The Catholic Church & Feudalism Significance: Revival of Europe after Rome The Catholic Church & Feudalism Significance: Revival of Europe after Rome.

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  • The Catholic Church & FeudalismSignificance: Revival of Europe after Rome

  • AFTER ROME What problems would beset Europe following the collapse of the Roman Empire?List at least five problems

  • NEW ORDER EMERGES Hard-won political orderRestored after fall of the Roman EmpireInvasions.depopulationWill be de-centralizedLocal and regional rulers Slowlong process of economic recoveryIncreased agricultural productionIncreased trade routesIndustry.commerce.re-urbanization Cultural unityChristian church based in RomePapacyMonastic movement

  • PeriodizationEarly Middle Ages: 500 1000

    High Middle Ages: 1000 1250

    Late Middle Ages: 1250 - 1500

  • Europe in the 6c

  • The Medieval Catholic Church filled the power vacuum left from the collapse of the classical world. monasticism: St. Benedict Benedictine Rule of poverty, chastity, and obedience. provided schools for the children of the upper class. inns, hospitals, refuge in times of war. libraries & scriptoria to copy books and illuminate manuscripts. monks missionaries to the barbarians. [St. Patrick, St. Boniface]

  • The Medieval Catholic Church The Catholic Church versus the rise of European kings. Ties of the Roman Catholic Church to the European kings.Crowning of kings by the popegods selected rulerFear of ex-communicationPower of the Church. Pope Gregory VII - 1073 The pope can be judged by no one The Roman church has never erred and never will.till the end of time He can dispose emperors; The pope alone can depose and restore bishops; He alone can call general councils and authorize canon law; All princes should kiss his feet..

  • The Power of the Medieval Church bishops and abbots played a large part in the feudal system. the church controlled about 1/3 of the land in Western Europe. tried to curb feudal warfare only 40 days a year for combat. curb heresies crusades; Inquisition tithe 1/10 tax on your assets given to the church. Peters Pence 1 penny per person [paid by the peasants].

  • A Medieval Monks Day

  • A Medieval Monastery: The Scriptorium

  • Illuminated Manuscripts

  • Romanesque Architectural Style Rounded Arches. Barrel vaults. Thick walls. Darker, simplistic interiors. Small windows, usually at the top of the wall.

  • Charlemagne: 742 to 814

  • Charlemagnes Empire

  • Pope Crowned Charlemagne Holy Roman Emperor: Dec. 25, 800

  • The Carolingian Renaissance

  • Carolingian Miniscule

  • The Rise of European Monarchies: England

  • Charlemagnes Empire Collapses: Treaty of Verdun, 843

  • FeudalismA political, economic, and social system based on loyalty and military service.

  • Carcassonne, France: A Medieval Castle

  • Parts of a Medieval Castle

  • The Road to KnighthoodKNIGHT

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  • Chivalry: A Code of Honor and Behavior

  • The Medieval Manor

  • Life on the Medieval ManorSerfs at work

  • William the Conqueror: Battle of Hastings, 1066 (Bayeaux Tapestry)

  • Evolution of Englands Political System Henry I: Williams son. set up a court system. Exchequer dept. of royal finances. Henry II: established the principle of common law throughout the kingdom. grand jury. trial by jury.

  • Evolution of Englands Political System Henry I: Williams son. set up a court system. Exchequer dept. of royal finances. Henry II: established the principle of common law throughout the kingdom. grand jury. trial by jury.

  • Magna Carta, 1215 King John I Runnymeade Great Charter monarchs were not above the law. kings had to consult a council of advisors. kings could not tax arbitrarily.

  • The Beginnings of the British Parliament Great Council: middle class merchants, townspeople [burgesses in Eng., bourgeoisie in Fr., burghers in Ger.] were added at the end of the 13c. eventually called Parliament. by 1400, two chambers evolved: House of Lords nobles & clergy. House of Commons knights and burgesses.

  • Setting Out on Crusade

  • Medieval Universities

  • Oxford University

  • Late Medieval Town Dwellings

  • Medieval Trade

  • Medieval GuildsGuild Hall Commercial Monopoly: Controlled membership apprentice journeyman master craftsman Controlled quality of the product [masterpiece]. Controlled prices

  • Medieval Guilds: A Goldsmiths Shop

  • Crest of a Coopers Guild

  • Gothic Architectural Style Pointed arches. High, narrow vaults. Thinner walls. Flying buttresses. Elaborate, ornate, airier interiors. Stained-glass windows.Flying Buttresses

  • Pope Urban II: Preaching a Crusade

  • Christian Crusades: East and West

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