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TEMA 5: AL-ANDALUS. LESSON 5: AL-ANDALUS. - · PDF file1/2/2016 · Session 1: Al-Andalus political history. The Taifas 1031-1147. In 1031, Caliphate disappeared because of internal

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  • TEMA 5: AL-ANDALUS. LESSON 5: AL-ANDALUS.

    Profesor. Don Antonio Miguel Martn Ponce. IES Lauretum.

    Espartinas (Sevilla)

  • Session 0: Andalusian cultural heritage.

    La Giralda s. XII. (Sevilla)

    Mosque Koutubia. S.XII d.C

    (Morocco)

  • Session 0: Andalusian cultural heritage.

    Typical Arabs sweetsAndalusian Geometrical decoration.

  • Session 0: Andalusian cultural heritage.

    Spanish words

    az-zaytna , al-hanbal

    al-kul in sha'a Allah)

    sukkar. al-mahzan

    al-mukkadha Arabic and latin

    words.

  • Session 1: What was Al-Andalus?

    Visigoth kingdom in 700. Before Islam came to Iberian Peninsula, the ancient Visigoth Kingdom

    was. Visigoths kings had too many problems to rule, due to the will of the different nobles that intended to take the power.

    So, Civil war was unavoidable.

    Witizas family asked the muslims in North Africa for help. The governor of this

    region, Musa, and his general Tariq, took their troops across the sea to Iberian

    Peninsula and defeated King Rodrigo at Batalla de Guadalete.

    Muslims conquered nearly all the Peninsula and called it Al-Andalus. Just a few northern territories remained under

    christian authority.

  • Session 1: Al-Andalus political history.

    Damascus Emirate 711-756.

    Al-Andalus was ruled by agovernor o emir, under the

    Ummayad Caliphate of Damascus.

    During this period, Muslims found little resistance from the Visigoths. Just a few of them still fought in the

    North. Pelagius and his men matched muslims forces in

    Covadonga (722), stopping Islams advance through peninsula.

  • Session 1: Al-Andalus political history.

    Cordoba Emirate

    In the 750, Ummayad family was assasinated. Just one of them survived and fled to Al-

    Andalus. His name was Abd-Al-Rahman. Supported by his

    loyals, arrived to Peninsula and defeated emirs forces. In 756, Abd-Al-Rahman

    became Emir of Cordoba. Although he obeyed religious

    authority from Caliph, he remained politically

    independent.

  • Session 1: Al-Andalus political history.

    The Caliphate of Cordoba 929-1031. Despite revolts and Christian

    attacks, Abd-Al-Rahman III inherited the throne in 912.

    He proclaimed himself as Caliph. He managed spiritual and political

    powers. As a result, Cordoba became independent from

    Bagdads authority, competing with the Abbasid caliph.

    During the Caliphate, Cordoba got stronger and powerful. Hisham II

    became Caliph after Abd-Al-Rahman II death. Under his rule,

    his general Al-Mansur attacked and defeated Christian kingdoms.

    Caliphate of Cordoba was the most brilliant period in Al-Andalus

    history. It ended because of civil wars at the beginning of the 11th

    century.

  • Session 1: Al-Andalus political history.

    The Taifas 1031-1147.

    In 1031, Caliphate disappeared because of internal revolts and

    divided into taifas or small kingdoms. The most important

    were Seville, Toledo, Zaragoza or Badajoz.

    Nonetheless, they were an easy prey for Christian kingdoms that

    raided taifas very often. Taifas had to pay taxes called parias for

    surviving. When Toledo was conquered by

    Castilla, the rest of Taifas asked for help to Almoravids.

  • Session 1: Al-Andalus political history.

    Due to the Taifas weakness, tribes from North Africa came to Al-Andalus. These tribes invaded Al-Andalus and continued

    fighting against the Christian Kingdoms. Finally, a Christian force was mustered by Alfonso VIII, king of

    Castilla, and defeated Almohads in Las Navas de Tolosa (1212). It meant the beginning of the End for Islam in Spain.

    Granada remained as the remnant of ancient Al-Andalus glory.Almoravids and

    Almohads. 1147-1212

  • Session 1: Al-Andalus political history.

    The kingdom of Granada became the last muslim territory on the Iberian Peninsula. It covered provinces of Malaga, Almeria,

    Granada and eastern part of Cadiz. It was governed by Nasr family.

    For surviving as a kingdom, Granada became a vassal of

    Castilla. However, Castilla and Granada were in war during two

    centuries, until Catholic Monarchs conquered the city in 1492.

    The Nasrid kingdom of Granada 1248-1492

  • SUMMARIZING

    1) Where did the Muslims enter the Iberian Peninsula? 2) Where did they go after that? Which cities did they go through? 3) Which territories were occupied by Al-Andalus during the Caliphate?. 4) Who lived in the north of the Iberian Peninsula? 5) Fill the gaps: ________________ is the Arabic name for the Iberian Peninsula under

    muslim occupation. The History of Al-Andalus dates from _______ when Tariqs troops landed in the peninsula, to ________, when the Catholic Monarchs defeated the Kingdom of Grana.

    ACTIVITIES

  • DESARROLLO COMPETENCIAS BSICAS.

    LINGSTICA Dictados - Realizacin Actividades - Pruebas Orales y Escritas.

    MATEMTICA Era Islmica - Era Cristiana

    INFORMACIN Y COMPETENCIA DIGITAL Anlisis de recursos grficos empleados.

    CULTURAL Y ARTSTICA Arte Islmico.

    APRENDER A APRENDER Mapas Conceptuales. Dictados.

    SOCIAL Y CIUDADANAEvolucin de hechos histricos.

    Comparativas tiempos histricos - actuales. Modos de vida y econmicos histricos.

    AUTONOMA E INICIATIVA PERSONAL Realizacin Actividades - Actividades de Ampliacin.

    INTERACCIN MUNDO FSICO Mapas Histricos - Geogrficos. Comparativa

  • RECURSOS EMPLEADOS - AGRADECIMIENTOS

    VV.AA Ciencias Sociales 2 ESO. Proyecto nfora Oxford Educacin. 2008. Estella.

    Wikipedia.

    VV.AA Historia del Arte. 2 Bachillerato. Vicens-Vives. 2011. Barcelona.

    Buscador Google.

    Fichas Historia El Mundo.