Team Building and Team Work.pptx

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Team Building and Team Work

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Team Building and Teamwork

Team Building and Team Work

It's possible to achieve almost anything as long as you are not worried about who gets the credit.~ Harry S. TrumanHaldia RefineryIgniting Minds... Energizing Lives

Team Building and Team Work

"We are going to build a team". Replace the word "team" with the word "house" or any other noun that can be built and will take more than just a few minutes and most sensible people will want to adopt a structured approach. The same goes for successful team building.Haldia RefineryIgniting Minds... Energizing Lives

Team Building and Team Work

Haldia RefineryIgniting Minds... Energizing Lives

Team Building and Team Work

Haldia RefineryIgniting Minds... Energizing Lives

Team Building and Team Work

Haldia RefineryIgniting Minds... Energizing Lives

Team Building and Team WorkWhat is a Team? A Team comprises a group of people linked in a common purpose. Teams are especially appropriate for conducting tasks that are high in complexity and have many interdependent subtasks. Here are some terms that are often used to describe 'a team'. Which ones do you think define what a team is?Haldia RefineryIgniting Minds... Energizing Lives

Team Building and Team WorkA group of people Whole > Sum Working together Synergy Co-operation Reporting to one boss Having one aim Flexibility Serving one customer

Some of these terms are features of good teams. For example, 'whole > sum' is a feature of a team that is working well together - but there are some teams whose collective performance falls short of what you might expect given the quality of individuals.

Haldia RefineryIgniting Minds... Energizing Lives

Team Building and Team WorkThe term 'reporting to one boss' can be a misleading one. In a well-designed organisational structure, people reporting to one boss do often form a team. But reporting lines are frequently designed within the constraints of grading structures.

In reality, team structures are often complicated, and people can be members of several teams, because a team is a group of people working together towards a common goal.Haldia RefineryIgniting Minds... Energizing Lives

Team Building and Team Work

Haldia RefineryIgniting Minds... Energizing Lives

Team Building and Team Work Team Vs. Group

Team vs. Group

A group consists of any number of people who interact with one another, are psychologically aware of one another, and think of themselves as a group. A team is a group whose members influence one another toward the accomplishment of an organizational objective(s).Haldia RefineryIgniting Minds... Energizing Lives

Team Building and Team WorkA group in itself does not necessarily constitute a team. Teams normally have members with complementary skills and generate synergy through a coordinated effort which allows each member to maximise his/her strengths and minimise his/her weaknesses. Team members need to learn how to help one another, help other team members realize their true potential, and create an environment that allows everyone to go beyond their limitations.

Haldia RefineryIgniting Minds... Energizing Lives

Team Building and Team WorkNot all groups in organizations are teams, but all teams are groups. The difference between a team and a group is that a team is interdependent for overall performance. A group qualifies as a team only if its members focus on helping one another to accomplish organizational objectives. In today's quickly changing business environment, teams have emerged as a requirement for business success. Therefore you should constantly try to help groups become teams and facilitate the evolution of groups into teams.

Haldia RefineryIgniting Minds... Energizing Lives

Team Building and Team WorkFrom Groups to Teams Groups develop into teams in four stages. The four stages are: dependency and inclusion, counter dependency and fighting, trust and structure, and work. In the first stage, group development is characterized by members' dependency on the designated leader. In the second stage, the group seeks to free itself from its dependence on the leader and groups have conflicts about goals and procedures. In the third stage, the group manages to work through the conflicts. And in the last stage, groups focus on team productivity.Haldia RefineryIgniting Minds... Energizing Lives

Team Building and Team Work

Teamwork is an action performed by a team towards a common goal. A team consists of more than one person, each of whom typically has different responsibilities. A team also includes seven common elements: 1. common purpose; 2. interdependence; 3. clear roles and contributions; 4. satisfaction from mutual working; 5. mutual and individual accountability; 6. realization of synergies; and 7. empowerment.

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Team Building and Team WorkTeam Size, Composition, and FormationTeam size and composition affect the team processes and outcomes. The optimal size (and composition) of teams is debated and will vary depending on the task at hand. At least one study of problem-solving in groups showed an optimal size of groups at four members. Other works estimate the optimal size between 5-12 members. Research shows that he optimum team size is 8 roles plus a specialist as needed. Fewer than 5 members results in decreased perspectives and diminished creativity. Membership in excess of 12 results in increased conflict and greater potential of sub-groups forming.Haldia RefineryIgniting Minds... Energizing Lives

Team Building and Team WorkDavid Cooperrider suggests that the larger the group, the better. This is because a larger group is able to address concerns of the whole system. So while a large team may be ineffective at performing a given task, Cooperider says that the relevance of that task should be considered, because determining whether the team is effective first requires identifying what needs to be accomplished. Regarding composition, all teams will have an element of homogeneity and heterogeneity. The more homogeneous the group, the more cohesive it will be. The more heterogeneous the group, the greater the differences in perspective and increased potential for creativity, but also the greater potential for conflict.

Team members normally have different roles, like team leader and agents. Large teams can divide into sub-teams according to need.Many teams go through a life-cycle of stagessuch as: forming, storming, norming, performing and adjourning. Haldia RefineryIgniting Minds... Energizing Lives

Team Building and Team Work Types of teams

Independent and interdependent teams A Rugby Team Football Team Cricket Team Hockey Team Relay race Team Interdependent team: No significant task can be accomplished without the help and cooperation of any of the members. Within the team members typically specialize in different tasks (running the ball, goal kicking & scrum feeding). The success of every individual is inextricably bound to the success of the whole team. No rugby player, no matter how talented, has ever won a game by playing alone.Haldia RefineryIgniting Minds... Energizing Lives

Team Building and Team WorkIndependent team: Chess Carom Badminton Matches are played and won, or points are scored, by individuals or partners. Every person performs basically the same actions. How one player performs has no direct effect on the performance of the next player. Self-managed teams Normally, a manager acts as the team leader and is responsible for defining the goals, methods, and functioning of the team. However, inter-dependencies and conflicts between different parts of an organisation may not be best addressed by hierarchical models of control. Self-managed teams use clear boundaries to create the freedom and responsibility to accomplish tasks in an efficient manner.Haldia RefineryIgniting Minds... Energizing Lives

Team Building and Team WorkThe main idea of the self-managed team is that the leader does not operate with positional authority. In a traditional management role, the manager is responsible for providing instruction, conducting communication, developing plans, giving orders, and disciplining and rewarding employees, and making decisions by virtue of his or her position. In the new age organisational model, the manager delegates specific responsibility and decision-making authority to the team itself, in the hope that the group will make better decisions than any individual. Neither a manager nor the team leader makes independent decisions in the delegated responsibility area. Decisions are typically made by consensus in successful selfmanaged teams. The team as a whole is accountable for the outcome of its decisions and actions.Haldia RefineryIgniting Minds... Energizing Lives

Team Building and Team Work

Self-managed teams operate in many organisations to manage complex projects involving research, design, process improvement, and even systemic issue resolution. Self-managed teams may be interdependent or independent. Of course, merely calling a group of people a self-managed team does not make them either a team or self-managed. As a self-managed team develops successfully, more and more areas of responsibility can be delegated, and the team members can come to rely on each other in a meaningful way.

Haldia RefineryIgniting Minds... Energizing Lives

Team Building and Team Work

In self-managed teams it is vital that the manager sets expectations for his/her employees. Expectations allow individuals to understand the managers evaluation process in addition to holding employees accountable to certain tasks. If it becomes routine that an employees tasks are unfulfill