TGD Part 4 - Europa 9 BIOCIDES USED AS PRESERVATIVES IN THE TEXTILE WET PROCESSING ... IC-13 Textile processing industry: Assessment

  • View
    216

  • Download
    4

Embed Size (px)

Text of TGD Part 4 - Europa 9 BIOCIDES USED AS PRESERVATIVES IN THE TEXTILE WET PROCESSING ... IC-13...

  • on Risk Assessment

    Commission Regulation (EC) No 1488/94 on Risk Assessment for existing substances

    Commission Directive 93/67/EEC on Risk Assessment for new notified substances

    in support of

    TGD

    Part IV

    Institute for Health and Consumer Protection

    European Chemicals Bureau

    Technical Guidance Document

    Directive 98/8/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the placing of biocidal products on the market

    V

    Part I

    EUR 20418 EN/4

    EUROPEAN COMMISSION JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE

  • European Commission

    Technical Guidance Document on Risk Assessment

    in support of

    Commission Directive 93/67/EEC on Risk Assessment

    for new notified substances

    Commission Regulation (EC) No 1488/94 on Risk Assessment

    for existing substances

    Directive 98/8/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the placing of biocidal products

    on the market

    Part IV

  • LEGAL NOTICE

    Neither the European Commission nor any person acting on behalf of the Commission is responsible for the use which might

    be made of the following information

    A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available on the Internet.

    It can be accessed through the Europa Server (http://europa.eu.int).

    European Communities, 2003 Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.

    Printed in Italy

  • FOREWORD

    I am pleased to present this Technical Guidance Document which is the result of in-depth co-operative work carried out by experts of the Member States, the Commission Services, Industry and public interest groups. This Technical Guidance Document (TGD) supports legislation on assessment of risks of chemical substances to human health and the environment. It is based on the Technical Guidance Document in support of the Commission Directive 93/67/EEC on risk assessment for new notified substances and the Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1488/94 on risk assessment for existing substances, published in 1996. This guidance was refined taking into account the experience gained when using it for risk assessments of about 100 existing substances and hundreds of new substances. Furthermore, it has been extended to address some of the needs of the Biocidal Products Directive (Directive 98/8/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council).

    Concerning Chapter 2 on Risk assessment for human health, the Exposure assessment (Assessment of workplace exposure and Consumer exposure assessment) as well as the Effects assessment were improved and refined. However, for the following sections the revision process is not yet finalised and thus, the current TGD version uses the previous text: section 2.4 on Assessment of indirect exposure via the environment and section 4 on Risk characterisation. These sections are expected to be available by the end of 2003.

    With respect to Chapter 3 on Environmental risk assessment, the Environmental exposure assessment and the Effects assessment underwent major improvements. A new chapter on Marine risk assessment was added.

    Concerning Chapter 7, five out of eight available Emission scenario documents (ESDs) were revised (IC-3 Chemical industry: Chemicals used in synthesis, IC-7 Leather processing industry; IC-8 Metal extraction industry, refining and processing industry; IC-10 Photographic industry; IC-13 Textiles processing industry). Furthermore, a document on Rubber industry (IC-15) and a number of ESDs for the Biocidal Product Types or parts thereof were added. Some of the Emission scenario documents are still subject to on-going consultation in the OECD and thus, may need to be revised at a later stage. In addition, ESDs to cover all 23 Biocidal Product Types are under development. Consequently, it is anticipated that the set of Emission scenario documents will be continuously expanding in the future.

    The White Paper outlining a future chemicals policy was adopted in February 2001 by the Commission. This TGD is therefore to be used in support of the current legislative instruments as described above until they are revoked and replaced by the future legislation implementing the White Paper.

    I hope you will agree that this TGD makes a valuable contribution to the development and harmonisation of risk assessment methodologies not only within the Community but also worldwide in the context of the activities of the Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development and the WHO/ILO International Programme on Chemical Safety.

    Ispra, April 2003

    Kees van Leeuwen Director Institute for Health and Consumer Protection

    III

  • OVERVIEW

    This Technical Guidance Document is presented in four separate, easily manageable parts.

    PART I

    Chapter 1 General Introduction

    Chapter 2 Risk Assessment for Human Health

    PART II

    Chapter 3 Environmental Risk Assessment

    PART III

    Chapter 4 Use of (Quantitative) Structure Activity Relationships

    ((Q)SARs)

    Chapter 5 Use Categories

    Chapter 6 Risk Assessment Report Format

    PART IV

    Chapter 7 Emission Scenario Documents

    V

  • Chapter 7

    EMISSION SCENARIO DOCUMENTS

  • CONTENTS

    IC-3 CHEMICAL INDUSTRY: CHEMICALS USED IN SYNTHESIS......................................................... 7

    IC-5 PERSONAL/DOMESTIC AND IC-6 PUBLIC DOMAIN ....................................................................... 21

    IC-7 LEATHER PROCESSING INDUSTRY.................................................................................................... 29 BPT 9 BIOCIDES USED AS PRESERVATIVES ............................................................................................. 29

    IC-8 METAL EXTRACTION INDUSTRY, REFINING AND PROCESSING INDUSTRY........................ 57

    IC-10 PHOTOGRAPHIC INDUSTRY ............................................................................................................... 83

    IC-12 PULP, PAPER AND BOARD INDUSTRY ............................................................................................. 115

    IC-13 TEXTILE PROCESSING INDUSTRY.................................................................................................... 131 BPT 9 BIOCIDES USED AS PRESERVATIVES IN THE TEXTILE WET PROCESSING ....................... 131

    IC-14 PAINTS, LACQUERS AND VARNISHES INDUSTRY........................................................................ 161

    IC-15 OTHERS: RUBBER INDUSTRY............................................................................................................. 177

    BPT 6, 7 & 9 BIOCIDES USED AS PRESERVATIVES IN VARIOUS APPLICATIONS .......................... 203

    BPT 22 EMBALMING AND TAXIDERMIST FLUIDS .................................................................................. 227

    BPT 2 PRIVATE AND PUBLIC HEALTH AREA DISINFECTANTS AND OTHER BIOCIDAL PRODUCTS........................................................................................................................................................... 243

    3

  • Preface

    This document is a collection of the Emission Scenario Documents (ESDs) that are currently available for the different industrial categories (ICs) and Biocidal Product-Types (BPTs). These ESDs have been developed by different Competent Authorities and by Industry. In most cases these documents are based on more in-depth studies of the environmental release of substances used in the different industrial categories and biocidal product-types. Some documents describe environmental releases from specific Use Categories (UCs) under an industrial category. ESDs are not available for all industrial categories and biocidal product-types; some documents are still under preparation. It is anticipated that this set of emission scenario documents will be expanded continuously in the future.

    Industrial chemicals

    For industrial chemicals nine ESDs have been developed so far:

    IC-3 Chemical industry: Chemicals used in synthesis. Assessment of the environmental release of intermediates;

    IC-5 Personal/Domestic and IC-6 Public domain: Assessment of the environmental release of soaps, fabric washing, dish cleaning and surface cleaning substances;

    IC-7 Leather processing industry: Assessment of the environmental release of chemicals from the leather processing industry;

    IC-8 Metal extraction industry, refining and processing industry: Assessment of environmental release of chemicals used in metal cutting and -forming fluids;

    IC-10 Photographic industry: Assessment of the environmental release of photochemicals;

    IC-12 Pulp, paper and board industry: Assessment of the environmental release of chemicals used in the pulp, paper and board industry;

    IC-13 Textile processing industry: Assessment of environmental release of chemicals from the textile finishing industry;

    IC- 14 Paints, lacquers and varnished industry: Assessment of environmental release of chemicals from the paints, lacquers and varnished industry;

    IC-15 Others: Rubber industry. Assessment of environmental release of chemicals in the rubber industry.

    It has been agreed that the OECD Exposure Assessment Task Force reviews the emission scenario documents for industrial chemicals. However, not all of the new or updated ESDs have gone through this process. They are already included in this version of the Technical Guidance Document (TGD) to make the information available for use in the EU risk assessments. If necessary they will be adapted in the