Tattva - Hindu Magazine for Youth

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Tattva is a monthly magazine, published by Hindu Swayamsevak Sanghs Hindu YUVA. Tattva, which means essence in Sanskrit, draws inspiration from the roots of Hindu Dharma. It aims to present inspiring aspects of ancient Hindu culture and history along with related current day issues. It is an avenue to gain a better understanding and appreciate the most ancient culture thriving on this planet. It also offers us an opportunity to share our ideas and inspire others.Since its inception, Tattva Magazine has released one printed edition each year. While this has been observed in the anniversary month of September in the past, the last printed edition fell a little later on the calendar - January. The January 2010 edition of Tattva Magazine was inaugurated on January 17 in Orlando, Florida. The ceremony took place during Hindu YUVAs National Youth Conference, in which 54 college students and young professionals participated. The inauguration ceremony was honored by the presence of chief guest Dr. Anoop Reddy of Tampa, Florida, and several other prominent well-wishers of the magazine. Two thousand copies of the magazine have been printed and will be distributed across the United States.You can download and read the anniversary edition of the magazine here. To read the online version of Tattva, visit www.hinduyuva.org/tattva

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<p>January 2010 - 3rd Anniversary Edition</p> <p>1</p> <p>Tattva - A tribute to Hindu culture</p> <p>TATTVA - A TRIBUTE TO HINDU CULTUREINTERNATIONAL MONTHLY MAGAZINE OF HINDU YUVA January 2010 - 3rd Anniversary Edition From the Editors DeskNamaste, Tattva is a monthly magazine produced by Hindu youth across the globe. It presents inspiring aspects of the rich Hindu culture along with related current day issues. Tattva was started three years ago by a few youth based in Seattle, Washington and has since evolved into a popular online magazine. In the past three years, Tattva has published over 250 articles, written by 95 different authors. The magazine attracts a readership of 2,500 each month, a number that grows with each edition. This is the third printed anniversary edition of Tattva, and we intend to distribute 2,000 copies of this edition at universities around America. This edition of Tattva is being released on International Youth Day, which is celebrated on the birthday of Swami Vivekananda, one of the earliest and most celebrated representatives of Hinduism to the West. As contemporary Hindu youth, it is now our turn to carry out this role as cultural ambassadors. Tattva helps us in this role by giving us a better understanding of the most ancient culture thriving on this planet; it also offers us an opportunity to share our ideas and inspire others. As we start this new decade, let us resolve to live up to the legacy of our ancestors and keep the timeless knowledge of Hindu Dharma flourishing on this planet. Sudharsan D., Editor tattva-editor@hinduyuva.org</p> <p>Message from Professor Ved P. NandaPresident, Hindu Swayamsevak Sangh</p> <p>It gives me great pleasure to share with you my thoughts as you proudly face the current challenges and take advantage of the opportunities presented to us. As you know, we are currently passing through a time of monumental change. On the religious and cultural front, the murmur of the clash of civilizations still reverberates. Extremism, especially in its most pernicious form of suicide bombing, presents a menacing face to humanity. Intolerance, and even hatred, shows its ugly face in many parts of the world. On the economic front, the financial crisis has left the world bewildered. On the geopolitical front, the end of the Cold War has not brought any relief from massive violations of human rights, especially in Africa. We face potentially calamitous consequences from climate change. And on top of this, Hindus in many parts of the globe face daily persecution. Bangladesh, several Caribbean countries, Malaysia, and Fiji, are the obvious examples. In the midst of it all, as Hindu youth in the US there are critical issues to face. How can we ensure that in our own lives we embody the precious values we have proudly inherited from our cultural heritage? How can we assist and support our Hindu brothers and sisters who are suffering from identity crises? It is essential to focus on keeping our own anchor strong in our essential Hindu values. It is this heritage that gives us the foundation to face the challenges. And the opportunities are enormous. The country is keen to hear the message only if we have the proper skills to articulate it and communicate it effectively. Look at how the country has embraced Yoga, Ayurveda, and meditation. And it is we who can proudly proclaim Vasudhaiv Kutumbhakum. The samskars we get from our scriptures and culture are our inspiration, which we must share with others. May the Lords blessing be on all of us!Professor Ved P. Nanda is the Thompson G. Marsh Professor of Law and Director of The International Legal Studies Program at the University of Denver College of Law. Since 1992 he has served as the John Evans University Professor, and since 1994, as Vice Provost for Internationalization at the University of Denver. He is the Sanghachalak, president, of Hindu Swayamsevak Sangh, USA. 2</p> <p>January 2010 - 3rd Anniversary Edition</p> <p>TABLE OF CONTENTSSocial Entrepreneurship A Fulfilling Summer Discovering Home in India Yuva for Sewa FAQs Lost and Found Shivaji Significance of Shivaji Birsa Munda Ayurvedic Remedies Hinduism, There is No -ism Power of Prayer Emily &amp; Malini Perspectives Indic Faiths Indo-Greco-Coptic Nexus Science in Service Good Reads Vishwa Mangal Gou Gram Yatra Tattva Team Hindu YUVA 4Social Entrepreneurship</p> <p>6 8 9 10 13 14 15 16 19 20 21 23 25 27 28 29 31 33</p> <p>For social entrepreneurs, untapped markets are people or communities in need, who have not been reached by other initiatives.</p> <p>Lost and Found ShivajiOf what use is it to fight the enemies hiding in stone forts? What of the enemies within us? Why can't I become a devotee and chant the name of the lord all the time?</p> <p>Power of PrayerPrayer is not merely a religious ritual with spiritual connotations. It offers mental peace and even physical solace.</p> <p>A Fulfilling SummerThe very first thing I noticed about everyone at the Gurukula, not just the students, was their profound contentment, unfaltering joie de vivre, and absolute graciousness.</p> <p>The views presented in Tattva are solely those of the contributors and do not reflect the views of Hindu YUVA or HSS.</p> <p>3</p> <p>Tattva - A tribute to Hindu culture</p> <p>SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIPCareer Opportunities in the Social ArenaIn the past couple of decades social entrepreneurship has become very popular and a potential career option for youth across the world. Social entrepreneurship is the work of a social entrepreneur. While entrepreneurs in the business sector identify untapped commercial markets, and gather together the resources to break into those markets for profit, social entrepreneurs use the same skills to different effects. For social entrepreneurs, untapped markets are people or communities in need, who have not been reached by other initiatives. But while they may have different goals, social and business entrepreneurs have a lot in common. They build something out of nothing. They are ambitious to achieve. They marshal resources to meet their needs. They are constantly creative. And they are not afraid to make mistakes. Rather than leaving societal needs to the government or business sectors, social entrepreneurs identify what is not working and solve the problem by changing the system, spreading the solution, and persuading the entire society to take new leaps. Social entrepreneurs are not content just to give a fish or teach how to fish. They will not rest until they have revolutionized the fishing industry. Social Enterprises: Social enterprises are businesses run by social entrepreneurs. Their aim to accomplish targets that are social and environmental as well as financial is often referred to as having a triple bottom line. Social enterprises are profit-making businesses set up to tackle a social or environmental need. They often use blended value business models that combine a revenuegenerating business with a social value-generating structure or component. Many commercial businesses would consider themselves to have social objectives, but social enterprises are distinctive because their social or environmental purpose is central to what they do. Professor Dr. Muhammad Yunus, a key proponent of the social business model, argues that capitalism is too narrowly defined. The concept of the individual as being solely focused on profit maximizing ignores other aspects of life: religious, ethical, emotional, and political. Failures of this system to address vital needs, which are commonly regarded as market failures, are actually conceptualization failures, i.e. failures to capture the essence of a human being in economic theory.</p> <p>Shobhit Mathur</p> <p>just on philanthropy, though it could be a source of funding). Social activism is not social entrepreneurship. Mahatma Gandhi was a social activist, but not a social entrepreneur. Social activists create (or attempt to create) change via indirect actions mostly by influencing others (like non-government organizations, governments, customers, etc), but the main difference is that they do not necessarily execute they are mainly influencers. Wealth is just a means to an end for social entrepreneurs. For business entrepreneurs, wealth creation is a way of measuring value creation.</p> <p>Kinari WebbFounded Health in Harmony, a project that trades healthcare to villagers in Borneo in return of their rainforest conservation labor.</p> <p>- Bill Drayton, CEO, Chair, and Founder of Ashoka One well known contemporary social entrepreneur is Dr. Muhammad Yunus, founder and manager of Grameen Bank and its growing family of social venture businesses, who was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize in 2006. The work of Yunus and Grameen echoes a theme among modern day social entrepreneurs that emphasizes the enormous synergies and benefits when business principles are unified with social ventures. What Social Entrepreneurship is Not: Nonprofits are primarily reliant on philanthropy, grants, and volunteers, but social entrepreneurs, just like business entrepreneurs, rely solely on their business model (and not</p> <p>4</p> <p>January 2010 - 3rd Anniversary EditionExample of Social Enterprise: Grameen Danone Foods Ltd., popularly known as Grameen Danone, is a social business enterprise which, since its launch in 2006, has been providing children with many of the key nutrients that are typically missing from their diet in rural Bangladesh. This is run on a No loss, No dividend basis. Grameen Danone Foods aims to reduce poverty by creating business and employment opportunities for local people, since raw materials needed for production, including milk, will be sourced locally. The companies that make up Grameen Danone Foods have agreed not to take any of the profits out of the company. Instead they will invest these for creation of new opportunities for the welfare and development of people. Hence it is called a social business enterprise. Grameen Danone Foods Ltd. produces a special yogurt called Shakti Doi from pure full cream milk that contains protein, vitamins, iron, calcium, zinc, and other micro nutrients to fulfill the nutritional requirements of children of Bangladesh and contribute in improving their health. While Shakti Doi (which means power yogurt) is primarily intended for children, it is also appropriate for adults. The price of each 80 gram cup of yogurt is only $0.05. It is an affordable price even for the poor people of Bangladesh. Social Venture Capital: Social venture capital is a form of venture capital investing that provides capital to social businesses. These investments are intended to both provide attractive returns to investors and to provide market-based solutions to social and environmental issues. Among the several firms that deploy social venture capital are the Acumen Fund and the Bill &amp; Melinda Gates Foundation. These firms identify innovative social enterprises and support them to become financially sustainable and scalable.</p> <p>Ann CottonFounder of Camfed the Campaign for Female Education an organization dedicated to eradicating poverty in Africa through education and womens empowerment.</p> <p>Conclusion: Social enterprise gives people jobs. It empowers local communities. It builds skills and capacity. It creates mechanisms of ownership. And, perhaps most importantly, it gives people a sense of control over their own destinies. For example, one social enterprise, called VisionSpring, recruits local Vision Entrepreneurs, who are trained to operate a mini franchise. These recruited entrepreneurs travel from village to village and conduct vision camps to give people eye checkups. VisionSpring has also developed a low-cost pair of reading glasses. One pair, with a case and cleaning cloth, costs between $2 and $4. Locals are trained as entrepreneurs and thus have an opportunity to earn a steady stream of income, while those with poor eyesight can correct their vision and once again earn a livelihood. Everyone benefits! If our primary motive is to lift the bottom billion out of poverty, social enterprise is a strategic and effective way forward. Kofi Annan, the former Secretary General of the United Nations, said that the social enterprise movement is founded on the principles of private initiative, entrepreneurship, and self-employment, underpinned by the values of democracy, solidarity, equality, and solidarity. *The movement] can help pave a way to a more just and inclusive economic order. Today more than ever the world needs innovative and dedicated entrepreneurs who can use their skills to create positive change. Social enterprise is a proven approach through which we can make lasting improvements in the lives of the poor, which is critical for the world, critical for the world economy, and critical for humanity. Shobhit is pursuing a career of social entrepreneurship in India.</p> <p>Bunker RoyFounded the Barefoot College in Rajasthan, India. By educating villagers, hundreds of thousands of people now have access to clean water, healthcare, employment, and education.</p> <p>5</p> <p>Tattva - A tribute to Hindu culture</p> <p>A FULFILLING SUMMERVolunteering in India and GuyanaThough this summer began with ambivalent uncertainty, it ended with contented fulfillment. Since I was given the extraordinary opportunity to dedicate the entirety of my summer volunteering in both India and Guyana through the Yuva for Sewa program, I was decidedly excited and yet a tad apprehensive about, well, everything. Could I handle the doubtless myriad issues that daily life in foreign places would entail? As my project mostly involved teaching children English (in India) and Vedic Math (in Guyana), would there be communication issues? Would I be able to reach to the children? Would they like me? I was extremely privileged to commence my sewa experience at the Maitreyi Gurukula in the village of Moorkaje, located in the south Indian state of Karnataka. The Maitreyi Gurukula is a free boarding school, funded by the Ajaya Trust, for exceptional girls between the ages of 8 and 16 and of rural or impoverished background brilliant and talented girls who would otherwise never receive the opportunity to realize their potential. Many of these girls would have been married off at a young age simply because their families could not afford to keep them, let alone give them the education their talents merit. The purpose of the school is to educate these girls so that they can go back and educate others in their villages, as well as properly educate and bring up their children with Sattvic valuesa sort of intellectual trickledown. By giving these girls a wellrounded and a holistic education, it is ensured that not only is an individ u a l b e in g helped but also the next generation has a greater chance of being raised with strong, positive morals and ethical values.</p> <p>Apurva Kaushik</p> <p>MAITREYI GURUKULAShyam Parande, Chief Coordinator of Sewa International, India, said of the Gurukula: A sprawling 100+ acres of lush green hilly forest full of cocoanut...</p>