pneumato centric sustenance and finality of the church.

    LG 10: For their part, the faithful join in the offering of the Eucharist by virtue of their royal

    priesthood. They likewise exercise that priesthood by receiving the sacraments, by prayer and

    thanksgiving, by the witness of holy life, and by self denial and active charity. LG 10 making

    a positive statement on common priesthood of the faithful, tries to show that Common

    Priesthood is different from the Ministerial Priesthood - not only in degree but also in essence

    LG 10: Ministerial Priesthood - Ministerial priesthood by sacred powers - forms and

    rules the priestly people. - acting in the person of Christ, he makes present the Eucharistic

    sacrifice.- Offers it to God in the name of all the people - They exercise that priesthood in

    receiving the sacraments, in prayer and thanksgiving, in the witness of a holy life, and by self-

    denial and active charity.

    LG -11 E is the source and summit of Christian life and mission( Lg 11)

    LG 13: All people are called to belong to the new people of God. They are present in all

    nations of the earth. - LG 13 -Foundation of Priesthood -- Christological: foundation of

    the ministry and mission - Ecclesiological: - mission of Jesus Christ is carried out by the

    Church- the People of God.

  • Referrecnces from Church Documents Page 4

    LG 14 : Catholic faithful:

    By virtue of baptism, accepting different means of salvation, and believing in common

    priesthood. LG 14 : The church is necessary for salvation and Christ who(is present in

    the church) is the mediator and the way of salvation;

    LG 15 : Speaks of unity among / with other baptized Christians by recognizing :

    Jesus I the norm of faith and life.

    Believing in God the Father.

    Receiving Baptism and other sacraments.

    Celebrating Eucharist.

    Devotion to Mary.

    LG 16:- All religions are inspired; other religions also have a ray of truth;

    People of other religions

    1. Jews: Covenant promises of YHWH made to them.

    2. Muslims: Acknowledge god as creator = faith in Abraham believe god as merciful

    God will reign on the last day.

    3. Unknown god: pagans, Greeks, Hindus,(seeking the Unknown god).

    4. Seeking God( Do not know that God is Christ) but living according to gods will

    living good lives according to the conscience.

    5. No Knowledge of god bu lead good life: - nature worshippers(Forces of nature as

    manifestations of god)

    6. Atheists: reason without faith.

    LG 23 : Individual Bishops - Visible Principle - Foundation of Unity- in their particular

    churches.-Individual Bishops exercise their pastoral governance over People of God committed

    to their care - Not over other churches - Not over the universal church - LG 23 speaks about the

    many local churches of east which have their own tradition , theology etc.

    LG 25 - Patrine ministry. - It is Pastoral - LG 25 lays down conditions for statements of

    infallibility: - Pope speaking not as private person but as supreme Pontiff.- Agreement with

  • Referrecnces from Church Documents Page 5

    Sacred Scripture and Tradition - Agreement with Universal Episcopate - Made with sufficient

    investigation before teaching.- In agreement with the present faith of the Church.

    LG 28: Functions of the Ministerial Priesthood LG 28 says that the Ministerial priesthood is basically

    a ministry of service. Teaching, sanctifying, shepherding. Preach the Gospel, shepherd the faithful,

    celebrate divine worship - LG 28 lists the functions of an ordained minister. - Their primary

    functions are Sanctifying - Teaching - Shepherding the flock

    LG 30-38 places the laity in their rightful place as the people of God

    LG 30 clearly states that everything that has been said of the People of God is addressed

    equally to the laity, religious and the clergy.

    LG 31: In their own way share the priestly, prophetic and kingly office of Christ and to the best

    their ability carry on the mission of the whole Christian people in the church and in the world

    Seek the KOG by engaging in temporal affairs and directing them according to Gods


    They contribute through temporal works, charisms to the welfare of the church and co-

    operate in the mission of the church.(1 Cor 12,14)

    - all the faithful except those in Holy Orders and those who belong to a religious state

    approved by the Church. - who by baptism are incorporated into Christ, are placed in

    the People of God, and they share the priestly, prophetic and kingly office of Christ, and

    to the best of their ability carry on the mission of the whole Christian people in the

    Church and in the world.

    LG 31 says that all Christian faithful all in their own way share in these 3 functions. That

    is the prophetic, priestly and kingly functions of Christ.

    LG 32 stresses on the point that though we may perform different functions, in terms of dignity

    and our participation in the work of the Church, we are all equal.

    LG 33 :

  • Referrecnces from Church Documents Page 6

    - Sharing in the salvific mission of the church

    - To make the church present and fruitful in those places and in circumstances where it

    is only through them the church can become the salt of the earth.

    LG 34-36 - As baptized Christians (Heb 13:15) we share in one priesthood of Jesus Christ

    which also means the triple function of priesthood

    LG 10 &34 - The faithful join in the offering of the Eucharist by virtue of their Royal Priesthood.

    - How to exercise the priesthood? - By receiving the sacraments - By witness of holy life -

    - LG -35 : Jesus proclaimed KOG through word and deeds. We need to bear witness to the

    kingdom through a life of witness by engaging in temporal affairs and directing life according to

    Gods will, open to the spirit(Life of faith, hope and love). i.e. by engaging in temporal offers and

    directing life according to Gods Will, open to the Spirit (especially a life of faith, hope and love)

    - LG 36(Kingly Office) - Exercise Kingly function by - Serving others - helping others

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