Stoppard, Tom - Squaring the Circle (Faber & Faber, 1984)

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Text of Stoppard, Tom - Squaring the Circle (Faber & Faber, 1984)

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    Also available from Faber Faber

    by Tom Stoppard

    UNDISCOVERED OU TRY

    (a version of Arthur Schnitzler s

    Das weite Land)

    ON TH RAZZLE

    (adapted from Johann Nestroy'sEinen Jux will er sich machen)

    TH R AL THING

    TH DOG T WAS THAT DI D

    and other plays

    FOUR PLAYS FOR RAD O

    Ar is Descending a S aircaseWhere Are They ow?

    f You're Glad ll be rank

    Alber s Bridge

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    SQUARING THECIRCLE

    BYTOM STOPPARD

    tfaber andfabeBO TON O O

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    Fir publi hed in he UK in

    Fir published in he U A inby ber & ber, I c

    39 Thompso treet

    Wi ch ter MA 01890 Tom topp r 1984

    l rights whatsoever in th s play are str ctly reserved,and a l enquir es shou d be d rected to Frase a d Dunlop

    (Scripts) . 91 Regent Street London, WlR 8RU England

    Al rights ese e No p rt o this work m y berepro uce or tr smitte i y form by y

    me s electro ic or mech ic l i clu i gphotocopyi g recor i g or by yi form tio stor ge or retriev system

    without the writte pe issio of the publisher

    except for brief p ss ges quote by reviewerPri te i the U ite t tes of Americ

    Librar of Congress Ca oging in Publica ion Da a

    topp r Tomqu ri g the circle

    Tit ePR6069 T6 6 1985 822 914ISBN 0-57 - 2538- (pbk.)

    84-28732

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    I T ODU TIO

    At the beg g of 1982, about a mont after the im sit on ofma t a law in Poland, a producer named Fred Broggersuggested t at I should write a television m about SolidarityThus beg a saga, on y moderately except ona by t esest dards which may be worth recoun ng as a example of theper ls which somet mes attend the offspring of an A glo-Amer canm r age.

    Fred started by ta ng on a professiona researcher Soon I wasi possession of tens of t ousa ds of facts about Poland but it wasfar from c ear what had to be done wi h em They t k nevery g from a summary of 6 years of Polish h sto y to t emake of Genera Jaruzelsk 's car (a BMW) Naturally, the moredeta ed the i fo at on he ore quest ons were left begging What c u was the BMW? It was green Excellent But whatcolour was the upholstery? The demand for an ever more powerfulte escope was accompan ed by t e de d for a ever moresensitive bugging device Many of Lech Wa esa s statements wereon record some of them actua ly on ta , a state of affairs wh chtempted one towards documentary reconst uct on w t out essib y of f ent

    We had a meet g in the midd e of Feb ary The utes (th swas a ef cient operation) state: The pr ncipa prob em, Tomfeels, is at we don t what happened and what was sa d Whatever he rt ays w l be taken as fact ra er tha as " ct onby h s audience un ess ere is some fo of d sclaimer or adra atic device w ch will make it clear '

    T s was beco g y n wor Docu entary c on, byde tion, is a ways da ger of seeming to claim to know more

    t a a lm maker ca ow Accurate detail mi gles wit artydetai , wi hout disti gu sh g arks, a d isto mi gles wi hgood a d bad guesses One example which we kept co g back to

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    was he charac er of General a elsk A ha me, and rhaps s l, op n on was d v ded. ome saw h m as a hard

    ner, Moscow s Man; o hers saw as a pa r o forced n oa o h ol sh so on o s ave off a o her R ss an oneWe ended o t of as a modera e recall ha h s

    d emen was ased on one concre e fac wh ch kep cropp np n he research ma er al Jar elsk , as M n s er of e ence,had once ref sed o order ol sh sold ers o re on o shworkers wo years a er, soon af er he lm con a n n h s facwas n he can, learned ha new nforma on ended o cons nhe fac ' o my h was he fear of s s ch mpondera les and

    s s ch conf s on e ween lar e spec la ons and sma l r hs( he wron ar e sk n he r h car) ha led me o he dea ofhav n a narra or w h a l dg d fallibili

    he mee n ended w h a hopef d ary da e for heransm ss on of he m ecem er, he rs an versary of

    mar al law

    n March 982 con ded o red ha wha eve we weredo n was no o n o e a ow y low recons r c on o wo ld e rrelevan whe her a par c lar mee n ook place n

    Gdansk, Radom or Ka ow ce, or who really sa d wha . he lash n ha wo d ma er o s wo ld e wha k nd or co o r of

    car ar elsk was dr v nha hen, w r we do n ? We were o n o address a

    par c lar q es on was a q es on o wh ch he who e con ce ween ol dar y and he ol sh s a e was con n ally red ced:

    was f eedom as de ned y he free rade n on ol dar yreconc a le w h soc al sm as de ned y he Eas ern E ropeanComm n s oc?

    w o e o red, My pos on s ha he wo concep s cannocoe s and are rreconc a le n an a so e sense n he sensenders ood y a lo c an or a ma hema c an a ma hema c anknows ha cer a h n s canno hap n no eca se no one hasfo nd o how o do hem eca se hey are ernal ycon ad c ory.

    he os a ar of hese eas n m ss es s hemposs y of n a c rc e n o a sq a e w h he same area.no he es on e a ed w o was he a e na a o ?

    On ca e a and o f ca era he e pressed op n ons p r r ed o

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    know the fac s and ev dent y had a thes s about f eedom andsoc a sm In an obv ous sense he was myse f On the st pa eof the sc pt I put an aste sk next to Na ato d at thebottom of the pa e exp a ned The autho Fo the next yea omo e I was ns de he m as we as outs de unt I was

    ve oed by the Ame cans But th t s o et ahead of the sto yF ed h s p ma e to nd a d ec o d he moneyThe money was ha de As me wen on the s d ec o wentoff to do someth n fo the BBC e second fo TV the th do make a featu e the fou th to make an Ame can TVb k-buste The s d ecto etu ed but now a yea had

    one by q ng r had Ame can st n s and theAme cans d dn w t The d ecto they d d wanecto numbe ve p efe ed to do some h n e se and

    d ecto s numbe s x d numbe seven seemed n e ested fo awh e but d op d ou

    Ou d ecto as t tu ned ou was wo t wa t n fo Th s

    was M ke Hod esAt va ous t mes q ng ir was o n to be medon a on n Hambu L ve He s k o a te nat ve ywhen we seemed to have m ssed the snow n Hambuve and even He s nk on numbe ess econst ct ons n

    d fe en stud os It was o n to have ots of amb ence o t waso n to be enc osed n a se es of ms t was o n to be asmmacu ate as a Ho ywo mov e o as exc t n as news ee shof om the h p; t was o n to sta n e at ona ames o t waso n to be made w th ota y u nown ac o s

    M e b ou ht n the des e Voytek who s Po sh and n ave sho t me they t k ove one of the sound sta es aP ew whe e they bu t a st c u e of s ee ant es a noff a h e ed c cu a ca on a s ee To th s hey addedback ound ats and a few a e movab e eces such as aPo sh ea e and a hu e bus of L T s space se ved as a t a st eet a d kya d he Po sh pa amen the meet nms of the Po tbu o and So da y d anywhe e e se we

    n dedThe esu t ect y exp es d the q a ed ea ty wh ch I

    had en wo n a c eat n s ce s o w eNext M ke e y dec ed he n e at ona s a and t k

    9

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    on oard Berna d H ll A ec Mc owen Roy K nnear ranM ddlemass ohn Woodv ne and a who e of s ra eBr sh ac ors

    Bes of all M ke med a ely den ed h mself w h he se fscep cal one of he doc men a y and nders ood why he

    narra or and he a hor had f sed o e her O her d rec ors hadeen worr ed ha he q rky s of he scr p mere y d s r edhe s ra h fo ard s and wondered whe her we m h no ee er off w ho hem M ke s reac on was o ask for more

    q ky s. A man af er my own hearAf er a year of s op and o had fro en he ex he h rd

    draf n l we al had a ec or Now d d ano her drafadd n a charac er who n d fferen ses per od cally n err p ed and corre ed he narra or M ke s es ed a scharac er o h o e ve d fferen charac ers e a so champ oned one of my earl es no ons ha a key mee n e weenWa esa a elsk and Arch shop G emp of wh ch a mos

    no h n was known sho ld e seen n perhaps hree d fferenvers ons A o e her and a lon las he lm was n he handsof someone who new wha he wan ed and my en h s asm for

    wh ch had almos d ed was s ddenly al ve a a nR h a he e nn n red had aken he pro ec o

    e ev s on o h who k over alon w h wha was henho h o e half he l V ro h n o herndependen prod cer e er nell w h more nves men he d e crep pwards he Br sh co pany wen o

    Amer ca look n for a pre sale deal w h NB B or rhapsone of he lar e commerc a sponsors ke Xerox who m hhave 4 o nves n o r l le show n he end qua gh ir l cos 264 661 By ha me eve h was ndo ars $8 , of wh ch were down o Me ro e a

    Me ro ed a ased n os An eles s a sma an comparedo he hree ne works he Un ed a es u has seven

    me ropo an V s a ons of s own cover n a quar er of hev ew n p c o he en re coun ry and has s a h and smoney n a e shows alk shows and ma n chance ser es. Ahese have o e so d o he o her per cen of he v ew npu c hrou h adver s n s nsors. I was hese peop e hesese ers of ra or ades and ca ood who ecome Me romed a s