THE BOTANICAL MAGAZINE; OR, FLOWER-GARDEN DISPLAYED

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  • RARE BOOK COLLECTION

    THE LIBRARIES

    The University of Georgia

  • RARE SOOK I

    THE LIBI

    The Univ of Gee

    THE

    BOTANICAL MAGAZINE;O R,

    Flower- Garden Difplayed:, JN WHICH

    , The moft Ornamental FOREIGN PLANTS, cultivated in the

    I Open Ground, the Green-Houfe, and the Stove, are accu

    rately reprefented in their natural Colours,

    TO WHICH ARE ADDED,

    ifit,:Nari

  • IRARE BOOK

    THE L

    The of

    L 289 ]CONVOLVULUS LINEARIS. NARROW-

    LEAVED CONVOLVULUS.

    Clafs and.Order.~f~

    PENTANDRIA MOMOGYNIA.

    Generic Character.

    Corolla campanulata, plicata. Stigmata-2. Cap/. 2-locularis: loculis difpermis.

    /Specific Character.

    \CONVOLVULUS linearh caulibus ereftis fruticofis, foliis

    .linearibus acutis pilofo-fericeis, floribus terminalibus umbellato-paniculatis, caly- cibus pilofis.

    The plant here reprefented has long been cultivated as a green'houfe plant in this country under the name of Convolvulus Cantabrica, but it differs fo eflentially from that plant, as figured and defcribed by Prof. JACQUIN in his Flora Auftr. and accords fo little with the other Ipecies defcribed by LINNAEUS, that we have been induced to regard it as a perfectly diftinct Ipecies ; in moft points it agrees with Convolvulus Cneoruni, but differs in having leaVes much narrower, more pointed, and lefs filky.

    It ftrikes moft readily from cuttings, is a hardy green-houfe plant, and flowers during moft of the Summer, qualities which many of the modern and more Ihewy green-houfe plants cannot boaft.The precife time of its introduction here, together with its particular place of growth, we have not as yet been able fatisfaciorily to afcertain.

  • RARE 8C

    THE

    The of

    C 290 ]

    AMARYLLIS LUTEA. YELLOW AMARYLLIS.

    Clap and Order.

    MiXANDRIA M ONOGYNIA.

    Generic Character.

    Corolla hexapetaloidea, irregularis. Filamenta faucf tuhi inferta, declinata, insequalia proportione vel direQione. Linr. F'l.

    Specific Character and Synonyms.

    AMARYLLIS lutea fpatha indivifa obtufa, flore fefiili, co rolla campanulata erefta bafi breve tubulofa,

    " ftaminibus ereftis, akernis brevioribus. Linn. Fil. Ait. Ki-~. -v. 2 1. p . 4 15.

    CO LC HI CUM luteum majus. Bauh. Pin. />.* 69.NARCISSUS autumnalis major. The greater Autumne or

    Winter Daffodill. Park. Par ad. p. 7 7. 75. /. -.

    The Amaryllis lutea is a hardy perennial bulbous plant, a native of Spain, and other of the more Southern parts of Europe, and was cultivated in our Gardens in the time of GE- RARD, and PARKINSON.

    Flora, who commences her revolutionary reign, by enlivening the flower border with the Spring Crocus, and its numerous varieties, terminates it with flowers equally pleafing, and of fimilar hues; thus we haye the prefent plant, the Saffron Crocus, and the Colchicum, flowering nearly at the fame time, from the end of September, through Oftober, and fometimes part of November.

    Similar as the Amaryllis is to the yellow Spring Crocus, in the colour, and form of its flowers, it differs obvioufly in the number of its ftamina, the breadth of its leaves, and the fize and colour of m root.

    Authors defcribe it as varying in fize, in the bre,adth of its leaves, the height of its flowers, and multiplication of the Corolla.

    The Dutch Florifts export it under the title of yellow Colchicum, following the name of fome of the old writers.

    It fucceeds beft in a foil moderately moift, in which it increafes confiderably by offsets, and'flov.crs to the moft advantage when the roots have remained for fome few years undifturbed in the fame fpot.

  • u)]|

    THE

    Thi

    : CrtfientJ>&. f.

    CAPPARIS SPINOSA. The CAPER SHRUB,

    $ * $ $ $ $ $ -Oafs and Order.

    POLYA.NDRIA MONOGYNIA.

    Charaflcr.

    Cal. 4-pIi) Hus, coriaceus. Petjla 4 . Stamina longa. corticofa, unilocularis, pedunculata-

    Specifc Character and Syxsxym?.

    CAPPARIS fpinofa pedunculis unifloris folitarii.s, ftipulis fpi- nofis, foliis annuls, capfulis ovalibus. Linn. Syft. Vc^-tab.ed. 1 4. Mi*rr.p.4%i. Ait IL~i\-u. 2. p. 2 21.

    C APPARIS fftnoja fruftu minorc, folio rotundo. Bauh. Pin. p. 480.

    We are happy in having it in our power to lay before our readers a reprefentation of the Caper fhrub, whofe bloffoms are rarely feen in this country, though its flower-buds are in very general ufe as a pickle ; indeed, fo great is their confumption, that they form a very _onfid< rable article of commerce.

    The plant ^rows fpontan ;-oufly hi tUi^ more fouthern parts of Luropu, efpecially in Ital) and the Levant; in its wild ftate it form:, a fhrub of low growth, having numerous, fpreading, fpinous branches, fom

  • RARE 84

    THE

    Th

    ftigma, without any intervening ftyle; this germen iwells, turns downward, and ultimately becomes the feed-vefiel, rarely ripening in this country.

    MILLER obferves, that thefe plants are with difficulty pre- ferved in England, for they -delight to grow in crevices of rocks,, and the joints of old walls and ruins, and always thrive beft in an horizontal pofition ; fo that when they are planted either in pots or the full ground, they rarely thrive, though they may be kept alive for many years.

    It flowers in May and June, and is ufually raifed from feeds.Mr. AITON regards it as a green-houfe plant, and informs

    us that it was cultivated by GERARD in 1596.

  • r 292PASSERINA GRANDIFL.ORA. GREAT-

    FLOWERED PASSERINA.

    Clafs and Order.

    OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA.

    Generic Character.

    Cal.o. Cor. 4-fida. Stamina tubo impofita. Sem.\. corticaturrt.

    Specific Character and Synonyms.

    PASSERINA grandiflora glaberriraa, foliis oblongis acutis concavis extrinfecus rugofis, floribus termina- libus feffilibus folitariis. Linn. Suppl. PI. p. 226.

    The Pajjerina here figured, diftinguifhed from all the

    other known fpeeies by the largenefs of its flowers, is

    defcribed in the Suppl. PL of the younger LINN^US, but

    not enumerated in the Hortus Kewenjis of Mr. AITON : it is

    indeed a plant recently introduced to this country from the

    Cape; we faw it laft Summer in great perfection, at Meflrs.

    LEE and KENNEDY'S, Hammerfmith; it forms a fmall neat

    fhrub, fomewhat like the Phylica eric/sides, is a hardy green-

    houfe plant, flowering in May and June, and increafed without

    difficulty from cuttings. -fug, * tf^&ee. ar. /.

  • E 293 ]CATANANCHE CSERULEA. BLUE

    CATANANCHE.

    't. fy- TiTffitrfu' "f- ffee {7rx/cen./rjfa- f

    Clqfs and Order.

    SVNGENESIA PoLYGAMIA

    Generic CharaSler.

    Recept. paleaceum. Cal. imbricatus. Pappus ariftatus, caliculo 5 feto.

    Specific Character and Synonyms.

    CATANANCHE caerulea fquamis calicis inferioribus ovatis.Linn. Syft. Vegetal). ed. 1 4. Murr. p. jzz.Ait. Ke-w. v. 3 . p. 1 34.

    CHONDRILLA cserulea cyani capitulo. Bauh. Pin. 1 30.

    The Catananche c

  • C 294 ]AMARYLLIS SARNIENSIS. GUERNSEY

    AMARYLLIS.

    Clafs and Order. HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA.

    Generic Character.Cor. hexapetaloidea irregularis. Filamenta fauci tubi inferta

    declinata insequalia proportione vel direclione. Linn. fl. Ait. Kew. p. 4 15.

    Specific Character and Synonyms.AMARYLLIS farnien/is, petalis linearibus planis, ftaminibus

    piftilldque recliufculis corolla longioribus, ftigmatibus partitis revolutis. Linn.fil. Ait. Kezv. v. i. .p. 420. Thunb. Jap. p. 1 31.

    LILIUM farnienfe. Dougl. Mbnogr. t. i , 2.NARCISSUS japonicus rutilo flore. Corn. Canad. K

  • ever fince, there they arc propagated in the open borders of

    the flower-garden with the leaft poflible trouble, flowering

    moft readily, but we believe never producing any ripe feeds ; .

    from thence moft of the roots which flower with the curious

    here, are yearly imported in the Autumn.

    'In Guernfey, the cold "f the Winter is far lefs intenfe than

    with us; many of thofe plants which we keep in our green-

    houfes, ftand with the;) in the open ground; the fuperior

    mildnefs of the climate enables them to cultivate this plant

    with more fuccefs than we can do, even perhaps with all the

    expence and trouble to which we might fubjeci ourfelves ; to

    fuch, however, whofe fituations may be favourable, and who

    may be fond of making experiments, we recommend the

    perufal of FAIRCHILD'S Directions, a practical Gardener of

    great ingenuity, and who appears to have had much expe

    rience in the culture of this plant*.

    Jt is ufual to plant the imported bulbs in pots of fand, or

    light loam, as foon as they arrive, and place them in the parlour

    window, or green-houfe; they bloflom in September and

    Oftober; the flowers, which continue about a month in per-

    feftion, are inodorous, but make up for that deficiency by the

    fuperior fplendour of their colours: Dr. DOUGI.ASS thus

    defcribes them, each flower when in its prime looks like a fine

    gold tiflue wrought on a rofe-coloured ground, but when it

    begins to fade and decay, it looks more like a filver tiflue, or

    what they call a pink colour : when we look upon the flower

    in full fun-mine, each leaf appears to be ftuddcd with thou-

    fands of little diamonds, fparkling and glittering with a moft

    furprifing and agreeable luftre; but if we view the fame by

    candle-light, thefe numerous fpecks or fpangles look more

    like fine gold duft.Both K^MFFFR and TH">: UJ.RG agree, that the Japan

    efe

    regard the root as poifonous.

    * " They love a light earth, made with dung an

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