TCFS Environments Report: Sustainable Cities

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Text of TCFS Environments Report: Sustainable Cities

  • Simon Budiman Widjaja


  • Introduction4 Food9 Organic vs. Non-Organic Food10 Packaging and Waste28 Energy33 Water35

    Business36 Oxfam Shop37 Oxfam43 Oxfam Unwrapped46 Sustainable Business or NGO in Indonesia

    PT. Tjiwi Kimia Asia Pulp Paper49

    Table of Contents


  • Buildings55 60L Building56 Energy Efficient Building in Indonesia62

    Graha Kirana Megah (GKM) Tower Acknowlegement65 Bibliography67


  • 4

  • What is Environmentally Sustainable Development

    (ESD)? Is is the development/ progress without harming and damaging the environment and the resource base (biosphere). ESD also underlines how important it is to maintain the quality of life and the environment, and also to maintain the resource base for future generations. ESD also focuses on gaining maximum profit without harming the environment.



  • Until now, about 50% of the worlds population is living in cities and this number is increasing. However cities also requires a huge amount of energy and produce a very large amount of carbon emissions has great environmental impacts. Other than that big cities, although only occupies 2% of land can consume up to 75% of the worlds resources. One reason that many people move and live in cities is that to pursue a better quality of life, but if cities cannot have balance between how it runs and the environmental impacts this can be a bad thing. That is why cities should aim to be sustainable, as cities is where people can make a difference.


  • Map

    QVM Oxfam Shop 60L Building

    Source : Melways


  • The Queen Victoria Market is located 1.4 km North

    from Melbourne City Centre (GPO) The Oxfam Shop is located 2.2 km North from

    Melbourne City Centre (GPO) The 60L Building is located 1.9 km North from

    Melbourne City Centre (GPO)


  • Figure 2.1 Queen Victoria Market 9

  • Organic vs. Non-Organic Foods Meat Prices

    Food : Queen Victoria Market

    Hagens Biodynamic Store

    Non-Organic Meat Stalls

    Porterhouse Steak AU $ 44.80 AU $ 19.99

    Lamb Shoulder Rack AU $ 28.00 AU $ 16.00

    Rump Steak AU $ 38.00 AU $ 14.99


  • Figure 2.2 & 2.3 Porterhouse Steak at Haagens Biodynamic Store

    Haagens Biodynamic Store


  • Figure 2.4 Lamb Shoulder Rack Figure 2.5 Rump Steak 12

  • Non-Organic Meat Stalls

    Figure 2.6 Porterhouse Steak

    Figure 2.7 Lamb Racks and Rump Steak 13

  • Chicken Free Range Chicken Free Range is the practice of farming where the animals are kept in their own natural conditions, where they are free to move and not confined. The quality of life of the animals is very crucial.

    Figure 2.8 Free Range and Organic Eggs a t the Eggporium store


  • Benefit of Free Range than Cage-Fed Chicken Health Benefits Free range chicken produce eggs which have higher omega-3

    fatty acids, folic acid, beta carotene, vitamins E, A, D and B12 Free range chicken produce eggs which have lower cholesterol

    and saturated fat Free range chicken products do not contain added hormones or

    antibiotics Animal Welfare The chickens are treated humanely The chickens are not confined, free to move freely

    Landscape Chickens can eat insects and leftover crops Chickens can provide natural fertilizers


  • Grocery Stall

    Things sold : 1. Bread 2. Cereals 3. Jams 4. Dried Fruit 5. Milk and Yogurt (Dairy Products) 6. Wraps 7. Eggs


  • Figure 2.11 Muesli

    Figure 2.10 Fruit jam (cherry)

    Figure 2.9 Eggs


  • Figure 2.14 The Grocery Stall at QVM

    Figure 2.13 Food wraps

    Figure 2.12 Skim milk


  • Organic Food Stalls Fruits or

    Vegetables Price Origin

    Bananas AU $ 5.95 / kg Organic Grown in Australia

    Crimson Seedless Grapes

    AU $ 7.50 / kg Organic Grown in Australia

    Apple Fuji AU $ 6.95 / kg

    Organic Grown in Australia


  • Organic Food Stalls

    Figure 2.15 Apple Fuji Figure 2.16 Crimson Seedless Grapes

    Figure 2.17 Bananas


  • Non-Organic Food Stalls

    Fruits or Vegetables

    Price Origin

    Bananas AU $ 3.49 / kg


    Grapes AU $ 4.99 / kg Australia

    Apple Fuji AU $ 3.99 / kg Australia


  • Figure 2.18 Apple Fuji Figure 2.19 Crimson Seedless Grapes

    Figure 2.20 Bananas


  • Invita Caf The Invita Caf sells vegan, organic, and natural food. They also serve gluten-free and natural foods without using any preservatives and animal products of any kind.

    Figure 2.21, 2.22, & 2.23 The Invita Caf 23

  • Figure 2.24 & 2.25 The invita Caf


  • Benefits of Organic Food For People More nutrients Better taste Safer for babies and children Do not contain any chemicals and preservatives

    For the Environment Use safe methods Do not harm animals Do not harm the environment Good for the soil Ensures animal welfare and sustainability


  • Prices of Organic and Non-Organic Foods Organic foods is more expensive than conventional, non-organic foods.

    Why? Producing organic foods require more effort and labor The products produced is not in a very large amount, so it

    is hard to keep up with demands Higher standards for animal and environmental welfare Productivity is inneficient


  • Benefits of Locally Produced Food For People Tastes better (seasonal and fresh) Money goes to the farmers Money used to strengthen local economy

    For the Environment Use less packaging so less waste produced Minimizes food miles so less fossil fuel used and less

    greenhouse gas emission Less processed


  • Packaging and Waste Packaging for Shoppers The shoppers at QVM are provided with plastic bags as well as cornstarch bags and paper bags and wraps which are recycle-able and reuse-able, both for the shoppers and the market. The shoppers are also free to take their own bag or container. Now the QVM are going plastic bag free and most of the shops provides only paper bags as packaging.


  • Figure 2.26 Cornstarch Bag Figure 2.27 Brown Paper Bags


  • Cardboard and Polystyrene Waste These kinds materials in QVM are usually used to store fruits and vegetables on the stalls. After used these kinds of waste are collected. Some of them which are still in good conditioned are cleaned and used again. Others are recycled and reused in other ways, could be in QVM and also other places.


  • Organic Waste Organic waste such as rotten fruits and vegetables are collected separately. These kind of waste can later on be used as fertilizers.


  • Figure 2.28 Cardboard and Polystyrene waste Figure 2.29 Organic Waste


  • Energy Solar Panels One of the main source of

    energy in QVM is solar energy, by using solar panels located in the roofs of the marketplace to generate heat and electricity.

    1,328 solar panel 252,000 kilowatt hours of

    electricity / year Figure 2.30 Solar panels on the roof of QVM 33

  • Benefits of Solar Energy For People Costs less Requires little maintenance Silent Easy

    For the Environment Do not harm the environment Reduce carbon footprint Solar is a renewable source of energy, will not run out Produce no emissions


  • Water The Rainwater Harvesting Project Collecting and recycling rainwater from the roof 25% less potable water consumption

    Storm Water Quality Filters ground water run off Diversion pits separates clean water to be collected

    and contaminating organic materials to the sewers


  • Figure 3.1 The Oxfam Shop 36

  • Oxfam Shop All the goods sold at the Oxfam Shop are fair trade. Benefits of Fair Trade For People Increase the income of producers and farmers People (farmers) have greater chance to improve their quality of

    life Consumer awareness of the products that they buy Ensure fair price and good working conditions No child labor Gender equity Women are also encouraged to not only work but also take part in leadership roles and decision making

    Business : The Oxfam Shop


  • For the Environment Good environmental health and value, does not harm

    the environment Uses organic and natural methods


  • Fair Trade Products Food : Divine Chocolate with

    Chilli and Orange, 100g Origin : Ghana Price : AU $ 8.00 Ingredients Cocoa beans from Kuapa

    Kokoo cooperat ive in Ghana

    Fair trade sugar, cocoa butter, orange and chilli

    Emulsifier: Soy Lecithin (non GM), fa ir t rade Vanilla

    Figure 3.2 Divine Chocolate with Chili and Orange Source :


  • Clothing : Krama Traditional

    Khmer Scarf, Blue Grey Origin : Cambodia Price : AU $ 24.95 Materials

    100% hand-woven cotton in blue grey color

    Additional Info Unisex A symbol of Khmer heritage in

    the Angkor period. Handcrafted in rural villages Typically worn around the neck,

    as bandanas, sun towel, sarongs and to carry children or groceries

    Hand wash, do not brush and hang dry.

    160 x 50 cm

    Figure 3.3 Krama Traditional Khmer Scarf Source :


  • Interior Home Dcor : R