SRI LANKA presentation

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<p>COUNTRY PRESENTATION OF SRI LANKA</p> <p>AYUBOWAN(MAY YOU BLESS WITH LONG LIFE)</p> <p>PRESENTED BY MAJ TSR PERERA</p> <p>SEQUENCE INTRODUCTION. GEOGRAPHY. HISTORY NATIONAL AIMS AND OBJECTIVES. ECONOMIC POLICY. IMPORTANT INFORMATION IN THE COUNTRY. NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY AND STRATEGY. DEFENCE POLICY. DEFENCE AND MILITARY SYSTEM. MILITARY TRAINING SYSTEM. ETHNIC UNREST AND THE LTTE. SRI LANKA PAKISTAN RELATION SHIP . CONCLUSION.</p> <p>OTHER NAMES OF SRI LANKA DRAVIDS - ISLE ILANKAI ROMANS - TAPROBANE ARABIC - SERENDIB PORTUGUESE - CEILOA DUTCH - CEYLAN BRITISH - CEYLON</p> <p>GEOGRAPHY LOCATION LAND LENGTH ZONES : : : : Latitude 5.55 to 9.55 N Longitude 79.42 to 81.52E 65,610 Sq Kms North to South 445 Km. Widest Point 225 Km Central Highlands, Coastal plains, Coastal Belt mountains (Highest mountain 2,524 m). Tropical Colombo 33 c to 28 c Nuwaraeliya 25 c to 20 c Average Annual rainfall varies from 37to 228.</p> <p> CLIMATE</p> <p>:</p> <p> RAINFALL</p> <p>:</p> <p>445 KMS</p> <p>225 KMS</p> <p>HISTORY ANCIENT PERIOD ARRIVAL OF SINHALESE 6 CENTURY BC (ARYAN)</p> <p> ARRIVAL OF BUDDHISM</p> <p>- 250 BC</p> <p>ANURADHAPURA</p> <p>MIHINTHALE</p> <p>SIGIRIYA</p> <p>POLONNARUWA</p> <p>KANDY</p> <p>POST INDEPENDENCE 4TH FEBRUARY 1948 INDEPENDENCE 1948 TO 1970 EVOLUTION OF CEYLONS MULTIPARTY PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM. 1972 CONVERT TO THE REPUBLIC OF SRI LANKA</p> <p>GOVERNMENT COUNTRY NAME - Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka GOVERNMENT TYPE - Republic CAPITAL - Colombo (Commercial) Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (Legislative) INDEPENDENCE - 04 February 1948 ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS - Eight Provinces 1948 PARLIAMENTARY FORM OF GOVERNMENT. 1978 PRESIDENTIAL FORM OF GOVERNMENT.</p> <p>COLOMBO (COMMERCIAL CAPITAL)</p> <p>SRI JAYAWARDENEPURA KOTTE (LEGISLATIVE CAPITAL)</p> <p>EXPORT TEA RUBBER COCONUT OTHER AGRICULTURE GARMENTS PETROLEUM PRODUCTS PRECIOUS STONES TOTAL - RUPEES 53 BILLION - RUPEES 2.1 BILLION - RUPEES 5.7 BILLION - RUPEES 11 BILLION - RUPEES 206 BILLION - RUPEES 7.4 BILLION - RUPEES 7 BILLION - RUPEES 293 BILLION</p> <p>IMPORTMACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT, PETROLEUM PRODUCTS, MOTOR VEHICLES, SYNTHETIC YARN FABRICS, WHEAT FERTILIZER, CHEMICALS, BUILDING MATERIALS AND FOOD STUFFS.</p> <p>TOURISM</p> <p>COMD OF THE ARMYCHIEF OF STAFF</p> <p>DEPUTY CHIEF OF STAFF</p> <p>DGGS</p> <p>AG</p> <p>QMG</p> <p>MGO</p> <p>MS</p> <p>INFANTRY DIVISIONSSF HQ (JAFFNA) SF HQ (WANNI)</p> <p>HQ 22 DIVISION HQ 21 DIVISION</p> <p>HQ 23 DIVISION ARMY HQ JOINT OPERATION HQ</p> <p>SRI LANKA ARMY REGULAR FORCE</p> <p>08 x INFANTRY DIVISIONS07 x INFANTRY REGIMENTS 48 x INFANTRY BATTALIONS</p> <p>COMMANDO BRIGADE02 x COMMANDO BATTALIONS</p> <p>SPECIAL FORCES BRIGADE03 x SPECIAL FORCES BATTALIONS</p> <p>SRI LANKA ARMY ARMOURD CORPS</p> <p>3 x RECCE REGIMENTS 3 x ARMOURED REGIMENTS</p> <p>SRI LANKA ARTILLERY 3 x FIELD REGIMENTS 1 x LIGHT REGIMENT 2 x MEDIUM REGIMENTS 1 x ROCKET REGIMENT</p> <p>SRI LANKA ENGINEERS 4 x FIELD REGIMENTS</p> <p>SRI LANKA SIGNAL CORPS</p> <p>3 x REGIMENTS 1 x ELECTRONIC DATA PROCESSING UNIT 1 x ELECTRONIC WARFARE SQUADRON</p> <p>NYQ AH V C DFHA OO EV M T NY</p> <p>CEOTF HFF A I SF</p> <p>C DOHN O NTE MRR NAR AL E VAA</p> <p>C DSEN O ET MA R NAR AL E VAA</p> <p>C DUEN C DOHEE C DOHSEN O S TR O NTW R O NTET MOH M R S N M R AR T NAR AL E VAA NAR AL E VAA NAR AL E VAA</p> <p>NAVAL BASESKARAINAGAR</p> <p>MANNAR</p> <p>TRINCOMALEE</p> <p>COLOMBO</p> <p>GALLE</p> <p>I</p> <p>CH EQ</p> <p>CMO H I F RE O D F E OC</p> <p>CI HD T T I D T D T T T I D T D T I D T T D T T D T</p> <p>AIR FORCES BASESTRINCOMALEE</p> <p>ANURADHAPURA</p> <p>HINGURAKGODA</p> <p>KATUNAYAKA</p> <p>RATMALANA</p> <p>AIR FORCE UNITSPALALY VAVUNIYA SIGIRIYA BATTICALOA AMPARA DIYATALAWA KATUKURUNADA</p> <p>WEERAVILA KOGGALA</p> <p>AREA DEMANDED BY THE LTTE</p> <p>Early years 1974: Tamil Tiger leader Velupillai Prabhakaran forms the Tamil New Tigers (TNT) which four years later re named as Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE).</p> <p>23 July 1983: The LTTE ambushed an army patrol in Jaffna killing 13 soldiers which led to the worst ethnic riot between sinhalese and Tamils recorded in the Sri Lankas history.</p> <p>21 May 1991: Former Indian Prime Minister Rajive Gandhi was assassinated by a LTTE suicide cadre in Thamilnadu.</p> <p>16 November 1992: Sri Lankan Navy Commander Clancy Fernando killed by LTTE suicide bomber in the heart of Colombo.</p> <p>1 May 1993: The LTTE assassinated President Ranasinghe Premadasa</p> <p>16 August 1994: Peoples Alliance Government led by Mrs. Chandrika Bandaranayake Kumarathunga comes to power in Sri Lanka.</p> <p>13 October 1994: Third round of peace talks begin between the government and LTTE.</p> <p>1996-1998 31 January 1996: LTTE suicide bomber carried out an attack by driving a lorry laden with explosives into the Central Bank building complex in Colombo, killing 86 civilians and injuring 1338 men, women and children.</p> <p>25 January 1998: The LTTE stages a daring suicide bombing and devastates Sri Lanka's holiest Buddhist shrine the Temple of the Tooth relic, killing 13 people.</p> <p>23 July 2001: Tamil Tigers attack the Bandaranayake International Air Port in Colombo.</p> <p>05 December 2001: United National Party Government led by Mr. Ranil Wickramasinghe comes to power in Sri Lanka.</p> <p>24 December 2001: Cessation of Hostilities (C of H) begin between the Government and LTTE.</p> <p>22 February 2002: Signings of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Government and LTTE.</p> <p>ARUVI ARU</p> <p>MAHAWELI GANGA</p> <p>PIDURUTHALAGALA</p> <p> HISTORICAL SUMMARY 250 - 1017 Anuradhapura period. 1017 - 1213 Polonnaruwa period. 1235 - 1316 Changing capitals decline. 1418 - 1815 Kingdom of Kotte. 1592 - 1815 Kingdom of Kandy. 1505 - 1658 Portuguese rule (coastal areas). 1658 - 1795 Dutch rule (coastal areas). 1795 - 1948 British rule over the entire island.</p> <p> PROTECTION OF THE STATE AND PEOPLE. IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF LIFE OF PEOPLE. PROTECT HUMAN RIGHTS. UPHOLD DEMOCRACY. CREATE A CITIZENRY THAT BEST FACE THE CHALLENGES OF MODERN WORLD.</p> <p> OPEN ECONOMIC POLICY. PROMOTE PRIVATIZATION. INCREASE THE STANDARD OF LIVING. INDUSTRIALIZATION. MAINTAIN WELFARE.</p> <p>GDP : 15.5 Million US $ GDP per capita income : 900 US $ GDP growth rate : 5.6% Currency rupees : (102 rupees = 1 US $) Natural resources : Gems, limestone, graphite, mineral sands, phosphates, clay, fish and hydroelectric power. Agriculture : 20% of GDP Investment : 25% of GDP</p> <p>INDUSTRY PRODUCTION TEXTILE &amp; LEATHER FOOD &amp; TOBACCO CHEMICAL, PETROLEUM, RUBBER &amp; PLASTIC NON METALLIC MINERAL FABRICATED METAL BASIC METAL WOOD PAPER OTHERS : 40% : 22% : 19% : 8% : 5% : 1% : 1% : 2% : 2%</p> <p>ELECTRICITY TOTAL CAPACITY OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION HYDROPOWER THERMAL POWER WIND POWER PRIVATE HYDRO PRIVATE THERMAL HIRED PRIVATE : 1,779 KW : 1,137 : 453 :3 : 12 : 174 : 58</p> <p>AGRICULTURE TEA EXPORTS RUBBER EXPORTS COCONUT EXPORTS PADDY PRODUCTION SUGAR FISH : 295 MILLION KG : 86 MILLION KG : 2,796 MILLION NUTS : 2.69 MILLION TONS : 64 MILLION TONS : 304 MILLION TONS</p> <p>SRI LANKAS TOP TEN TRADING PARTNERSExports USA Germany UK Belgium Japan Imports Japan India Hong Kong Singapore China Taiwan</p> <p>POPULATIONPOPULATION BY ETHNICITY 19,408,635 (JULY 2001 EST)SINHALESE SRI LANKA TAMILS INDIAN TAMILS</p> <p>74%</p> <p>MUSLIMS OTHERS</p> <p>12.6% 0.9% 7% 5.5%</p> <p>POPULATIONPOPULATION BY RELIGIONB UDDHISTS HINDUS</p> <p>69.3%</p> <p>MUSLIMS CHRISTIANS</p> <p>7.6%</p> <p>15.5% 7.6%</p> <p> POPULATION GROWTH RATE: 0.87% BIRTH RATE DEATH RATE NET MIGRATION RATE LIFE EXPECTANCY (MALE)</p> <p>: 16.58 (BIRTHS/1,000 POPULATION) : 6.43 : -1.43(DEATHS/1,000 POPULATION) (MIGRANTS/1,000 POPULATION)</p> <p>: 69.58 YEARS</p> <p> LIFE EXPECTANCY (FEMALE) : 74.73 YEARS</p> <p>EDUCATION OFFICIAL &amp; NATIONAL LANGUAGES : SINHALA TAMIL &amp; ENGLISH IS WIDELY USED IN DAY TO DAY ACTIVITIES PUPIL/TEACHER RATIO : 22 SCHOOL ATTENDANCE : 98% LITERACY RATE : 92% TOTAL SCHOOLS : 10,977 PUPILS : 4,334,018 TEACHERS : 2,02,951 NATIONAL UNIVERSITIES : 13 STUDENTS : 48,061 LECTURES : 3,268 NEW ADMISSION FOR BASIC DEGREES : 11,962</p> <p>TRANSPORT RAILWAYS HIGHWAYS WATERWAYS : 1,463 KMS : 11,285 KMS : 430 KMS (NAVIGABLE BYSHALLOW-DRAFT CRAFT)</p> <p> PORTS AND HARBORS : COLOMBO, GALLE, KANKASANTHURAI AND TRINCOMALEE AIRPORTS : 14</p> <p>AIR PORTS</p> <p>MEDIA DAILY NEWS PAPERS TV STATE OWNED INDEPENDENT</p> <p>-9 -4-3</p> <p> RADIO STATE OWNED INDEPENDENT</p> <p>-1-4</p> <p>COMMUNICATIONS TELEPHONES MAIN LINE USE TELEPHONES MOBILE CELLULAR RADIO BROADCASTS STATIONS : 494,509 : 228,604 : AM 26, FM 45 AND SW 1</p> <p> TELEVISION BROADCASTS STATION : 21 INTERNET COUNTRY CODE : .lk</p> <p>NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY PROTECT THE STATE AND PEOPLE FROM TERRORISM</p> <p>NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY ACHIEVE MILITARY TERRORISTS. SUPERIORITY OVER THE</p> <p> UNDERMINE TERRORISM THROUGH OPENNESS AND DEMOCRACY. BRING INTERNATIONAL TERRORISTS. PRESSURE AGAINST</p> <p> WORK WITH INDIA TO UNDERMINE TERRORISTS.</p> <p>NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCILTHE PRESIDENT</p> <p>PRIME MINISTER MINISTER OF FOREIGN MINISTER OF DEFENCE</p> <p>SECRETARY TO THE PRESIDENT SECRETARY MINISTRY OF DEFENCE</p> <p>CHIEF OF DEFENCE STAFF</p> <p>COMMANDER OF THE ARMY</p> <p>COMMANDER OF THE NAVY</p> <p>COMMANDER OF THE AIR FORCE</p> <p>INSPECTOR GENERAL OF POLICE</p> <p>LOGISTIC AND SUPPORT BATTALIONS 02 x BATTALIONS OF MILITARY INTELLIGENCE UNIT 03 x BATTALIONS REGIMENT OF ENGINEER SERVICES</p> <p>04 x BATTALIONS OF SRI LANKA ARMY SERVICE UNIT 02 x BATTALIONS OF SRI LANKA ARMY MEDICAL UNIT 03 x BATTALIONS OF SRI LANKA ARMY ORDNANCE UNIT</p> <p>LOGISTIC AND SUPPORT BATTALIONS 03 x BATTALIONS OF SRI LANKA ELECTRICAL &amp; MECHANICAL ENGINEER 03 x BATTALIONS OF SRI MILITARY POLICE LANKA CORPS OF</p> <p>01 x BATTALION OF SRI LANKA ARMY GENERAL SERVICE UNIT 01 x BATTALION OF SRI LANKA WOMENS UNIT</p> <p>SRI LANKA ARMY VOLUNTEER FORCE</p> <p>19 x INFANTRY REGIMENTS 60 x VOLUNTEER BATTALIONSSRI LANKA ARMOURD CORPS 01 x BATTALION SRI LANKA ARTILLERY 01 x BATTALION SRI LANKA ENGINEERS 01 x BATTALION SRI LANKA SIGNAL CORPS 01 x BATTALION</p> <p>08 July 1985:-First attempt at peace talks between the government and the LTTE in Bhutan fails.(THIMPU TALKS) 29 July 1987: India Prime Minister Rajive Gandhi and President J.R Jayawardena signed the Indu-Lanka Accord. (INDIAN PEACE KEEPING FORCE - IPKF)</p> <p>10 October 1987: LTTE resumes separatist war taking on Indian troops.</p> <p>23 February 1990: Premadasa government begins second attempt at peace talks with the LTTE.</p> <p>24 March 1990: IPKF withdrawn from Sri Lanka on a request made by the New President. LTTE controls large areas of northern Sri Lanka. 10 June 1990: LTTE resumes separatist war, ending 14 months of peace talks.</p> <p>19 April 1995: The LTTE unilaterally broke the ceasefire by sinking two Naval Vessels and Killing 22 Sailors.</p> <p>2 December 1995: Jaffna falls to Sri Lankan army.</p> <p>19 Dec 1999-assassination attempt on the President by the LTTE</p>