Text of The Art of Photography (The Art and Science of Photography :The Evolution of Photography)
The Art of Photography (The Art and Science of Photography :The Evolution of Photography)
To me, photography is an art of observation. It's about finding something interesting in an ordinary place... I've found it has little to do with the things you see and everything to do with the way you see them.To me, photography is an art of observation. It's about finding something interesting in an ordinary place... I've found it has little to do with the things you see and everything to do with the way you see them. Elliot Erwitt
What will be covering in this course? A brief history of photography from its simplest beginnings to todays high tech digital world and photographys impact on society. The art and the science of the photograph: Is Photography an Art form? What makes a good photograph? How have some images changed society? Is digital photography changing our views or reality? Other topics as we progress
Part 1: An Art Form?
What is the definition of ART? The Mona Lisa
What is the definition of PHOTOGRAPHY?
The works of Ansel Adams.
"Photography - both the craft and the art - helps me to be. It allows and enables me to live creatively, which is to honour Creation and my own existence. As I consciously pursue my craft, my concerns, anxieties, fears, loves, hopes, and dreams bubble up from my unconscious. In this meeting of the conscious and the unconscious, I can acknowledge my wounds and experience healing. Freeman Patterson, ShadowLight
Part 2: Defining Photography
What is Photography? 'Photography' shall mean the Art or Science of the recording of light or other radiation on any medium on which an image is produced or from which an image may by any means be produced. Royal Photographic Society In other words, Painting with light.
A photograph is life distilled and preserved for eternity. An expressive face, a fleeting moment in nature, an abstract shape- these are the fundamentals of photography. A photograph conveys, in a way no words can, a sense of the mystery and beauty of life, nature, and the achievements of humans.
Why was this chosen as one of the 100 Best Photos?
How did this photograph have an impact on society?
Part 3: The Photo Essay What does this story tell?
Your Photo Essay Assignment Definition of a Photo Essay Some techniques to help you create your images More examples of photo essays
The Photo Essay What is a photo essay? A project that involves producing a series of photographs that work together to tell a story Not restricted to documentary tradition or reportage style of photography Fine art, landscape, wildlife Powerful communication tool
Starting out: Select a subject for the project Best to select one that holds significant personal interest for you: Captures your imagination Holds your attention over time
Next: Consider how accessible the subject is Prevents project from becoming limited Produced over time to make a significant difference in the depth of coverage that you bring to the story
Finally think about the visual potential How Important to make photographs that connect your key images and add depth to the content of the story Will the images work together
Your Project: Take time to do additional research before starting to photograph Reading books, talking to people, spending time getting to know your subject Develop a deeper understanding of your subject This will help recognize important photographs within the story and add depth
Time spent without photographing offers a valuable opportunity for you to develop a comfortable relationship with your subject, while giving you a better understanding of what and how you need to photograph. Dont be in a rush to finish your project
Develop a shot list of all potential photographs that you want to make based on our research and knowledge of the subject. Able to see how images will work together Consider any specific logistics that may be important: Time of day, location, permission, special techniques
Keep an open mind will allow you to photograph unexpected moment Use your shot list to plan a project schedule This will allow you to manage your time and give you a clear sense of focus
Try not to work at roughly the same scale or viewing distance Use longer establishing shots to orient the viewer Close-up shots to focus on significant visual elements within a story
Do not keep trying to rework successful images Will become limiting when trying to edit Once you have a successful image cross it off your list and move on
While it is advisable to do initial edits while you go, do not discard images until you have the full collection Assemble the prints or digital images and move them around to establish the sequence of photographs for the finished essay
Think about how you want to present your photo essay Vertical vs. horizontal images will affect layout options Having an objective eye may help to ensure that you are telling a clear story
Seeing Photographs See the potential photographs in front of your camera: Imagine the image as a print Look for distracting backgrounds Try changing the angle
See how a picture communicates its visual content: Does it work better as a black and white, colour or sepia tone Transforms a 3-D event into a flat piece of paper
How much of a scene to show? Depends on what you want to show What is the photograph about Try getting closer, it eliminates distracting objects and simplifies the contents of the picture Try to visualize what you want the photograph to look like
The frame isolates part of a larger scene Starts with a complete and seamless world and uses the frame of the viewfinder to select a portion of a scene so everything else is discarded Different from painting Framing will influence the image
Cropping can strengthen a picture or weaken it: Do not cut someone off at the joint Leave some space so subject does not touch edge of frame
Should your picture be horizontal or vertical? Hold camera horizontal for horizontal subjects Hold camera vertical for vertical subjects Otherwise you will create empty space that adds nothing to the picture (unless you want to!)
The background is part of the picture: If it is distracting, try to eliminate it by blurring Change position Move your subject Use background if it contributes something
What good is design? Important to understand design concepts such as spot, line, shape, pattern, and balance as they are important in their ability to direct a viewers attention. A single element of design seldom occurs in isolation The simpler the subject, the more important any single element becomes
According to some theories, lines psychological overtones: Horizontal = calm, stability Vertical = stature, strength Diagonal = activity, motion Zigzag = rapid motion Curved = gracefulness, slowness
In a photograph, a shape is always two- dimensional, but tonal changes across an object can give the illusion of depth You can flatten it out if you reduce it to one tone A single object alone draws attention to its shape
Ever wonder why models pose in the manner that they do?
Objects that are close together can be seen as a single shape: Portrait photographers try to enhance the feeling of a family as a group by posing members close together, often with physical contact
How do you emphasize some part of a photograph or play down another? Contrast attracts attention Camera angle can emphasize a subject Use surrounding parts of the scene to reinforce emphasis
People know when a picture is in balance even if they cant explain it: Ask yourself if the image feels balanced Move around a bit Picture needs more apparent weight at the bottom to avoid a top-heavy feeling
Some tension in a picture can be an asset: A centered, symmetrical arrangement will feel balanced, but may also be boring Try off-center, asymmetrical arrangements; they risk feeling unbalanced but may succeed in adding impact or dynamic energy
People tend to look first at the sharpest part of a photograph: You can emphasize some part of the subject by making it sharper than the rest of the picture Use depth of field by changing apertures Motion can be photographed either sharp or