Efficient Prediction of Dynamic Response for Flexib Multi-body Marine Structures Reza Taghipour Professor Torgeir Moan The objective is to establish models thatenableefficient and robust analysis of wave-induced motion and structural response novel marine structures. The focusis mainly on flexible and multi-body marine struc with applications in Very Large Floating Structures !ave " #onverters $%uaculture Structures and &il and 'as industry. !ave induced structural $nalysis (esults for the F&) *latform by interfacing !$+,T and $ $ /S. #omparison between the measurements 0by +alenica et. $l.1 and simulated 0in an efficient manner1 transient response of a flexible barge when it is released from a displaced condition shown in the left figure.

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  • Efficient Prediction of Dynamic Response for Flexible and Multi-body Marine Structures Reza Taghipour , Professor Torgeir MoanThe objective is to establish models that enable efficient and robust analysis of wave-induced motion and structural response for novel marine structures.

    The focus is mainly on flexible and multi-body marine structures with applications in Very Large Floating Structures, Wave Energy Converters, Aquaculture Structures and Oil and Gas industry.

    Wave induced structural Analysis Results for the FO3 Platform by interfacing WAMIT and ABAQUS.Comparison between the measurements (by Malenica et. Al.) and simulated (in an efficient manner) transient response of a flexible barge when it is released from a displaced condition shown in the left figure.

  • Structural Analysis of Ship Collision and Grounding Ph.D candidate Lin Hong, Prof. Jrgen AmdahlA brief overview of the ongoing project ScenaRisC&G: Scenario-based Approach to Risk Analysis of Ship Collision and Grounding.

    As the process of collision and grounding can be decoupled into external dynamics and internal mechanics, the focus here is placed on internal mechanics. Existing methods are summarized, and the aim is to develop a fast estimation tool with relative accuracy. Therefore, simplified analytical method is adopted.

    Simplified analytical methods for web girders in collision and grounding are developed. Two different deformation patterns have been identified, namely local denting and sliding deformation. Both the crushing force and the energy dissipation capacity are derived and verified by experiments or finite element simulations.

    Further work: develop simple tools for fast and reliable assessment of the outcome of accidental collision and grounding events which can be incorporated into decision support tools for crisis handling in emergency situations, e.g. for tankers in disabled conditions. Various types of web girders in a double hull ship midsection

  • Safety level in marine operations Sea transport Asle Natskr. Supervisor: Prof. Torgeir Moan, Co-supervisor: Per ystein Alvr, DNVInvestigate the safety level inherent in marine operations designed according to recognized rules. The project focus on safety level including the effect of human errors.

    Sea transport on ship or barge. What is the safety level incorporated in simplified motion criteria?

    Load-out / Load-in operationSea transport (picture by Umoe)

  • A Specialized FEM Prototype for Structural Analysis of a Floating Fish Cage Paul Thomassen, Prof. Bernt Leira Escape of fish due to structural collapse is a serious problem for the 20 billion NOK Norwegian fish farming industryTrial-and-error has been the dominating design method rather than scientifically based structural analysis and design.Why? A slender, floating structure is unusual, i.e. methods, results, and tools from related areas of engineering cannot be adopted directly. Approach: Investigate the hydrodynamic model.Investigate structural characteristics.Focus on fatigue design of fish cages in steel.Implement a dynamic, nonlinear time domain analysis in irregular waves.Develop a specialized FEM prototype based on an object-oriented FEM framework.

    Laboratory measurements (From Sumer, B.M.) Over: Screendunp of the base case structure. Under: grafical user interface of the prototype.

  • Frequency-domain Fatigue Analysis of Wide-band ProcessesDr. Zhen Gao; Prof. Torgeir MoanThe objective is to develop a frequency-domain method for fatigue analysis of random processes with a general wide-band power spectral density function.

    First, the method for bimodal Gaussian fatigue analysis is introduced, using the envelope of narrow-band processes.

    This method is then generalized to Gaussian processes with three or more modes.

    Finally, for a general wide-band process, a method is developed by dividing the spectrum into three segments and calculating the fatigue damage as the same as for an ideal trimodal process.

  • Vertical Wave Loads on Platform DecksObjective: To study global, vertical wave loads on platform decks in an irregular sea.

    Method of Analysis: 2-D Slamming Model (von Krmn) applied to linear, incident Gaussian sea-state for fixed, rigid deck,Extend to 3-D including Diffraction and platform motions,Time-domain simulation of forces and post-process for statistics,Compare against analytical Gaussian formulation.

    Key results sought:A probability distribution for maximum/minimum vertical force, and its durationCharacterize the response of a floating structure to deck loads and duration.Comparison against experimental data

    Possible extensions:2nd-order wave models simulation vs. analytical approach.RAVI KOTA (Supervisors: Prof. Torgeir Moan & Prof. Odd Faltinsen)

  • Effect of Reynolds Number on Forced VIV OscillationsJamison L. Szwalek, Carl M. LarsenObjective: determine effect of Re on hydrodynamic coefficients for vortex-induced vibrations

    Goal: use data to incorporate Re effects into VIV prediction codes

    Perform: experiments with five Re, ranging from 4,600 to 46,000. Examine peak response region.

    IL Test Matrix. Side ViewFront ViewCylinderTransducers and optical encodersExperimental Set-up

  • Hydrodynamic Force Identification from VIV Experiment with Slender Beams Jie Wu, Prof. Carl M. Larsen, Halvor LieThe objective is to identify hydrodynamic forces from response measurement and construct a force model.

    Identification methods based on Kalman filtering and constrained optimization.

    Validation of the methods by numerical simulations.

    Application to the rotating rig test. L: 11.34 m, Do: 0.02 m

    Undergoing research on Hanytangen test. L: 90 m, Do: 0.03 m

    Laboratory measurements (From Sumer, B.M.)

  • Valve condition and performance monitoringErlend Meland, Prof. Magnus RasmussenTail IO introduction

    The objective is to develop valve condition monitoring methodologies which can detect leakages more accurately for critical valves.

    MARINTEKs CORD project, results post analysis.

    New laboratory tests: Alternative valves and measurements, inflicted damage, frequency spectrum analysis of ultrasound.

    The Tail IO project

  • Modelling Ship Traffic From AIS DataKarl Gunnar Aarsther, Prof Torgeir MoanThe introduction of the Automatic Identification System (AIS) has, as a secondary effect, enabled mass collection of quantitative data of ship traffic in an area

    Extraction of geometric traffic features, density and quantification of variability in the traffic pattern

    The data available from the AIS system will be presented along with methods for data separation and transformation into a geometric and statistical model for ship traffic in an example area.

    Automatic Identification System Track-LinesExtracted Track Features

  • Numerical Simulation of Scour around a Marine Pipeline Muk Chen Ong, Dr. Torbjrn Utnes, Dr. Lars Erik Holmedal, Prof. Dag Myrhaug, Prof. Bjrnar PettersenThe objective is to develop a robust numerical model which is able to predict 2-D pipeline scour under the effect of current and waves respectively, and possibly, the effect of combined wave and current.

    Validation of a standard high Reynolds number k-e model for rough turbulent oscillatory flows with suspended sediments is presented.

    Numerical work using RANS with a standard high Reynolds number k-e model on flows around a smooth circular cylinder at high Re of 1x106 ~ 3.6x106, which are beyond the supercritical flow regime, is presented.

    Laboratory measurements (From Sumer, B.M.) Turbulent kinetic energy field at Re = 3.6 x106

  • Hydroelastic slamming including air pocket Bjrn Chr. Abrahamsen Supervisors: Odd Faltinsen and Torgeir Moan

    Figure 1: Experiments by Rognebakke and AllersFigure 2: Pressure-time history (Faltinsen and Rognebakke)The objective is to investigate slamming loads inside tanks when the free surface captures an air pocket (figure 1). The compressibility of the air causes an oscillatory pressure in time with small spatial variation ( figure 2)

    When these pressure oscillations governs the flow physics, scaling laws are affected. In addition the oscillatory pressure can cause important hydroelastic effects on the tank structure. These are the two main aspects of this project. A theoretical model of this phenomena is planned using a combination of the boundary element method BEM and an analytical method. For the hydroelastic problem a combination of BEM and the finite element method FEM is planned.

  • LNG Carrier by offshore terminal in shallow water Trygve Kristiansen, Prof. Odd M. FaltinsenThe objective is to investigate features associated with the operation of an LNG carrier by an offshore terminal subject to incoming waves

    Work: 2D fully nonlinear numerical wavetank based on BEM. Model tests in a wave flume. The resonant piston mode behavior of the fluid between the ship and terminal has primarily been investigated.

    Vortex shedding found to cause the discrepancy between linear theory and measurements

    Model testing of ship by terminal in shallow water subject to waves Left: Piston mode amplitude relative to forced heave amplitude. Results from simulations with and without vortex separation by an inviscid vortex tracking method compared to linear theory and experimental data. Right: Snapshot from wavetank simulation with vortex.

  • Direct Numerical Simulation of Back-ward Facing Step Couette Flow George El Khoury, Mustafa Barri, Prof. Helge I. Andersson, Prof. Bjrnar PettersenIn the present study , turbulent flow over a back-ward facing step is studied by direct numerical simulation of Navier Stokes equation at a Reynolds number 1300 based on half channel height at the inputSeparation and reattachment of turbulent flows occur in many practical engineering applications, both in internal flow systems such as combustors and channels with sudden expansion, and in external flows such as around airfoils.

  • Applications of a BEM to strongly nonlinear wave-body interaction problems Hui Sun and Prof. Odd M. FaltinsenA 2D Boundary Element Method is developed to study the strongly nonlinear wave-body interaction problem. Two applications are presented.

    The first one is the asymmetric water entry of a bow-flare ship section with heel angle. Non-viscous flow separation from knuckles or from the leeward surface can be simulated.

    The second application is to use the 2D BEM together with a 2D+t method to study the vertical loads on a planing vessel in heave or pitch motions. Then a linear stability theory is applied to predict the inception of porpoising instability.

    Water entry of a bow-flare ship section with heel angle Porposing instability analysis of a planing vessel

  • Dynamic loads on marine propellers due to intermittent ventilation

    Andrea Califano, Prof. Sverre Steen, Prof. Knut MinsaasKoushan K., Dynamics of ventilated propeller blade loading on thrustersWorld Maritime Technology Conference - WMTC'06, 2006Propeller open water diagramsSteady waves past a 2D hydrofoilThe main objective is to develop a CFD model capable to calculate the extent of propeller ventilation and the resulting forces acting on it.A short description of the activities carried out within the Rolls-Royce University Technology Center is outlined.The validation and verification CFD activities against the propeller open water tests and the steady breaking waves over a 2D hydrofoil are presented.