Thames Valley Multi Modal Study - Ashridge .out the Thames Valley Multi Modal Study (TVMMS) in July

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  • Thames Valley Multi Modal Study

    Final Report

    JOB NUMBER: 441 1239 DOCUMENT REF: 6352-T.545

    FINAL 14/1//03

    Final Steering Group 6/1 02/1/03

    Second draft PWR TEM/PJG PWR 13/12/02

    First draft PRW PWR 6/12/02

    Originated Checked Reviewed Authorised Date

    Revision Purpose Description

  • THAMES VALLEY MULTI MODAL STUDY Final Report

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    Contents Section Page

    1. Introduction 1-1 Background 1-1 Study Context 1-1 The Study Area 1-1 Scope of the Study 1-2 Study Overview 1-2 Structure of the Report 1-3

    2. The Need for a Strategy for the Thames Valley 2-1 Introduction 2-1 The Starting Point 2-1 The Underlying Problem 2-3 Underlying Causes 2-6 The Future 2-8 Objectives What is the Strategy Trying to Achieve? 2-9

    3. Developing a Strategy 3-1 Problem Solving: Matching Interventions to Objectives 3-1 New and Widened Roads 3-2 Managing the Demand for Travel 3-2 The Role of Travel Plans 3-5 Improving Public Transport 3-7 Charging for Car Use 3-15 The Scope for Modal Shift for Freight 3-18 Localised Motorway Widening 3-21 Improved Management of Road Space 3-22 Managing Networks and Travel Using Information Technology 3-25 Overview: The Scope for Improvement 3-27

    4. Components of the Strategy 4-1 Overview 4-1 Improved Public Transport 4-3 Travel Demand Management 4-22 Road User Charging 4-27 The Road Network 4-28 Strategy For Freight 4-32

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    5. Appraisal of the Strategy 5-1 Environmental 5-2 Safety 5-15 Economy 5-16 Accessibility 5-24 Integration 5-27 Supporting Analyses 5-42 Sensitivity to Key Assumptions 5-50 Contribution to the Governments Ten Year Plan 5-51

    6. Delivery of the Strategy 6-1 Need for Co-ordinated Delivery 6-3 Public Transport 6-4 Travel Plans 6-7 Road User Charging 6-7 Highways 6-8 Funding Sources 6-8

    7. The Strategy in the Longer Term 7-1 Impacts of Road User Charging and Higher Growth 7-1 Future Land Use Policy 7-9 Longer Term Public Transport Provision 7-13 Conclusions 7-15

    List of Tables

    Table 2.1 Local objectives 2-10 Table 3.1 The impact of alternative growth scenarios (study area, peak hour) 3-4 Table 3.2 Freight movements (Berkshire) 3-19 Table 3.3 Study area indicators (morning peak hour) 3-28 Table 3.4 Key indicators with alternative strategies (2016) 3-30 Table 4.1 Strategy components 4-2 Table 4.2 Public transport strategy components key elements 4-3 Table 4.3 Thames Valley interchange points 4-7 Table 4.4 Phase 1 Rail Enhancements 4-9 Table 4.5 - Phase 2 rail enhancements 4-11 Table 4.6 Phase 3 schemes/service enhancements 4-13 Table 4.7 Quality Public Transport Corridors/Mass Transit: Reading and Blackwater

    Valley 4-17 Table 4.8 Inter-urban bus network provision 4-19 Table 4.9 The effects of Road User Charging 4-27 Table 4.10 Components of the road strategy 4-28

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    Table 4.11 Million Tonnes Lifted (collected and delivered) 4-34 Table 4.12 Transit Flows via Thames Valley 4-34 Table 5.1 National and Local sub-objectives 5-2 Table 5.2 Impacts of changes in Noise in 2031 relative to 2031 Reference Case 5-3 Table 5.3 Changes in Emissions with the Strategy Options 5-5 Table 5.4 AQMAs within the Study Area 5-6 Table 5.5 Change in Transport Emissions from Roads within AQMAs for the Strategy

    Options Compared with the Reference Case in 2016 5-7 Table 5.6 Changes in Emissions with the Strategy Options 5-8 Table 5.7 Modal Proportions for Access to Heathrow 5-14 Table 5.8 Proportion of Veh kms on Congested Links (2016, morning peak) 5-17 Table 5.9 Delay by Study Area Road Type (2016, morning peak, 000 hrs) 5-17 Table 5.10 HGV kms on Congested Links (2016, morning peak) 5-18 Table 5.11 HGV kms on Congested Links (2016, off peak) 5-19 Table 5.12 Delay by Study Area Road Type (2016, off peak, 000 hrs) 5-19 Table 5.13 Strategy Journey Times Relative to Reference Case for Public Transport

    (Ref Case Time = 100 in each case), Morning Peak, 2016 5-20 Table 5.14 Impacts of Public Transport Interventions 5-22 Table 5.15 Population with Access to New Public Transport Facilities within a 250 m

    Radius 5-24 Table 5.16 Strategy (without road user charging) Journey Times Relative to Reference

    Case for Highway (Ref Case Time = 100 in each case), Morning Peak, 2016 5-26

    Table 5.17 Strategy (with road user charging) Journey Times Relative to Reference Case for Highway (Ref Case Time = 100 in each case), Morning Peak, 2016 5-26

    Table 5.18 Strategy (without and with RUC): Central Government Appraisal Summary Table 5-36

    Table 5.19 Strategy (without RUC): Local Objectives Appraisal Summary Table (2016) 5-38 Table 5.20 Strategy (with RUC): Local Objectives Appraisal Summary Table (2016) 5-40 Table 5.21 Scheme Costs (million, 2001 prices) 5-42 Table 5.22 Financial performance of public transport schemes 5-43 Table 5.23 Transport Economic Efficiency for Strategy without RUC 5-45 Table 5.24 Transport Economic Efficiency for Strategy with RUC 5-46 Table 5.25 Affordability and Financial Sustainability: Public Sector Investment for

    Strategy (with and without RUC) 5-47 Table 5.26 Affordability and Financial Sustainability: Private Sector Investment for

    Strategy without RUC 5-48 Table 5.27 Affordability and Financial Sustainability: Private Sector Investment for

    Strategy with RUC 5-49 Table 5.28 Economic Efficiency: Sensitivity Testing (no road user charging assumed

    in each case) 5-50 Table 5.29 Performance of strategy against PSA targets 5-52

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    Table 6.1 Implementation Plan 6-2 Table 7.1 Alternative strategies (RPG - 2031) 7-2 Table 7.2 Alternative strategies (TEMPRO - 2031) 7-3 Table 7.3 Transport Economic Efficiency for Alternative Strategy without RUC -

    Tempro 7-4 Table 7.4 Transport Economic Efficiency for Alternative Strategy without RUC - RPG 7-5 Table 7.5 - Alternative Strategy (without RUC): Central Government Appraisal Summary

    Table for RPG and Tempro planning assumptions 7-6 Table 7.6 Light rail: High Wycombe Marlow Maidenhead 7-14 Table 7.7 Impacts of enhanced inter-urban public transport 7-15

    List of Figures

    Figure 1.1 Thames Valley Multi Modal Study Area 1-4 Figure 2.1 Change in Peak Car Journey Times between current conditions (2001) and

    the Reference Case 2-5 Figure 2.2 Household and Employment Change (%, 1991-1998) 2-7 Figure 4.1 Thames Valley Public Transport Strategy 4-6 Figure 4.2 Priority Corridors for local measures for priority users and to ease

    congestion 4-31 Figure 5.1 Change in Emissions (%) in 2016 5-7 Figure 5.2 Change in accessibility by Public Transport resulting from the Strategy with

    RUC in the Morning Peak (2016) 5-21 Figure 5.3 Change in Passenger Flows resulting from the Strategy without RUC in the

    Morning Peak in 2016 5-23 Figure 6.1 Implementation Plan 6-10

    Appendix A Glossary of Abbreviations

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    1. Introduction

    BACKGROUND

    1.1 The Government Office for the South East commissioned WS Atkins Planning Consultants, supported by Roger Tym and Partners, and MDS Transmodal, to carry out the Thames Valley Multi Modal Study (TVMMS) in July 2001.

    1.2 TVMMS was previously known as the London to Reading study and is one of several multi modal studies being funded by the (then) Department of Transport, Local Government and the Regions.

    1.3 This document is the Final Report. It represents the culmination of the study and the basis on which to agree a transport strategy as the framework for transport investment and policy implementation in the Thames Valley for the foreseeable future.

    STUDY CONTEXT

    1.4 There are a number of other studies that have been or are currently being undertaken which impact on the TVMMS study area and these provide points of reference for understanding transport problems and issues in the Thames Valley area. Whilst these studies have different (but related) objectives, there is a need for consistency to ensure that recommended strategies are mutually supportive. These studies are:

    ORBIT a multi-modal study undertaken on behalf of the Government Office for the South-East;

    SWARMMS a multi-modal study undertaken on behalf of Government Office for the South West.

    1.5 In addition a draft Regional Transport Strategy (RTS) for the south east was published for consultation during the Autumn of 2002. The TVMMS and Regional strategies need to be consistent and mutually supportive.

    THE STUDY AREA

    1.6 The study considers transport and land-use issues in an area covering parts of Berkshire and its environs as shown in Figure 1.1. The geography of the Thames Valley has a strong influence on the type and nature of travel demand in the area, and vice versa. The area is a sub-region characterised by a complexity of land uses. These individually and cumulatively influence transport conditions, and form the backdrop against which future land use and transport choices will be made. Key features of the study area are:

    A polycentric character. There is no dominant centre (Reading is the closest to it); instead there are several which together function as centres of employment and residential development. As a consequence there are several locations where current and future development is likely to take place.

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