Technical requisites

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Text of Technical requisites

  • 1Technical RequisitesPantelis Charalambides wsa 5

  • Technical Requisites _ Pantelis Charalambides WSA 5

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    Contents

    Introduction...................................................................................................3-5

    Social/Urban Strategy................................................................................6-8

    Accessibility.................................................................................................9-10

    Fire Safety Strategy.................................................................................11-12

    Spatial Organization Startegy.............................................................13-15

    Low Carbon Strategy.............................................................................16-23

    Material Strategy......................................................................................24-26

    Structural Strategy................................................................................27- 34

    Environmental Strategy........................................................................35-44

    Lighting Studies......................................................................................45-54

    Tectonics/Architetcural Experience..................................................55-57

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    Introduction:

    Thesis Title:Infuences of Cypriot Vernacular architecture on contemporary Buiding Design.During my dissertation research, the observation that contemporary buildings in Cyprus neglect their context in a variety of aspects such as historical, social, environmental and technical emerged. As a result, this has yielded architecture which is often inappropriate for its context. The thesis behind my project is to use principles of Cypriot vernacular traditions in a building that will respond to its histori-cal, social and environmental context uisng contemporary building technologies/techniques.

    Site & Programme: The building will be located in the historic city centre of Limassol in a prominent site facing the coast. It will be part of the newly established Cyprus University of Technology (CUT) which has set a goal to turn the historic city centre into a network of buildings that students will be able to access comfortably as pedestrians. Having pedestrianized paths on the northern and eastern sides of my site makes it a suitable choice for the wider startegy of the university which will be part of. The buildings programme will be a college for indegenous construction and material research and it aims to educate people in new construction methods of using the locally available material which is limestone.

    Introduction

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    Materials:The expensive extraction cost and the scarsity of the limestone in the recent decades has forced many local architects to stop using this material in their designs and as mentioned above this has yielded architecture which often doesnt respond to its context. However, 20% of the daily lime-stone production are by-products which are never used and stay in the quarries as infill materials. Therefore, my thesis aim is to explore ways of using the various types of limestone by-products throughout the building. The smaller crushed rocks (aggregate) will be used in the concrete mixture of the structural elements of the building such as the foundations, columns and slabs/roofs , the medium sized rocks will be used in the partition walls of the building and the bigger rocks in the perimeter walls. The two latter will be used in the form of gabion walls.

    Historical and Social Response to Vernacular Traditions:Vernacular buildings featured internal courtyards which developed as a traditional desire for locals to connect with outside during the Ottoman empire when fear and oppression prevented them from using the streets. However courtyards became an integral part of Cypriot architecture even after the Ottoman rule as their use had proven to be beneficial in other apsects such as social inter-action. They became the meeting places for socializing between the inhabbitants of a settlement and they were in constantly in shade something important given the hot climate of the island. Like in vernacular buildings, the project will feature a series courtyards which will reflect the rich context of the site. One of them will reflect the architectural heritage of the city centre another the sea and another the urban park opposite the site.

    Introduction

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    Introduction

    Environmental Reponse to Vernacular Traditions:These courtyards will be constantly in shade (9:00-17:00) during the three summer months (1st June- 31st of August). The arrangement of the different canopies (one canopy corresponds to each time of the day) will be positioned at various heights which are analogus to sun angles of each time of the day during the summer period. The use of different heights of canopies also make the link between sun geometry and roof geometry very evident for the inhabbitants when they experience the building.

    Vernacular Dwelling Environmental Analysis

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    Social/Urban Strategy

    Social Issues: Efficiency of Land UsePlan: The fact that the historic city centre is densely-built was a determinant factor to the design strategy of using internal courtyards. This allowed for the building to use the whole footprint of the site in plan providing a very efficient use of the prominent site leaving no wasted spaces.

    Section: In section the building respects the existing density with the majority of the buildings being 2-4 storeys. The highest point of the building reaches 13.5 metres.

    Site Strategy Experimentation: Maximisation of Land Use

    3.5-4 storeys

    6-6.5 storeys

    3.5 storeys 3.5 storeys

    3.5 st.2 st.

    3.5 storeys

    3.5 storeys

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    Social/Urban Strategy

    Social Issues: Enhancing The Pedestrianized RealmThe entrance courtyard opens up into the eastern pedestrianized street. The courtyrad is intention-ally pushed right onto the north-eastern edge of the site to connect with the pedestrianized street. The fact that the cafe opens up into the the entrance courtyard also encourages public/non-stu-dents to use the cafe of the building enhancing the pedestrinized public life of the area.The existing bike racks on the northern side of the site allows easy and safe access to the bicycle users to access the building.

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    Social/Urban Strategy

    Social Issues: Links to public Transport

    Situated on one of the busiest roads in the city the building is very well connected with the public means of transport. This ensures that the building is connected and easily accessible for students outside the city.

    Bus Routes of the City

    Central Bus Station

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    Accessibility

    Access for all:

    Flat, Pedestrianized access:The building is istuated in flat site avoiding the use of any stairs/steps to access it and it was part of my strategy to keep it accessible for disabled by keeping the access to the building flat. Moreover the site features a large parking lot right next to it that belongs to the government in which disabled parking spaces are allocated.

    secondary entrance

    parking

    universitybuildings

    mainentrance

    entrance courtyard

    Pedestrianroute

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    Access for all: WIthin the building there are a number of ways that the disabled access has been thought during the design process: 1) width of doors : minimum 1000mm2) width of circulation spaces: minimum 18003) provision of lift: car size1200x1500mm

    4) disbaled sanitary provisions on all floors

    Accessibility

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    Fire Safety Strategy

    Fire Safety:The building features two fire- protected staircases which increases the travel distances to reach the escape routes to 45o each. Each of the staircases have clear width of 1100 mm. The staircase which wraps around a lift is enclosed in a fire protected route to avoid spread of fire between floors from the lift shaft. all the fire protected routes are signaled and lit with appropriate equipment.The firefighting staircase is accessible from the street for easy access to the fire brigade. Both limestone and concrete are highly fire resistant materialsvv. However, both of them include steel either as reinforcement or as gabion baskets. In both cases the steel will be painted with fire resistant coating.

    Means of escape:

    Fire Protected Route

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    Fire Protected Route

    Fire Safety Strategy

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    Spatial Organisation Strategies

    Organogram: The activities are separated into two types: The practical activities on ground floor and the theoretical activities on the first floor:

    Firs

    t Flo

    orG

    roun

    d Fl

    oor

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    Organisation in plan: The three courtyards where key to the spatial organisation in plan. The activities such as the workshop on ground floor and the tutors offices and the teaching spaces on the first floor look into the architectural heritage cour