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Sub Search P.S. . How The Braves Make Their Mark. Sub Search P.S. 3 Parts Part 1 – SUB S KIM, U NDERLINE, B RACKET Part 2 – SEARCH S YMBOLS, E NUMERATION, A BBREVIATIONS, R EACH & C ONNECT, H IGHLIGHT Part 3 – P.S. P ARAPHRASE and S UMMARIZE. Part 1. S.U.B. S.U.B. . - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Sub Search P.S

SubSearch P.S.

Sub Search P.S. How The Braves Make Their Mark1Sub Search P.S.3 PartsPart 1 SUBSKIM, UNDERLINE, BRACKETPart 2 SEARCHSYMBOLS, ENUMERATION, ABBREVIATIONS, REACH & CONNECT, HIGHLIGHTPart 3 P.S.PARAPHRASE and SUMMARIZEPart 1S.U.BS.U.B. S - Skim = Speed Read a text for main ideas !U - Underline = Underline as you first-draft readB - [Brackets] = Bracket that one major idea / thesis

The SUB phase of SubSearch (PS) is the quick first draft reading that focuses on finding the main idea orthe BIG PICTURE of a text selection.

4S.U.B The Text:As we SkimUnderline[Bracket] a text

We are forcing ourselves to concentrate and seek out the very few MAIN IDEAS in the passage.

SUB-ing a text is a fast strategy that leads the reader into discovery of the main concepts !

5PracticeSkim The article Just LookingUnderline Underline the main ideasBracket The ONE major main ideaIn the March 14 issue ofSciencemagazine, chemists from Brigham Young University and The Scripps Research Institute detail a process that could reduce dependence on petroleum.The most unexpected breakthrough in the paper was that ordinary "main group" metals like thallium and lead can trigger the conversion of natural gas to liquid alcohol. The research teams saw in experiments that natural gas to alcohol conversion occurs at 180 degrees Celsius -- just a fraction of the heat needed with traditional "transition metal" catalysts (1400-1600 degrees Celsius). The BYU team was crucial in using theory to understand how and why this process works at low temperatures and under mild conditions."This is a highly novel piece of work that opens the way to upgrading of natural gas to useful chemicals with simple materials and moderate conditions," said Robert Crabtree, a chemistry professor at Yale who is familiar with the new study.The discovery comes at a time when natural gas production is booming in America -- a trend that is expected to continue for the next 30 years. The new process actually cuts out one step of the process for fuel production. Ordinarily the three main parts of raw natural gas -- methane, ethane and propane -- are separated before they are turned into fuels or other useful chemicals."Hardly anybody actually tries to do reactions on a genuine mixture that you would get from natural gas," said Daniel Ess, a BYU chemistry professor and one of the study authors. "Turns out we can just directly use the mixture of what comes out of natural gas and convert all three of them together."The potential benefits aren't limited to the production of fuel, Ess said. Many chemicals derived from natural gas, such as methanol, are also important in manufacturing."Whether you use methanol to burn as a fuel or as a chemical commodity for products, this process cuts down energy usage," Ess said.

In the March 14 issue ofSciencemagazine, chemists from Brigham Young University and The Scripps Research Institute [detail a process that could reduce dependence on petroleum.]The most unexpected breakthrough in the paper was that ordinary "main group" metals like thallium and lead can trigger the conversion of natural gas to liquid alcohol. The research teams saw in experiments that natural gas to alcohol conversion occurs at 180 degrees Celsius -- just a fraction of the heat needed with traditional "transition metal" catalysts (1400-1600 degrees Celsius). The BYU team was crucial in using theory to understand how and why this process works at low temperatures and under mild conditions."This is a highly novel piece of work that opens the way to upgrading of natural gas to useful chemicals with simple materials and moderate conditions," said Robert Crabtree, a chemistry professor at Yale who is familiar with the new study.The discovery comes at a time when natural gas production is booming in America -- a trend that is expected to continue for the next 30 years. The new process actually cuts out one step of the process for fuel production. Ordinarily the three main parts of raw natural gas -- methane, ethane and propane -- are separated before they are turned into fuels or other useful chemicals."Hardly anybody actually tries to do reactions on a genuine mixture that you would get from natural gas," said Daniel Ess, a BYU chemistry professor and one of the study authors. "Turns out we can just directly use the mixture of what comes out of natural gas and convert all three of them together."The potential benefits aren't limited to the production of fuel, Ess said. Many chemicals derived from natural gas, such as methanol, are also important in manufacturing."Whether you use methanol to burn as a fuel or as a chemical commodity for products, this process cuts down energy usage," Ess said.

PART 2SEA.RC.HS.E.A. For Deeper ReadingS stands for SYMBOLS : There are literally hundreds of SYMBOLS that can use in the margins:

An idea I agree with I LOVE this idea! Brainstorm big idea! A turnaround idea - going a different direction or I disagree thats an incorrect thought!

8S.E.A. For Deeper ReadingE stands for ENUMERATION: LISTS of facts, details, names and dates are some of the best clues an author gives his reader:The North won the Civil war for three main reasons: 1 better supplies, 2more economic power, and 3higher population in the Northern states. Number those Three Major Reasons9

S.E.A. For Deeper ReadingA stands for Abbreviations: Our students are MASTERS of abbreviation because of their skill at IM (instant messaging) and Text-Messaging.ot = off topicpu = that idea stinksFYI = for your information (an idea worth knowing)eod = end of discussion the author makes a culminating pointtmi = too much information / dont need to know all this10

S.E.A. For Deeper ReadingA stands for Abbreviations: Here are some of the most common IM and Text Message abbreviations how can students use these to SubSearch ?:o = Im shocked by this idea!>:-( = -Im annoyed with this author

: ( = Im disappointed / disagreeing: - ! = Im very bored with this text !

: ) = Im happy to see this / agreeing: - / = Im frustrated with this text ! 11The R/C is the most important!When our students React and Connect to the text, they write personal notes and emotional reactions in the margins.

The R/C phase is the most important, because it shows that the reader is truly interacting with the text. Personal comments are most memorable!

R/C is one of the ALWAYS-REQUIRED stages of SubSearch (PS). Others are optional but we ALWAYS REACT and we ALWAYS CONNECT.

12What does react-connect look like?

http://www.flickr.com/photos/cat-sidh/385649535/13H is for HIGHLIGHTHighlighting is like

Highlighting has value when it is RARE.

Too much highlighting = little learning!

After we have S.U.B.-ed and S.E.A.R.C.-ed, THEN we can pick up a highlighter and we give students a target number of highlighted sentences / phrases per passage.GOLD14is an after reading strategy so is the P.S. (paraphrase / summarize)When students can paraphrase (put information into their own words) and summarize (condense large amounts of text into smaller bites of information)

They are TRULY reading and comprehending!HIGHLIGHTING15Why Paraphrase / Summarize?According to the research of Marzano, paraphrasing and summarizing information may be the most significant strategy and skill that readers develop in school.

After finishing a full SUB-SEARCH of an article or passage, students should look back at their markings and write their own P.S. statement at the end !16

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