TEXTILE TECHNOLOGY - technology is the study of textile production , processing and its capability for the use of ... Fabric manufacturing and Textile Wet Processing

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<ul><li><p>Government of KeralaDepartment of Education</p><p>State Council of Educational Research and Training (SCERT),KERALA</p><p>2016</p><p>Vocational Higher SecondaryEducation (VHSE)</p><p>TEXTILE TECHNOLOGY</p><p>Second Year</p><p>Reference Book - Teachers' Version</p></li><li><p>Foreword</p><p>Dear Teachers</p><p>This reference book (Teachers Version) is intended to serve as atransactional aid to facilitate classroom transaction and as a ready referencefor teachers of Vocational Higher Secondary Schools. It offers someguidelines for the transaction of the course content and for undertakingthe practical work listed in the course content. As the curriculum is activitybased, process oriented and rooted in constructivism focusing on therealisation of learning outcomes, it demands higher level proficiency anddedication on the part of teachers for effective transaction.</p><p> In the context of the Right- based approach, quality education has to beensured for all learners. The learner community of Vocational HigherSecondary Education in Kerala should be empowered by providing themwith the best education that strengthens their competences to becomeinnovative entrepreneurs who contribute to the knowledge society. Thechange of course names, modular approach adopted for the organisationof course content, work-based pedagogy and the outcome focusedassessment approach paved the way for achieving the vision of VocationalHigher Secondary Education in Kerala. The revised curriculum helps toequip the learners with multiple skills matching technological advancementsand to produce skilled workforce for meeting the demands of the emergingindustries and service sectors with national and global orientation. Therevised curriculum attempts to enhance knowledge, skills and attitudes bygiving higher priority and space for the learners to make discussions insmall groups, and activities requiring hands-on experience.The SCERT appreciates the hard work and sincere co-operation of thecontributors of this book that includes subject experts, industrialists andthe teachers of Vocational Higher Secondary Schools. The developmentof the teachers version of reference books has been a joint venture ofthe State Council of Educational Research and Training (SCERT) and theDirectorate of Vocational Higher Secondary Education.The SCERT welcomes constructive criticism and creative suggestions forthe improvement of the book.</p><p>With regards,Dr. J. Prasad</p><p>DirectorSCERT, Kerala</p></li><li><p>Vocational Higher Secondary Education in Kerala is a unique scheme of education which combines both</p><p>vocational and academic stream of education. Learning vocational skills along with conventional academic</p><p>education gives the students double advantage of vertical mobility as well as employability. It helps to</p><p>develop vocational aptitude, work culture, values and attitudes of the learner and enhances his</p><p>productivity. The vision of Vocational Higher Secondary Education in Kerala is to equip the youth with</p><p>multiple skills matching the technological advancements and to produce skilled work force for meeting the</p><p>demands of the emerging industries and service sectors with national and global orientation.</p><p>As India is emerging as a manufacturing hub to the world the demand for skilled manpower is on</p><p>the rise. Kerala, traditionally known for its high quality man power all over the world can embark on this</p><p>opportunity and equip our students with skills for the manufacturing sector and reduce the unemployment</p><p>problems of the state. The Textile technology course in VHSE is one such course from the manufacturing</p><p>sector</p><p>Textile industry is the one of the oldest industries in India. The industry basically involves the</p><p>manufacturing of various types of fabrics both natural and synthetic, production of machinery, and</p><p>planning and development of new technology. The industry has categorized three areas of work namely</p><p>research and development, manufacturing and merchandizing. It provides direct employment to 30 million</p><p>peoples. Textile technology is the study of textile production , processing and its capability for the use of</p><p>common man. It combines the principles of engineering with specific knowledge of textile equipments and</p><p>textile process. Textile technology is deals with the application of scientific and engineering principles to</p><p>the design and control of all aspects of fibre, textile and apparel process, its products and machinery. These</p><p>include natural and man made material , interaction of materials with machines , safety and health, energy</p><p>conservation ,and waste and pollution control. There is wide scope for research in this area as the industry</p><p>demands the need to improve currently available products and develop new ones.</p><p>Textiles are utilized for innumerable purposes other than manufacturing of garments. They are</p><p>used in the manufacture of carpets and furnishings like bed sheets and bed covers , quilts, table cloth,</p><p>curtains ,towels etc. it is also used rags, dusters, tents and nets, kites, parachutes etc. According o the</p><p>usage and texture textiles are classified as Apparels ,Furnishings , Technical textiles , Medical textiles, Agro</p><p>textiles and Geo textiles.</p><p>This course is now offered in modular format consisting of four modules which focus on multi skills</p><p>development. One month On The Job Training and Production cum training centers are also an integral</p><p>part of the course which gives exposure to real time work environment.</p></li><li><p>On the successful completion of this course the candidate will be able to join Textile industries as</p><p>junior level technicians / operators and are also eligible for attending advanced courses on Textile</p><p>Technology or any other courses that can be pursued after plus two science stream A few institutes</p><p>offering higher learning courses in Textile Technology are listed below.</p><p>1. Three Government polytechnics colleges in Kerala offer Diploma in Textile Technology</p><p>2. IEI offers Diploma and B. Tech. level courses similar to AMIE schemes</p><p>3. Various universities out side Kerala offer B. Tech. in Textile Technology</p><p>4. ATDC provides various Diploma Courses in Garment manufacturing Merchandizing, Pattern making etc.in</p><p>all over India</p><p>5. NIFT offers various Degree and Diploma courses related to Textile designing and Fashion Technology</p><p>Thus finally you have a wonderful opportunity to learn in demand skills with higher learning opportunities.</p><p>Come let's explore the wonderful world of Textiles</p><p>1. Job roles</p><p>Textile is one of the essential need of the human being. Textiles are present around us in clothing</p><p>materials, house hold articles, automobile, aircraft, medical products, geo textiles, and various industrial</p><p>applications. It is impossible to live without textiles. Textile industry is the largest industry in India which</p><p>offer many employment opportunities and is growing at a rate of 20 - 30% CAGR. As the per capita</p><p>consumption of textile materials in India is far below the global average, the industry will continue to show</p><p>robust growth in the next 10 - 15 years. This will create millions of job opportunities in Textile industries at</p><p>all levels.</p><p>Textile Technology course explores different Textile materials, their properties, important</p><p>application and processing to make final products.</p><p>VHSE course in Textile Technology provides the candidates with hands-on and theoretical</p><p>knowledge that prepares them for technician level jobs in the textile and allied industries. This is a great</p><p>opportunity to learn in-demand job skills.</p><p>PUBLIC SETCOR</p></li><li><p> Lab assistant</p><p> Trades man in Polytechnic Colleges</p><p> Technical assistant in Textile mills</p><p> Technical assistant in textile research organization</p><p>PRIVATE SECTOR</p><p> Skilled Technician in Textile Industry</p><p> Junior technician</p><p> Lab technician</p><p> QC inspector</p><p> Textile processing technician</p><p> Weaving machine operator</p><p>SELF EMPLOYMENT</p><p> Handloom Weaving Unit</p><p> Power loom Unit</p><p> Textile Processing Unit</p><p> Wick manufacturing Unit.</p><p> Yarn sourcing</p><p> Fabric sourcing</p><p>2. Major Skill</p><p> Warping Technician/Operator</p><p> Sizing technician/Operator</p></li><li><p> Weaving Supervisor/Technician/operator</p><p> Dye house technician/Operator</p><p> Textile Printer/Screen Printer</p><p>8. Learning outcomes of the course</p><p>After completing the course, the learner will be able to:</p><p> Understand basic Concepts in Textile technology</p><p> List the domestic and industrial uses of fibres, yarns and fabrics</p><p> Elaborate on techniques involved in manufacturing of Textile products</p><p> Know the working principles, features and components of machines used for Yarn</p><p>manufacturing, Fabric manufacturing and Textile Wet Processing</p><p> Demonstrate skill in the mixing of fibers</p><p> Understand the working principles, features and components of machines used in Yarn and</p><p>Fabric manufacture.</p><p> Demonstration skill in the working of spinning machineries.</p><p> Know the different Winding techniques</p><p> Demonstrate the skill in the manufacturing of Fabrics</p><p> Know the standards &amp; specifications of systems and products</p><p> Know the safety guidelines</p><p>9. Course structure</p><p>Module No. Module Name No. of periods</p><p>MODULE I Textile Fibers 340</p><p>MODULE II Yarn manufacture 340</p></li><li><p>MODULE III Weaving technology 340</p><p>MODULE IV Textile dyeing and printing technology 340</p><p>10. Syllabus:</p><p>Module 3 : Weaving technology</p><p>Periods: 340</p><p>Unit Name of unit Periods</p><p>1 Weaving preparatory processes: 100</p><p>2 Handloom 40</p><p>3 Power loom 140</p><p>4 Fabric structure 60</p><p>Module 4 : Textile dyeing and printing technology</p><p>Periods: 340</p><p>Unit Name of unit Periods</p><p>1 Preparatory processes for dyeing and printing 100</p><p>2 Classification of textile dyes based on water solubility: 20</p><p>3 Dye application on cotton textile 120</p><p>4 Textile printing 100</p><p>11. Learning outcomes of the units (module-wise)</p><p>Module 3</p></li><li><p>3.1 Weaving preparatory processes</p><p>Definition of weaving preparatory process</p><p>Various steps involved in preparatory process</p><p>3.1.1 Warp winding</p><p>Definition of Warp winding process</p><p>Objectives of warp winding process</p><p>Understand the working of drum driven and spindle driven warp winders</p><p>State the functions of various components of warp winding machines</p><p>Names the different types of knots employed in winding</p><p>3.1.2 Warping</p><p>Objectives of warping</p><p>Various method of warping</p><p>Differentiate beam warping and sectional warping</p><p>Various components used in warping machines and its function</p><p>Describe the working of sectional warping machine</p><p>State the limitations of sectional warping machines</p><p>3.1.3 Sizing</p><p>Objectives of sizing</p><p>List the ingredients used in the size paste</p><p>Function of each ingredients in size mixture</p><p>Sizing diagram</p><p>Suggest receipe for coarse , medium and fine cotton yarns</p><p>3.1.4 Weft winding</p><p>Objects of weft winding</p><p>Describe parts of weft winding machine</p><p>Types of Weft winding machines.</p><p>Passage of yarn through a weft winding machines</p></li><li><p>3.1.5. Drawing-in</p><p>Describe drawing-in process.</p><p>Understand the heald hooks and reed hooks</p><p>Know the calculations to find heald count.</p><p>Know the calculations to find reed count</p><p>Selection of suitable heald and reed for different types of fabrics</p><p>3.2 Handloom</p><p>3.2.1 Types of handlooms:</p><p>Frame looms</p><p>Pit looms</p><p>3.2.2 Parts of handloom:</p><p>weavers beam,</p><p>Back rest,</p><p>Lease rods,</p><p>Healds,</p><p>Reed,</p><p>Shuttle box,</p><p>Side levers,</p><p>Sley,</p><p>Treadles,</p><p>Front beam</p><p>Cloth rollers and etc.</p><p>3.2.3 Sketch the passage of warp yarn through a hand loom .</p><p>Study the working of hand loom</p><p>3.2.4 Define</p><p>Design,</p><p>Draft</p></li><li><p>Peg plan</p><p>Treadiling plan</p><p>Types of designs for hand looms</p><p>Preparation of draft using minimum number of healds</p><p>Preparation of peg plan from design and draft</p><p>Marking of treadiling plan .</p><p>3.3 Power loom</p><p>3.3.1 Classification of powerlooms:</p><p>Conventional type of power loom.</p><p>Brief study of Automatic power looms</p><p>Brief knowledge about Terry looms.</p><p>3.3.2 Primary motions in power looms</p><p>1).Shedding :</p><p>Define sheds</p><p>Describe objectives of warp shedding.</p><p>Study of tappet shedding mechanism</p><p>Study of dobby shedding mechanism</p><p>Study of Jacquard shedding mechanism.</p><p>a). Various kind of sheds</p><p>Study of open shed,</p><p>Semi open shed and fully open shed</p><p>Study of closed shed</p><p>Center closed and bottom closed shed</p><p>b). Classification of shedding mechanisms</p><p>Study of negative shedding mechanisms</p><p>Study of positive shedding mechanisms</p><p>Compare positive and negative shedding mechanisms</p></li><li><p>2).Picking:</p><p>Describe objects of picking.</p><p>Study various types of picking mechanism used in power looms.</p><p>Study of :-</p><p>Various types Shuttles,</p><p>shuttle boxes,</p><p>Picking stick,</p><p>Pickers,</p><p>Picking tappets,</p><p>Study of overpicking mechanisms,</p><p>Study of underpicking mechanism.</p><p>Brief understand of shuttleless picking mechanism.</p><p>3). Beating Up</p><p>Objects of beating up motions</p><p>Study of important parts in beating up mechanism</p><p>Study of eccentricity of slay</p><p>3.3.2 Secondary Motions</p><p>1). Warp Let off motions</p><p>Objects of let off motions</p><p>Classification of let off motions</p><p>Study of negative Let-off motion-Chain lever principles</p><p>Brief study of positive let off motions</p><p>2). Takeup motions</p><p>Objects of Take up motions</p><p>Classification of Take up motions</p><p>Detailed study of seven wheel take up motions</p></li><li><p>3.3.3 Auxiliary motions</p><p>Objects of auxiliary motions</p><p>Study of :-</p><p>1.)Warp protector motions</p><p>Detailed study of loose reed motions</p><p>Detailed study of fast reed motions</p><p>2).Study of weft stop motions.</p><p>Detailed study of side weft fork motions</p><p>3).Study of warp stop motions</p><p>Detailed study of mechanical type warp stop motion- Midjet</p><p>4). Study of check strap mechanism</p><p>5).Study of shuttle boxes</p><p>6) Study of break mechanism</p><p>3.3.4 Describe timing diagram of Plain power loom.</p><p>Calculations related to production of plain power looms.</p><p>Speed calculations related to power looms</p><p>3.4 Fabric structure</p><p>3.4.1 Describe the different types of Designs</p><p>Definition of Textile Designs</p><p>Use of design/Pointed paper in Textile designing</p><p>Classification of fundamental Textile Designs</p><p>3.4.2 Study of Plain weave structure and its modifications</p><p>Characteristics of plain weave</p><p>Importance of plain weave</p><p>Modifications of plain weave:-</p></li><li><p>Decorative ornamentations</p><p>Structural ornamentations</p><p>Combination of Decorative and Structuralornamentations</p><p>Huck a Back</p><p>Honey comb</p><p>3.4.3 Study of twill weaves structure and its Classifications</p><p>Characteristics of Twill weave</p><p>Importance of motif</p><p>Types of twill weave</p><p>Left hand twill</p><p>Right hand twill</p><p>Warp faced twill</p><p>Weft faced twill</p><p>Even faced twill</p><p>High angled twill</p><p>Low angled twill</p><p>3.4.4. Modifications of twill weave</p><p>Rearranged twills</p><p>Cork screw Twill</p><p>Satins</p><p>Broken Twill</p><p>Broken and reversed</p><p>Combined twill</p><p>Wavy twill</p><p>Diamond twill</p></li><li><p>Module 4</p><p>4.1 Pre treatments for dyeing and printing</p><p>4.1.1 Describe the objects of grey fabric Desizing process.</p><p>Study the various methods of desizing.</p><p>4.1.2 Describe the objects grey fabric/yarn scouring process</p><p>Study the various methods of scouring .</p><p>Study of chemicals used for scouring.</p><p>Brief Study of machineries used for scouring</p><p>4.1.3 Describe the objects of grey fabric/yarn bleaching process</p><p>Study the various classification of bleaching agents.</p><p>Study the various methods of bleaching .</p><p>4.2 Classification of Textile Dyes based on water solubility</p><p>4.2.1 Describe the characteristic properties of soluble dyes</p><p>4.2.2 Describe the characteristic properties of Insoluble dyes</p><p>4.3 Application of dyes on cotton Textiles</p><p>4.3.1 Study of...</p></li></ul>

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