THE ACT ENGLISH TEST HOW TO CRACK THE SYSTEM. TRIAGE LOOK FOR ERRORS BY LOOKING AT THE ANSWER CHOICES FOR CLUES: LOOK FOR ERRORS BY LOOKING AT THE ANSWER. slide 0

THE ACT ENGLISH TEST HOW TO CRACK THE SYSTEM. TRIAGE LOOK FOR ERRORS BY LOOKING AT THE ANSWER CHOICES FOR CLUES: LOOK FOR ERRORS BY LOOKING AT THE ANSWER.

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    02-Jan-2016

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  • THE ACT ENGLISH TESTHOW TO CRACK THE SYSTEM

  • TRIAGELOOK FOR ERRORS BY LOOKING AT THE ANSWER CHOICES FOR CLUES:A. NO CHANGEB. ONE GOESC. YOU GOD. HE GOESTHE PROBLEM HAS SOMETHING TO DO WITH PRONOUNS

  • SOME QUICK TRICKSNO CHANGE IS THE RIGHT ANSWER A LITTLE LESS THAN 25% OF THE TIMEOMIT THE UNDERLINED PORTION IS THE RIGHT ANSWER A LITTLE MORE THAN 50% OF THE TIME

  • SENTENCE STRUCTURECLAUSES AND PHRASES PUT TOGETHER LOGICALLYINDEPENDENT CLAUSES VERSUS DEPENDENT CLAUSESSINGLE WORDS CAN MAKE DEPENDENT CLAUSES, INDEPENDENTAS HE RAN ACROSS THE ROOM (LOSE THE AS)

  • SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONSWHEN, WHERE, WHY, HOW, IF, AS, BECAUSE, ALTHOUGH, WHILE, DESPITE, THAT, WHO, WHATLOOK FOR THESE WORDS TO SIGNAL A SENTENCE FRAGMENTTHESE WORDS LEAVE YOU ASKING AND?

  • PUNCTUATIONMORE THAN HALF THE PUNCTUATION QUESTIONS ON THE ACT DEAL WITH THE PROPER USE OF COMMASTOO FEW COMMAS CREATE CONFUSION REGARDING THE THOUGHT PROCESSTOO MANY BREAK UP THE FLOW

  • COMMA RULESCLAUSES: BETWEEN A DEPENDENT AND AN INDEPENDENT CLAUSEMODIFYING PHRASES: BETWEEN AN INDEPENDENT CLAUSE AND ITS MODIFYING PHRASE HUNGRY AND EXCITED, THE BIRD SNAPPED UP THE BAGEL

  • COMMA RULESRESTRICTIVE AND NONRESTRICTIVE ELEMENTS: AROUND NONRESTRICTIVE CLAUSES OR PHRASESMY GRANDFATHER, WHO SNORES LOUDLY, ALWAYS SLEEPS IN HIS LONGJOHNSTHAT v. WHICH

  • COMMA RULESSERIAL COMMA: SEPARATE ITEMS IN A SERIES (COMMA BEFORE AND AND ;)SEPARATING CLAUSES: BEFORE COORDINATING CONJUNCTION (AND, OR, BUT, FOR, NOR, YET) BETWEEEN TWO INDEPENDENT CLAUSES

  • COMMA SPLICESIN A COMMA SPLICE TWO INDEPENDENT CLAUSES ARE JAMMED TOGETHER INTO SENTENCE, USUALLY WITH ONLY A COMMA TO TRY TO HOLD THEM TOGETHERAUNT SALLY RAN INTO THE ROOM, TOM WAS ALREADY GONE.FIX IT

  • RUN-ONSA RUN-ON SENTENCE IS PRETTY MUCH THE SAME THING AS A COMMA SPLICE, WITHOUT THE COMMAAUNT SALLY SWEPT UP THE SHARDS OF GLASS SHE WAS FURIOUSFIX ITUSUALLY THEY ARE MUCH LONGER AND YOU CANT READ THEM OUTLOUD WITHOUT RUNNING OUT OF BREATH

  • COMMA SPLICE/RUN-ONLOOK FOR PUNCTUATION CHANGES IN THE ANSWERS IF YOU SEE AN ANSWER THAT BREAKS UP THE SENTENCE CHECK FOR INDEPENDENT CLAUSES ON BOTH SIDESREMEMBER THERE ARE MULTIPLE WAYS TO FIX THESE PROBLEMSTRY ALL OF THE OPTIONS

  • SEMICOLONS and COLONSPUT TWO OR MORE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES TOGETHER TO FORM ONE BIG SENTENCETHE CLAUSES MUST BE RELATEDYOU WILL NOT HAVE TO CHOOSE BETWEEN A SEMICOLON AND PERIODUSED AFTER COMPLETE STATEMENT TO INTRO LISTLAST WORD CANNOT BE A VERB

  • APOSTROPHESMARK POSSESSION OR MISSING LETTERSPETERS CAR; WOMENS ISSUESTHE NOUN MUST BE FOLLOWED BY ANOTHER NOUN (NOT VERB) TO BE NECESSARY STUDENTS MUST HAVE IDENTIFICATION CARDS

  • APOSTROPHETHE MOST COMMON APOSTROPHE ERROR ON THE ACT IS ITS/ITSITS IS THE CONTRACTION IT ISITS IS THE POSSESSIVE OF IT. THE DOG LOST ITS COLLAR.

  • DASHESSEPARATE A WORD OF GROUP OF WORDS FROM THE REST OF THE SENTENCEIT IS AN ABRUPT BREAK IN THOUGHT OR TO INTRODUCE AN EXPLANATION OR AFTERTHOUGHTI TRIED TO EXPRESS MY GRATITUDENOT THAT ANY WORDS COULD BE ADEQUATEBUT SHE JUST NODDED AND WALKED AWAY.MAKE SURE IT IS AN ABRUPT BREAK IN THOUGHT AND THERE ARE TWO IN THE MIDDLE OF A SENTENCE, ONE AT THE END

  • QUOTATION MARKSDIRECT QUOTESPOEMS, JOURNALS, ARTICLES, SONGSPERIODS INSIDE, QUESTION MARKS DEPEND

  • GRAMMAR AND USAGETEST YOUR ABILITY TO RECOGNIZE THE PROPER USES OF DIFFERENT PARTS OF SPEECHFREQUENTLY THE FOCUS IS: NOUN-PRONOUN AGREEMENT, PRONOUN CASE AGREEMENT, SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT, VERB TENSE, PROPER PLACEMENT OF ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS, CORRECT PLACE OF IDIOM

  • VERB ERRORS

    LOOK FOR AN UNDERLINED VERBIT WILL BE EITHER A SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT PROBLEM OR A TENSE ISSUEFIND SIMPLE SUBJECT AND SIMPLE VERB

  • SUBJECT VERB AGREEMENTVERBS MUST ALWAYS AGREE WITH THEIR SUBJECTSLOOK FOR NUMBER ERRORTHE BEST MOMENT DURING A BROADCAST FILLED WITH MANY GREAT MOMENTS WERE WHEN THE ASTRONOUT STEPPED OUT OF THE LUNAR LANDER AND BOUNCED ON THE MOON.FIND THE SIMPLE SUBJECT; FIND THE SIMPLE VERB

  • PRONOUN-VERB AGREEMENTEACH OF THESE MOMENTS HAVE PLAYED IN MY MIND AGAIN AND AGAIN AS I TRY TO RECAPTURE THE EXCITEMENT OF THAT MOMENTOUS DAY IN JUNESAME STRATEGY

  • VERB TENSETHE ACT WRITERS DONT CARE IF YOU KNOW THE NAMES OF VERB TENSESTHEY WANT YOU TO BE ABLE TO SPOT INCONSISTENCIESSAM IS WALKING DOWN THE STREET WHEN HE FOUND A LARGE SUITCASE

  • ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBSADJECTIVES MODIFY NOUNSADVERBS MODIFY VERBSIF AN ADJECTIVE OR ADVERB IS UNDERLINED, CHECK TO MAKE SURE IT MODIFIES THE CORRECT THINGADVERBS FREQUENTLY END IN LYWATCH FOR COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES (TALLER VERSUS MORE TALL)

  • PRONOUNSWHAT IS A PRONOUN?THE FIRST RULE AGREEMENT AGREEMENT IN NUMBER MANY ARE OBVIOUSTHE PROBLEM IS WITH THE INDEFINITE PRONOUNSMEMORIZE THE ODD ONES

  • PRONOUNSPRONOUNS MUST AGREE IN CASENOMINIATIVE = SUBJECTOBJECTIVE = SOMETHING HAPPENS TO ITPOSSESSIVE = OWNERSHIP(SHE/HER) BOUGHT A SOUVENIR NASA SWEATSHIRTJANE BOUGHT A SOUVENIR NASA SWEATSHIRT FOR (HE/HIM)WHO/WHOM

  • RHETORICAL SKILLS35 QUESTIONSDEAL WITH STYLE AND EDITINGA FEW WILL DEAL WITH THE PASSAGE AS A WHOLE (LEAVE THESE TO THE END)

  • MISPLACED MODIFIERSA MODIFYING PHRASE NEEDS TO BE NEAR WHAT IT IS MODIFYING. SWEEPING UP THE SHARDS OF GLASS, THE MISSING KEY TO THE JEWELRY BOX WAS FOUND BY AUNT SALLY.WHO IS SWEEPING?AGAIN TRY THE ANSWERS TO FIND THE CORRECT ONE

  • PARALLEL CONSTRUCTIONTWO MAJOR TYPES ON ACTBOTH INCLUDE LISTS OF SOME KINDVERBSWHEN TOM FINALLY CAME HOME, AUNT SALLY KISSED HIM, HUGGED HIM, AND GIVES HIM HIS FAVORITE DESSERT AFTER DINNER

  • PARALLEL CONSTRUCTIONNOUNSTHREE EXPLANATIONS FOR SIDS LOCKING HIMSELF IN HIS ROOM WERE A DESIRE TO DO HIS HOMEWORK, A SENSE THAT HE NEEDED TO HONE HIS COLLEGE ESSAYS, AND HATING HIS BROTHER TOM, WHO ALWAYS GETS AWAY WITH MURDER.THE NUMBER OF NOUNS OR VERBS IS NOT ALWAYS THREE

  • HOW TO SPOT THEMLOOK FOR A SERIES OF ACTIONS OR NOUNSLOOK AT THE ANSWER OPTIONSLOOK FOR CHANGES IN VERB TENSELOOK FOR CHANGES IN THE WAY THE NOUNS ARE SET UP

  • TRANSITIONSNEEDED AT THE BEGINNING OF A CLAUSE, SENTENCE, OR PARAGRAPHTHREE MAIN ONES ARE BUT, THUS AND ALSO OR A VARIATION ON THE ABOVE THREEBUT IS A CONTRADITION; THUS IS FOR CAUSE AND EFFECT; ALSO MEANS IN ADDITION

  • STRATEGY QUESTIONSWHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ANSWERS BEST SUMMARIZES THE MAIN POINT OF THE PASSAGE?IS THE USE OF FORMAL ENGLISH APPROPRIATE IN THE CONTEXT OF THIS PASSAGE?IF THE PASSAGE WERE REVISED TO PRESENT CONFLICTING VIEWPOINTS, WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING CHANGES WOULD BEST REPRESENT THE OTHER SIDE OF THE AUTHORS ARGUMENT?

  • STRATEGYLEAVE THOSE QUESTIONS TO THE ENDELIMINATE AS MANY OPTIONS AS POSSIBLEUSE READING STRATEGY TECHNIQUESIF ALL ELSE FAILS, GUESS!

  • ORGANIZATIONTWO KINDSREORDER SENTENCES WITHIN A PARAGRAPHREORDER PARAGRAPHS AS A WHOLEDO THIS WITH TRIAL AND ERROR

  • STYLEREDUNDANCYTHE ACT HATES REDUNDANCY BECAUSE IT REPEATS ITSELFOMIT IS FREQUENTLY THE ANSWERLOOK FOR SIMILAR ADJECTIVES OR WORDINESSTONE OF OVERALL PASSAGE

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