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1 teori & sejarah desain arsitektur 1 4a setiadi sopandi 2.1 geometri (dan struktur) sebagai (dasar) pembentuk ruang arsitektur arsitektur romanesk middle ages from the fall of roman empire 5 th century to early modern/ renaissance period 16 th century early middle ages (3 rd -10 th century) the rise of christianity “migration period” – wandering invading “barbarians” gradual rejection of classical antiquity abolition of republic rising monarchy “germanization” – “barbarianization” the rise of islam the disruption of mediteranean & land trade routes western & eastern roman empire pre-romanesque, early christian, carolingian, merovingian, ottonian, asturian architecture byzantine architecture high middle ages (10 th -13 th century) german empire - holy roman empire robust population increase powerful roman catholic church & the crusades romanesque & gothic cathedral architecture scholasticism & monasticism the great famine the black death late middle ages (13 th -15 th century) the great schism (the fall of catholic church) renewed interest in classical antiquity the capture of constantinople by ottoman age of exploration (america, india, africa) early global/ colonial economy ~ merchant class rising urbanisation humanism gothic architecture

Teori & Sejarah Desain Arsitektur 1

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Text of Teori & Sejarah Desain Arsitektur 1

teori & sejarah desain arsitektur 1

2.1 geometri (dan struktur) sebagai (dasar) pembentuk ruang arsitektur

4aarsitektur romanesk

setiadi sopandi

middle agesfrom the fall of roman empire 5th century

to early modern/ renaissance period 16th century

early middle ages (3rd-10th century) the rise of christianity migration period wandering invading barbarians gradual rejection of classical antiquity abolition of republic rising monarchy germanization barbarianization the rise of islam the disruption of mediteranean & land trade routes western & eastern roman empire pre-romanesque, early christian, carolingian, merovingian, ottonian, asturian architecture byzantine architecture high middle ages (10th-13th century) german empire - holy roman empire robust population increase powerful roman catholic church & the crusades romanesque & gothic cathedral architecture scholasticism & monasticism the great famine the black death late middle ages (13th-15th century) the great schism (the fall of catholic church) renewed interest in classical antiquity the capture of constantinople by ottoman age of exploration (america, india, africa) early global/ colonial economy ~ merchant class rising urbanisation humanism gothic architecture

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the rise of christianity 0 4th century

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early christian symbolismichtus as secret code

catacombs

christian symbolism during constantine

greek inscription x = chi p = rho kris-tos pax pax romana

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marble sacred cross knossos, crete

coptic cross symbolizes the four nails used in christ crucifixion

emperor diocletian split roman empire in 285 ankh egyptian symbol of life constantine caesar converted into christian in 313 constantine refounded byzantium as constantinople in 330

used in christian context as crux ansata (handled cross)

4th century

western roman empire rome

eastern roman empire constantinople

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the cross

latin crosscrux ordinaria

greek cross4th century

western roman empire rome

eastern roman empire constantinople

latin crosscrux ordinaria

western roman empire rome

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romanesque architecture9th 13th century chancel altar

karl agung/ charles/ charlemagne crowned in 25 dec 800 by pope leo III holy roman empire to re-established old western roman empire aachen as the capital transept crossing transept

monasticism monasteries as living communities monasteries as seats of power sometimes had bodies of secular clergy nave

feudalism & the crusades building and re-building of churches saints pilgrimage

apseabsis apsis arch vault semicircular recess covered with hemispherical vault often in raised platform covering the sanctuary subsidiary apses with altar/ throne function as tribunes/ focus of iconography

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navenavis (latin) naval ship central approach to the altar

apse

altar nave

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developments

apse

apse apse transept apse

nave nave aisle aisle

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apse

transept

nave aisle aisle

eastern apse secondary apses apse secondary apses apsidioles

developments

ambulatory

choir/ quire choir/ quire

towers

western apse

developments

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developments

western apse

eastern apse

developments bell tower chancel cancelli (latin) ~ lattice restricted to priests open to choir

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secondary apse

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general characteristics contained sombre weighty strong

general characteristics contained sombre weighty strong

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senanque abbey 1148 provence, france

senanque abbey

senanque abbey

fleche

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monastery of st. gall, 820, switzerland

angouleme cathedral, st. pierre vaulting evolution ~ spatial development

barrel vault

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vaulting evolution ~ spatial development

barrel vault

barrel vault

barrel vault

barrel vault

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bentuk denah salib latin pokoknya berkembang di eropa barat!

dicatat selanjutnya dalam sejarah sebagai arsitektur romanik (romanesque), lalu berkembang sebagai arsitektur gotik (gothic) (kuliah selanjutnya)

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