SRI LANKA SOCIO - ECONOMIC DATA ?· sri lanka socio - economic data 2016 central bank of sri lanka june…

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SRI LANKA SOCIO - ECONOMIC DATA 2016CENTRAL BANK OF SRI LANKAJune 2016SRI LANKASOCIO-ECONOMICDATA 2016Vol. XXXIXCENTRAL BANK OF SRI LANKAJune 2016SRI LANKA SOCIO-ECONOMIC DATA 2016 VOL. XXXIXStatistics DepartmentCentral Bank of Sri LankaColombo, Sri Lanka.Tel. : 011-2477377Fax : 011-2477728E-mail : dst@cbsl.lkWeb site : www.cbsl.gov.lkISSN : 1391 3557June 2016Printed at the Central Bank Printing Press, 58, Sri Jayawardenepura Mawatha, Rajagiriya, Sri Lanka.Published by the Central Bank of Sri Lanka, Colombo 01, Sri Lanka iii COUNTRY PROFILE 2015 1KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2 4COUNTRY COMPARISONS World GDP by Regions 5Demography 78National Accounts 910Agriculture and Industry 1213Social Indicators 1415Inflation 17External Trade and Finance 1819Monetary and Fiscal Indicators 2021SOCIO ECONOMIC CONDITIONS All Island 2225By Province 2012/13 2630By Sector 2009/10 -2012/13 3135By Sector and Province 3637Prosperity Index by Province 2007 - 2014 3839HUMAN RESOURCES Demography 40Labour Force and Employment 4243Labour Force and Unemployment 44Foreign Employment 45NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Gross National Income 46Expenditure on Gross National Income 47Quarterly Growth of GDP and GNI 48Provincial GDP Shares and Growth 50Provincial GDP by Economic Sector 51AGRICULTURE Production and Prices of Major Crops 52Annual Production Volume - Subsidiary Food Crops 53Fish Production by Province 54National Livestock Statistics 55Agricultural Land Use 56INDUSTRY Industrial Production 57Energy 58Electricity Services by Province 59ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTUREPublic Health Services 60Education 61Water Consumption and Revenue by Province 62Communications 63Telecommunication Services by Province 64Postal Services by Province 66Transportation 67Regional Bus Companies Services by Province 68Private Operator Bus Services by Province 69Motor Vehicles by Province 70Port Services 71PRICES AND WAGES Prices 7273Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) 74Prices of Selected Food Items 7576Wage Rate Indices 7778EXTERNAL TRADE AND TOURISM Exports 79Imports 80Selected Exports 81Selected Imports 82Tourism 83EXTERNAL FINANCE Balance of Payments 84Net Receipts of Foreign Assistance 85Exchange Rates (end of period) 86GOVERNMENT FINANCE Government Fiscal Operations 88Government Revenue and Expenditure 89MONEY BANKING AND FINANCE Monetary Developments 91Money Market Operations 93Interest Rates 94Bank Branch Network 96Operations of Commercial Banks 97Licensed Specialised Banks 98Selected Non-Bank Financial Institutions 99Mobilisation of Deposits 100Share Market Indicators 101ContentsPage PagePageContents GraphsPageWorld GDP Growth by Region 6Per Capita Income (Selected Asian Countries) 11Social Indicators (Selected Asian Countries) 16Population & Population Growth 41Gross Value Added at Basic Prices (Current) 49Selected Socio Economic Indicators 65Balance of Payments (% of GDP) 87Fiscal Operations (% of GDP) 90Growth of Money Supply 92Selected Interest Rates 95Macroeconomic Indicators 102 1 COUNTRY PROFILE 2015(a)Population (Mid-Year) (000) - 2015 (a) 20,966Land Area (Excluding Inland Waters) Sq. km. 62,705Population and Land Area by Provinces - 2015 Province Population (b) Land Area Population 000 (Sq. km.) Density (c) Western 5,979 3,593 1,664 Central 2,658 5,575 477 Southern 2,556 5,383 475 Northern 1,094 8,290 132 Eastern 1,615 9,361 173 North Western 2,448 7,506 326 North Central 1,312 9,741 135 Uva 1,316 8,335 158 Sabaragamuwa 1,988 4,921 404 Total 20,966 62,705 334Composition of Population (2012 Census) By Ethnicity % By Religion % Sinhalese 74.9 Buddhist 70.1 Sri Lankan Tamil 11.2 Hindu 12.6 Indian Tamil 4.1 Islam 9.7 Sri Lankan Moor 9.3 Christian & Other 0.5 Roman Catholic 7.6 By Sector % (2012 Census) Other 0.0 Urban 18.2 Rural 77.4 Estate 4.4Mid-Year Population Growth Rate (2015), % : 0.9GDP at Market Prices (d) : Rs.bn. 11,183 US$ bn 82.3GDP Per Capita at Market Prices (d) : Rs. 533,398 US$ 3,924Real GDP Growth Rate (d), % 4.8Composition of GDP (d), % Agriculture 7.9 Industry 26.2 Services 56.6 Taxes less subsidies on products 9.3 Rs. bn. % of GDPExports of Goods and Services 2,295 20.5 Imports of Goods and Services 3,126 28.0 Budget Deficit -829.5 -7.4 Money Stock M2b 4,565.9 37.4Unemployment Rate (2015), % of Labour Force : 4.7 (a)(e)Inflation (2015) : Change of CCPI (Annual Avg.), % : 0.9 Change of NCPI (Annual Avg.), % : 3.8Life Expectancy (2014) : (Avg.) yrs. 74.9Literacy Rate (Aged 15 Years and Above) (2015), % : 93.2Human Development Index (2014) : 0.757 (Min. : 0.0 ; Max. : 1.0)Temperature (2015) : C (F) Minimum Maximum Low Country 24.3 (75.7) 31.8 (89.2) Hill Country 18.2 (64.8) 27.2 (81.0) (a) Provisional (b) Based on on the final report of the Census of Population and Housing 2012. (c) Persons per sq.km. (d) The data is based on the base year 2010 GDP estimates of Department of Census and Statistics. (e) Data covers the entire island. 2 KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORS(a) Provisional(b) Data covers the entire island. (c) RevisedIndicator 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Population, 000 (Mid-Year) Annual Population Growth, % Density of Population, Persons per sq. km. Labour Force Participation Rate, (% of Household Population) (b) Unemployment Rate, (% of Labour Force) (b)National Accounts (d) GNI (Market Prices), Rs. bn. Per Capita GNI (Market Prices), Rs. US$ GDP (Market Prices), Rs. bn. Real GDP Growth Rate, %Investment and Savings (d), % of GDP Investment Domestic Savings National SavingsPrice Changes, % Colombo Consumers Price Index (2006/07 = 100) (Annual Avg.) National Consumer Price Index (2013 = 100) (Annual Avg.) Wholesale Price Index (Annual Avg.) Producers Price Index (2013 Q4 = 100) (Annual Avg.) Implicit GNI Deflator (d)(d) Based on the base year 2010 GDP estimates of Department of Census and StatisticsNote : Household Population aged 15 years and above. 20,869 (a) 20,424 (a) 20,579 (a) 20,771 (a) 20,966 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 333 326 328 331 334 52.9 (a)(c) 52.5 (a)(c) 53.7 (a)(c) 53.2 (a)(c) 53.8 4.2 (a)(c) 4.0 (a)(c) 4.4 (a)(c) 4.3 (a)(c) 4.7 7,147 8,578 9,366 10,212 (a)(c) 10,932 342,473 419,975 455,126 491,638 (a)(c) 521,412 3,097 3,291 3,525 3,766 (a)(c) 3,836 7,219 8,732 9,592 10,448 (a)(c) 11,183 8.4 9.1 3.4 4.9 (a)(c) 4.8 33.4 39.1 33.2 32.0 (a) 30.1 20.2 27.2 24.6 24.0 (a) 22.6 26.3 33.3 29.9 29.5 (a) 27.8 6.7 7.6 6.9 3.3 0.9 3.8 10.6 3.5 9.2 3.2 1.0 3.6 3.8 10.9 6.2 3.9 (a)(c) 2.1 3 (a) Provisional (c) GDP (Base year 2010)(b) Revised (d) Debt service payments as a percentage of receipts from merchandise exports, services, income and private transfers.KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORSIndicator 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a) 2011 2012 2013 2014(b) 2015(a)Government Finance Rs. billion % of GDP (c) Revenue and Grants 983.0 1,067.5 1,153.3 1,204.6 1,460.9 13.6 12.2 12.0 11.5 13.1 Expenditure and Net Lending 1,433.2 1,556.5 1,669.4 1,795.9 2,290.4 19.9 17.8 17.4 17.2 20.5 Current Expenditure 1,024.9 1,131.0 1,205.2 1,322.9 1,701.7 14.2 13.0 12.6 12.7 15.2 Current Account Surplus (+) / Deficit (-) -57.0 -79.6 -67.7 -127.7 -246.8 -0.8 -0.9 -0.7 -1.2 -2.2 Budget Deficit -450.2 -489.0 -516.1 -591.2 -829.5 -6.2 -5.6 -5.4 -5.7 -7.4 Public Debt 5,133.4 6,000.1 6,793.2 7,390.9 8,503.2 71.1 68.7 70.8 70.7 76.0 Domestic Debt 2,804.1 3,232.8 3,832.8 4,277.8 4,959.2 38.8 37.0 40.0 40.9 44.3 Foreign Debt 2,329.3 2,767.3 2,960.4 3,113.1 3,544.0 32.3 31.7 30.9 29.8 31.7 Debt Service 895.4 1,017.5 1,162.9 1,076.3 1,317.0 12.4 11.7 12.1 10.3 11.8 Interest Payment 356.7 408.5 462.9 443.6 509.7 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.2 4.6External Sector Rs. billion US dollars billion Exports 1,167.6 1,245.5 1,344.1 1,453.2 1,425.8 10.6 9.8 10.4 11.1 10.5 Imports 2,241.5 2,441.9 2,323.1 2,535.2 2,572.5 20.3 19.2 18.0 19.4 18.9 Current Account Balance -511.1 -501.9 -324.0 -259.4 -274.6 -4.6 -4.0 -2.5 -2.0 -2.0 % of GDP (c) -7.8 -6.6 -3.4 -2.5 -2.5 -7.8 -6.7 -3.4 -2.5 -2.4 External Debt 3,730.0 4,717.3 5,217.7 5,623.8 6,453.6 32.7 37.1 39.9 42.9 44.8 % of GDP (c) 57.0 62.2 54.4 53.8 57.7 55.3 62.5 53.7 53.6 54.4 Debt Service Ratio (d), % 9.3 13.3 16.3 14.5 19.6 9.3 13.5 16.4 14.5 19.5 International Reserves 910.0 1,091.8 1,121.0 1,295.3 1,345.1 8.0 8.6 8.6 9.9 9.3 Exchange Rate (Average), Rs./US$ 110.57 127.60 129.11 130.56 135.94 _ _ _ _ _ Rs./SDR 174.54 195.38 196.19 198.35 190.16 _ _ _ _ _ 4 (a) Provisional(b) Repurchase Rate and Reverse Repurchase Rate were renamed as Standing Deposit Facility Rate (SDFR) and Standing Lending Facility Rate (SLFR) respectively,with effect from 02nd January 2014.KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORSIndicator 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Monetary Aggregates Reserve Money, Rs.bn. 439.5 484.4 488.6 577.9 673.4 Narrow Money M1, Rs.bn. 438.7 450.0 484.6 612.2 715.0 Change of M1, % 7.7 2.6 7.7 26.3 16.8 Broad Money M2b , Rs.bn. 2,491.7 2,929.1 3,417.9 3,875.9 4,565.9 Change of M2b , % 19.1 17.6 16.7 13.4 17.8 Money Multiplier for M2b, 5.67 6.05 7.00 6.71 6.78Interest Rates (Year End), % Treasury Bill Primary Yield 3 Months 8.68 10.00 7.54 5.74 6.45 Standing Deposit Facility Rate (b) 7.00 7.50 6.50 6.50 6.00 Standing Lending Facility Rate (b) 8.50 9.50 8.50 8.00 7.50 Treasury Bonds Two Year 7.77 13.62 6.70 Average Weighted Prime Lending Rate (monthly) 10.49 14.29 9.96 6.35 7.40 Call Money 8.759.10 9.509.85 7.507.75 6.006.50 6.40 NSB Savings 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00Financial Institutions Assets, Rs.bn. Central Bank 1,141.7 1,284.4 1,246.0 1,464.3 1,426.3 Commercial Banks (c) 3,157.7 3,757.4 4,328.3 4,855.9 5,698.5 Finance Companies 357.8 548.9 655.7 782.7 984.0 Unit Trusts (Net Assets) 22.5 30.9 54.4 125.9 129.4Share Market Market Capitalization, Rs.bn. (Year End) 2,213.9 2,167.6 2,459.9 3,104.9 2,938.0 All Share Price Index (Year End) 6,074.4 5,643.0 5,912.8 7,299.0 6,894.5(c) Includes only assets of the Domestic Banking Units (DBUs) of commercial banks. 5 GDP WORLD COMPARISONRegion / CountryReal GDP Growth, %Average 19982007 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015World 4.2 4.2 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.1Advanced Economies 2.8 1.7 1.2 1.2 1.8 1.9 USA 3.0 1.6 2.2 1.5 2.4 2.4 Japan 1.0 -0.5 1.7 1.4 0.0 0.5 Germany 1.7 3.7 0.6 0.4 1.6 1.5Emerging and Developing Europe 4.2 5.4 1.2 2.8 2.8 3.5Emerging and Developing Economies 5.8 6.3 5.3 4.9 4.6 4.0Emerging and Developing Asia 7.6 7.8 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.6 China 9.9 9.5 7.7 7.7 7.3 6.9 Indonesia 2.7 6.2 6.0 5.6 5.0 4.8 India 7.1 6.6 5.6 6.6 7.2 7.3 Sri Lanka 5.0 8.4 9.1 3.4 4.9 4.8Latin America and the Caribbean 3.1 4.9 3.2 3.0 1.3 -0.1Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan and Pakistan 5.3 4.5 5.0 2.3 2.8 2.5Sub-Saharan Africa 5.3 5.0 4.3 5.2 5.1 3.4Sources : World Economic Outlook, April 2016, IMF Department of Census and Statistics Central Bank of Sri Lanka 6 20142015Per cent02468World AdvancedEconomiesEmerging &DevelopingAsiaLatin Americaand the CaribbeanMiddle East,North Africa,Afghanistan andPakistanSub-SaharanAfricaSri LankaWorld GDP Growth by Regions 7 (a) 2015 (b) 2012 (c) 2010 (d) 2011DEMOGRAPHY : SAARC COUNTRIESIndicator Ref. Year Sri Lanka Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal PakistanMid-Year Population, Mn. 2000 19.1 21.0 129.3 0.6 1,019.0 0.3 22.6 140.02005 19.6 23.6 138.6 0.6 1,106.0 0.3 24.5 154.02010 20.7 26.0 148.6 0.7 1,186.0 0.4 26.3 173.52014 20.8 28.1 155.8 0.7 1,267.0 0.4 27.8 188.0Population Growth, % 2010 1.0 2.0 1.4 1.8 1.4 2.3 1.4 2.12014 0.9 2.2 1.4 1.7 1.2 3.6 1.4 2.0Density of Population [Persons per sq. km.] 2014 334 (a) 43 1,060 19 393 2,739 187 236Population by Age Groups, % 0 14 Years 2014 25.2 (a) 44.9 30.0 27.4 29.2 27.6 33.5 35.2 15 64 Years 2014 66.9 (a) 52.7 65.1 67.6 65.3 67.7 61.1 60.3 65 Years and above 2014 7.9 (a) 2.4 5.0 5.0 5.5 4.7 5.4 4.5Urban Population, % 2014 18.2 (b) 24.4 32.0 38.1 30.8 40.5 (c) 17.0 (d) 38.6Crude Birth Rate, per 1,000 2013 16.0 (a) 34.1 20.0 19.6 20.4 22.0 21.0 25.2Crude Death Rate, per 1,000 2013 6.3 (a) 7.8 5.7 6.5 7.9 3.4 6.7 6.9Total Fertility Rate, Births per Woman 2013 2.3 4.9 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.3 2.3 3.2Infant Mortality Rate [per 1,000 Live Births] 2013 8 70 33 30 41 8 32 69Maternal Mortality Rate [per 100,000 Live Births] 2013 29 400 170 120 190 31 190 170Expectation of Life at Birth, Years 2014 74.9 60.4 71.6 69.5 68.0 76.8 69.6 66.2Sources : Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2015, ADB Department of Census and Statistics Human Development Report 2015, UNDP Registrar Generals Department World Development Indicators 2015 8 DEMOGRAPHY : SELECTED EAST ASIAN COUNTRIES(a) 2013(b) 2012Sources : Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2015, ADB World Development Indicators 2015 Human Development Report 2015, UNDP Indicator Ref. Year Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Rep. of Korea Singapore ThailandMid-Year Population, Mn. 2000 206.3 23.5 76.8 47.0 4.0 62.22005 219.9 26.0 84.7 48.1 4.3 64.12010 238.5 28.6 92.3 49.4 5.1 65.92014 252.2 30.3 99.1 50.4 5.5 67.0Population Growth, % 2010 2.7 1.8 1.7 0.5 1.8 0.62014 1.3 1.2 1.7 0.4 1.3 0.4Density of Population [Persons per sq. km.] 2014 132 92 330 504 7,615 131Population By Age Groups, % 0 14 Years 2014 28.0 25.0 32.2 14.3 15.9 18.0 15 64 Years 2014 66.9 69.4 63.3 73.0 73.1 71.9 65 Years and above 2014 5.1 5.6 4.5 12.7 11.1 10.1Urban Population, % 2014 53.0 73.0 (a) 49.1 (b) 82.4 100.0 44.5 (a)Crude Birth Rate, per 1,000 2013 18.8 17.7 24.4 8.6 9.3 10.2Crude Death Rate, per 1,000 2013 6.2 4.7 6.0 5.3 4.6 7.7Total Fertility Rate, Births per Woman 2013 2.3 2.0 3.0 1.2 1.2 1.4Infant Mortality Rate [per 1,000 Live Births] 2013 25 7 24 3 2 11Maternal Mortality Rate [per 100,000 Live Births] 2013 190 29 120 27 6 26Expectation of Life at Birth, Years 2014 68.9 74.7 68.2 81.9 83.0 74.4 9 (a) The data is based on the base year 2010 GDP estimates of the Department of Census and Statistics. (b) Estimates at current market prices. (c) Estimates at current factor cost prices.NATIONAL ACCOUNTS : SAARC COUNTRIESSources : Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2015, ADB Department of Census and StatisticsIndicator Ref. Year Sri Lanka (a) Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal PakistanGross Domestic Product (GDP), Mn.US$ (b) 2011 65,293 19,169 123,507 1,820 1,756,064(c) 2,163 18,467 204,389(c)2012 68,434 21,331 128,898 1,824 1,731,394(c) 2,224 17,927 207,308(c)2013 74,294 21,617 153,505 1,781 1,787,969(c) 2,307 18,227 211,521(c)2014 80,028(d)(e) 21,121 173,066 1,892,551(c) 2,569 19,508 236,439(c)GDP Per Capita (b), US$ 2011 3,129 723 825 2,570 1,551 5,323 694 1,1952012 3,351 790 850 2,531 1,514 5,296 664 1,1882013 3,610 786 999 2,430 1,548 5,309 666 1,1942014 3,853(d)(e) 752 1,111 1,622 5,709 703 1,319GDP Per Capita at PPP, US$ 2014 10,461 2,324 3,173 8,077 5,890 9,779 2,432 4,714Real GDP Growth, % 2012 9.1 10.9 6.5 5.1 5.1 1.3 4.8 3.82013 3.4 6.4 6.0 2.0 6.9 4.7 4.1 3.72014 4.9(d)(e) 2.2 6.1 7.3 6.8 5.4 4.0Composition of GDP, % (b)(f) Agriculture 2014 8.0(d)(e) 25.2(c) 16.1(g) n.a. 17.0(c) 3.5 32.5 25.0(c) Industry 2014 28.6(d)(e) 21.7(c) 27.6(g) n.a. 30.0(c) 18.1 15.1 20.9(c) Services 2014 56.7(d)(e) 53.1(c) 56.3(g) n.a. 53.0(c) 78.4 52.4 54.1(c)Consumption, Investment and Savings, % of GDP (b) Private Consumption 2014 67.7(e) 80.5 72.6 n.a. 60.1 n.a. n.a. 80.7 Government Consumption 2014 8.3(e) 12.4 5.3 n.a. 11.4 n.a. n.a. 10.8 Gross Domestic Capital Formation 2014 32.0(e) 17.7 28.6 n.a. 30.8 n.a. n.a. 15.0 Gross Domestic Savings 2014 24.0(e) 7.1 22.1 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. 8.5 Gross National Savings 2014 29.5(e) n.a. 29.2 n.a. n.a. n.a. 45.1 22.3 (f) For Sri Lanka, excluding taxes less subsidies on products (GDP = the sum of the gross value added at basic prices, plus all taxes on products, less all subsidies on products). (g) Estimates at current producers prices (d) Revised (e) Provisional n.a. Not available 10 NATIONAL ACCOUNTS : SELECTED EAST ASIAN COUNTRIES(a) Estimates at current market prices. (b) Estimates at current producers prices. Source : Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2015, ADBIndicator Ref. Year Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Rep. of Korea Singapore ThailandGross Domestic Product (GDP), Mn.US$ (a) 2011 892,970 297,952 224,143 1,202,455 275,365 370,589 2012 917,872 314,443 250,091 1,222,776 289,936 397,484 2013 910,479 323,343 271,929 1,305,548 302,246 420,165 2014 888,540 338,104 284,778 1,410,330 307,860 404,834 GDP Per Capita (a), US$ 2011 3,690 10,252 2,380 24,156 53,121 5,597 2012 3,740 10,656 2,611 24,454 54,577 5,978 2013 3,659 10,809 2,792 25,997 55,979 6,294 2014 3,524 11,173 2,874 27,970 56,284 6,042 GDP Per Capita at PPP, US$ 2014 10,613 25,499 6,991 34,356 82,763 15,929 Growth Rate of Real GDP, % 2012 6.0 5.5 6.7 2.3 3.4 7.32013 5.6 4.7 7.1 2.9 4.4 2.82014 5.0 6.0 6.1 3.3 2.9 0.9Sectoral Composition of GDP, % (a) Agriculture 2014 13.7 9.0 (b) 11.3 2.3 0.0 10.5 Industry 2014 42.9 40.4 (b) 31.4 38.2 24.9 36.8 Services 2014 43.3 50.6 (b) 57.3 59.4 75.0 52.7Consumption, Investment and Savings, % of GDP (a) Private Consumption 2014 56.1 52.4 72.4 50.4 36.8 52.3 Government Consumption 2014 9.5 13.3 10.4 15.1 10.0 17.1 Gross Domestic Capital Formation 2014 34.7 25.0 20.9 29.2 27.6 24.1 Gross Domestic Savings 2014 34.4 34.3 17.2 34.5 52.1 30.7 Gross National Savings 2014 31.7 29.3 39.0 34.9 46.7 27.4 11 US $GDP Per Capita, US $ (2014)GDP Per Capita PPP, US $ (2014)Sri Lanka Pakistan Nepal Bangladesh Philippines Indonesia Thailand Malaysia3,000 9,000 15,000 21,000 27,000 Per Capita Income (Selected Asian Countries) 12 AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRY : SAARC COUNTRIES (a) Estimates at current market prices (b) Provisional (c) Revised (d) Estimates at current factor cost prices (e) Estimates at current producers prices (f) World Paddy Production 2014 : 740,955,972 MT (g) 2005/06 = 100 (h) 2004/05 = 100 (i) 2009/10 = 100 (j) 2015 (k) 2013 (l) 2005 (m) 2014 (n) 2010 n.a. Not availableIndicator Ref. YearSri LankaAfgha-nistanBangla-desh Bhutan IndiaMal-dives Nepal PakistanAgriculture Arable Land (Agricultural), % of Total Land Area 2013 20.7 11.9 59.0 2.6 52.8 13.0 14.7 39.5 Forest Area, % of Total Land Area 2015 33.0 2.1 11.0 72.3 23.8 3.3 25.4 1.9 Permanent Cropland, % of Total Land Area 2013 15.9 0.2 6.4 0.3 4.4 10.0 1.5 1.1 Arable Land Per Capita, Hectares 2013 0.06 0.25 0.05 0.13 0.12 0.01 0.08 0.17 Share of Agriculture in GDP, % (a) 2014 8.0 (b)(c) 25.2 (d) 16.1 (e) n.a. 17.0 (d) 3.5 32.5 25.0 (d) Index of Agricultural Production (20042006 = 100) 2013 136.1 119.9 136.0 97.2 139.8 63.5 130.4 94.2 Paddy Production / World Paddy Production (f), % 2014 0.46 0.07 7.05 0.01 21.22 0.68 0.95 Yield of Paddy Production per Hectare, kg. 2014 3,838 2,441 4,419 3,764 3,622 3,394 2,423 Per Capita Paddy Production, kg. 2014 158 17 330 100 124 179 38Industry Share of Manufacturing in GDP, % (a) 2014 17.6 (b)(c) 11.2 16.6 17.2 5.1 5.8 13.9 Index of Manufacturing 2014 n.a. n.a. 213.2 (g) n.a. 186.0 (h) n.a. 124.1 (i) 121.7 (g) Electricity Consumption Per Capita, kWh 2012 562 (j) 81 (k) 280 977 (l) 760 531 (m) 120 450 Energy Use (kilotons of oil equivalent) 2012 11,268 n.a. 33,172 1,366 (n) 788,126 292 (n) 10,100 85,758Sources : Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2015, ADB World Development Indicators 2015 FAOSTAT Database Access website (www.faostat.fao.org) Department of Census and Statistics 13 AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRY : SELECTED EAST ASIAN COUNTRIES (a) Estimates at current market prices (b) Estimates at current producers prices (c) World Paddy Production 2014 : 740,955,972 MTSources : Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2015, ADB World Development Indicators 2015 FAOSTAT Database Access website (www.faostat.fao.org) (d) 2010 = 100 (f) 2000 = 100 (e) 2005 = 100 (g) 2011 = 100Indicator Ref. Year Indonesia Malaysia Philip-pinesRep. of Korea Singapore ThailandAgriculture Arable Land (Agricultural), % of Total Land Area 2013 13.0 2.9 18.7 15.3 0.8 32.9 Forest Area, % of Total Land Area 2015 50.2 67.6 27.0 63.4 23.1 32.1 Permanent Cropland, % of Total Land Area 2013 12.4 20.1 17.9 2.2 0.1 8.8 Arable Land Per Capita, Hectares 2013 0.09 0.03 0.06 0.03 0.00 0.25 Share of Agriculture in GDP, % (a) 2014 13.7 9.0 (b) 11.3 2.3 0.0 10.5 Index of Agricultural Production (20042006 = 100) 2013 136.8 121.5 121.0 103.9 112.1 128.2 Paddy Production / World Paddy Production (c), % 2014 9.56 0.36 2.56 0.76 4.40 Yield of Paddy Production per Hectare, kg. 2014 5,135 3,835 4,002 6,913 3,011 Per Capita Paddy Production, kg. 2014 280 88 189 114 485Industry Share of Manufacturing in GDP, % (a) 2014 21.0 22.9 20.6 27.6 17.4 27.7 Index of Manufacturing 2014 120.4 (d) 123.0 (e) 122.7 (f) 108.3 (d) 104.7 (g) 167.7 (f) Electricity Consumption Per Capita, kWh 2012 730 4,310 670 10,350 8,690 2,480 Energy Use (kilotons of oil equivalent) 2012 213,587 81,234 42,551 263,442 25,053 126,557 14 SOCIAL INDICATORS : SAARC COUNTRIESSources : Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2015, ADB Human Development Report 2015, UNDP Department of Census and Statistics Central Bank of Sri Lanka (a) A composite index of life expectancy, education and income. (b) 2015 provisional data. (c) 2011 (d) 2012 (e) 2006 (f) 2015 (g) 2013 (h) National Poverty Line (Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified) (i) 2010 (j) 2009 n.a. Not availableIndicator Ref. Year Sri Lanka Afgha-nistanBangla-desh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal PakistanHuman Development Index (a) (Max.: 1.000 ; Min.: 0.000) 2014 0.757 0.465 0.570 0.605 0.609 0.706 0.548 0.538Literacy Rate, % : Male 2013 94.1 (b) 45.4 (c) 62.5 (d) n.a. 75.2 (e) 98.4 (e) 71.1 (c) 67.0 (c) (15 years and over) Female 92.4 (b) 17.6 (c) 55.1 (d) n.a. 50.8 (e) 98.4 (e) 46.7 (c) 42.0 (c)Labour Force Participation Rate, % Male 2013 74.7 (f) 79.5 84.1 77.2 79.9 77.5 87.1 82.9 Female 35.9 (f) 15.8 57.4 66.7 27.0 56.2 79.9 24.6Unemployment Rate, % 2014 4.7 (f) n.a. 4.3 (g) 2.9 (g) 2.8 (c) n.a. n.a. 6.0Employment (% of total employment) Agriculture 2013 28.7 (f) n.a. 77.6 56.3 47.2 n.a. n.a. 43.7 Industry 2013 25.8 (f) n.a. n.a. 11.0 24.7 n.a. n.a. 14.1 Services 2013 45.6 (f) n.a. n.a. 32.7 28.1 n.a. n.a. 42.2Population below the Income Poverty Line, % (h) 20042014 n.a. 35.8 31.5 12.0 21.9 n.a. 25.2 22.3Physicians, per 10,000 population 2013 9.3 (f) 2.7 3.6 (c) 2.6 (d) 7.0 (d) 14.2 (i) n.a. 8.3 (i)Hospital Beds, per 10,000 people 2013 37.0 (f) 5.0 (d) 6.0 (c) 18.0 (d) 7.0 (c) 43.0 (j) 50.0 (e) 60.0 (d)Internet Subscriptions, per 100 persons 2014 20 (f) 0 12 33 12 56 8 11Telephones, per 1,000 persons (Main Lines) 2014 124 (f) 3 7 31 21 61 30 26Telephones, per 1,000 persons (Mobile Phones) 2014 1,287 (f) 749 759 821 745 1,894 825 733 15 SOCIAL INDICATORS : SELECTED EAST ASIAN COUNTRIESSources : Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2015, ADB Human Development Report 2015, UNDP (a) A composite index of life expectancy, education and income. (b) 2011 (c) 2010 (d) 2008 (e) 2012 (f) 2013 (g) National Poverty Line (Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified). n.a. Not availableIndicator Ref. Year Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Rep. of Korea Singapore ThailandHuman Development Index (a) (Max.: 1.000 ; Min.: 0.000) 2014 0.684 0.779 0.668 0.898 0.912 0.726Literacy Rate, % : Male 2013 94.0 (b) 95.4 (c) 95.0 (d) n.a. 98.5 (e) 95.6 (c) (15 years and over) Female 86.8 (b) 90.7 (c) 95.8 (d) n.a. 94.4 (e) 91.5 (c)Labour Force Participation Rate, % Male 2013 84.2 75.5 79.7 72.1 77.2 80.7 Female 51.4 44.4 51.1 50.1 58.8 64.3Unemployment Rate, % 2014 5.9 (f) 3.1 (f) 7.1 (f) 3.5 2.6 0.7 (f)Employment (% of total employment) Agriculture 2013 35.0 13.0 31.0 6.1 0.1 41.7 Industry 2013 14.3 17.6 8.9 16.8 13.8 15.0 Services 2013 50.6 69.4 60.0 77.2 86.0 43.2Population below the Income Poverty Line, % (g) 20042014 11.3 n.a. 25.2 n.a. n.a. 12.6Physicians, per 10,000 population 2013 2.0 (e) 12.0 (c) n.a. 21.4 (e) 19.5 3.9 (c)Hospital Beds, per 10,000 people 2013 9.0 (e) 19.0 (e) 10.0 (b) 103.0 (f) 20.0 (b) 21.0 (c)Internet Subscriptions, per 100 persons 2014 12 101 232 388 278 82Telephones, per 1,000 persons (Main Lines) 2014 117 146 31 595 355 85Telephones, per 1,000 persons (Mobile Phones) 2014 1,262 1,488 1,112 1,155 1,581 1,444 16 Sri Lanka Pakistan India Bangladesh Philippines Indonesia Thailand MalaysiaLiteracy Rate, % (20052013)Life Expectancy, Years (2014)020406080100Social Indicators (Selected Asian Countries)Sri Lanka Pakistan India Bangladesh Philippines Indonesia Thailand MalaysiaLiteracy Rate, % (20052013) 91.2 54.7 62.8 58.8 95.4 92.8 96.4 93.1Life Expectancy, Years (2014) 74.9 66.2 68.0 71.6 68.2 68.9 74.4 74.7 17 INFLATION(a) : SELECTED COUNTRIES(a) Percentage change in annual average of Consumer Price Index.(b) Based on Colombo Consumers Price Index (2006/07 = 100)(c) Based on Eurostats Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices.Sources : World Economic Outlook, April 2016, IMF Department of Census and StatisticsPercentageCountry 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015SAARC CountriesSri Lanka (b) 6.2 6.7 7.6 6.9 3.3 0.9Afghanistan 2.2 11.8 6.4 7.4 4.7 -1.5Bangladesh 9.4 11.5 6.2 7.5 7.0 6.4Bhutan 4.8 8.6 10.1 8.6 9.6 7.2India 9.5 9.5 9.9 9.4 5.9 4.9Maldives 6.2 11.3 10.9 4.0 2.5 1.4Nepal 9.6 9.6 8.3 9.9 9.0 7.2Pakistan 10.1 13.7 11.0 7.4 8.6 4.5East Asian Countries (Selected)Indonesia 5.1 5.3 4.0 6.4 6.4 6.4Malaysia 1.7 3.2 1.7 2.1 3.1 2.1Philippines 3.8 4.7 3.2 2.9 4.2 1.4Republic of Korea 2.9 4.0 2.2 1.3 1.3 0.7Singapore 2.8 5.2 4.6 2.4 1.0 -0.5Thailand 3.3 3.8 3.0 2.2 1.9 -0.9Industrial Countries (Selected)Japan -0.7 -0.3 0.0 0.4 2.7 0.8United Kingdom (c) 3.3 4.5 2.8 2.6 1.5 0.1United States 1.6 3.1 2.1 1.5 1.6 0.1 18 EXTERNAL TRADE AND FINANCE : SAARC COUNTRIES(a) Exports less imports.(b) Total debt service includes principal and interest payments on long-term debt, interest payments on short-term debt, and IMF repurchases and charges.(c) Units of domestic currency (annual average) per US dollar.Sources : International Financial Statistics, Yearbook 2015, IMF Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2015, ADB Central Bank of Sri LankaIndicator Ref. YearSri LankaAfgha-nistanBangla-desh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal PakistanExports, Mn. US $ 2014 11,130 319,695 145 975 24,714 Exports Per Capita, US $ 2014 536 252 414 35 133Imports, Mn. US $ 2014 19,417 461,232 1,993 7,570 45,801 Imports Per Capita, US $ 2014 935 364 5,693 269 247Export / Import Ratio 2014 0.57 0.69 0.07 0.13 0.54Balance of Trade (a), Mn. US $ 2014 -8,287 -141,537 -1,848 -6,595 -21,087Current Account Balance, Mn. US $ 2014 -1,988 -471 -31,289 -191 -3,544Total Reserves Minus Gold, Mn. US $ 2014 7,316 6,681 21,785 1,245 303,455 627 6,027 11,807External Debt, Mn. US $ 2013 39,905 2,577 27,804 1,480 427,562 821 3,833 56,461External Debt Service / Export Ratio (b), % 2013 26.8 0.6 5.2 11.0 8.6 2.5 8.7 26.3Exchange Rate (c) (Domestic Currency / US $) 2014 130.56 57.25 77.64 61.03 61.03 15.38 99.53 101.10 19 EXTERNAL TRADE AND FINANCE : SELECTED EAST ASIAN COUNTRIESSources : International Financial Statistics, Year Book 2015, IMF Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2015, ADB(a) Exports less imports.(b) Total debt service includes principal and interest payments on long-term debt, interest payments on short-term debt, and IMF repurchases and charges.(c) Units of domestic currency (annual average) per US dollar.Indicator Ref. Year Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Rep. of Korea Singapore ThailandExports, Mn. US $ 2014 176,341 234,082 61,885 572,665 409,536 225,206 Exports Per Capita, US $ 2014 698 7,754 618 11,567 74,191 3,350Imports, Mn. US $ 2014 178,182 208,688 67,551 525,515 366,016 228,156 Imports Per Capita, US $ 2014 705 6,912 675 10,614 66,307 3,394Export / Import Ratio 2014 0.99 1.12 0.92 1.09 1.12 0.99Balance of Trade (a), Mn. US $ 2014 -1,841 25,394 -5,666 47,150 43,520 -2,950Current Account Balance, Mn. US $ 2014 12,650 89,220 58,772 13,123Total Reserves Minus Gold, Mn. US $ 2014 108,836 114,572 72,057 358,785 256,643 151,253External Debt, Mn. US $ 2013 259,069 213,129 60,609 425,449 135,379External Debt Service / Exports Ratio (b), % 2013 19.4 3.5 7.7 4.4Exchange Rate (c) (Domestic Currency / US $) 2014 11,865.00 3.27 44.40 1,053.00 1.27 32.48 20 MONETARY AND FISCAL INDICATORS : SAARC COUNTRIES(a) Percentage change of amounts in domestic currency. (b) Ratio of Money to Reserve Money. (c) Ratio of GDP to Money.(d) 2013 dataSources : International Financial Statistics, Year Book 2015, IMF Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2015, ADB Central Bank of Sri LankaIndicator Ref. Year Sri Lanka Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal PakistanReserve Money, Mn. US $ 2014 4,410 4,680 17,851 549 278,845 812 4,051 27,509Narrow Money, Mn. US $ 2014 4,671 6,644 18,991 684 345,418 727 3,567 79,671Broad Money, Mn. US $ 2014 26,407 6,945 95,094 1,184 1,610,764 1,764 16,931 129,686Broad Money, % of GDP 2014 33.1 33.2 55.2 88.3 68.8 86.7 54.5Change of Money (a), % Narrow Money 2014 26.3 9.5 15.1 27.0 9.9 7.5 6.7 12.7 Broad Money 2014 13.1 8.3 13.3 25.9 10.6 14.7 16.1 11.6Composition of Broad Money, % Currency 2014 9.5 46.9 11.0 9.0 13.1 9.9 14.5 22.2 Demand Deposits 2014 8.2 48.7 9.2 53.6 8.6 31.4 8.1 56.4 Quasi-Money 2014 82.3 4.3 79.8 37.4 78.3 58.8 77.3 21.4Causal Factors in Broad Money, Mn. US $ Net Foreign Assets 2014 2,428 8,423 20,534 851 347,709 815 6,030 9,688 Domestic Credit 2014 29,937 -496 81,837 826 1,590,179 1,689 13,228 105,006 Net Other Items 2014 -5,958 -982 -12,488 -676 -268,010 -740 -3,499 -17,431Money Multiplier (b) for Narrow Money 2014 1.1 1.4 1.1 1.2 1.2 0.9 0.9 2.9 for Broad Money 2014 6.0 1.5 5.3 2.2 5.8 2.2 4.2 4.7Income Velocity of Money (c) of Narrow Money 2014 19.8 3.1 9.1 5.3 3.5 5.5 3.0 of Broad Money 2014 3.2 3.0 1.8 1.1 1.5 1.2 1.8Fiscal Operation Indicators, % of GDP Revenue 2014 11.4 8.3 10.4 20.2 (d) 9.3 36.7 18.3 14.5 Total Expenditure 2014 17.2 24.8 14.0 35.0 (d) 13.4 41.7 19.6 20.5 Budget Surplus (+) / Deficit (-) 2014 -5.7 -1.7 3.6 -4.1 (d) -4.1 -4.0 -0.1 -4.8 21 MONETARY AND FISCAL INDICATORS : SELECTED EAST ASIAN COUNTRIES(a) Percentage change of amounts in domestic currency. (b) Ratio of Money to Reserve Money. (c) Ratio of GDP to Money.(d) 2013 dataSources : International Financial Statistics, Year Book 2015, IMF Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2015, ADBIndicator Ref. Year Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Rep. of Korea Singapore ThailandReserve Money, Mn. US $ 2014 79,849 35,697 52,086 106,244 41,782 48,888Narrow Money, Mn. US $ 2014 75,741 99,118 51,980 532,905 121,265 51,006Broad Money, Mn. US $ 2014 335,476 434,035 202,971 1,889,597 387,843 509,944Broad Money, % of GDP 2014 39.6 137.1 71.6 139.9 131.4 127.8Change of Money (a), % Narrow Money 2014 6.2 5.8 13.4 13.6 3.6 1.2 Broad Money 2014 11.9 6.9 12.4 8.1 3.3 4.6Composition of Broad Money, % Currency 2014 10.0 4.4 9.6 3.1 6.1 7.1 Demand Deposits 2014 12.5 18.0 21.7 25.1 25.1 2.9 Quasi-Money 2014 77.4 77.6 68.7 71.8 68.7 90.0Causal Factors in Broad Money, Mn. US $ Net Foreign Assets 2014 88,907 143,821 84,096 389,042 219,284 151,409 Domestic Credit 2014 351,929 441,659 158,079 2,091,945 372,832 508,919 Net Other Items 2014 -105,386 -140,902 39,321 -591,389 -204,273 -150,423Money Multiplier (b) for Narrow Money 2014 0.9 2.8 1.0 5.0 2.9 1.0 for Broad Money 2014 4.2 12.2 3.9 17.8 9.3 10.4Income Velocity of Money (c) of Narrow Money 2014 11.2 3.2 5.5 2.5 2.4 7.8 of Broad Money 2014 2.5 0.7 1.4 0.7 0.8 0.8Fiscal Operation Indicators, % of GDP Revenue 2014 14.7 19.9 15.1 21.6 21.9 (d) 17.5 Total Expenditure 2014 16.8 23.3 15.6 21.0 13.8 (d) 19.9 Budget Surplus (+) / Deficit (-) 2014 -2.1 -3.4 -0.6 0.6 8.1 (d) -2.3 22 SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Income DistributionItem 1953 1963 1973 1978/79 1981/82 1986/87(a) 1996/97(a) 2003/04(b)Average Income per Month, Rs. Per Spending Unit 169 193 311 921 1,652 2,728 8,744 15,400 Per Income Receiver 108 134 228 606 1,108 1,817 5,760 10,754Income Shares by Deciles of Income Receivers, % 1st Decile 1.51 1.17 1.80 1.19 1.17 1.09 1.27 1.07 2nd Decile 3.56 2.70 3.17 2.57 2.45 2.45 2.77 2.52 3rd Decile 3.56 3.56 4.38 3.57 3.41 3.40 3.86 4.10 4th Decile 4.37 4.57 5.70 4.80 4.53 4.39 4.93 4.20 5th Decile 5.71 5.55 7.10 5.93 5.53 5.69 6.10 5.76 6th Decile 6.31 6.82 8.75 7.37 6.86 6.79 7.44 7.30 7th Decile 7.94 8.98 10.56 9.10 8.54 8.37 9.12 8.70 8th Decile 10.39 11.46 12.65 11.36 10.68 11.08 11.55 11.20 9th Decile 14.16 16.01 15.91 15.36 14.87 15.37 15.68 15.47 10th Decile 42.49 39.24 29.98 38.73 41.93 41.37 37.28 39.70Gini Coefficient (One Month Income) Spending Units 0.46 0.45 0.35 0.43 0.45 0.46 0.43 0.46 Income Receivers 0.50 0.49 0.41 0.50 0.52 0.52 0.48 0.50(a) Excluding Northern and Eastern Provinces.(b) Excluding Mannar, Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu Districts.Source : Consumer Finances and Socio-Economic Survey Series of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka 23 SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Consumer ExpenditureItem 1953 1963 1973 1978/79 1981/82 1986/87(a) 1996/97(a) 2003/04(b)Total Consumer Expenditure per Month, Rs. Per Spending Unit 162 191 310 877 1,570 2,175 8,592 15,471 Per Person 34 36 58 179 318 534 2,012 3,936Consumer Expenditure Shares, % Food 59.9 56.3 55.4 56.7 56.5 52.2 48.4 37.9 Rice 10.5 10.9 15.0 14.9 15.7 12.5 9.9 6.9 Wheat Flour 2.2 2.0 2.4 2.2 1.7 1.1 0.8 0.5 Bread 1.5 3.7 3.2 3.6 3.5 2.9 2.3 1.3 Meat 0.8 3.0 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.5 1.5 Condiments 2.8 4.7 4.7 4.7 5.1 5.0 4.3 3.3 Coconut 4.1 6.0 4.6 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.5 2.5 Milk 3.3 2.9 8.4 5.2 4.5 4.5 3.3 2.7 Sugar 2.2 3.9 4.1 3.9 3.6 3.2 2.2 1.2 Clothing and Apparel 7.9 9.6 7.6 10.6 7.7 7.6 6.3 8.3 Housing 3.6 7.3 6.8 5.8 5.9 7.8 10.8 10.7 Medical 1.3 2.8 1.6 1.7 1.6 2.2 2.4 3.4 Education 2.0 1.8 2.2 1.6 1.6 2.1 2.3 3.0 Transport and Communication 2.6 2.3 3.4 4.5 3.9 4.9 5.3 8.8 Fuel and Light 2.0 4.4 4.2 3.9 5.2 4.6 3.9 4.4 Consumer Durables 3.2 0.4 6.0 4.6 6.4 5.2 6.7 8.9 Interest on Debt 0.7 0.8 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.9 2.1 1.5 Other 16.8 14.3 12.7 10.2 10.7 12.5 11.8 13.1(a) Excluding Northern and Eastern Provinces.(b) Excluding Mannar, Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu Districts.Source : Consumer Finances and Socio-Economic Survey Series of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka 24 SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : National Level Findings of the Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES)by Survey Period - Sri LankaVariable UnitHIES Survey Period1980/81 1985/86 1990/91 1995/96 2002 2005 2006/07 2009/10 2012/13Household size Nos. 4.9 5.1 4.9 4.5 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9Mean household income per month Rs. 881 2,012 3,549 6,476 12,803 20,048 26,286 36,451 45,878Median household income per month Rs. 642 1,322 2,547 3,793 8,482 13,617 16,735 23,746 30,814Mean per capita income per month Rs. 180 395 724 1,439 3,056 4,896 6,463 9,104 11,819Income receivers mean income per month Rs. 469 941 1,819 3,367 6,959 10,563 14,457 20,427 25,963No. of income receivers per household Nos. 1.6 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8Mean household expenditure per month Rs. 1,232 2,079 3,905 6,525 13,147 19,151 22,952 31,331 41,444Expenditure on food and drink Rs. 801 1,198 2,377 3,552 5,848 7,593 8,641 13,267 15,651Expenditure on nonfood items (excluding liquor, narcotic drugs and tobacco) Rs. 377 802 1,384 2,753 6,993 11,079 13,819 17,399 25,088Expenditure on liquor, narcotic drugs and tobacco Rs. 54 79 144 219 306 479 492 655 705Gini coefficient of household income 0.43 0.46 0.43 0.46 0.47 0.47 0.49 0.49 0.48Gini coefficient of household expenditure 0.36 0.41 0.40 0.41 0.37 0.40Gini coefficient of income receivers income 0.43 0.52 0.52 0.53 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.53Food Ratio (as a percentage) % 65.0 57.6 60.9 54.4 44.5 39.6 37.6 42.3 37.8Poverty Head Count Ratio % 26.1 28.8 22.7 15.2 8.9 6.7Source : Household Income and Expenditure Survey Series, Department of Census and Statistics 25 SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Average Monthly Household Expenditure on Selected Food/Non-Food Itemsby HIES Survey Period - Sri LankaExpenditure GroupHIES Survey Period1980/81 1985/86 1990/91 1995/96 2002 2005 2006/07 2009/10 2012/13Average Monthly Expenditure (% share)Food ExpenditureRice 31.5 25.3 22.4 21.2 18.0 13.8 13.9 17.3 13.6Wheat Flour 2.4 2.6 1.4 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.3Bread 4.7 5.3 4.2 4.4 4.3 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.0Condiments 8.0 10.4 9.1 9.9 9.1 9.0 9.3 9.1 9.0Vegetables 7.5 9.9 8.8 8.3 7.9 8.1 8.4 7.6 8.2Coconuts 8.2 5.9 8.6 6.9 7.3 5.6 5.5 5.6 6.1Fish 4.9 5.8 5.1 6.6 6.3 8.5 8.6 8.8 9.1Dried Fish 3.2 4.0 4.0 4.6 3.7 3.6 4.0 3.7 4.2Milk & Milk Products 3.3 4.3 4.7 7.1 8.4 9.8 8.7 7.8 8.9Sugar 7.8 6.3 6.2 5.2 3.3 3.3 3.6 3.4 2.9Other Food & Drinks 18.5 20.2 25.5 24.7 30.5 33.5 33.4 32.1 33.7Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0Non-Food ExpenditureHousing 15.3 18.5 22.3 27.8 22.8 17.8 18.4 19.1 18.1Fuel and Light 15.5 13.0 11.8 9.9 7.6 7.0 7.3 7.1 6.8Clothing, Textile and Footwear 12.3 11.8 10.4 9.5 5.3 5.1 4.9 5.0 4.6Personal Care and Health 8.4 10.0 9.7 10.4 8.0 9.6 6.9 7.9 8.5Transport and Communication 14.4 13.1 12.6 12.9 12.7 15.0 16.8 17.0 16.7Education 3.9 3.6 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.1 4.4 5.6 5.6Non-Durable Household Goods 4.4 3.9 2.9 1.9 2.7 2.1 1.5 1.2Consumer Durables 5.8 4.9 3.5 4.1 4.4 6.2 5.5 4.3 3.9Liquor and Tobacco 12.5 9.9 9.4 7.4 4.2 4.1 3.4 3.7 2.7Other Expenditure 7.5 15.2 12.1 10.8 28.8 28.4 30.3 28.8 31.9Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0Source : Household Income and Expenditure Survey Series, Department of Census and Statistics 26 Item Western Central Southern Northern Eastern North WesternNorth Central UvaSabara-gamuwaAll IslandPopulation Distribution By Gender, % Male 47.5 46.6 47.0 47.0 46.4 47.0 47.1 47.1 47.4 47.1 Female 52.5 53.4 53.0 53.0 53.6 53.0 52.9 52.9 52.6 52.9 By Age Group, % 0 14 Years 23.8 26.7 25.7 26.9 31.2 25.8 27.2 28.2 24.1 25.9 15 59 Years 61.4 59.6 59.1 60.6 60.0 61.3 61.5 59.8 60.7 60.6 Over 59 Years 14.7 13.8 15.2 12.5 8.9 12.9 11.2 11.9 15.2 13.6 By Educational Attainment, % No Schooling 2.2 5.2 4.0 2.1 4.4 3.5 3.6 6.3 4.5 3.7 Up to Grade 5 18.3 27.0 25.4 27.1 33.8 25.1 28.3 29.7 25.7 24.7 Grade 6 10 41.5 42.7 43.1 47.7 40.7 46.3 47.3 45.5 45.0 43.6 Passed G.C.E. (O/L) 19.5 13.6 15.6 13.9 13.1 14.3 13.4 10.8 14.6 15.5 Passed G.C.E. (A/L) and above 18.4 11.5 11.8 9.3 8.0 10.7 7.4 7.7 10.1 12.4Source : Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2012/13, Department of Census and StatisticsSOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS BY PROVINCE : Population Distribution 2012/13 27 Item Western Central Southern Northern Eastern North WesternNorth Central UvaSabara-gamuwaAll IslandMean Income, Rs. per MonthPer Household 64,152 40,146 41,834 34,286 30,676 42,756 36,632 35,638 40,375 45,878Per Person 16,124 10,104 10,973 8,339 7,622 11,596 9,877 9,382 10,718 11,819Per Income Receiver 33,564 22,292 23,606 18,916 19,836 25,854 21,848 21,909 23,134 25,963Median Income, Rs. per MonthPer Household 42,100 28,900 28,921 23,571 22,710 29,343 29,707 24,228 27,775 30,814Per Person 10,567 7,150 7,624 5,540 5,385 7,927 7,824 6,110 7,229 7,881Per Income Receiver 20,500 15,083 16,000 12,692 15,000 16,612 15,930 13,867 15,000 16,667Income Share by Households, %Richest 20% 53.1 49.6 50.9 53.0 49.8 52.0 44.5 53.8 51.9 52.9Poorest 20% 5.0 5.0 5.2 3.8 4.2 4.4 5.5 4.1 5.1 4.5Middle 60% 41.9 45.4 43.9 43.2 46.0 43.6 50.1 42.1 43.0 42.6Gini Coefficient (One Month Income)Gini coefficient (Households) 0.47 0.44 0.45 0.48 0.45 0.47 0.39 0.48 0.46 0.48Gini coefficient (per Person) 0.46 0.43 0.44 0.47 0.44 0.47 0.38 0.47 0.44 0.46Gini coefficient (Income Receivers) 0.54 0.50 0.51 0.57 0.50 0.53 0.47 0.54 0.52 0.53SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS BY PROVINCE : Income Distribution 2012/13Source : Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2012/13, Department of Census and Statistics 28 Item Western Central Southern Northern Eastern North WesternNorth Central UvaSabara-gamuwaAll IslandTotal Consumer Expenditure Rs. per Month, per Household 58,298 38,989 36,430 34,562 30,886 37,665 33,935 28,867 32,376 41,444Consumer Expenditure Share, % All Food 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 Cereal 13.2 20.3 15.9 20.5 15.8 16.4 19.8 22.5 19.0 16.7 Prepared Foods 16.2 8.2 9.2 8.8 9.6 10.2 6.2 7.5 10.1 11.3 Pulses 3.2 4.3 3.8 3.3 1.9 3.2 3.9 4.6 4.2 3.5 Vegetables 7.4 8.6 8.5 6.2 7.4 8.5 9.6 10.7 8.8 8.2 Meat 4.6 4.4 2.0 4.9 7.3 4.9 4.0 2.9 3.0 4.3 Fish 10.2 4.9 10.5 13.1 13.3 9.4 8.8 5.4 5.3 9.1 Coconut 5.5 5.9 7.1 6.4 5.8 6.4 7.3 5.1 7.7 6.2 Condiments 8.1 9.0 10.5 8.7 11.2 9.1 9.7 8.3 9.1 9.0 Milk and Milk Products 10.0 9.7 9.5 7.8 6.9 7.5 7.1 8.4 8.4 8.9 Sugar, Jaggery & Treacle 2.5 3.2 3.3 4.0 3.5 3.1 3.6 2.9 3.1 3.0 Other 19.1 21.5 19.7 16.3 17.3 21.3 20.0 21.7 21.3 19.8 All Non-Food 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 Housing 20.8 18.0 17.3 9.3 15.0 14.6 14.0 16.8 17.9 18.1 Personal Care and Health Expenses 8.7 7.4 7.8 9.5 12.0 8.2 8.2 5.5 9.0 8.5 Education 6.4 5.3 5.4 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.2 4.5 5.4 5.6 Transport 13.0 13.1 11.7 11.0 11.6 15.5 14.7 14.6 14.4 13.3 Communication 3.5 3.4 3.1 4.1 3.8 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.5 Fuel and Light 6.8 6.2 5.7 10.6 12.3 5.7 6.1 6.3 6.6 6.8 Durable Household Goods 3.1 3.9 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.5 5.6 6.0 4.6 3.9 Clothing, Textile and Footwear 3.4 5.4 4.9 6.2 8.4 5.0 5.9 6.0 5.3 4.6 Other 34.3 37.3 39.5 39.9 27.5 38.3 37.9 36.8 33.4 35.7SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS BY PROVINCE : Household Expenditure 2012/13Source : Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2012/13, Department of Census and Statistics 29 Item Western Central Southern Northern Eastern North WesternNorth Central UvaSabara-gamuwaAll IslandHousing Conditions, % of Households Wall Type (a) Permanent 95.2 95.3 93.7 82.1 91.2 94.0 94.6 91.8 93.3 93.5 Semi Permanent 4.8 4.7 6.3 17.9 8.8 6.0 5.4 8.2 6.7 6.5 Floor Type (b) Permanent 98.3 89.0 93.9 88.4 92.5 93.5 86.2 78.8 91.7 92.4 Semi Permanent 1.7 11.0 6.1 11.6 7.5 6.5 13.8 21.2 8.3 7.6 Roof Type (c) Permanent 96.1 75.7 95.7 80.4 90.0 90.8 92.4 81.5 87.5 89.6 Semi Permanent 3.9 24.3 4.3 19.6 10.0 9.2 7.6 18.5 12.5 10.4Water Supply and Sanitation Main Source of Drinking Water Safe 97.1 77.6 88.2 95.1 97.2 92.9 93.4 74.8 80.3 89.7 Not Safe 2.9 22.4 11.8 4.9 2.8 7.1 6.6 25.2 19.7 10.3 Toilet Facilities Exclusive for the Household 91.0 89.3 93.1 83.9 82.5 91.4 90.4 89.3 91.2 89.9 Sharing with another Household 7.4 10.0 6.7 9.8 11.5 7.4 8.2 9.7 8.8 8.4 Public Toilet Facilities 1.6 0.6 0.1 0.3 1.1 0.1 0.3 0.6 0.0 0.7 No Toilet Facilities 0.1 0.1 0.1 5.9 4.9 1.1 1.1 0.5 0.0 0.9Availability of Household Equipments Radio / Cassette Players 74.8 74.7 74.7 50.4 51.5 73.0 70.4 74.4 75.6 71.4 Television 91.6 85.2 85.0 54.8 66.1 83.4 80.9 77.6 82.0 82.7 Telephone / Cellular Phone 93.1 88.9 88.0 88.0 75.7 88.1 85.2 82.3 82.4 87.6 Bicycle 27.7 11.4 41.1 81.6 60.4 52.7 66.7 19.1 14.4 36.2 Motor Cycle / Scooters 31.8 12.5 32.4 34.4 29.8 48.3 49.7 15.6 18.3 30.3 Motor Car / Van 13.8 4.9 5.1 1.8 1.6 6.6 3.8 3.0 4.9 7.0 Sewing Machine 53.7 42.9 45.1 18.4 25.7 43.0 36.1 30.0 38.0 41.9 Refrigerator 67.2 40.3 45.6 20.8 29.3 47.5 38.9 23.8 38.1 46.2 Washing Machine 32.3 15.3 11.7 4.5 10.5 15.7 7.4 6.2 10.1 17.2 Personal Computer 31.3 19.0 14.2 14.8 9.2 15.4 10.1 8.0 12.3 18.5SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS BY PROVINCE : Housing and Amenities 2012/13(a) Permanent Brick, Cabok, Cement Block, Pressed Soil Block Semi Permanent Plank/Metal Sheet, Cadjan/Palmyrah, OtherSource : Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2012/13, Department of Census and Statistics(b) Permanent Cement, Teraso/Tile, Concrete Semi Permanent Mud, Wood, Sand, Other(c) Permanent Tile, Asbestos, Concrete Semi Permanent Takaran, Cadjan/ Palmyrah, Other 30 Item Western Central Southern Northern Eastern North WesternNorth Central UvaSabara- gamuwaAll IslandSources of Energy for Lighting Electricity 97.6 92.5 94.4 66.0 79.9 89.1 87.4 83.7 88.2 90.2 Kerosene 2.2 7.1 5.2 31.9 19.6 9.4 11.1 14.1 11.1 9.0 Solar Energy 0.2 0.4 0.3 2.0 0.5 1.5 1.0 2.0 0.8 0.7 Other 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 1.0 0.2 0.0 0.2Sources of Energy for Cooking Firewood 53.0 84.3 85.3 87.3 77.5 92.5 94.8 95.2 91.6 78.5 Gas 41.0 13.8 13.0 8.9 16.3 6.2 4.6 4.2 7.7 18.5 Kerosene 4.4 1.0 0.3 3.3 4.2 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2 1.9 Other 1.6 0.7 1.4 0.5 1.9 1.2 0.6 0.5 0.5 1.1SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Sources of Energy for Lighting and Cooking 2012/13% of HouseholdsSource : Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2012/13, Department of Census and Statistics 31 Item2009/10 (a) 2012/13Urban Rural Estate All Island Urban Rural Estate All IslandPopulation Distribution By Gender, % Male 47.7 47.4 47.6 47.4 47.4 47.0 48.0 47.1 Female 52.3 52.6 52.4 52.6 52.6 53.0 52.0 52.9 By Age Group, % 0 14 Years 25.3 25.9 29.7 26.0 24.2 26.0 31.1 25.9 15 59 Years 61.9 61.8 59.9 61.8 61.5 60.6 57.0 60.6 Over 59 Years 12.8 12.3 10.5 12.3 14.3 13.5 11.9 13.6 By Educational Attainment, % No Schooling 2.5 4.0 13.1 4.2 2.2 3.5 12.2 3.7 Up to Grade 5 21.6 24.6 43.0 25.1 19.2 25.0 42.0 24.7 Grade 6 - 10 42.1 45.5 37.7 44.6 39.8 44.8 38.7 43.6 Passed G.C.E. (O/L) 17.5 14.9 3.8 14.7 18.2 15.5 4.9 15.5 Passed G.C.E. (A/L) and Above 16.2 10.8 2.3 11.2 20.5 11.1 2.2 12.4(a) Excluding Mannar, Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu districts. Source : Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2009/10 and 2012/13, Department of Census and StatisticsSOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Population Distribution by Sector 2009/10 and 2012/13 32 SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Income Distribution by Sector 2009/10 and 2012/13Item2009/10 (a) 2012/13Urban Rural Estate All Island Urban Rural Estate All IslandMean Income, Rs. per Month Per Household 47,783 35,228 24,162 36,451 69,880 41,478 30,220 45,878 Per Person 11,245 8,916 5,782 9,104 17,262 10,843 7,100 11,819Median Income, Rs. per Month Per Household 31,000 23,126 17,366 23,746 42,267 29,376 24,087 30,814 Per Person 6,925 5,758 4,161 5,803 10,420 7,657 5,503 7,881Income Shares by Deciles of Households, % 1st Decile 1.7 1.6 2.1 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.9 1.5 2nd Decile 2.9 2.9 3.8 2.9 2.8 3.2 3.7 3.0 3rd Decile 4.0 4.0 4.8 3.9 3.7 4.4 5.1 4.1 4th Decile 5.0 4.9 5.7 4.9 4.6 5.4 6.4 5.1 5th Decile 6.0 6.0 6.7 6.0 5.6 6.5 7.4 6.2 6th Decile 7.2 7.2 7.8 7.1 6.7 7.7 8.7 7.3 7th Decile 8.8 8.7 9.1 8.7 8.3 9.2 9.9 8.9 8th Decile 11.1 10.9 10.6 10.8 10.3 11.4 11.8 10.9 9th Decile 15.1 14.5 13.4 14.6 14.5 15.1 14.8 14.9 10th Decile 38.2 39.3 36.0 39.5 42.0 35.6 30.3 38.0Income Share by Households, % Richest 20% 53.3 53.8 49.4 54.1 56.5 50.7 45.1 52.9 Poorest 20% 4.7 4.5 5.9 4.5 4.4 4.7 5.7 4.5 Middle 60% 42.1 41.7 44.7 41.4 39.2 44.6 49.3 42.6Gini Coefficient, One Month Income Gini Coefficient (Households) 0.48 0.49 0.43 0.49 0.51 0.45 0.39 0.48 Gini Coefficient (Income Receivers) 0.54 0.54 0.50 0.55 0.56 0.51 0.44 0.53(a) Excluding Mannar, Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu districts. Sources : Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2009/10 and 2012/13, Department of Census and Statistics 33 SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Household Expenditure by Sector 2009/10 and 2012/13Item2009/10 (a) 2012/13Urban Rural Estate All Island Urban Rural Estate All IslandExpenditure, Rs. per Month Per household 44,928 29,423 23,988 31,331 58,930 38,274 29,379 41,444Household Expenditure Share, %Food 35.6 43.7 50.8 42.3 32.1 39.2 49.8 37.8Housing 16.9 9.8 4.3 11.0 17.5 9.4 5.0 11.3Fuel and Light 5.0 3.8 4.0 4.1 5.5 3.8 4.1 4.2Personal Care and Health Expenses 5.4 4.4 3.7 4.6 5.3 5.3 3.5 5.3Transport 6.7 7.7 4.6 7.4 8.9 8.1 5.6 8.3Communication 2.8 2.3 1.7 2.4 2.7 2.0 1.7 2.2Education 4.0 3.1 1.6 3.2 4.7 3.2 1.8 3.5Cultural Activities and Entertainment 1.1 1.3 2.1 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.0 1.2Non-Durable Household Goods and Services 1.4 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.6 1.1 1.1 1.2Clothing, Textile and Footware 2.3 3.0 3.7 2.9 2.4 3.0 3.0 2.9Durable Household Goods 2.0 2.6 2.1 2.5 1.5 2.8 2.3 2.5Other Miscellaneous Expenses 10.8 9.3 8.4 9.5 9.2 11.5 10.1 10.9Other Rare Expenses 4.2 5.7 6.7 5.5 6.4 7.5 5.7 7.2Liquor, Narcotic Drugs and Tobacco 1.5 2.1 5.1 2.1 1.0 1.8 5.4 1.7(a) Excluding Mannar, Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu Districts. Sources : Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2009/10 and 2012/13, Department of Census and Statistics 34 SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Housing and Amenities by Sector 2009/10 and 2012/13Item2009/10 (a) 2012/13Urban Rural Estate All Island Urban Rural Estate All IslandHousing Conditions, % of Households Wall Type (b) Permanent 94.1 91.5 89.1 91.7 96.0 92.8 95.0 93.5 Semi Permanent 5.9 8.5 10.9 8.3 4.0 7.2 5.0 6.5 Floor Type (c) Permanent 97.1 87.6 83.1 88.7 98.4 91.6 84.9 92.4 Semi Permanent 2.9 12.4 16.9 11.3 1.6 8.4 15.1 7.6 Roof Type (d) Permanent 91.1 88.9 23.0 86.0 95.5 91.5 32.3 89.6 Semi Permanent 8.9 11.1 77.0 14.0 4.5 8.5 67.7 10.4Water Supply and Sanitation Main Source of Drinking Water Safe 97.4 87.6 60.3 87.7 98.8 90.0 46.3 89.7 Not Safe 2.6 12.4 39.7 12.3 1.2 10.0 53.7 10.3 Toilet Facilities Exclusive for the Household 86.4 90.9 74.0 89.5 90.0 90.7 76.2 89.9 Sharing with another Household 7.1 6.2 13.1 6.6 7.3 7.8 21.1 8.4 Public Toilet Facilities 5.1 0.4 7.2 1.4 2.7 0.2 2.1 0.7 No Toilet Facilties 1.3 2.5 5.6 2.5 0.0 1.2 0.7 0.9Availability of Household Equipments Radios / Cassette Players 76.5 75.6 69.4 75.4 73.7 71.2 65.7 71.4 Televisions 86.9 79.3 70.5 80.0 90.4 81.6 73.3 82.7 Telephones / Cellular Phones 84.8 76.7 61.1 77.1 93.1 87.0 75.4 87.6 Bicycles 35.6 42.5 6.7 39.8 31.1 39.0 4.9 36.2 Motor Cycles / Scooters 21.2 27.9 4.1 25.8 27.6 32.2 6.5 30.3 Motor Cars / Vans 10.4 5.1 1.1 5.6 15.4 5.5 1.0 7.0 Sewing Machines 50.7 42.7 20.2 42.7 52.0 41.1 17.5 41.9 Refrigerators 60.2 37.9 7.9 39.6 67.7 43.2 14.3 46.2 Washing Machines 28.0 11.3 1.7 13.1 37.4 13.5 2.3 17.2 Personal Computers 23.6 11.2 2.2 12.5 34.5 15.9 3.8 18.5(a) Excluding Mannar, Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu districts. Source : Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2009/10 and 2012/13, Department of Census and Statistics(b) Permanent Brick, Cabok, Cement Block, Pressed Soil Block Semi Permanent Plank/Metal Sheet, Cadjan/Palmyrah, Other(c) Permanent Cement, Teraso/Tile, Concrete Semi Permanent Mud, Wood, Sand, Other(d) Permanent Tile, Asbestos, Concrete Semi Permanent Takaran, Cadjan/ Palmyrah, Other 35 ItemUrban Rural Estate All Island2009/10(a) 2012/13 2009/10(a) 2012/13 2009/10(a) 2012/13 2009/10(a) 2012/13Sources of Energy for LightingElectricity 95.6 98.0 84.1 88.8 76.9 83.0 85.3 90.2Kerosene 4.4 1.8 13.7 10.2 22.5 16.5 12.8 9.0Solar Energy 0.0 0.2 2.2 0.9 0.7 0.3 1.8 0.7Other 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2Sources of Energy for CookingFirewood 39.2 36.7 86.7 86.7 97.3 95.7 80.5 78.5Gas 48.0 54.7 11.3 11.4 1.5 2.4 16.0 18.5Kerosene 11.4 6.5 1.1 1.0 0.6 1.1 2.5 1.9Other 1.3 2.2 0.9 1.0 0.6 0.6 0.9 1.1SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Sources of Energy for Lighting and Cooking by Sector2009/10 and 2012/13% of Households(a) Excluding Mannar, Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu districts. Source : Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2009/10, 2012/13, Department of Census and Statistics 36 Sector / ProvincePoverty Head Count Index (Percentage) by HIES Survey Period Poor Household PercentagePoverty Gap Index (%)1990/91 1995/96 2002 2006/07 2009/10 2012/13 2009/10 2012/13 2009/10 2012/13Sri Lanka 26.1 28.8 22.7 15.2 8.9 6.7 7.0 5.3 1.7 1.2SectorUrban 16.3 14.0 7.9 6.7 5.3 2.1 3.8 1.5 1.2 0.3Rural 29.5 30.9 24.7 15.7 9.4 7.6 7.5 6.0 1.8 1.4Estate 20.5 38.4 30.0 32.0 11.4 10.9 8.9 8.8 2.1 1.6ProvinceWestern 19.1 16.3 10.8 8.2 4.2 2.0 3.0 1.5 0.8 0.4Central 30.7 36.2 25.1 22.3 9.7 6.6 8.2 5.1 1.8 1.0Southern 30.2 32.6 27.8 13.8 9.8 7.7 7.5 6.3 1.8 1.4Northern n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. 12.8 10.9 10.0 8.8 2.1 2.3Eastern n.a. n.a. n.a. 10.8 14.8 11.0 12.4 8.0 3.2 2.1North Western 25.8 27.7 27.3 14.6 11.3 6.0 8.2 4.5 2.4 1.1North Central 24.5 24.7 21.5 14.2 5.7 7.3 4.6 6.1 1.0 1.0Uva 31.9 46.7 37.2 27.0 13.7 15.4 12.0 13.5 2.4 2.6Sabaragamuwa 31.0 41.7 33.6 24.2 10.6 8.8 8.7 6.6 2.1 1.5SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Poverty Indicators by Sector and Provincen.a. Not available Source : Household Income and Expenditure Survey Series, Department of Census and Statistics 37 SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Daily Average Dietary Energy Consumption per Personby Poverty Status, Sector and Province 2009/10 and 2012/13Sector / Province2009/10(a) 2012/13Poor HouseholdsNon-PoorHouseholdsAllHouseholdsPoor HouseholdsNon-PoorHouseholdsAllHouseholdsSri Lanka 1,472 2,155 2,094 1,530 2,153 2,111 Sector Urban 1,139 1,922 1,881 1,243 1,915 1,901 Rural 1,497 2,180 2,116 1,539 2,197 2,147 Estate 1,596 2,477 2,377 1,646 2,388 2,307 Province Western 1,209 1,968 1,936 1,176 1,975 1,958 Central 1,531 2,274 2,202 1,523 2,246 2,198 Southern 1,469 2,173 2,104 1,443 2,214 2,155 Northern 1,511 2,306 2,204 1,545 2,219 2,146 Eastern 1,536 2,155 2,063 1,453 2,152 2,075 North Western 1,398 2,194 2,104 1,501 2,197 2,155 North Central 1,483 2,248 2,204 1,553 2,254 2,203 Uva 1,721 2,398 2,305 1,783 2,404 2,308 Sabaragamuwa 1,509 2,252 2,173 1,675 2,209 2,162(a) Excluding Mannar, Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu districts. Source : Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2009/10, 2012/13, Department of Census and Statistics 38 PROSPERITY INDEX BY PROVINCE 2007 2014Province 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014Western 0.36 0.58 0.75 0.90 1.05 1.04 1.30 1.33Central -0.60 -0.46 -0.42 -0.08 0.02 0.12 0.43 0.41Southern -0.35 -0.23 -0.07 0.11 0.27 0.26 0.44 0.54Northern -1.04 -1.05 -0.85 -0.40 -0.19 -0.04 0.32 0.53Eastern -0.89 -0.69 -0.41 -0.15 -0.19 0.00 0.15 0.22North Western -0.56 -0.39 -0.23 -0.04 0.06 0.14 0.41 0.41North Central -0.58 -0.34 -0.24 0.03 0.15 0.28 0.46 0.47Uva -0.73 -0.57 -0.40 -0.25 -0.13 0.03 0.15 0.24Sabaragamuwa -0.79 -0.58 -0.48 -0.15 -0.14 -0.01 0.24 0.23Sri Lanka -1.06 -0.78 -0.53 -0.05 0.18 0.38 0.76 1.03Western 0.19 0.58 1.17 1.17 1.38 1.19 1.70 1.65Central -0.99 -0.67 -0.34 -0.27 -0.05 0.01 0.68 0.46Southern -0.86 -0.66 -0.21 -0.10 0.11 0.23 0.47 0.46Northern -1.54 -1.54 -1.02 -0.20 0.05 0.22 0.71 0.93Eastern -1.16 -0.78 -0.17 -0.13 -0.24 0.05 0.41 0.50North Western -0.82 -0.47 0.00 -0.04 0.09 0.14 0.60 0.43North Central -0.76 -0.44 -0.09 0.11 0.31 0.37 0.67 0.68Uva -1.01 -0.91 -0.52 -0.27 -0.15 0.02 0.32 0.30Sabaragamuwa -1.09 -0.80 -0.32 -0.17 -0.14 0.06 0.33 0.20Sri Lanka -1.40 -0.90 -0.37 -0.08 0.29 0.47 0.99 0.99Source : Central Bank of Sri Lanka(Continued)Economy & Business Climate Sub Index 39 PROSPERITY INDEX BY PROVINCE 2007 2014 (Contd.)Province 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014Western 0.60 0.65 0.53 0.78 0.86 0.99 1.16 1.12Central -0.37 -0.37 -0.53 -0.11 -0.17 -0.01 0.13 0.17Southern -0.04 0.01 -0.07 0.13 0.25 0.42 0.62 0.72Northern -0.33 -0.40 -0.59 -0.28 -0.17 0.19 0.25 0.47Eastern -0.55 -0.65 -0.53 -0.16 -0.18 0.05 0.07 0.10North Western -0.25 -0.24 -0.25 0.05 0.13 0.23 0.32 0.37North Central -0.48 -0.34 -0.39 -0.19 -0.11 0.14 0.28 0.27Uva -0.69 -0.68 -0.64 -0.54 -0.39 -0.14 -0.03 -0.03Sabaragamuwa -0.38 -0.28 -0.51 -0.14 -0.10 -0.03 0.14 0.13Sri Lanka -0.59 -0.60 -0.73 -0.09 -0.04 0.53 0.71 0.82Western 0.28 0.50 0.56 0.76 0.90 0.96 1.03 1.21Central -0.44 -0.35 -0.38 0.13 0.27 0.35 0.47 0.60Southern -0.14 -0.03 0.08 0.29 0.44 0.11 0.24 0.45Northern -1.25 -1.20 -0.94 -0.71 -0.45 -0.55 0.02 0.20Eastern -0.96 -0.64 -0.51 -0.16 -0.15 -0.10 -0.03 0.05North Western -0.61 -0.46 -0.45 -0.12 -0.04 0.07 0.32 0.44North Central -0.49 -0.25 -0.23 0.18 0.26 0.34 0.42 0.45Uva -0.48 -0.13 -0.05 0.06 0.14 0.22 0.17 0.45Sabaragamuwa -0.91 -0.67 -0.60 -0.14 -0.19 -0.08 0.24 0.37Sri Lanka -1.18 -0.83 -0.50 0.02 0.29 0.15 0.58 1.27Source : Central Bank of Sri LankaSocio-Economic Infrastructure Sub IndexWell-being of the People Sub IndexNote : A new methodology in line with Legatum Prosperity Index was introduced since 2014. The indices prior to 2014 series has been spliced to the revised series. 40 Item 2010 2011(a) 2012(a) 2013(a) 2014(a) 2015(a)Mid-Year Population, 000 (b) 20,675 20,869 20,424 20,579 20,771 20,966 Male 10,273 10,357 9,888 9,963 10,056 10,151 Female 10,402 10,512 10,536 10,616 10,715 10,815 By Age Groups (b) 0 14 Years 5,434 5,488 5,147 5,187 5,235 5,288 15 54 Years 12,512 12,625 11,680 11,768 11,879 11,989 55 Years and Over 2,729 2,756 3,597 3,624 3,657 3,689Population Growth, % 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9Crude Birth Rate per 1,000 17.6 17.4 17.5 17.9 16.9 16.0Crude Death Rate per 1,000 6.2 5.9 6.0 6.2 6.2 6.3Rate of Natural Increase per 1,000 11.4 11.5 11.5 11.7 10.7 9.7Net Migration Rate per 1,000 -1.1 -2.2 -2.6 -2.3 -2.2 0.7Infant Mortality per 1,000 Live Births 9.9 9.1 8.5 8.2 n.a. n.a.Density of Population, Persons per sq. km. 330 333 326 328 331 334DEMOGRAPHYSource : Registrar Generals Department(a) Provisional(b) Until 2011, mid-year population estimates were based on the Census of Population and Housing - 2001. Mid-year population estimates 2012 onwards were prepared based on the final report of the Census of Population and Housing - 2012.n.a. Not available 41 Per centMillion* Estimates upto 2011 are based on Census of Population and Housing 2001 and those from 2012 onwards are based on Census of Population and Housing 2012.1617181920212006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 0.50.91.32006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Population & Population GrowthPopulationPopulation Growth (%) 42 Item 2010(a) 2011(b)(c)(d) 2012(b)(c)(d) 2013(b)(c)(d) 2014(b)(c)(d) 2015(b)(c)Labour Force, 000 8,108 7,926 7,798 8,034 8,049 8,214 Labour Force Participation Rate, (% of Household Population) 48.1 52.9 52.5 53.7 53.2 53.8 Male 67.1 74.0 74.9 74.9 74.6 74.7 Female 31.2 34.3 32.9 35.4 34.6 35.9Total Employed, 000 7,707 7,592 7,489 7,681 7,700 7,831Employment by Sector, % (e)Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries 32.7 33.1 31.2 Manufacturing 17.1 16.7 17.5 Construction 7.1 7.2 8.4 Trade and Hotels 15.5 15.1 15.6 Transport, Storage and Communication 6.3 6.2 6.5 Finance, Insurance and Real Estate 3.4 3.5 3.5 Personal Services and Other (f) 17.9 18.2 17.4 Total Unemployed, 000 401 335 310 353 348 383Status of Employment, %Public Sector Employees 14.3 14.6 15.3 15.2 15.5 15.1Private Sector Employees 41.2 40.5 41.2 40.5 40.9 41.0Employers 2.6 2.9 2.8 3.0 2.7 3.1Self Employed 31.5 31.5 31.9 32.2 32.0 32.3Unpaid Family Workers 10.4 10.6 8.7 9.1 8.9 8.4LABOUR FORCE AND EMPLOYMENT(Continued) 43 LABOUR FORCE AND EMPLOYMENT (Contd.) Item 2013 (b)(c)(d) 2014 (b)(c)(d) 2015 (b)(c)Employment By Sector, % (g)Agriculture 30.2 28.9 28.7Mining and Quarrying 1.2 1.0 0.8Manufacturing 17.8 18.0 18.0Construction, Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning Supply, Water Supply, Sewerage, Waste Management and Remediation Activities 7.0 7.3 7.0Wholesale and Retail Trade, Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motor Cycles 13.6 13.1 13.5Transport and Storage 6.1 6.3 6.1Accommodation and Food Services Activities 2.2 2.4 2.6Information and Communication 0.7 0.8 0.7Financial and Insurance Activities 1.8 1.9 1.8Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities 0.8 0.6 0.8Administrative and Support Service Activities 1.2 1.3 1.5Public Administration and Defence Compulsory Social Security 7.4 7.7 7.7Education 3.9 4.1 4.1Human Health and Social Work Activities 1.7 1.6 1.8Other (h) 4.3 5.0 4.9 (a) Excluding Northern Province. (b) Data covers the entire island. (c) Provisional. (d) Revised. (e) Based on the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) Revision 3. (f) Data includes Mining and Quarrying, Electricity, Gas and Water sub-sectors also. (g) Based on the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) Revision 4. (h) Includes activities of households as employers; Real estate; Arts, entertainment and recreation; and Extra territorial organisations and bodies.Source : Department of Census and StatisticsNote : 1. Data upto 2010 are for the household population aged 10 years and above and data from 2011 onwards are for the household population aged 15 years and above. 2. In July 2016, The Department of Census and Statistics published a re-weighted and revised labour force data series for 2011 onwards. 44 LABOUR FORCE AND UNEMPLOYMENTSource : Department of Census and Statistics(a) Excluding Northern Province.(b) Data covers the entire island.(c) Provisional(d) Revised - Negligible}Note : 1. Data upto 2010 are for the household population aged 10 years and above and data from 2011 onwards are for the household population aged 15 years and above. 2. In July 2016, The Department of Census and Statistics published a re-weighted and revised labour force data series for 2011 onwards.Unemployment Rate 2010(a) 2011(b)(c)(d) 2012(b)(c)(d) 2013(b)(c)(d) 2014(b)(c)(d) 2015(b)(c)By Gender Male 3.5 2.7 2.8 3.2 3.1 3.0 Female 7.7 7.1 6.3 6.6 6.5 7.6By Age Groups (Years) 15 19 20.3 15.5 18.9 18.8 21.4 24.1 20 29 13.8 12.4 11.3 13.1 13.6 14.2 30 39 3.1 2.8 2.5 2.7 2.7 3.1 40 49 1.0 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.0 50 and aboveBy Level of Education Grade 5 and below Grades 6 10 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.4 GCE (O/L) 6.9 5.3 6.0 6.0 5.9 6.4 GCE (A/L) & above 11.6 9.1 7.6 8.7 8.2 9.2Overall 4.9 4.2 4.0 4.4 4.3 4.7 45 Item 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 (a)Departures of Sri Lankans from Bandaranaike International Airport for all purposes (No.) 1,121,399 1,246,727 1,250,350 1,261,722 1,311,258 1,356,747Migration for employment as a % of departures 23.9 21.1 22.6 23.2 22.9 19.4Average No. of migrant travellers for employment per day 733 720 774 803 824 721Migrant Employment Categories by gender (No.) Male 148,001 136,307 144,135 175,185 190,217 172,788 Female 119,506 126,654 138,312 118,033 110,486 90,655 by skills (%) Professional 1.1 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.8 2.4 Middle level 2.6 2.3 3.3 5.6 6.9 2.6 Clerical & related 3.0 3.8 5.7 9.1 9.7 4.7 Skilled 28.5 27.4 25.0 26.3 25.7 32.8 Unskilled 22.6 24.2 22.3 24.2 26.4 29.6 House maids 42.1 40.9 42.1 33.0 29.5 27.8Migrant Remittances (US $ mn.) 4,116 5,145 5,985 6,407 7,018 6,980 Middle East 2,474 3,030 3,358 3,562 3,902 3,769 Other 1,642 2,115 2,627 2,845 3,116 3,211 Middle East as a % of total remittances 60.1 58.9 56.1 55.6 55.6 54.0Foreign Employment (No.) 1,932,245 (a) n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. as a % of labour force 23.8 (a) n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.(a) Provisional n.a. Not available Source : Sri Lanka Bureau of Foreign EmploymentFOREIGN EMPLOYMENT 46 GROSS NATIONAL INCOME (by Industrial Origin) (a)(b) Rs. millonSectorAt Current Prices Growth Rate (%)At Constant (2010)PricesGrowth Rate (%)2014 (c) 2015 2015 2014 (c) 2015 2015Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing 833,889 901,579 8.1 641,493 676,899 5.5Industry 2,986,199 3,190,006 6.8 2,194,167 2,259,223 3.0 Manufacturing, mining and quarrying and other industries 2,199,806 2,366,487 7.6 1,604,056 1,674,224 4.4 Of which: Manufacturing activities 1,841,228 2,027,244 10.1 1,292,994 1,354,083 4.7 Construction 786,393 823,519 4.7 590,111 584,999 -0.9Services 5,924,433 6,295,853 6.3 4,634,805 4,881,273 5.3 Wholesale and retail trade, transportation and storage, accommodation and food service activities 2,595,729 2,675,423 3.1 1,914,236 2,002,655 4.6 Information and communication 61,849 77,402 25.1 44,102 49,613 12.5 Financial and insurance activities 441,692 476,358 7.8 500,948 575,071 14.8 Real estate activities (including ownership of dwelling) 562,804 622,286 10.6 444,142 486,686 9.6 Professional, scientific, technical, administration and support service activities 210,970 197,800 -6.2 166,489 154,698 -7.1 Public administration, defense, education, human health and social work activities 985,763 1,139,703 15.6 723,943 746,852 3.2 Other services (excluding own-services) 1,065,625 1,106,882 3.9 840,946 865,698 2.9Gross Value Added (GVA) at Basic Price 9,744,522 10,387,438 6.6 7,470,465 7,817,394 4.6 (+) Taxes on products 750,801 906,990 20.8 791,696 846,202 6.9 (-) Subsidies on products 46,844 111,209 137.4 33,174 40,770 22.9GDP at Market Price 10,448,479 11,183,220 7.0 8,228,986 8,622,825 4.8 Net Primary Income from Rest of the World (d) -236,669 -251,288 -6.2 -189,495 -196,496 -3.7Gross National Income 10,211,810 10,931,932 7.1 8,039,492 8,426,330 4.8GDP Per Capita, Rs. 503,032 533,398 6.0 396,177 411,277 3.8(a) The data is based on the base year 2010 GDP estimates of Department of Census and Statistics(b) Provisional (c) RevisedSource : Department of Census and Statistics(d) The difference with the BOP estimates is due to the time lag in compilation 47 EXPENDITURE ON GROSS NATIONAL INCOME (at Current Market Prices) (a) Rs. millon(a) The data is based on the base year 2010 GDP estimates of Department of Census and Statistics(b) Provisional(c) Private and Government classification of Gross Domestic Capital Formation is not available under 2010 rebased series.(d) The difference with the BOP estimates is due to the time lag in compilation.Sources : Department of Census and Statistics Central Bank of Sri LankaItem 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014(b) 2015(b)Gross National Income 6,343,892 7,147,065 8,577,574 9,366,039 10,211,810 10,931,932 Consumption Expenditure 4,932,545 5,762,798 6,357,545 7,229,352 7,943,796 8,652,180 Private 4,390,215 5,144,879 5,691,714 6,483,669 7,074,658 7,666,365 Government 542,330 617,918 665,831 745,684 869,138 985,815Gross Domestic Capital Formation (c) 1,946,707 2,408,573 3,410,511 3,189,326 3,341,174 3,361,546Gross Domestic Expenditure 6,879,252 8,171,371 9,768,056 10,418,678 11,284,971 12,013,727 Export of Goods and Services 1,254,021 1,508,565 1,730,467 1,949,158 2,185,039 2,295,423 Import of Goods and Services 1,719,605 2,460,830 2,766,060 2,775,711 3,021,530 3,125,930Gross Domestic Product 6,413,668 7,219,106 8,732,463 9,592,125 10,448,479 11,183,220Net Primary Income from Rest of the World -69,776 -72,041 -154,889 -226,086 -236,669 (d) -251,288 (d)Expenditure on Gross National Income 6,343,892 7,147,065 8,577,574 9,366,039 10,211,810 10,931,932 48 QUARTERLY GROWTH OF GDP AND GNI [at Constant (2010) Prices] (a)Period Agriculture Industry Services Gross Value Added (GVA) GDP GNI2012 1st Quarter 13.3 21.0 14.6 16.5 16.1 15.12nd Quarter 0.6 10.6 11.1 10.0 9.7 8.23rd Quarter 0.6 -2.6 10.7 5.7 5.2 4.44th Quarter 2.6 8.5 8.8 8.1 6.8 6.4Annual 3.9 9.0 11.2 9.9 9.1 8.32013 1st Quarter 2.2 6.7 2.9 4.1 3.6 3.02nd Quarter 3.9 6.0 7.7 6.9 5.9 5.43rd Quarter 4.5 2.8 5.5 4.6 4.0 3.94th Quarter 2.5 0.6 -0.8 -0.1 0.5 -0.5Annual 3.2 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.4 2.82014 (b)(c) 1st Quarter 7.3 -1.5 1.9 1.2 1.3 1.42nd Quarter 4.1 -2.8 4.0 2.1 2.2 2.03rd Quarter 3.2 7.8 3.0 4.4 5.0 4.84th Quarter 5.0 11.7 11.7 11.1 10.3 10.8Annual 4.9 3.5 5.2 4.7 4.9 4.92015 (c) 1st Quarter 5.9 1.4 5.4 4.1 4.4 4.12nd Quarter 10.4 3.9 6.9 6.4 7.0 6.73rd Quarter 7.3 4.9 6.5 6.1 5.6 5.64th Quarter -0.5 1.9 2.7 2.2 2.5 3.1Annual 5.5 3.0 5.3 4.6 4.8 4.8(a) The data is based on the base year 2010 GDP estimates of Department of Census and StatisticsSource : Department of Census and StatisticsPercentage(b) Revised(c) Provisional 49 GVARs. billion1,500 4,500 7,500 10,500 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015ServicesIndustryAgricultureGross Value Added at Basic Prices (Current)Sectoral Composition of GDP(Rs. bn. at Current Prices)2011 2012 2013 2014(a) 2015(a)Agriculture 638 651 735 834 902Industry 2,021 2,631 2,797 2,986 3,190Services 3,981 4,858 5,407 5,924 6,296GDP 7,219 8,732 9,592 10,448 11,183(a) ProvisionalNote: Rebased data (2010) 50 PROVINCIAL GDP (at Current Market Prices)(a) Revised (b) ProvisionalNote: During 2015, the Department of Census and Statistics revised the base year of National Account compilation from 2002 to 2010 and along with that a number of methodological changes were introduced PGDP numbers from 2013 onwards are based on this new GDP series. 44.2 42.8 42.2 41.7 41.2 4,357,581 4,610,509 734,094 771,117 5.8 9.8 10.2 10.5 10.3 10.3 1,075,878 1,152,391 408,924 433,556 7.1 11.0 11.0 10.1 10.5 10.4 1,096,767 1,159,693 433,162 453,714 5.7 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.3 3.5 348,599 390,689 321,289 357,120 12.1 5.8 6.3 5.7 5.8 6.0 604,928 670,760 379,741 415,331 10.9 10.0 10.0 10.9 11.1 10.9 1,155,139 1,223,830 476,346 499,931 5.9 4.7 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.4 541,558 607,118 417,225 462,743 12.1 4.5 4.8 5.2 5.3 5.2 557,104 587,118 428,212 446,138 5.4 6.2 6.2 7.0 6.8 7.0 710,926 781,112 360,876 392,913 9.9 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 10,448,479 11,183,220 503,032 533,398 7.0 Share (%) GDP (Rs. Mn.) Per Capita GDP (Rs.) Province \ Year 2011 2012 2013(a) 2014(a)(b) 2015(b) 2014(a)(b) 2015(b) 2014(a)(b) 2015(b)WesternCentralSouthernNorthernEasternNorth WesternNorth CentralUvaSabaragamuwaSri LankaGrowth (%)(b)2014 / 2015Source : Central Bank of Sri Lanka 51 Province Year / Sector Western Central Southern Northern EasternNorth WesternNorth Central UvaSabara-gamuwaSriLankaPROVINCIAL GDP BY ECONOMIC SECTORS (at Current Market Prices) Rs. Million(a) Revised(b) Provisional(c) Excluding the adjustment for taxes and subsidies on products (GDP = Sum of the Gross Value Added at basic prices + all taxes on products - all subsidies on products)Note : Based on the new GDP series (base year 2010) published by the DCS.Source : Central Bank of Sri Lanka 87,427 95,261 120,275 47,918 68,055 113,526 60,451 70,030 72,438 735,382 1,420,948 234,143 229,387 61,274 166,192 301,476 104,018 124,486 155,403 2,797,328 2,265,326 606,246 552,334 193,073 273,071 559,760 291,827 271,017 393,891 5,406,544 4,049,310 1,003,984 967,872 324,340 544,370 1,045,953 489,622 499,534 667,140 9,592,125 88,819 117,768 158,549 47,577 78,141 124,260 72,452 79,863 66,461 833,889 1,473,137 233,654 254,738 65,246 192,632 342,214 112,341 140,219 172,019 2,986,199 2,502,037 651,970 609,586 212,289 293,398 610,838 320,278 299,488 424,549 5,924,433 4,357,581 1,075,878 1,096,767 348,599 604,928 1,155,139 541,558 557,104 710,926 10,448,479 79,986 124,431 153,354 58,660 81,432 153,851 84,057 95,644 70,163 901,579 1,596,914 251,713 277,532 67,350 212,670 333,437 133,635 124,691 192,065 3,190,006 2,605,532 694,245 646,286 236,878 328,927 649,456 346,225 325,004 463,300 6,295,853 4,610,509 1,152,391 1,159,693 390,689 670,760 1,223,830 607,118 587,118 781,112 11,183,2202013(a) Agriculture Industry Services Total (c)2014(a)(b) Agriculture Industry Services Total (c)2015(b) Agriculture Industry Services Total (c) 52 Item Unit 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Production VolumePaddy 000 MT 4,301 3,894 3,846 4,621 3,381 4,819 000 Bushels 206,103 186,620 184,319 221,435 162,027 230,973Tea Mn. kgs. 331 328 328 340 338 329Rubber Mn. kgs. 153 158 152 130 99 89Coconut Mn. Nuts 2,584 2,808 2,940 2,513 2,870 3,056PricesPaddy : Producer Price Rs. per kg. 29.94 29.50 28.84 30.67 39.29 37.74Tea : Colombo Auction (Gross) Rs. per kg. 371.54 360.68 392.40 445.83 459.01 401.46Rubber : F.O.B. Price Rs. per kg. 377.54 535.40 420.74 389.81 362.83 342.03Coconut : Wholesale Price Rs. per Nut 23.39 28.74 24.10 29.59 31.51 33.88Value of Production, Rs. mn.Paddy Rs. mn. 128,772 114,873 110,919 141,726 132,839 181,869Tea Rs. mn. 123,138 118,134 128,863 151,594 155,160 130,912Rubber Rs. mn. 57,763 84,700 63,868 50,839 35,765 30,294Coconut Rs. mn. 63,771 78,430 70,854 61,803 90,434 102,352(a) ProvisionalPRODUCTION AND PRICES OF MAJOR CROPSSources : Department of Census and Statistics Central Bank of Sri Lanka Rubber Development Department Sri Lanka Tea Board Coconut Development Authority 53 Item 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014(a) 2015(b)Manioc 282,759 292,741 291,354 302,782 310,249 324,097Potatoes 51,933 59,360 72,186 78,751 82,750 97,391Sweet Potatoes 46,460 46,521 43,613 53,383 50,970 51,988Chillies (green) 49,003 44,398 61,541 71,175 73,679 62,866Red Onions 61,811 72,339 73,970 55,592 63,212 61,202Big Onions 58,930 45,682 83,561 69,635 111,137 89,323Maize 161,694 137,797 202,315 209,042 240,731 261,115Cowpea 11,609 10,453 14,812 14,185 15,209 12,276Green Gram 11,703 10,838 11,956 14,252 14,616 15,058Black Gram 9,991 5,782 10,180 9,175 9,644 11,901Kurakkan 7,307 5,411 5,984 7,011 8,851 8,916Ground Nuts 14,354 16,903 21,953 27,486 25,184 28,503Ginger 10,780 13,663 14,911 14,075 15,481 17,273Gingelly 16,947 11,293 12,435 14,236 14,297 13,285Turmeric 7,747 9,308 8,708 11,282 11,351 14,397Soya Beans 7,521 3,847 1,671 13,445 10,812 11,254Sorghum 173 96 89 138 122 101Mustard 413 172 152 185 264 248Meneri 17 18 26 33 29 43ANNUAL PRODUCTION VOLUME SUBSIDIARY FOOD CROPSSource : Department of Census and StatisticsMetric tonnes(a) Revised (b) Provisional 54 Year \ Province Western Central Southern Nothern Eastern North WesternNorth Central UvaSabara-gamuwaAllIsland2010 Marine Fish 73,600 80,970 33,600 92,240 51,850 332,260 Inland Fish 410 1,130 3,180 820 9,320 10,010 20,840 4,210 2,500 52,420 Total 74,010 1,130 84,150 34,420 101,560 61,860 20,840 4,210 2,500 384,6802011 Marine Fish 90,770 98,740 46,370 88,320 61,070 385,270 Inland Fish 430 1,360 3,600 2,150 10,670 11,140 22,740 4,480 2,990 59,560 Total 91,200 1,360 102,340 48,520 98,990 72,210 22,740 4,480 2,990 444,8302012 Marine Fish 91,570 103,110 59,340 95,510 67,690 417,220 Inland Fish 1,200 4,030 5,140 2,810 9,290 11,400 27,210 5,320 2,550 68,950 Total 92,770 4,030 108,250 62,150 104,800 79,090 27,210 5,320 2,550 486,1702013 Marine Fish 94,030 140,620 55,640 84,570 71,070 445,930 Inland Fish 1,369 3,043 8,137 3,539 11,225 13,160 17,160 7,506 1,771 66,910 Total 95,399 3,043 148,757 59,179 95,795 84,230 17,160 7,506 1,771 512,8402014 (a) Marine Fish 85,320 152,790 72,730 75,720 72,740 459,300 Inland Fish 1,286 2,009 7,110 3,558 12,192 10,760 23,860 10,990 3,985 75,750 Total 86,606 2,009 159,900 76,288 87,912 83,500 23,860 10,990 3,985 535,0502015 (b) Marine Fish 75,380 156,530 72,560 70,800 77,620 452,890 Inland Fish 1,315 1,699 4,926 3,736 11,764 13,240 19,100 8,643 2,877 67,300 Total 76,695 1,699 161,456 76,296 82,564 90,860 19,100 8,643 2,877 520,190Source : Ministry of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources DevelopmentFISH PRODUCTION BY PROVINCE Metric tonnes(a) Revised (b) Provisional 55 Type of Livestock 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 (a) 2015 (b) Neat Cattle (No.) Milk Cows Milking at present 249 251 280 306 294 301 Not milking at present 276 281 287 261 245 239 Total Cattle 1,170 1,192 1,236 1,169 1,105 1,088Buffaloes (No.) Milk Cows Milking at present 90 86 94 103 90 92 Not milking at present 80 77 77 67 56 56 Total Buffaloes 423 405 415 381 321 323Goats (No.) 373 375 384 331 299 309Sheep (No.) 8 8 9 9 8 8Pigs (No.) 84 82 89 81 105 70Chicken (No.) 14,018 14,199 14,039 16,647 16,630 16,744Duck (No.) 13 12 13 13 12 12Average Monthly Production Cow Milk (Litres) 15,993 16,955 19,803 22,097 22,743 25,449 Buffalo Milk (Litres) 4,636 4,571 5,134 5,334 5,083 5,754 Total Milk (Litres) 20,630 21,525 24,938 27,431 27,825 31,204 Eggs (No.) 94,995 98,777 121,425 136,404 143,441 158,238 (a) Revised (b) Provisional Source : Department of Census and StatisticsNATIONAL LIVESTOCK STATISTICS 000 56 Item 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Main Agricultural CropsPaddy 1,065 1,223 1,067 1,227 964 1,254Tea 222 222 222 222 222 203Rubber 126 129 131 134 134 135Minor Export CropsCocoa 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4Cinnamon 30.0 30.5 31.0 31.6 31.9 32.1Cardamom 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8Cloves 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6Pepper 30.9 31.3 31.7 32.0 32.3 32.4Coffee 6.0 5.3 8.5 8.7 8.8 7.4Selected Other CropsManioc 23.4 24.2 23.8 23.9 23.9 23.8Maize 57.6 50.5 59.5 67.7 67.2 70.0Chillies 13.3 13.3 14.7 14.4 14.0 13.0Red Onions 5.2 6.1 6.1 4.6 4.9 4.9Big Onions 4.2 3.5 5.4 4.2 6.8 5.6Potatoes 3.8 4.5 4.6 5.1 5.4 5.5Gingelly (Sesame) 18.4 14.4 15.6 17.1 14.5 17.8Sugar Cane (with ratoons) (b) 7.4 7.0 9.2 11.8 12.6 12.3Cowpea 10.9 9.3 11.0 10.8 11.5 9.2Greengram 10.3 9.3 9.8 11.1 11.8 11.3(a) Provisional(b) Includes Nucleus Estates and allotteesHectares 000AGRICULTURAL LAND USESources : Department of Census and Statistics Lanka Sugar Company (Pvt) Ltd. Department of Export Agriculture Galoya Plantation (Pvt) Ltd. 57 Industrial Category 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014(a)(b) 2015(b)INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTIONSources : Department of Census and Statistics Central Bank of Sri LankaRs. millon(a) Revised (b) Provisional(c) Based on the base year 2010 GDP estimates of the Department of Census and Statistics.(d) Based on the Industrial Production Survey according to ISIC Revision 4.Value Added in Industry (2010 Constant Prices) (c) Manufacture of Food, Beverages & Tobacco Products Manufacture of Textiles, Wearing Apparel and Leather Related Products Manufacture of Wood and of Products of Wood and Cork, except Furniture Manufacture of Paper Products, Printing and Reproduction of Media Products Manufacture of Coke and Refined Petroleum Products Manufacture of Chemical Products and Basic Pharmaceutical Products Manufacture of Rubber and Plastic Products Manufacture of Other Non-metallic Mineral Products Manufacture of Basic Metals and Fabricated Metal Products Manufacture of Machinery and Equipment Manufacture of Furniture Other Manufacturing, and Repair and Installation of Machinery and Equipment Industrial Production Index (2010=100) (d) 1,157,977 1,198,136 1,235,988 1,263,922 1,292,994 1,354,082 433,769 487,943 507,121 507,127 513,895 542,573 264,905 238,254 244,496 264,527 276,653 276,710 26,318 31,521 23,472 25,258 23,141 24,780 26,094 27,605 24,738 24,925 24,970 27,326 22,281 35,457 28,858 27,514 28,723 29,075 69,450 67,644 75,582 81,982 82,244 85,101 63,257 75,656 83,307 82,187 71,914 75,296 79,267 86,204 87,090 81,037 78,678 76,503 31,665 26,295 24,591 26,589 24,883 29,112 35,909 33,650 30,849 30,845 32,064 37,574 56,402 53,352 63,922 67,488 82,752 88,269 48,660 34,555 41,962 44,443 53,077 61,763 100.0 107.2 108.8 108.3 114.9 125.4 58 ENERGYItem 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Petroleum Imports Crude Oil: Quantity MT 000 1,819 2,070 1,486 1,743 1,824 1,763 Value (C.I.F.) Rs. Mn. 120,180 183,056 157,758 182,064 187,760 100,578 Refined Products: (b)(c) Quantity MT 000 2,882 3,501 3,961 2,907 3,385 3,321 Value (C.I.F.) Rs. Mn. 222,273 335,225 467,058 352,984 391,651 244,148 Locally Refined Products, MT 000 Petrol 158 206 152 144 152 154 Diesel (d) 442 501 411 390 496 510 Kerosene 93 93 75 57 65 75 Furnace Oil 686 779 648 724 641 552 Aviation Fuel 126 155 93 125 168 155 Local Consumption, MT 000 Petrol 595 711 766 788 836 1,011 Diesel (d) 1,675 2,000 2,096 1,755 2,008 1,853 Kerosene 165 169 143 126 122 130 Furnace Oil 1,117 1,222 1,322 827 915 630 L.P. Gas (e) 187 205 211 218 232 293Electricity Available Capacity, MW 2,817 3,148 3,312 3,362 3,932 3,850 Units Generated, GWh 10,714 11,528 11,801 11,898 12,357 13,090 Hydro (f) 4,988 4,018 2,727 5,990 3,632 4,904 Thermal and Other (g) 5,726 7,510 9,074 5,908 8,725 8,186 Sales, GWh 9,268 10,024 10,475 10,621 11,063 11,786 Domestic and Religious 3,186 3,430 3,577 3,546 3,585 3,943 Industrial, General Purposes and Hotel 4,773 5,218 5,487 5,660 6,018 6,288(a) Provisional(b) Imports by Ceylon Petroleum Coporation, Lanka IOC and Lanka Marine Services (Pvt) Ltd.(c) Excluding CoalSources : Ceylon Petroleum Corporation Lanka IOC PLC Lanka Marine Services (Pvt) Ltd. Ceylon Electricity Board Sri Lanka Customs Central Bank of Sri Lanka(d) Super and Auto Diesel.(e) Revised(f) Excluding mini hydro(g) Includes private power generation, coal and mini hydro power generation. 59 Sources : Ceylon Electricity Board Lanka Electricity Company Ltd.Note 1: Transmission Bulk Supply to LECO is accounted as one account.Note 2: Street Lighting Consumer Accounts are accounted as one account.ELECTRICITY SERVICES BY PROVINCEYear \ Province Western Central Southern Northern Eastern North WesternNorth Central UvaSabara-gamuwa LECO TotalNo. of Consumer Accounts 2011 1,252,176 626,460 616,482 166,051 337,287 627,289 314,523 373,819 403,359 1 4,717,4472012 1,296,316 653,912 636,247 188,284 366,942 663,514 338,951 401,725 433,969 1 4,979,8612013 1,334,127 858,446 659,545 217,973 392,436 693,040 356,446 308,707 390,039 1 5,210,7612014 1,370,114 883,595 679,316 241,719 418,014 720,471 372,667 325,787 405,847 1 5,417,5322015 1,408,325 911,417 702,117 270,263 442,447 753,125 390,774 342,013 428,649 1 5,649,132Sales (Gwh) 2011 4,428 739 759 199 446 1,003 357 370 457 1,267 10,0232012 4,612 776 801 213 472 1,049 384 381 485 1,302 10,4742013 4,644 884 816 240 482 1,046 397 322 482 1,308 10,6212014 4,823 1,043 878 260 504 1,094 404 278 427 1,352 11,0632015 5,059 1,133 930 301 557 1,165 438 301 457 1,446 11,786Generation (Gwh) (Excluding self generation)2011 4,723 3,853 158 168 1,768 64 792 11,5282012 5,812 2,688 91 159 2,127 46 878 11,8012013 2,566 6,124 2 149 2,139 65 896 11,9422014 3,653 3,768 2 155 3,921 28 829 12,3572015 2,555 4,973 1 154 4,682 80 645 13,090 60 PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICESSources : Ministry of Health, Nutrition and Indigenous Medicine Department of Ayurveda Ministry of Finance Department of Census and Statistics Central Bank of Sri Lanka(a) Provisional.(b) This includes 12 estate hospitals taken over by the government, 4 hospitals refurbished and made functional in Mullaitivu district and 8 Primary Health Care Units upgraded as divisional hospitals.(c) Including Intern Medical Officers.(d) Registered with the Ayurvedic Medical Council.(e) GDP (Base year 2010).n.a. Not availableItem 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Hospitals (practicing Western Medicine) No. 568 592 (b) 593 603 601 610Beds No. 69,501 69,731 73,437 74,636 76,918 76,781Primary Health Care Units No. 476 475 480 481 484 475Doctors No. 14,125 (c) 16,384 (c) 17,129 17,553 17,903 19,429 (c)Assistant Medical Practitioners No. 1,158 1,097 1,061 1,057 1,055 1,017Nurses No. 27,494 29,101 30,136 30,928 31,964 32,272Attendants No. 8,189 7,477 8,403 8,091 8,215 8,689In - Patients No. 000 5,591 n.a. 5,840 5,926 n.a. n.a.Out - Patients No. 000 49,871 n.a. 50,631 53,861 54,970 n.a.Ayurvedic Physicians (d) No. 20,004 20,353 20,712 21,060 22,422 22,672Total Health Expenditure Rs. mn. 73,835 89,237 99,101 119,530 138,403 177,789 Current Expenditure Rs. mn. 60,506 74,443 81,946 99,609 116,151 140,560 Capital Expenditure Rs. mn. 13,329 14,794 17,155 19,920 22,252 37,230Total Health Expenditure as a % of GDP (e) 1.15 1.24 1.13 1.25 1.32 1.59 61 EDUCATIONSources : Ministry of Education University Grants Commission Ministry of Finance Department of Census and Statistics Central Bank of Sri Lanka (a) Provisional. (b) Private Schools approved by the government and schools for children with special needs (This figure excludes international schools which are registered under the Companies Act). (c) Data from 2012 to 2014 are based on a survey carried out by the Central Bank of Sri Lanka in 2014 covering 120 international schools. Data reported in the table relate only to schools that responded. The response rate was 63 per cent. 2015 data are based on an island wide survey carried out by the Ministry of Education. (d) Government Schools only. (e) In all universities, excluding the Open University of Sri Lanka and external degree courses. (f) In 2012, student enrolment was less as the 2011 GCE (A/L) intake was not admitted due }Item 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Total Schools 10,502 10,549 10,737 10,849 10,971 10,997 Government 9,685 9,731 9,905 10,012 10,121 10,144 Private (b) 98 98 98 103 103 104 Pirivenas 719 720 734 734 747 749Total Pupils 4,119,525 4,157,885 4,264,567 4,307,625 4,354,011 4,418,173 Government Schools 3,940,072 3,972,983 4,004,059 4,037,095 4,078,798 4,129,534 Private Schools 117,362 122,041 125,669 130,344 131,397 136,228 Pirivenas 62,091 62,681 64,608 66,116 62,870 64,806 International Schools (c) n.a. n.a. 70,231 74,070 80,919 87,605New Admissions (d) 332,562 331,491 339,143 342,451 348,288 323,337Total Teachers 224,541 228,336 242,689 243,332 253,649 259,967 Government Schools 212,457 216,397 223,724 223,752 232,990 236,999 Private Schools 12,084 11,939 12,200 12,379 12,932 13,851 Pirivenas International Schools (c) n.a. n.a. 6,765 7,201 7,727 9,117Pupils per Teacher 18 18 18 18 18 17Universities 15 15 15 15 15 15University Students (e) Total Enrolled 70,477 74,440 70,222 (f) 77,126 80,822 82,900 New Admissions 21,547 22,016 28,908 (g)(h) 24,198 (h) 25,200 25,624University Lecturers 4,984 5,064 5,176 5,439 5,610 5,525Govt. Expenditure on Education, Rs. mn. (i) 104,248 121,369 136,202 151,801 190,150 225,047 As a % of Total Govt. Expenditure 8.1 8.5 8.8 9.1 10.6 9.8 As a % of GDP (j) 1.63 1.68 1.56 1.58 1.82 2.01to court cases relating to the discrepancies in the Z-score. However, the decrease was not significant as the final exams and academic terms of some universities were not completed by the end of the year due to Academic and Non-Academic staff strikes. (g) Including 5,182 students who has been admitted in additional to the normal intake due to court cases filed before the Supreme Court challenging the methodology used to calculate the Z-score. (h) Admissions in 2012 includes the intake from the 2011 GCE (A/L) but has been admitted only in 2013, while the admissions in 2013 shows the undergraduates admitted in the first quarter of 2014. (i) Government expenditure on General and Higher Education. (j) GDP (Base year 2010) 62 Source : National Water Supply and Drainage BoardWATER CONSUMPTION AND REVENUE BY PROVINCEYear \ Province Western Central Southern Northern Eastern North WesternNorth Central UvaSabara-gamuwa TotalNo. of Consumers 2011 687,558 179,688 222,472 7,087 106,066 46,686 67,294 59,192 73,258 1,449,301 2012 738,367 198,512 239,719 7,922 125,123 53,930 80,314 63,248 80,528 1,587,663 2013 782,514 211,940 260,842 9,088 144,321 58,808 85,912 68,955 85,367 1,707,747 2014 833,648 224,217 276,334 12,189 163,349 64,030 91,900 76,064 90,267 1,831,998 2015 878,417 236,506 293,330 14,834 185,306 69,183 100,668 81,555 94,870 1,954,669Quantity of Water Sold (m3 Mn.) 2011 194.5 37.0 43.2 1.5 17.9 10.2 15.3 11.7 13.1 344.3 2012 210.5 40.2 47.0 1.5 20.0 10.7 17.0 12.4 14.2 373.5 2013 215.4 39.9 49.2 1.6 21.6 11.5 17.5 12.7 14.6 384.0 2014 230.3 43.3 53.6 2.0 24.9 13.0 19.2 14.0 15.8 416.2 2015 242.1 45.9 56.7 2.4 28.3 13.6 20.8 14.7 17.3 441.8Revenue Billed (Rs. Mn.) 2011 8,611.2 1,029.9 1,383.4 49.6 553.0 299.4 552.8 398.0 442.5 13,319.8 2012 9,652.0 1,475.1 1,580.0 53.8 648.4 345.5 634.4 441.3 500.4 15,331.0 2013 11,454.8 1,442.5 2,015.9 70.5 851.6 431.9 770.7 521.6 601.9 18,161.5 2014 12,159.2 1,595.6 2,254.7 92.6 980.5 494.8 850.8 575.9 691.2 19,695.2 2015 12,644.3 1,650.1 2,319.6 107.3 1,070.3 502.9 896.4 586.6 714.3 20,491.7Revenue Collected (Rs. Mn.) 2011 8,468.4 1,078.4 1,349.6 47.2 556.6 303.8 582.4 390.6 411.1 13,188.1 2012 9,359.0 1,308.7 1,488.1 57.4 586.4 355.7 657.1 416.1 476.1 14,704.6 2013 11,491.5 1,462.9 2,076.1 73.3 819.2 439.5 791.2 512.6 601.3 18,267.6 2014 12,324.8 1,574.0 2,209.4 95.3 993.6 497.8 894.1 577.1 682.0 19,848.1 2015 13,017.0 1,684.3 2,387.5 106.9 1,085.4 520.1 930.1 616.4 709.6 21,057.2 63 COMMUNICATIONS(a) Provisional.(b) Wireless Local Loop telephones declined in 2012 due to the rectification of statistical reportings subsequent to the merger of two companies.(c) Wireless Local Loop telephones and Cellular phones declined in 2013 due to a revision in the classification of active subscribers in January 2013.(d) Including mobile internet connections from 2010 onwards.Sources : Telecommunications Regulatory Commission of Sri Lanka Department of Census and Statistics Department of PostsItem 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Post Offices 4,742 4,742 4,738 4,628 4,692 4,692Main Post Offices 648 648 651 651 653 653Sub-Post Offices 3,410 3,410 3,411 3,375 3,410 3,410Private Post Offices 684 684 676 602 629 629Area served by a Post Office (sq. km) 14 14 13 14 13 13Population served by a Post Office (No.) 4,355 4,401 4,311 4,447 4,427 4,468Telephones 20,801,982 21,927,839 23,773,461 23,021,937 24,832,848 26,985,740Wireline Telephones in Service (No.) 896,710 941,780 999,354 1,062,065 1,123,126 1,128,291Wireless Local Loop Telephones (No.) 2,637,865 2,666,612 2,450,037 (b) 1,644,722 (c) 1,586,722 1,472,905Cellular Phones 17,267,407 18,319,447 20,324,070 20,315,150 (c) 22,123,000 24,384,544Telephone Density (per 100 persons) 100.7 105.1 116.4 111.9 119.6 128.7Public Pay Phones 6,958 6,458 6,983 6,773 6,642 5,809Internet Connections (d) 502,000 844,749 1,365,655 2,009,456 3,396,295 4,090,920 64 Land Phones Sri Lanka Telecom Ltd. (includes Wireline and CDMA provided by SLT) 2010 716,793 146,295 132,695 49,895 75,132 104,857 57,373 71,040 93,231 1,447,311 2011 733,616 149,340 134,970 52,608 74,184 104,847 56,573 72,135 94,114 1,472,387 2012 752,935 153,266 138,687 55,959 75,469 106,418 57,676 73,749 97,004 1,511,163 2013 786,801 160,917 144,106 59,549 74,944 107,522 59,534 77,274 100,662 1,571,309 2014 824,595 171,852 149,628 68,470 82,014 112,574 63,651 82,728 107,785 1,663,297 2015 821,168 167,980 147,395 72,903 80,781 51,123 127,554 84,765 109,547 1,663,216 Wireless Local Loop & CDMA (provided by Dialog Broadband and Lankabell) 2010 720,256 195,468 272,880 51,373 80,007 236,686 174,370 168,723 231,389 2,131,152 2011 719,246 230,242 269,445 55,912 80,613 235,283 171,850 173,952 199,462 2,136,005 2012 667,176 209,669 244,867 45,773 57,851 213,544 153,804 160,701 184,843 1,938,228 2013 282,075 147,605 162,373 32,238 32,797 141,770 94,437 118,696 123,487 1,135,478 2014 266,389 135,782 142,310 33,142 30,807 130,396 83,026 113,075 111,624 1,046,551 2015 239,578 123,476 128,869 32,543 31,915 138,831 95,195 198,355 99,084 1,087,846 Public Pay Phones 2010 4,004 886 803 141 429 657 374 290 394 7,978 2011 3,755 786 751 126 360 604 350 264 326 7,322 2012 3,285 918 732 90 338 671 305 259 385 6,983 2013 3,314 840 696 78 296 627 310 233 379 6,773 2014 3,307 801 659 76 255 647 292 234 371 6,642 2015 2,678 351 609 83 244 593 274 206 771 5,809Source : Telecommunication Regulatory Commission of Sri Lanka Year \ Province Western Central Southern Northern Eastern North North Uva Sabara- Total Western Central gamuwaTELECOMMUNICATION SERVICES BY PROVINCE Number 65 Telephones, per 100 Persons (Fixed Access Services, Wireless Services and Cellular Phones)Internet Connections, per 1,000 Persons (including Mobile Broadband Connections from 2010 onwards)Number2013 2014 2015 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 050100150200Selected Socio Economic Indicators2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Telephones, per 100 Persons(Fixed Access Services, Wireless Services and Cellular Phones) 53.6 71.9 86.6 100.7 105.1 116.4 111.9 119.6 128.7Internet Connections, per 1,000 Persons(including Mobile Broadband Connections from 2010 onwards) 10.1 11.6 11.7 24.3 40.5 66.9 97.6 163.5 195.1(a) Provisional 66 2011 144 102 91 52 56 63 38 46 54 646 2012 146 100 92 52 56 65 38 46 54 649 2013 146 100 93 52 56 65 39 46 54 651 2014 147 101 93 52 56 65 39 46 54 653 2015 147 102 92 52 56 65 39 46 54 653 2011 533 532 506 252 222 420 272 251 386 3,374 2012 537 531 505 256 222 419 272 250 382 3,374 2013 537 531 505 257 222 419 272 250 382 3,375 2014 553 532 509 264 222 419 272 253 386 3,410 2015 553 534 507 264 222 419 272 253 386 3,410 2011 208 19 39 16 15 45 12 11 48 413 2012 313 50 37 25 18 60 22 21 56 602 2013 313 50 37 25 18 60 22 21 56 602 2014 326 58 43 26 17 64 24 18 53 629 2015 326 58 43 26 17 64 24 18 53 629 2011 885 653 636 320 293 528 322 308 488 4,433 2012 996 681 634 333 296 544 332 317 492 4,625 2013 996 681 635 334 296 544 333 317 492 4,628 2014 1,026 691 645 342 295 548 335 317 493 4,692 2015 1,026 694 642 342 295 548 335 317 493 4,692No. of Main Post OfficesNo. of Sub Post OfficesNo. of Agency Post Offices/ Co-operative Thrift Society and Estate Agency Post Offices Total No. of Post OfficesSource : Department of PostsPOSTAL SERVICES BY PROVINCE Year \ Province Western Central Southern Northern Eastern North North Uva Sabara- Total Western Central gamuwa 67 TRANSPORTATION(a) Provisional.(b) Kilometerage of A and B class roads maintained by Road Development Authority.(c) Includes dual purpose vehicles.Sources: Sri Lanka Transport Board Department of Motor Traffic Sri Lanka Railways Civil Aviation Authority of Sri Lanka Road Development AuthorityItem 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Road Kilometerage (b) 12,019 12,019 12,165 12,169 12,208 12,210New Registration of Motor Vehicles 359,243 525,421 397,295 326,651 429,556 668,907Buses and Coaches 2,491 4,248 3,095 1,805 3,851 4,140Cars 23,072 57,886 31,546 28,380 38,780 105,628Motor Cycles 204,811 253,331 192,284 169,280 272,885 370,889Goods Transport Vehicles (c) 23,557 48,336 49,663 30,475 25,920 46,598Land Vehicles 19,664 23,194 21,892 13,038 9,082 12,105Three Wheelers 85,648 138,426 98,815 83,673 79,038 129,547SLCTB / Regional Bus CompaniesBuses Operated (Average per day) 4,441 4,365 4,314 4,373 4,226 5,270Passenger Kilometers, mn. 11,815 11,907 11,909 12,201 12,717 15,210Private Operator Buses (Permits issued) 19,805 19,699 20,444 19,651 20,421 19,397Sri Lanka RailwaysPassenger Kilometers, mn. 4,353 4,574 5,039 6,257 6,842 7,407Freight Ton Kilometers, mn. 163 154 142 133 130 130AirLanka / SriLankan AirlinesPassenger Kilometers Flown, mn. 9,400 10,677 12,790 12,988 12,719 12,747Passengers, 000 2,808 3,010 4,164 4,019 4,169 4,314Freight, 000 tonnes 83 90 98 100 96 103 68 Year \ Province Western Central Southern Northern Eastern North North Uva Sabara- Total Western Central gamuwa REGIONAL BUS COMPANIES SERVICES BY PROVINCENo. of Buses Operated 2010 1,083 645 431 168 229 503 336 411 621 4,427 2011 1,088 628 438 165 217 491 341 378 603 4,350 2012 1,024 621 408 151 195 494 345 393 619 4,250 2013 1,151 570 410 179 214 499 442 419 503 4,387 2014 1,240 613 414 180 228 507 436 449 529 4,596 2015 (a) 1,385 767 482 227 295 574 415 549 591 5,285Operated km. mn. 2010 81.2 43.1 39.3 14.2 21.3 42.0 29.6 31.3 38.7 340.6 2011 83.3 42.8 40.6 14.2 20.4 41.3 29.9 28.8 38.2 339.5 2012 80.6 42.8 37.8 14.4 19.5 42.5 31.2 29.3 39.8 337.8 2013 82.3 41.3 35.8 15.3 20.7 42.0 35.0 31.4 38.8 342.8 2014 97.5 42.4 38.5 17.1 23.7 43.5 38.4 35.1 35.1 371.2 2015 (a) 112.3 54.6 45.4 23.3 30.3 50.4 38.5 45.4 40.3 440.4Passenger km. mn. 2010 2,798.1 1,586.6 1,395.5 437.1 833.0 1,415.4 1,070.2 1,051.4 1,227.6 11,814.9 2011 2,911.7 1,650.9 1,469.2 445.7 841.2 1,401.8 1,081.8 984.0 1,120.5 11,906.7 2012 2,882.1 1,691.5 1,367.8 471.8 734.9 1,434.1 1,078.9 985.5 1,262.6 11,909.2 2013 2,908.4 1,630.2 1,370.4 538.0 824.0 1,407.4 1,243.4 1,040.3 1,241.9 12,203.9 2014 3,152.9 1,709.3 1,337.7 570.9 932.9 1,451.7 1,305.9 1,139.8 1,122.4 12,723.4 2015 (a) 3,685.8 2,143.4 1,598.5 824.1 1,166.1 1,663.0 1,330.4 1,470.7 1,337.3 15,219.2(a) Provisional Source : Sri Lanka Transport BoardNote : Buses under SLTTS (Sri Lanka Tourist Transport Service), are included in Western Province from 2014 onwards. 69 No. of Buses Operated 2010 5,535 2,476 1,444 530 521 1,850 817 933 1,778 15,884 2011 5,803 2,739 1,612 993 471 1,836 948 1,027 1,174 16,602 2012 6,071 2,751 1,621 1,021 526 1,839 926 1,028 1,346 17,129 2013 5,384 2,783 1,753 963 530 1,925 831 1,143 1,755 17,067 2014 6,746 2,806 1,816 968 460 1,820 764 1,152 2,001 18,534 2015 (a)(b) 4,808 2,012 1,205 1,006 382 1,258 623 827 1,715 13,836Operated km. mn. 2010 266.7 119.3 69.6 25.5 25.1 89.1 39.4 44.9 85.7 765.3 2011 279.6 131.9 77.7 47.8 22.7 88.4 45.6 49.5 56.5 799.8 2012 292.5 132.6 78.1 49.2 25.3 88.6 44.6 49.6 64.8 825.3 2013 267.3 138.2 87.0 47.8 26.3 95.6 41.2 56.7 87.1 847.2 2014 361.8 152.4 112.7 50.4 27.3 115.2 45.9 64.0 112.1 1,041.8 2015 (a)(b) 238.7 99.9 59.8 49.9 19.0 62.4 30.9 41.1 85.1 686.8Passenger km. mn. 2010 13,999.5 6,262.3 3,651.5 1,341.9 1,318.6 4,680.0 2,067.3 2,359.3 4,497.4 40,177.8 2011 14,678.9 6,927.1 4,077.9 2,512.2 1,191.4 4,643.0 2,396.9 2,597.2 2,968.6 41,993.2 2012 15,356.3 6,958.5 4,100.2 2,582.6 1,330.5 4,651.7 2,342.3 2,600.2 3,404.6 43,326.9 2013 14,031.2 7,252.8 4,568.5 2,509.7 1,381.2 5,016.7 2,165.7 2,978.8 4,573.7 44,478.3 2014 16,715.2 7,040.3 5,205.9 2,328.0 1,261.2 5,321.5 2,121.6 2,954.6 5,181.1 48,129.4 2015 (a)(b) 11,026.5 4,614.3 2,763.5 2,307.1 876.1 2,885.1 1,428.8 1,896.6 3,933.1 31,731.1 Source : National Transport Commission Year \ Province Western Central Southern Northern Eastern North North Uva Sabara- Total Western Central gamuwa PRIVATE OPERATOR BUS SERVICES BY PROVINCE(a) Provisional (b) Estimated 70 Sources : Divisional Secretariats Central Bank of Sri Lanka(a) Motor Vehicles with valid revenue licenses. (b) Revised. (c) Provisional. * Buses owned by SLTB and private buses with route permits. ** Other private buses and coaches without route permits.MOTOR VEHICLES BY PROVINCE(a) Vehicle Category \ Province Western Central Southern Northern Eastern North North Uva Sabara- All Western Central gamuwa IslandYear 2014 (b)Omnibuses * 7,699 2,612 1,894 1,146 720 2,187 816 787 1,971 19,832Private Coaches ** 13,779 2,061 2,972 474 427 2,890 670 893 2,247 26,413Dual Purpose Vehicles 135,263 28,458 30,436 5,760 9,607 38,050 15,051 11,366 18,670 292,661Private Cars 269,063 38,309 31,402 3,511 6,265 31,567 9,500 9,102 19,740 418,459Land Vehicles 15,016 3,845 13,578 11,775 17,872 13,772 7,691 6,915 3,178 93,642Goods Transport Vehicles 91,538 22,423 20,299 3,744 6,008 30,211 10,838 8,992 16,102 210,155Motor Cycles 600,347 100,830 257,722 124,023 163,326 303,235 143,238 72,356 101,637 1,866,714Threewheelers 272,884 101,504 108,938 14,389 34,782 84,289 41,308 50,672 95,413 804,179Others 1,328 157 320 1,812 231 635 34 706 663 5,886Total 1,406,917 300,199 467,561 166,634 239,238 506,836 229,146 161,789 259,621 3,737,941Year 2015 (c)Omnibuses * 8,931 2,971 2,002 1,239 659 2,161 926 939 1,992 21,820Private Coaches ** 16,258 2,344 3,505 560 534 3,385 841 924 2,527 30,878Dual Purpose Vehicles 150,136 33,982 36,716 7,106 11,929 43,369 21,372 14,992 21,885 341,487Private Cars 313,430 49,169 46,222 4,488 9,265 43,717 16,290 13,567 27,772 523,920Land Vehicles 15,262 3,502 14,276 12,757 19,275 15,020 9,682 8,201 3,470 101,445Goods Transport Vehicles 96,483 24,299 21,844 3,766 6,231 32,867 12,055 10,144 16,882 224,571Motor Cycles 681,223 132,210 325,046 150,623 194,193 356,233 194,061 91,369 125,665 2,250,623Threewheelers 313,182 116,342 126,055 16,854 43,984 96,065 56,428 62,912 109,016 940,838Others 814 608 199 1,935 164 519 45 750 1,286 6,320Total 1,595,719 365,427 575,865 199,328 286,234 593,336 311,700 203,798 310,495 4,441,902Number 71 PORT SERVICESSource : Sri Lanka Ports Authority(a) Provisional TEU : Twenty Foot Equivalent Container UnitItem 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Vessels Arrived 4,067 4,332 4,134 3,976 4,264 4,728Colombo 3,910 4,124 3,870 3,667 3,742 4,197Galle 48 73 69 36 60 72Trincomalee 109 126 161 134 127 164Hambantota 9 34 139 335 295Cargo Handled (Loaded and Discharged), MT 000 61,240 65,069 64,970 66,243 74,410 77,579Colombo 58,768 62,016 61,669 63,482 70,794 73,718Galle 318 464 422 207 394 542Trincomalee 2,154 2,574 2,859 2,435 2,748 3,027Hambantota - 15 20 119 474 293Port of Colombo Cargo Handled, MT 000 58,768 62,016 61,670 63,482 70,794 73,718Containerised 51,426 54,109 53,504 56,195 63,329 65,682Break Bulk 627 722 618 364 601 1,113Dry Bulk 2,556 2,620 2,709 2,657 2,444 2,344Liquid Bulk 4,159 4,565 4,839 4,265 4,420 4,579Port of Colombo Container Throughput, TEU 000 4,137.4 4,262.9 4,187.1 4,306.2 4,907.9 5,185.5Domestic (Exports and Imports) 932.2 1,046.9 1,020.3 1,032.0 1,127.0 1,218.0Transhipment 3,095.6 3,123.8 3,064.8 3,208.1 3,699.7 3,888.3Re-stowing 109.6 92.2 102.1 66.1 81.2 79.2Revenue, Rs. Mn. 28,280 31,086 38,098 37,232 37,492 40,805Colombo 27,724 30,347 36,943 35,804 35,159 37,214Galle 277 441 597 478 696 915Trincomalee 279 285 423 366 400 530Hambantota 13 135 585 1,237 2,145 72 Item 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Indicators of Price LevelColombo Consumers Price Index (CCPI) (2006/07 = 100) 141.9 151.5 162.9 174.2 179.9 181.5 Sub Indices : Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages 158.8 172.7 180.9 195.2 202.5 212.4 Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels 119.2 124.4 136.4 151.0 152.7 138.2 Transport 139.7 149.6 181.9 190.2 198.9 182.9 Communication 90.3 90.3 90.3 90.3 93.9 94.0 Education 135.9 140.6 141.2 142.6 143.3 148.1CCPI Core (b) 140.9 150.6 159.4 166.5 172.3 177.6National Consumer Price Index (NCPI) (2013 = 100) 105.5 109.5 Sub Indices : Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages 105.2 110.7 Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels 110.1 114.7 Transport 102.7 92.8 Communication 103.7 103.8 Health 105.4 114.8 Clothing and Footwear 103.2 110.5NCPI Core (c) 105.7 110.6Producers Price Index (2013 Q4 = 100) 101.6 105.3Implicit GDP Deflator Index (1996 = 100) 338.9 351.8 389.9 414.3 430.3 (a)(d) 439.5Cost of Construction Index (1990 = 100) 465.9 490.9 550.9 590.4 604.9 621.3PRICES(Continued)(a) Provisional (c) Based on NCPI (2013 = 100)(b) Based on CCPI (2006/07 = 100) (d) Revised 73 Sources : Department of Census and Statistics Construction Industry Development Authority Central Bank of Sri LankaItem 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Price Changes (Annual average), %Colombo Consumers Price Index (CCPI) (2006/07 = 100) 6.2 6.7 7.6 6.9 3.3 0.9 Sub Indices : Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages 6.9 8.8 4.7 7.9 3.8 4.9 Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels 3.5 4.3 9.6 10.7 1.1 -9.5 Transport 0.9 7.1 21.6 4.6 4.5 -8.0 Communication 2.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.0 0.1 Education 12.6 3.5 0.5 0.9 0.5 3.4CCPI Core (b) 7.0 6.9 5.8 4.4 3.5 3.1National Consumer Price Index (NCPI) (2013 = 100) 3.8 Sub Indices : Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages 5.2 Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels 4.2 Transport -9.6 Communication 0.1 Health 8.9 Clothing and Footwear 7.1NCPI Core (c) 4.6Producers Price Index (2013 Q4 = 100) 3.6Implicit GDP Deflator (1996 = 100) 7.3 3.8 10.8 6.2 3.9 (a)(d) 2.1Cost of Construction Index (1990=100) 2.1 5.4 12.2 7.2 2.5 2.7PRICES (Contd.)(a) Provisional (c) Based on NCPI (2013 = 100)(b) Based on CCPI (2006/07 = 100) (d) Revised 74 PURCHASING MANAGERS INDEX (PMI)Note :The IndexPMI is calculated as a Diffusion Index, where it takes values between 0 to 100.PMI = 50; sector remained neutralPMI > 50; sector is generally expandingPMI < 50; sector is generally contractingSource : Central Bank of Sri LankaYear Month PMI Manufacturing PMI Services2015June 57.5 65.0September 53.2 61.7December 57.9 60.22016March 60.7 61.6June 55.1 56.3 75 Producer Price (Average) Retail Price (Average)Item All Island All Island Colombo City2013 2014 2015(a) 2013 2014 2015(a) 2013 2014 2015(a)RiceSamba 33.22 41.12 41.12 71.89 83.83 90.25 70.48 84.20 89.67Par-Boiled 29.96 38.38 35.60 62.02 75.75 76.73 60.61 77.58 77.06Kekulu 30.16 39.06 37.21 58.35 71.92 74.85 59.71 73.80 75.91VegetablesGreen Beans 76.95 83.01 125.74 130.35 134.03 195.82 134.40 134.31 199.02Carrot 80.06 81.57 119.69 131.05 133.37 182.54 133.40 136.40 182.07Leeks 70.06 66.98 103.90 115.60 114.69 166.35 103.47 108.04 155.87Tomatoes 57.35 68.42 76.18 97.44 114.91 132.11 97.14 120.20 130.00Ash Plantains 38.78 40.66 50.01 75.10 79.43 99.35 83.80 95.20 112.56Pumpkin 31.85 34.83 39.32 62.94 66.70 78.18 57.70 56.08 73.44Bitter Gourd 66.83 76.53 93.30 109.11 124.42 155.93 112.40 126.20 148.11Brinjals 43.39 48.72 56.75 76.88 84.75 101.72 80.80 97.06 105.87Leafy Vegetables Gotukola (b) 58.71 58.25 61.12 19.35 20.17 22.38 20.00 20.00 25.53Mukunuwenna (b) 47.49 49.50 49.83 20.71 21.52 24.11 20.00 20.00 29.77Potatoes 84.62 88.88 93.80 117.42 121.26 125.96 117.35 126.47 129.22Manioc 28.91 30.76 33.29 50.54 52.92 56.99 60.10 63.14 63.78Sweet Potatoes 36.06 37.74 46.30 64.43 66.75 80.59 73.40 80.45 95.24(Continued)(a) Provisional (b) Producer prices represent prices per kg while retail prices are for a bunch.PRICES OF SELECTED FOOD ITEMS Rs. per kg. 76 (a) Provisional Rs. per kg.Source : Central Bank of Sri LankaProducer Price (Average) Retail Price (Average)Item All Island All Island Colombo City2013 2014 2015(a) 2013 2014 2015(a) 2013 2014 2015(a)Green Gram 199.71 225.81 197.38 271.70 299.73 252.11 285.40 313.52 245.78Dried Chillies 183.47 188.51 217.68 227.94 230.85 275.76 222.40 230.61 285.76Red Onions 106.14 66.55 75.66 171.97 102.46 125.91 180.10 107.80 129.87Dhal (Maisoor) 153.64 161.37 181.88 159.20 165.50 177.05Meat and Eggs Beef 473.07 497.29 539.55 530.00 581.20 665.00Chicken 334.37 315.33 330.25 411.83 420.27 458.79 412.00 406.40 477.67Eggs (each) 12.46 11.77 12.38 14.55 13.55 14.94 13.14 11.85 13.90Sea Fish Seer (Thora) 644.24 653.12 723.43 1,031.41 1,030.13 1,070.95 1,186.96 1,115.49 1,267.50Trevally (Paraw) 460.50 460.25 504.49 673.21 697.23 725.97 514.04 576.08 617.18Skip Jack (Balaya) 309.84 324.29 357.21 507.84 528.05 559.38 344.04 356.08 357.95Tuna (Kelawalla) 433.77 453.41 478.90 678.33 711.20 753.22 489.36 539.50 600.44Sail Fish (Talapath) 404.43 425.74 511.28 755.80 778.44 824.50 601.06 639.40 685.45Dried Fish Queen Fish (Kattawa) 657.36 649.95 673.45 918.13 944.45 971.34 818.00 831.25 932.22Skip Jack (Balaya) 530.56 532.47 537.25 661.12 693.03 717.22 572.00 630.00 662.22Mackeral (Kumbalawa) 403.04 423.00 404.81 398.30 465.38 398.30 465.38 Sprats (Halmessa) 509.71 454.87 397.16 577.52 495.14 493.22 530.00 420.64 469.11PRICES OF SELECTED FOOD ITEMS (Contd.) 77 WAGE RATE INDICESWage Rate Index (a)(b) 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a) Indices for nominal wage rates exclude bonus, over-time and other special payments.(b) The figures in parenthesis indicate annual average percentage changes of indices.Sources : Department of Labour Central Bank of Sri LankaWage Rate Index for Public Sector Employees (2012 = 100) All Central Government 100.0 106.3 117.5 154.8 (6.3) (10.5) (31.7) Senior Level Officers 100.0 103.6 110.8 134.6 (3.6) (7.0) (21.4) Tertiary Level Officers 100.0 106.0 116.4 149.0 (6.0) (9.8) (28.0) Secondary Level Officers 100.0 106.5 117.9 155.8 (6.5) (10.7) (32.1) Primary Level Officers 100.0 106.8 119.2 162.9 (6.8) (11.6) (36.6)Minimum Wage Rate Index for workers in Wages Boards Trades (1978 Dec. = 100) Workers in Agriculture Trades 3,327.6 3,427.2 4,433.0 4,435.9 4,560.9 4,734.4 (41.6) (3.0) (29.3) (0.1) (2.8) (3.8) Workers in Industry and Commerce Trades 2,199.0 2,402.1 2,402.1 3,191.6 3,459.1 3,459.1 (7.1) (9.2) (0.0) (32.9) (8.4) (0.0) Workers in Services Trades 1,673.3 1,851.8 1,851.8 2,241.5 2,313.2 2,313.2 (8.2) (10.7) (0.0) (21.0) (3.2) (0.0) Workers in all Trades 2,865.3 2,996.1 3,662.0 3,869.2 4,012.2 4,127.0 (32.0) (4.6) (22.2) (5.7) (3.7) (2.9)(Contd) 78 WAGE RATE INDICES (Contd.)Wage Rate Index (a)(b) 2012 2013 2014 2015(a) The figures in parenthesis indicate annual average percentage changes of indices.(b) Only selected sub-categories are presented under each sector.Source : Central Bank of Sri LankaWage Rate Index for Informal Private Sector Employees (2012 = 100) Informal Private Sector 100.0 109.8 118.1 126.7 (9.8) (7.6) (7.3) Agriculture 100.0 111.2 118.3 128.3 (11.2) (6.3) (8.5) Paddy 100.0 110.6 116.4 130.1 (10.6) (5.2) (11.8) Coconut 100.0 115.3 123.3 128.9 (15.3) (7.0) (4.5) Rubber 100.0 113.5 119.3 126.3 (13.5) (5.1) (5.9) Tea 100.0 110.5 117.9 128.3 (10.5) (6.7) (8.9) Industry 100.0 110.1 119.0 129.0 (10.1) (8.2) (8.4) Construction 100.0 108.7 114.9 122.6 (8.7) (5.7) (6.7) Small Industries 100.0 110.3 120.6 131.6 (10.3) (9.3) (9.1) Services 100.0 108.9 117.1 123.9 (8.9) (7.5) (5.9) Wholesale and Retail Trade 100.0 109.3 115.7 121.9 (9.3) (5.8) (5.4) Transport 100.0 108.1 115.3 121.2 (8.1) (6.7) (5.1) 79 EXPORTSItemUS dollars million Rupees million2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a) 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Agricultural Exports 2,528 2,331 2,581 2,794 2,481 279,466 297,715 333,942 364,762 337,007 Tea 1,491 1,412 1,542 1,628 1,340 164,869 180,429 199,446 212,588 182,054 Rubber 206 125 71 45 26 22,811 15,726 9,194 5,916 3,548 Coconut 266 209 205 356 352 29,394 26,594 26,488 46,517 47,745 Other Agricultural Crops 565 586 763 764 763 62,392 74,966 98,814 99,741 103,660Industrial Exports 7,992 7,371 7,749 8,262 7,976 883,771 938,762 1,001,808 1,078,725 1,082,298 Textiles and Garments 4,191 3,991 4,508 4,930 4,820 463,509 508,607 583,046 643,688 654,794 Petroleum Products 553 463 428 338 374 61,170 58,902 55,128 44,132 50,461 Other Industrial Products 3,248 2,917 2,813 2,994 2,781 359,091 371,254 363,634 390,905 377,043Mineral Exports 33 61 52 59 28 3,631 7,833 6,727 7,764 3,826Unclassified Exports 7 10 12 15 20 720 1,221 1,577 1,924 2,660Total Exports 10,559 9,774 10,394 11,130 10,505 1,167,588 1,245,531 1,344,054 1,453,176 1,425,791Export Value Index (2010=100) 122.5 113.4 120.6 129.1 121.8 119.8 127.8 137.9 149.1 146.3Export Volume Index (2010=100) 110.2 110.0 117.3 122.3 128.0 110.2 110.0 117.3 122.3 128.0Export Unit Value Index (2010=100) 111.2 103.1 102.8 105.5 95.2 108.7 116.2 117.5 121.9 114.3Terms of Trade (2010=100) 90.9 89.5 93.6 97.6 99.9 90.9 89.6 93.8 97.6 99.8(a) Provisional Sources : Ceylon Petroleum Corporation and other Exporters of Petroleum Sri Lanka Customs Central Bank of Sri Lanka 80 Sources : Sri Lanka Customs Ceylon Petroleum Corporation Prima Ceylon (Pvt) Ltd. Lanka IOC PLC Serendib Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Central Bank of Sri LankaIMPORTS(a) Provisional.ItemUS dollars million Rupees million2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a) 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Consumer Goods 3,654 2,995 3,182 3,853 4,713 404,037 380,968 410,996 503,021 640,352 Rice 18 24 18 282 135 2,035 3,083 2,297 36,795 17,956 Flour 14 5 2 2 2 1,538 628 237 270 277 Sugar 426 345 289 255 253 47,091 43,872 37,187 33,332 34,164 Milk and Milk Products 345 307 291 339 251 38,182 39,023 37,572 44,308 34,088Intermediate Goods 12,275 11,578 10,554 11,398 9,638 1,357,505 1,474,534 1,361,740 1,488,091 1,309,234 Fertilizer 407 311 239 272 290 44,992 39,859 30,972 35,591 39,573 Fuel 4,795 5,045 4,308 4,597 2,700 530,389 640,197 555,930 600,150 366,339 Textile and Textile Articles 2,321 2,266 2,046 2,328 2,296 256,592 289,546 264,302 303,907 311,965 Wheat and Maize 429 364 323 405 357 47,382 46,352 41,551 52,844 48,658Investment Goods 4,286 4,590 4,253 4,152 4,567 473,974 582,921 548,604 542,169 620,730 Building Materials 1,076 1,237 1,357 1,309 1,352 118,935 157,437 175,054 170,901 184,176 Transport Equipment 1,065 992 668 707 931 117,737 124,773 86,170 92,367 125,927 Machinery and Equipment 2,141 2,356 2,222 2,131 2,278 236,857 300,138 286,631 278,257 309,811Unclassified Imports 54 28 14 14 16 5,972 3,455 1,788 1,882 2,151Total Imports 20,269 19,190 18,003 19,417 18,935 2,241,488 2,441,879 2,323,128 2,535,163 2,572,467Import Value Index (2010=100) 151.2 143.1 134.3 144.8 141.2 147.9 161.1 153.2 167.2 169.7Import Volume Index (2010=100) 123.6 124.2 122.3 134.0 148.2 123.6 124.2 122.3 134.0 148.2Import Unit Value Index (2010=100) 122.3 115.2 109.8 108.1 95.3 119.7 129.7 125.3 124.8 114.5Terms of Trade (2010=100) 90.9 89.5 93.6 97.6 99.9 90.9 89.6 93.8 97.6 99.8 81 Sources : National Gem & Jewellery Authority Sri Lanka Customs Central Bank of Sri LankaSELECTED EXPORTSItem 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Agricultural CommoditiesTea, MT 000 328 323 320 320 327 307Rubber, MT 000 52 43 37 24 16 10Coconut, Mn. Nuts (b) 251 386 351 379 716 552Minor Agricultural Commodities, MTVegetables 20,994 13,446 10,814 22,737 40,460 25,846Fruits 17,072 20,007 26,592 33,532 39,008 32,659Coffee 26 10 10 19 57 24Cinnamon 13,682 13,747 14,762 14,148 13,949 13,828Unmanufactured Tobacco 695 708 861 1,142 1,162 880Cashewnuts 337 311 146 51 129 113Betel Leaves 2,604 2,845 1,934 3,024 2,998 2,404Selected Other Commodities, MTMineral Exports (c) 3,231 3,341 3,094 3,083 3,116 2,834Gems, 000 Carats 7,345 9,154 9,194 14,393 12,685 12,116Textiles and Garments, mn. kgs. 758 861 797 923 973 1,054(a) Provisional.(b) Nut equivalent of copra, oil and desiccated coconut. (c) Graphite only. 82 SELECTED IMPORTSItem Unit 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Rice MT 000 126 28 36 23 600 286Wheat Grain MT 000 1,051 1,242 1,084 895 1,179 1,208Sugar MT 000 548 606 569 548 520 624Milk and Milk Food (b) MT 000 76 88 84 69 71 86Infant Milk Food MT 911 1,756 1,446 1,545 1,172 1,613Fish Dried (c) MT 000 49 50 41 39 36 35 Other MT 000 34 33 31 40 43 85Pharmaceutical Products MT 000 558 82 189 122 108 74Fertilizer MT 000 649 801 640 600 765 873Crude Oil MT 000 1,819 2,070 1,486 1,743 1,824 1,763Cement MT 000 2,012 2,584 3,796 4,123 4,363 4,092Motor Vehicles (d) No. 37,522 68,763 103,182 32,321 46,647 134,715Motor Cycles No. 226,426 252,036 186,372 160,524 314,060 349,385Tractors No. 18,617 26,870 18,967 13,701 5,842 12,601(a) Provisional.(b) Excluding infant milk food.(c) Including maldive fish, sprats and smoked fish.(d) Including motor cars, vans, lorries and buses.Sources : Sri Lanka Customs Central Bank of Sri Lanka 83 TOURISMItem 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Tourist Arrivals 654,476 855,975 1,005,605 1,274,593 1,527,153 1,798,380Excursionist Arrivals (b) 112,497 119,875 126,523 140,009 138,097 195,134Tourist Guest Nights, 000 6,548 8,560 (c) 10,056 10,909 (c) 15,119 18,163Hotels (d), No. 783 906 894 967 1,055 1,763Rooms (d), No. 20,609 20,794 22,142 23,596 26,037 30,079Room Occupancy Rate (e), % 70.2 77.1 71.2 71.7 74.3 74.5Gross Tourist Receipts, Rs. mn. 65,018 91,926 132,427 221,720 317,479 405,492 US $ mn. 575 830 1,039 1,715 2,431 2,981Total Employment 132,055 138,685 162,869 270,150 299,890 319,436 (f)Direct Employment 55,023 57,786 67,862 112,550 129,790 135,930 (f)Indirect Employment 77,032 80,899 95,007 157,600 170,100 183,506 (f)(a) Provisional(b) Refers to those who spend less than 24 hours in the country.(c) Revised(d) Graded and Supplementary Establishments only.(e) Graded Establishments only.(f) EstimatesSources : Sri Lanka Tourism Development Authority Central Bank of Sri Lanka 84 (a) The classification used in this table follows the Balance of Payments Manual 6th edition (2009) of the IMF.(b) Revised (c) Provisional(d) Based on GDP at current market prices published by the Department of Census and Statistics. Ratios calculated in rupee values and US dollar values differ due to variations in exchange rates during the year.BALANCE OF PAYMENTS(a)Source : Central Bank of Sri LankaItemUS dollars million Rupees million2014 (b) 2015 (c) 2014 (b) 2015 (c)Current Account (net) -1,988 -2,009 -259,436 -274,562Trade Balance -8,287 -8,430 -1,081,987 -1,146,676Services (net) 1,880 2,325 245,496 316,170Primary Income (net) -1,808 -2,097 -236,073 -286,137Secondary Income (net) 6,227 6,193 813,128 842,082Capital Account (net) 58 46 7,684 6,256Current and Capital Account -1,929 -1,962 -251,752 -268,306Financial Account (net) -1,536 -2,271 -200,261 -338,298Net Acquisition of Assets 2,588 957 338,335 126,897Net Incurrence of Liabilities 4,124 3,227 538,595 465,195Net Errors and Omissions 393 -308 51,492 -69,993Overall Balance 1,369 -1,489 180,904 -129,654Ratio to GDP in Percentages (d)Trade Balance -10.4 -10.2 -10.4 -10.2Goods and Services -8.0 -7.4 -8.0 -7.4Current Account -2.5 -2.4 -2.5 -2.4Current and Capital Account -2.4 -2.4 -2.4 -2.4Total External AssetsTotal External Assets in Months of Imports 9,884 9,337 1,295,342 1,345,095Merchandise Imports 6.1 5.9Merchandise and Services Imports 5.1 4.9 85 (a) Provisional (b) Excludes net receipts from China for State Owned Business Enterprises from 2012. - NegligibleNET RECEIPTS OF FOREIGN ASSISTANCESources : Ministry of Finance Central Bank of Sri LankaItemUS dollars million Rupees million2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a) 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Net Receipts to Government 2,116 2,256 1,157 2,103 2,443 233,982 287,971 149,421 274,566 332,132Foreign Loans 1,946 2,102 1,097 2,022 2,367 215,163 268,263 141,653 264,021 321,814ADB 139 160 133 90 135 15,398 20,477 17,129 11,702 18,315China (b) 6 650 477 206 289 612 82,892 61,531 26,942 39,228IDA 130 98 61 83 37 14,386 12,549 7,845 10,811 5,050Korea 22 37 29 13 14 2,454 4,669 3,801 1,688 1,858Japan 114 112 49 41 -7 12,619 14,340 6,306 5,348 -943Other 1,535 1,045 349 1,590 1,900 169,694 133,336 45,041 207,530 258,306Foreign Grants 170 154 60 81 76 18,819 19,708 7,768 10,545 10,318ADB 20 10 2 7 2 2,254 1,241 294 935 220Japan 19 28 12 17 7 2,084 3,600 1,570 2,181 958United Nations 72 56 14 6 8,009 7,178 1,748 38 806USA 18 24 10 10 - 2,030 3,094 1,231 1,331 -Other 40 36 23 46 61 4,442 4,595 2,925 6,060 8,334Central Govt. Loan Outstanding 21,067 21,687 22,929 23,844 26,071 2,329,280 2,767,299 2,960,424 3,113,116 3,544,031Project Loans 14,834 14,473 15,018 22,675 16,040 1,640,117 1,846,772 1,938,909 1,904,599 2,180,388Non-Project Loans 6,233 7,214 7,912 9,256 10,031 689,163 920,527 1,021,515 1,208,516 1,363,642 86 (a) Rates announced by the Central Bank for its transactions.Sri Lanka Rupees per unit of foreign currencyEXCHANGE RATES(a) (End of Period)Source : Central Bank of Sri Lanka Country Currency 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015Asian CountriesChina Yuan 16.8038 18.0465 20.4163 21.5700 21.1401 22.1854Hong Kong Dollar 14.2573 14.6610 16.4048 16.8621 16.8938 18.5869India Rupee 2.4761 2.1529 2.3262 2.1116 2.0675 2.1677Indonesia Rupiah 0.0123 0.0126 0.0132 0.0107 0.0105 0.0104Korea Won 0.0983 0.0984 0.1191 0.1239 0.1200 0.1224Pakistan Rupee 1.2939 1.2667 1.3076 1.2376 1.2975 1.3733Philippines Peso 2.5332 2.5981 3.0954 2.9449 2.9272 3.0710Singapore Dollar 86.1436 87.5760 104.0128 103.2559 99.2529 101.8396Thailand Baht 3.6855 3.5874 4.1556 3.9791 3.9851 3.9918Middle East CountriesKuwait Dinar 394.1212 408.7318 452.1594 463.0064 447.8610 474.4822Saudi Arabia Riyal 29.5914 30.3721 33.9050 34.8633 34.9225 38.3910United Arab Emirates Dirham 30.2077 31.0096 34.6204 35.5984 35.6779 39.2305Industrial CountriesAustralia Dollar 112.8836 115.5813 132.2409 116.6709 107.6433 105.1007Canada Dollar 110.9031 111.5750 127.8255 122.7324 113.1192 103.8886Japan Yen 1.3611 1.4669 1.4799 1.2459 1.0979 1.1960United Kingdom Pound Sterling 171.4113 175.4479 205.4728 215.5790 204.0427 213.5724United States Dollar 110.9530 113.9013 127.1608 130.7530 131.0486 144.0623International Monetary Fund SDR 170.8370 174.8690 195.3110 201.3550 189.8640 199.6310European Monetary Union Euro 147.5619 147.4225 168.1257 180.4522 159.4206 157.3737 87 Current Account Balance Overall Balance Exports ImportsPer cent2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015-15 0 15 30 45 Balance of Payments (% of GDP)2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Exports 16.8 15.2 16.2 14.3 14.0 13.9 12.8Imports 24.2 23.7 31.0 28.1 24.2 24.3 23.0Current Account Balance -0.5 -1.9 -7.1 -5.8 -3.4 -2.5 -2.4Overall Balance 6.5 1.6 -1.6 0.2 1.3 1.7 -1.8(a) ProvisionalNote : 2010 onwards figures are based on new 2010 base year GDP series. 88 GOVERNMENT FISCAL OPERATIONS Rs. millonItem 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016Approved EstimatesApproved Estimates ProvisionalTotal Revenue and Grants 1,067,532 1,153,306 1,204,621 1,534,700 1,460,892 1,837,970Total Revenue 1,051,460 1,137,447 1,195,206 1,504,700 1,454,878 1,822,970Tax (a) 908,913 1,005,895 1,050,362 1,337,000 1,355,779 1,646,000Non-Tax 142,547 131,552 144,844 167,700 99,099 176,970Grants 16,071 15,859 9,415 30,000 6,014 15,000Expenditure and Lending Minus Repayments 1,556,499 1,669,396 1,795,865 2,034,076 2,290,394 2,578,119Current Expenditure 1,131,023 1,205,180 1,322,898 1,552,035 1,701,658 1,717,239Capital Expenditure 400,082 454,303 459,855 472,928 588,175 859,482Lending Minus Repayments 25,394 9,913 13,112 9,113 561 1,399Current Account Surplus (+) / Deficit (-) -79,563 -67,733 -127,692 -47,335 -246,779 105,731Overall Budget Surplus (+) / Deficit (-) -488,967 -516,090 -591,244 -499,376 -829,502 -740,149Financing 488,967 516,090 591,244 499,376 829,502 740,149Foreign Financing (Net) (b) 286,455 123,700 212,523 291,376 236,803 283,149Gross Borrowing 486,824 327,693 395,632 495,461 521,096 426,592Repayments -200,369 -203,993 -183,109 -204,085 -284,293 -143,442Domestic Financing (c) 202,511 392,390 378,721 208,000 592,699 457,000Market Borrowing 202,511 379,390 392,084 208,000 592,699 457,000Non-Bank 70,984 82,414 265,155 138,000 300,858 275,000Bank 131,527 296,977 126,929 70,000 291,841 182,000Other Borrowing (d) 13,000 -13,363 Central Debt Outstanding 6,000,112 6,793,249 7,390,899 n.a. 8,503,227 n.a.Domestic 3,232,813 3,832,825 4,277,783 n.a. 4,959,196 n.a.Foreign 2,767,299 2,960,424 3,113,116 n.a. 3,544,031 n.a.Sources : Ministry of Finance Central Bank of Sri Lanka(a) Includes the amount of tax exemptions granted for specified projects and the amount of tax concessions granted on import of vehicles by public servants.(b) Include rupee denominated Treasury bonds and Treasury bills issued to foreign investors.(c) Excludes Treasury bonds issued to fund raise for restructuring of SOBEs in 2012, 2014 and 2015.(d) Includes domestic grants and other non-market borrowings.n.a. Not available 89 GOVERNMENT REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE Rs. millionSources : Ministry of Finance Central Bank of Sri Lanka(a) This includes the amount of VAT exemptions granted for specified projects and the amount of tax concessions granted on import of vehicles by public servants.PAL Ports and Airports Development Levy SCL Special Commodity Levy VAT Value Added TaxItem 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016Approved EstimatesApproved Estimates ProvisionalRevenue 1,051,460 1,137,447 1,195,206 1,504,700 1,454,878 1,822,970Tax Revenue (a) 908,913 1,005,895 1,050,362 1,337,000 1,355,779 1,646,000Taxes on Foreign Trade 184,634 191,815 198,483 231,825 244,231 286,050Imports 80,155 83,123 81,108 85,000 132,189 125,000PAL / SCL / Other 104,479 108,692 117,375 146,825 112,042 161,050Taxes on Domestic Goods and Services 457,818 506,906 539,023 655,475 724,282 873,250VAT 229,604 250,757 275,350 296,000 219,700 240,000Excise Tax 223,960 250,700 256,691 343,435 497,652 556,235Licence Fees 4,254 5,449 6,983 16,040 6,929 77,015Taxes on Net Income and Profits 172,563 205,666 198,115 310,600 262,583 251,700Corporate 91,888 100,649 98,183 168,100 162,019 145,200Personal 80,675 105,017 99,932 142,500 100,564 106,500Other 93,898 101,508 114,741 139,100 124,683 235,000Non-Tax Revenue 142,547 131,552 144,844 167,700 99,099 176,970Expenditure and Net Lending 1,556,499 1,669,396 1,795,865 2,034,076 2,290,394 2,578,119Current Expenditure 1,131,023 1,205,180 1,322,898 1,552,035 1,701,658 1,717,239Expenditure on Goods and Services 487,833 512,624 568,829 716,351 772,563 757,722Interest Payments 408,498 444,007 436,395 425,030 509,674 520,452Transfers and Subsidies Payments 234,692 248,549 317,674 410,654 419,420 439,065Capital Expenditure 400,082 454,303 459,855 472,928 588,175 859,482Acquisition of Fixed Assets 197,350 252,535 252,303 226,571 313,260 622,066Capital Transfers 202,732 201,768 207,551 246,357 274,916 237,416Under Expenditure Provision Lending Minus Repayments 25,394 9,913 13,112 9,113 561 1,399 90 Fiscal Operations (% of GDP)2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Revenue and Grants 17.3 16.6 15.6 15.0 13.0 13.6 12.2 12.0 11.5 13.1Recurrent Expenditure 18.6 17.4 16.9 18.2 14.6 14.2 13.0 12.6 12.7 15.2Capital Expenditure and Net Lending 5.6 6.1 5.7 6.7 5.3 5.7 4.9 4.8 4.5 5.3Current Account -2.4 -1.6 -2.0 -3.7 -1.9 -0.8 -0.9 -0.7 -1.2 -2.2Budget Deficit -7.0 -6.9 -7.0 -9.9 -7.0 -6.2 -5.6 -5.4 -5.7 -7.4(a) ProvisionalNote : 2010 onwards figures are based on new 2010 base year GDP series.Current Account Budget Deficit Revenue and Grants Recurrent ExpenditureCapital Expenditureand Net LendingPer cent2013 201520142006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 -15-551525 91 MONETARY DEVELOPMENTS Rs. million(a) Provisional. (b) Formerly used definition which differs from QM.(c) Restructuring bonds worth Rs.19,392.6 million, which were issued by the government to the two state banks, have been converted to Treasury bonds upon their maturity in October 2006. This amount, which previously appeared under Other Assets has been included in Net Credit to Government since October 2006.(d) Ratio of GDP at Market Prices to M2b (12 Month Average).Source : Central Bank of Sri LankaItem 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Reserve Money 360,511 439,504 484,362 488,586 577,912 673,432Narrow Money (M1) 407,192 438,707 450,049 484,578 612,155 714,967Currency 216,549 242,871 251,539 264,607 329,426 388,057Demand Deposits 190,643 195,836 198,510 219,971 282,729 326,910Quasi Money (QM) 1,684,216 2,053,032 2,479,021 2,933,275 3,263,648 3,850,929Domestic Banking Units 1,599,421 1,971,706 2,366,037 2,809,888 3,121,032 3,674,360Foreign Currency Banking Units 84,796 81,326 112,984 123,387 142,666 176,569Broad Money (M2) 1,813,000 2,192,603 2,593,185 3,058,793 3,460,558 4,057,191Quasi Money (b) 1,405,808 1,753,896 2,143,136 2,574,215 2,848,402 3,342,224Broad Money M2b (M1+QM) 2,091,408 2,491,740 2,929,070 3,417,853 3,875,853 4,565,896Underlying Factors in M2b Domestic Credit 2,262,861 3,037,970 3,696,131 4,200,783 4,640,146 5,732,013Claims on Government (Net) (c) 627,185 833,610 1,045,232 1,301,342 1,435,900 1,759,470Credit to Public Corporations 144,578 198,500 292,477 365,098 446,047 522,966Credit to Private Sector 1,491,099 2,005,860 2,358,421 2,534,343 2,758,199 3,449,577Net Foreign Assets 377,442 98,057 -25,831 -76,325 15,126 -298,163Monetary Authorities 505,463 340,090 396,468 529,128 688,007 576,187Commercial Banks -128,021 -242,033 -422,999 -605,453 -672,881 -874,350Net Other Items (c) -548,895 -644,287 -741,230 -706,605 -779,418 -867,954Currency / M2b, % 10.4 9.7 8.6 7.7 8.5 8.5Income Velocity of Money (d) 3.34 3.15 3.17 2.99 2.88 2.67Money Multiplier (M2b / Reserve Money) 5.80 5.67 6.05 7.00 6.71 6.78 92 Growth of Money SupplyMonetary Aggregates (Growth)2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Narrow Money (M1) 7.7 2.6 7.7 26.3 16.8Broad Money (M2) 20.9 18.3 18.0 13.1 17.2Broad Money (M2b) 19.1 17.6 16.7 13.4 17.8(a) ProvisionalBroad Money (M2)Narrow Money (M1) Broad Money (M2b)Per cent0 10 20 30 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 93 MONEY MARKET OPERATIONS Rs. millonSource : Central Bank of Sri LankaItem 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Call Money : Total Lending / Borrowing 996,082 2,433,808 3,179,061 2,079,206 2,198,356 2,827,930Primary Treasury bill MarketAmount Issued / Sold 1,000,069 1,164,570 1,649,984 1,235,304 1,121,705 1,589,527Purchased by Central Bank 133,823 217,584 485,332 334,764 337,659 564,159 Others 866,246 946,986 1,164,652 900,540 784,046 1,025,368Total Outstanding (year end) 571,759 661,008 709,254 774,052 750,267 663,285Central Bank Secondary Treasury bill MarketRepo Transactions 10,722,749 14,489,768 2,721,932 5,677,442 3,457,540 750,227Reverse Repo Transactions 36,639 248,292 127,321 10,130 23,717Other Outright Sales 13,250 18,448 128,750 127,855 Outright Purchases Standing Deposit Facility (b) 5,181,675 17,989,768Certificates of Deposits (year end) Treasury bonds Primary Market Issues 508,576 602,951 847,899 1,017,134 860,695 869,923Outstanding (year end) (c) 1,827,425 2,018,782 2,412,657 2,855,846 3,245,764 3,603,982Central Bank Reverse Repo Transactions 104,361 549,613 60,031 3,622 43,776Central Bank SecuritiesIssues 1,466,990 Outstanding (year end) 95,118 Market Repo Transactions (d) 1,128,072 1,099,161 1,431,274 3,422,395 2,246,232 1,961,747Commercial PapersIssues 12,287 13,540 36,891 28,262 8,171 7,907Outstanding (year end) 4,259 8,098 10,557 7,420 3,451 4,517(a) Provisional(b) From 02nd January 2014 Standing Repurchase facility was renamed as Standing Deposit Facility and from 03rd February 2014, it was made uncollateralized. (c) Excludes government bonds of Rs. 4,397 million issued to CWE in 2003, Rs. 78,441 million issued to CPC in January 2012 and Rs. 13,125 million issued to Sri Lankan Airlines in March 2013.(d) Overnight (It covers only Licensed Commercial Banks and Primary Dealers. 94 INTEREST RATES per cent per annumSources : Reuters Central Bank of Sri LankaSLIBOR Sri Lanka Inter Bank Offer Rate LIBOR London Inter Bank Offer Rate AWDR Average Weighted Deposit RateItem 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015Domestic Interest Rates (year end)Central Bank Advance Rate (Bank Rate) 15.00 15.00 15.00 15.00 15.00 15.00Inter-bank Call Rates 7.758.15 8.759.10 9.509.85 7.507.75 6.006.50 6.40SLIBOR (Overnight) 8.15 9.01 9.92 7.76 6.10 6.40Treasury bill Yield RatesPrimary Market 3 Months 7.24 8.68 10.00 7.54 5.74 6.45 6 Months 7.35 8.71 11.32 7.85 5.84 6.83 12 Months 7.55 9.31 11.69 8.29 6.00 7.30Standing Deposit Facility Rate (a) 7.25 7.00 7.50 6.50 6.50 6.00Standing Lending Facility Rate (a) 9.00 8.50 9.50 8.50 8.00 7.50Treasury bonds, Yield to Maturity 2 Years 8.27 (Aug) 7.77 (Feb) 13.62 (Jul) 6.70 (Jun) 3 Years 8.15 (Dec) 7.99 (Jan) 13.50 (May) 10.87 (Aug) 8.18 (Jun) 4 Years 8.60 (Dec) 8.20 (Jul) 14.10 (Jul) 8.91 (Dec)Commercial Banks Deposit Rates AWDR 6.23 7.24 10.10 9.37 6.20 6.20Fixed Deposits 3 Months 4.758.50 4.7511.25 5.0016.25 5.7015.00 3.507.00 3.1011.10 6 Months 5.009.75 5.5011.00 5.0016.25 6.2012.25 3.908.75 3.909.50 12 Months 5.0517.00 5.5511.00 5.0017.00 6.0016.00 3.9512.00 3.9515.00NSB Deposits Rates Savings 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00Fixed Deposits 12 Months 8.50 8.50 12.50 9.50 6.50 7.25Commercial Banks Prime Lending (monthly) 9.27 10.49 14.29 9.96 6.35 7.40Loans Secured by Government Securities 9.0022.00 6.8522.00 9.0021.00 9.0018.00 6.6024.00 6.0014.25Unsecured Loans 6.0035.00 6.0035.00 7.0032.00 7.0024.00 5.4424.00 2.5024.00LIBOR on US Dollar Deposits (Average) 3 Months 0.34 0.34 0.43 0.27 0.23 0.32 6 Months 0.52 0.51 0.69 0.41 0.33 0.48 12 Months 0.92 0.83 1.01 0.68 0.56 0.79(a) Repurchase Rate and Reverse Repurchase Rate were renamed as Standing Deposit Facility Rate (SDFR) and Standing Lending Facility Rate (SLFR) respectively, with effect from 02nd January 2014. 95 Average Weighted Deposit Rate (Com. Banks)LIBOR US $ - 3 MonthsPrime LendingTreasury bill Yields 3 MonthsPer cent0 5 10 15 20 25 2013 2015 2014 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Selected Interest Rates 96 BANK BRANCH NETWORKSource : Central Bank of Sri Lanka(a) Revised (b) Provisional(c) Includes Main Branches and Other Banking outlets except Student Saving Units.(d) Includes Union Bank of Colombo PLC, Amana Bank PLC, Pan Asia Banking Corporation PLC, Nations Trust Bank PLC, National Development Bank PLC, Cargills Bank Ltd., and DFCC Bank PLC. (e) Includes Housing Development and Finance Corporation Bank, Lankaputhra Development Bank Ltd., Sanasa Development Bank PLC, State Mortgage and Investment Bank and Sri Lanka Savings Bank Ltd.Item 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014(a) 2015(b)Commercial Banks (c) 2,379 2,625 2,752 2,839 2,894 2,925Domestic Banks 2,163 2,405 2,532 2,618 2,673 2,705Bank of Ceylon 519 560 604 624 629 634Peoples Bank 679 712 727 732 732 732Commercial Bank of Ceylon PLC 190 217 229 237 241 248Hatton National Bank PLC 198 237 242 246 244 244Sampath Bank PLC 172 207 211 215 224 229Seylan Bank PLC 124 131 147 152 162 162Other (d) 281 341 372 412 441 456Foreign Banks 216 220 220 221 221 220Specialised Banks (c) 600 624 637 645 652 624Pradeshiya Sanwardhana Bank 243 248 254 255 255 255National Savings Bank 206 213 219 219 219 223Other (e) 151 163 164 171 178 146Co-opeartive Rural Banks 1,935 2,019 1,949 2,080 2,185 2,210Total Bank Branches 4,914 5,268 5,338 5,564 5,731 5,759Population per Bank Branch 4,207 3,961 3,826 3,699 3,624 3,641Bank Branches per 100,000 Persons 23.8 25.2 26.1 27.0 27.6 27.5Bank Branches per 100,000 Persons (Excluding Co-operative Rural Banks) 14.4 15.6 16.6 16.9 17.1 16.9No. of Commercial Banks 22 24 24 24 25 25Domestic Banks 11 12 12 12 13 13Foreign Banks 11 12 12 12 12 12 97 (a) Provisional.(b) Restructuring bonds worth Rs. 19,392.6 million, which were issued by the government to the two state banks, have been converted to Treasury bonds upon their maturity in October 2006. This amount, OPERATIONS OF COMMERCIAL BANKS Rs. millionSource : Central Bank of Sri LankaItem 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Assets 2,566,737 3,157,677 3,757,370 4,328,266 4,855,940 5,698,522Cash in hand 39,104 50,362 66,522 75,164 87,469 103,643Deposits with Central Bank 107,705 149,711 169,466 151,200 164,428 199,646Foreign Currency in hand and due from Banks abroad 191,240 159,567 155,013 108,503 196,950 359,740Due from Domestic Banks 11,474 51,390 49,840 25,568 43,810 80,582Cash Items in Process of Collection 6,066 21,866 35,890 25,762 14,831 17,591Investments (b) 538,474 517,045 648,725 980,866 1,063,638 1,189,961Commercial Bills 29,574 31,021 34,655 45,008 42,580 19,029Overdrafts 338,357 373,762 495,973 489,383 531,878 605,893Loans 1,086,687 1,500,949 1,774,985 2,013,271 2,202,030 2,852,731Liabilities 2,566,737 3,157,677 3,757,370 4,328,266 4,855,940 5,698,522Capital (c) 237,814 313,334 375,920 444,945 528,661 608,898Demand Deposits 235,981 243,451 243,735 272,753 339,458 389,293Time and Savings Deposits 1,718,996 2,117,734 2,554,485 2,980,394 3,301,517 3,901,124Borrowings Domestic Inter-Bank 99,473 147,275 142,492 127,460 145,315 182,212 Foreign 13,351 19,742 75,460 111,981 138,443 195,717Liquid Assets (d) 712,445 744,887 882,030 1,142,473 1,310,855 1,512,267Liquid Assets / Total Deposits, % 36.4 31.6 31.5 35.1 36.0 35.3Cash in Hand / Total Deposits, % 2.0 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.4Loans and Advances / Total Deposits, % 74.4 80.8 82.4 78.3 76.3 81.1Statutory Reserve Ratio, % 7.00 8.00 8.00 6.00 6.00 6.00which previously appeared under Other Assets has been included in Net Credit to Government since October 2006. (c) Paid up, Reserve Funds and Retained Profits.(d) Liquid Assets of DBUs. 98 LICENSED SPECIALISED BANKS Rs. millon(a) Provisional.(b) DFCC Bank which operated as a Licensed Specialised Bank was amalgamated with the DFCC Vardhana Bank and operates as a Licensed Commercial Bank namely, DFCC Bank PLC with effect from 01 October 2015. (c) Includes MBSL Savings Bank Ltd, Housing Development Finance Corporation Bank of Sri Lanka, Lankaputra Development Bank, Sanasa Development Bank and Sri Lanka Savings Bank (Sri Lanka Savings Bank Item 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)National Savings BankAssets 406,208 469,944 513,695 657,107 785,945 850,927Loans 86,778 115,575 145,007 153,569 217,458 264,270Investments 288,826 324,058 338,769 460,074 517,070 530,015Deposits 355,445 411,013 442,144 479,814 539,219 581,916Regional Development BanksAssets 49,467 60,877 70,664 81,101 95,903 110,370Loans 38,061 47,158 53,645 60,083 61,996 88,388Investments 3,422 1,076 476 564 2,745 13,248Deposits 37,950 46,154 54,710 62,607 72,525 86,340State Mortgage and Investment Bank Assets 18,277 20,903 22,700 27,031 30,584 34,386Loans 14,814 16,594 18,839 21,542 24,447 26,862DFCC Bank (b)Assets 63,109 70,306 84,017 91,716 97,775 Loans 39,291 53,902 61,333 61,489 75,375 Other Licensed Specialised Banks (c) Assets 52,857 61,421 67,366 81,533 100,689 124,914Loans 33,371 39,276 43,447 51,524 64,858 81,875Source : Central Bank of Sri Lankacommenced operations in March 2008). MBSL Savings Bank Ltd which operated as a LSB, was amalgamated with Merchant Bank of Sri Lanka PLC and MCSL Financial Services Ltd and operates as a LFC namely, Merchant Bank of Sri Lanka and Finance PLC with effect from, 01 January 2015. 99 (a) Provisional (b) Capital represent the equity capital of the LFC sectorSELECTED NON-BANK FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS Rs. millonSource : Central Bank of Sri LankaItem 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Licensed Finance Companies, No. 37 39 47 48 48 47Deposits 146,120 186,016 254,117 337,297 414,116 480,636Capital (b) 21,574 46,903 77,779 80,411 97,192 102,590Assets (net) 222,527 340,080 514,831 622,349 742,811 915,349Co-operative Rural Banks, No. of Banks 1,935 2,019 1,949 2,080 2,185 2,093Deposits 61,984 71,081 63,627 79,355 89,634 93,137Loans Outstanding 44,398 30,781 51,371 39,520 37,757 44,644Thrift and Credit Co-operative Societies, No. 8,440 8,424 8,440 8,440 8,424 8,424Deposits 4,764 5,311 5,287 5,588 6,790 7,114Loans Granted 3,205 3,987 4,175 4,766 6,462 7,060Unit TrustsNet Assets 22,060 22,547 30,890 54,448 125,985 129,399Investments in Shares (Market Value) 11,743 9,549 8,841 9,486 13,575 14,407Investments in Government Securities (Bonds + Bills) 2,748 6,247 5,620 17,387 54,287 28,212No. of Units Issued, (mn.) 1,159 1,286 2,227 4,103 9,382 8,766No. of Unit Holders 24,640 23,403 27,253 29,940 32,584 38,008 100 (a) Provisional (b) Demand, Savings & Time DepositsMOBILISATION OF DEPOSITSSource : Central Bank of Sri LankaItemRupees million Percentage Share2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a) 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)Demand Deposits (Commercial Banks) 280,300 269,832 296,548 380,970 446,448 9.02 7.31 6.86 7.82 7.91Savings Deposits 980,791 1,006,416 1,120,222 1,472,320 1,744,923 31.55 27.27 25.92 30.23 30.90Commercial Banks 849,820 874,131 974,164 1,282,186 1,518,521 27.34 23.69 22.54 26.33 26.89National Savings Bank 105,637 106,334 112,635 138,189 161,926 3.40 2.88 2.61 2.84 2.87Regional Rural / Regional Dev. Banks 17,264 18,631 22,195 28,864 35,494 0.56 0.50 0.51 0.59 0.63Licensed Finance Companies 5,938 4,855 8,563 16,984 22,568 0.19 0.13 0.20 0.35 0.40Thrift and Credit Co-operative Societies 2,132 2,465 2,665 6,097 6,414 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.13 0.11Time Deposits 1,847,113 2,413,865 2,904,260 3,016,311 3,456,179 59.43 65.41 67.21 61.94 61.20Commercial Banks 1,333,777 1,794,658 2,170,548 2,180,149 2,531,020 42.91 48.63 50.23 44.77 44.82National Savings Bank 304,154 334,011 364,563 397,635 418,554 9.79 9.05 8.44 8.17 7.41Regional Rural / Regional Dev. Banks 26,745 33,858 38,164 42,059 49,119 0.86 0.92 0.88 0.86 0.87Licensed Finance Companies 179,259 248,516 328,062 396,468 457,486 5.77 6.73 7.59 8.14 8.10Thrift and Credit Co-operative Societies 3,178 2,822 2,923 0.10 0.08 0.07 Total Deposits (b) 3,108,204 3,690,113 4,321,030 4,869,601 5,647,550 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 101 SHARE MARKET INDICATORS(a) Provisional (b) As at end of December IPOs Initial Public Offerings(c) The S & P SL20 index was introduced in June 2012, replacing the Milanka Price Index.Source : Colombo Stock ExchangeItem Unit 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014(a) 2015(a)Turnover Rs. mn. 570,327 546,256 213,827 200,468 340,917 253,251Daily Turnover Average Rs. mn. 2,396 2,286 884 828 1,415 1,060Shares Traded No., mn. 18,489 24,544 9,691 9,054 16,722 9,415Trades No. 3,355,126 4,579,352 1,857,384 1,421,303 1,982,709 1,506,790Listed Companies No. 241 272 287 289 294 294Foreign Trading (Net) Rs. mn. -26,335 -19,039 38,661 22,734 21,139 5,372 Purchases Rs. mn. 92,426 49,777 72,614 83,607 104,690 84,421 Sales Rs. mn. 118,761 68,816 33,954 60,873 83,551 89,793Total Number of Shares Listed (b) mn. 40,791 57,894 71,276 75,028 78,751 82,451 Market Capitalization (b) Rs. bn. 2,210.5 2,213.9 2,167.6 2,459.9 3,104.9 2,938.0New Issues (IPOs) No. 8 13 6 1 5 2 Shares Offered mn. 455 1,460 201 80 573 107 Value Rs. mn. 4,347 19,156 1,739 494 3,282 330CSE All Share Price Index (1985=100) (b) 6,635.9 6,074.4 5,643.0 5,912.8 7,299.0 6,895.0CSE Milanka Price Index (31.12.98 = 1,000) (b) 7,061.5 5,229.2 5,119.1 S & P SL20 Index (c) 3,085.3 3,263.9 4,089.1 3,626.0Market Price Earning Ratio (PER) (b) 25.2 15.8 15.9 15.9 19.7 18.0Market Dividend Yield (b), % 1.2 1.8 2.4 2.9 2.1 2.2Market Price to Book Value (b) 3.0 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.0 102 Money Supply (M2) GrowthInflation (CCPI Change)GDP GrowthUnemployment RatePer cent0 5 10 15 20 25 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015Macroeconomic IndicatorsMacroeconomic Indicators2011 2012 2013 2014 2015(a)GDP Growth 8.4 9.1 3.4 4.9 4.8Inflation (CCPI Change) 6.7 7.6 6.9 3.3 0.9Money Supply (M2) Growth 20.9 18.3 18.0 13.1 17.2Unemployment Rate (a) 4.2 4.0 4.4 4.3 4.7(a) Provisional

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