SUMMARY FINDINGS - DOSM SUMMARY FINDINGS PERANGKAAN PETROLEUM DAN GAS ASLI PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS

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  • 13

    SUMMARY FINDINGS

    PERANGKAAN PETROLEUM DAN GAS ASLI PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS STATISTICS

    2012

    Variables 2010 2011 Annual growth rate

    %

    Gross output (RM billion) 98.1 109.2 11.3

    Intermediate input (RM billion) 11.1 16.1 45.1

    Value added (RM billion) 87.0 93.1 7.0

    Total persons engaged (number) 12,919 13,304 3.0

    Salaries & wages (RM billion) 2.5 2.8 11.9

    Value of fixed assets (RM billion) 141.2 146.5 3.8

    Table 1 : Principal statistics of petroleum and natural gas mining industry, 2010 and 2011

    1. Introduction

    This publication presents data on the petroleum and natural gas mining industry for reference year

    2011, based on the Annual Census of Crude Oil and Natural Gas Mining Industry conducted in

    2012. Secondary data obtained from Petroliam Nasional Berhad (PETRONAS) are also presented in

    this publication.

    2. Overall performance

    The share of the petroleum and natural gas mining industry to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in

    2011, was 8.7 per cent (at constant 2005 prices), while the comparative figure in 2010 was

    9.7 per cent. The performance of the petroleum and natural gas mining industry in Malaysia for

    reference year 2011 as compared to 2010 which was obtained from the Census is shown in Table 1.

    Table 1 showed the total value of gross output in 2011 was RM109.2 billion, an increase of

    RM11.1 billion or 11.3 per cent from RM98.1 billion in 2010. The value of gross output is valued at

    ex-well unit price. The value of intermediate input also recorded an increase of 45.1 per cent in

    2011. Thus, value added, which is the difference between value of gross output and intermediate

    input, increased by RM6.1 billion or 7.0 per cent. Total employment registered an increase of

    385 employees or 3.0 per cent to record 13,304 as compared to 12,919 employees in 2010.

  • 14

    SUMMARY FINDINGS

    PERANGKAAN PETROLEUM DAN GAS ASLI PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS STATISTICS

    2012

    3. Employment

    In 2011, the petroleum and natural gas mining industry recorded a total of 13,304 employees. The

    distribution of full-time employees by category of workers and salaries & wages paid is shown in

    Table 2. The largest category of workers is managerial and professional accounted for 57.8 per cent

    (7,696 persons) of all employees in the reference year. They received the highest salaries & wages

    at RM2.2 billion, or 77.4 per cent from the total salaries & wages paid. Meanwhile, 24.7 per cent or

    3,282 were employed as technical and supervisory workers and 7.2 per cent or 958 were

    clerical and related occupations.

    Table 2 : Number of employees by category of workers, 2011

    Category of workers

    Employees Salaries & wages Average

    annual salary

    received per

    employee

    (RM) Number % (RM ’000) %

    a. Managerial and professional

    b. Technical and supervisory

    c. Clerical and related occupations

    d. General workers

    e. Production/ operative workers directly employed

    f. Production/ operative workers employed

    through labour contractors

    7,696

    3,282

    958

    327

    621

    420

    57.8

    24.7

    7.2

    2.5

    4.7

    3.2

    2,177,155

    383,171

    59,026

    16,055

    142,454

    33,756

    77.4

    13.6

    2.1

    0.6

    5.1

    1.2

    282,889

    116,749

    61,614

    49,098

    229,394

    80,371

    Total 13,304 100.0 2,811,577 100.0 211,333

    The managerial and professional category also recorded the highest average annual salary of

    RM282,889 followed by production/ operative workers directly employed (RM229,394), technical and

    supervisory (RM116,749), and production/ operative workers employed through labour contractors

    (RM80,371), as shown in Table 2.

    The value of fixed assets owned in 2011 rose to RM146.5 billion, an increase of 3.8 per cent

    compared to RM141.2 billion reported in the previous year. The largest capital expenditure incurred

    was machinery and equipment, representing 46.6 per cent of total capital expenditure in the reference

    year.

  • 15

    SUMMARY FINDINGS

    PERANGKAAN PETROLEUM DAN GAS ASLI PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS STATISTICS

    2012

    N u

    m b

    e r

    o f

    p e

    rs o

    n s

    ( %

    )

    Gender Post-graduate

    University degree/

    equivalent

    Diploma / equivalent

    STPM / equivalent

    SPM / equivalent Total

    Below SPM/ SPMV

    Male 682 4,734 1,608 1,335 1,515 10,046 172

    Female 197 1,842 588 227 379 3,258 25

    An analysis of employment by academic qualification as shown in Chart 1 indicates that the largest

    group of employees were a university degree holders or equivalent with 49.4 per cent, followed by

    diploma or equivalent, 16.5 per cent and SPM or equivalent, 14.2 percent. In terms of employment by

    gender, male employees were significantly dominant constituting 75.5 per cent (10,046 persons) of

    total employment while the remaining 24.5 per cent (3,258 employees) were females. Males

    employees also dominated the industry at every level of qualifications (Chart 1) .

    As shown above, male employees with university degree or equivalent were the highest, accounted

    for 72.0 per cent (4,734 persons) as compared with 28.0 per cent (1,842 persons) of female

    employees.

  • 16

    SUMMARY FINDINGS

    PERANGKAAN PETROLEUM DAN GAS ASLI PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS STATISTICS

    2012

    B a rr

    e l (m

    il li o

    n )

    Source : PETRONAS

    MMSCF: Million Standard Cubic Feet

    Year

    Product

    2009

    2010

    2011

    Annual percentage change

    Crude oil (million barrel) 240 233 207 (3.1) (10.7)

    Natural gas (MMSCF) 2,119 2,159

    2,165 1.9 0.3

    2010 2011

    M M

    S C

    F

    4. Production of crude oil, condensate and natural gas

    The performance of production of crude oil and natural gas for the period 2001 to 2011 is shown in

    Chart 2. Production of crude oil peaked to 279 million barrels in 2004 and dropped to

    257 (-8.0 per cent) and 243 (-5.2 per cent) million barrels in 2005 and 2006 respectively. However,

    in 2007 and 2008, production of crude oil increased by 2.4 and 1.1 per cent respectively. In 2009, it

    decreased by 4.5 per cent from 252 million barrels in 2008. In 2010 and 2011, it continued to

    decline by 3.1 per cent and 10.7 per cent respectively as compared to the previous year. On the

    other hand, production of natural gas shows a positive upward trend since 2001 and peaked in

    2008. However, in 2009 it decreased by 1.7 per cent and subsequently rose by 1.9 per cent in 2010

    to record a production of 2,159 million standard cubic feet (MMSCF). In 2011, it continued to

    increase by 0.3 per cent to record 2,165 MMSCF.

    Notes: Total production of crude oil refers to the production of crude oil and condensate, while the total production of natural gas includes associated natural gas and non-associated natural gas.

  • 17

    SUMMARY FINDINGS

    PERANGKAAN PETROLEUM DAN GAS ASLI PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS STATISTICS

    2012

    The largest import commodity in 2011 was petroleum products with a value of RM32.7 billion

    (57.7 per cent) followed by imports of crude petroleum, RM24.0 billion (42.3 per cent).

    Australia, India, Thailand and Japan were the major buyers of crude petroleum from Malaysia in

    2011. Australia was the biggest importer of crude petroleum from Malaysia with a share of

    31.4 per cent. This was followed by India (18.8 per cent), Thailand (16.6 per cent) and Japan

    (7.5 per cent), as shown in Chart 3.

    Australia

    Thailand

    India

    Other countries

    Japan

    Total : RM32.5 billion

    China

    Chart 3 : Malaysia’s exports of crude petroleum by country, 2011

    5. Exports and imports of petroleum-based products

    As shown in Table 3, exports of petroleum-based products (including re-export) in 2011 amounted to

    RM117.5 billion or 16.8 per cent of total exports in Malaysia. Liquefied natural gas was the largest

    export commodity accounted for RM52.0 billion (44.3 per cent) in 2011. Meanwhile, the exports of

    petroleum products registered a value of RM33.0 billion (28.1 per cent) and crude petroleum was

    RM32.5 billion (27.6 per cent).

    Table 3 : Exports and imports of petroleum-based products, 2011

    Product Exports (RM billion) Imports (RM billion) % %

    a. Crude petroleum

    b. Petroleum products

    c. Liquefied natural gas

    32.5

    33.0

    52.0

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