Teaching the Holocaust & Genocide

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Teaching the Holocaust & Genocide. Incomprehensible. Human Reason and Science. Can people ever live together with people of other cultures and persuasions?. Knowledge Quiz:. 1. Was Hitlerpart Jewish? 2. What did the Jews do to bring on what happened to them? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Crossing the Line

Teaching the Holocaust & Genocide

IncomprehensibleHuman Reason and ScienceCan people ever live together with people of other cultures and persuasions?Knowledge Quiz:1. Was Hitlerpart Jewish?

2. What did the Jews do to bring on what happened to them?

3. Who else besides Jews did the regime go after?

4.What were the two main methods of mass murder used by the Nazis?

5. What groups/social categories besides victims were involved in the Holocaust?Why them? T4, pol, rome, pole, gay, jehov5Reich War Against The Jews

More than 2,000 anti-Jewish measures were put into effect in Germany under Nazi rule.

Small steps over years

Estimate 10 years/200 per yearslow gradual steps6FOUR PART PROCESS TO SOLVE THE JEWISH QUESTION1. Definition: 1920s -1935 Define a Jew (legal and propaganda)Expropriation: Transfer Wealth: 1933 1945Aryanize the economy (in Germany)Steal their possessions Use their slave laborSegregation: Social and Geographic: 1935-1945 Race Mixing and Segregation Laws Identify and Isolate the VictimsConcentrate them into Ghettos4. Extermination: 1941-1945Einsatzgruppen, mobile killing unitsKilling Center Concentration CampsExercise 1: How do you take a societytechnologically advancedworld power with coloniesindustrializedliberaltolerant of diversitya cosmopolitan western civilizationwith a highly educated population

And turn it pretty quickly into one poised to discriminate, cheat, rob, humiliate and murder hundreds of thousands of its citizens?Freud, Marx, Einstein -- opposite of US -- +,-, prop, fear, power, jobs, slow steps, control media8Who Was Involved in the Holocaust: The Perpetrators

Different Levels of PerpetratorsTop Level Leaders- political power, policy makers, initiators, true believers (Hitler, Himmler, Reinhard Heydrich, Goring, Goebbels, etc.)

Front Line Killers the ordinary men who did the murdering

Accomplices - Support bureaucrats & businessmen

Bystanders silent or indifferent Whats important here for teaching?Lawyer, judges, civil servants, business men10Why Did They Do It?Was it Biology?????Personality?????Society?????11Anti-Semiism/HatePropagandaIn-group vs. Out-groupWar and patriotismMilitary cultureCareer advancementPeer pressure/conformityObedience/ following ordersSocial normsAlcoholGreed

Not personality or mental illnessMilgram, Zimbardo, Eye of the Storm --exercise 212Holocaust is time of

hatred

and

avarice!!!Transfer of resources13STANLEY MILGRAM QUOTE"The social psychology of this century reveals a major lesson: often it is not so much the kind of person a man is as the kind of situation in which he finds himself that determines how he will act." (1974) Ethical Issue Where is the line that you wont cross?

What are your values?

Do you have a choice?

We all lie, violate norms and rules, but where wont we go?15Who Was Involved in the Holocaust: The Bystanders

What did they see?17DiscriminationSpeechesLots of restricting lawsBook burnings, boycottsLoosing their jobsPossessions taken awayBeing marched awayWearing the yellow starBeing harassedEmpty homesGhettoes in the town, village, cityNearby concentration camps

Being shot into mass gravesSlave laborers18The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing.

Edmund BurkeI swore never to be silent whenever and wherever human beings endure suffering and humiliation. We must always take sides. Neutrality helps the oppressor, never the victim. Silence encourages the tormentor, never the tormented. Elie Wiesel

Indifference, to me, is the epitome of evil. The opposite of love is not hate, it's indifference. The opposite of art is not ugliness, it's indifference. The opposite of faith is not heresy, it's indifference. And the opposite of life is not death, it's indifference. Elie Wiesel

There may be times when we are powerless to prevent injustice, but there must never be a time when we fail to protest. Elie Wiesel

He who passively accepts evil is as much involved in it as he who helps to perpetrate it. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

We will have to repent in this generation not merely for the hateful words and actions of the bad people but for the appalling silence of the good people. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

Ethical Issue Where is the line that you wont cross?

What are your values?

When do I speak out?About what do I speak out?

Who Was Involved in the Holocaust: Resisters and RescuersNever doubt that a small group of thoughtful committed people can change the world: indeed it's the only thing that ever has! - Margaret Mead

A boat used by Danish fishermen to transport Danish Jews to safety in SwedenLargeSmallScaleScale

National GroupIndividual

Categories of Rescue http://www.jfr.org/site/PageServer Rescuer info and reunion filmshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XDW_Q4TEPHc&feature=youtu.be Stranger, friend24Like ordinary men who were perpetrators, but made the more courageous choice

Why Courageous???

Ordinary individuals who made the choice to rescueIrena Sendler

Dervis Korkut

Alexander Roslan with Jacob and David GutgeltPastor Andr Trocm, wife Magda and children.

Dangerous, violate norms, neighbors, strangers25

OOtto Rasch

Ernst Szymanowski

Raoul WallenbergSempo SugiharaExercise 4 (drop)26STANLEY MILGRAM QUOTE"It may be that we are puppets--puppets controlled by the strings of society. But at least we are puppets with perception, with awareness. And perhaps our awareness is the first step to our liberation." (1974)

Ethical Issue Where is the line that you wont cross?

What are your values?

You do have a choice.

The HolocaustWhich role do you most often play? Victim, Perpetrator, Bystander, or Rescuer?Which role would you like to play?What can you do to become the person you want to be?

29Why Teach the HolocaustValues ClarificationMoral Development Gangs/ViolencePeer PressureCourageGood and EvilAnti-Hate/PrejudiceCivic Engagement (STAND http://www.standnow.org/ )Social ActionActive CitizenshipFragility of DemocracySelf WorthIdentityLeadership

History, Standards and The Other Lessons:

30

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