Sri Lanka Accounting Standard SLFRS 9 - Lanka/SLFRS 2015/Sri Lanka... · Sri Lanka Accounting Standard

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  • Sri Lanka Accounting Standard SLFRS 9

    Financial Instruments

  • CONTENTS

    paragraphs

    SRI LANKA ACCOUNTING STANDARD SLFRS 9

    FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

    CHAPTERS

    1 OBJECTIVE 1.1

    2 SCOPE 2.1

    3 RECOGNITION AND DERECOGNITION 3.1.1

    4 CLASSIFICATION 4.1.1

    5 MEASUREMENT 5.1.1

    6 HEDGE ACCOUNTING 6.1.1

    7 EFFECTIVE DATE AND TRANSITION 7.1.1

    APPENDICES

    A Defined terms

    B Application guidance

  • Sri Lanka Accounting Standard SLFRS 9

    Financial Instruments

    Sri Lanka Accounting Standard SLFRS 9 Financial Instruments is set out in

    paragraphs 1.17.3.2 and Appendices AB. This publication amends particular

    paragraphs of SLFRS 9 and adds Chapter 6. Paragraphs of SLFRS 9 that are

    not included are not amended by this publication. All the paragraphs have

    equal authority. Paragraphs in bold type state the main principles. Terms

    defined in Appendix A are in italics the first time they appear in the SLFRS.

    Definitions of other terms are given in the Glossary for Sri Lanka Accounting

    Standards. SLFRS 9 should be read in the context of its objective and the

    Basis for Conclusions, the Preface to Sri Lanka Accounting Standards and the

    Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting. LKAS 8 Accounting

    Policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors provides a basis for

    selecting and applying accounting policies in the absence of explicit guidance.

    Chapter 1 Objective

    1.1 The objective of this SLFRS is to establish principles for the financial

    reporting of financial assets and financial liabilities that will present

    relevant and useful information to users of financial statements for

    their assessment of the amounts, timing and uncertainty of an entitys

    future cash flows.

    Chapter 2 Scope

    2.1 An entity shall apply this SLFRS to all items within the scope of

    LKAS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement.

    Chapter 3 Recognition and derecognition

    3.1 Initial recognition

    3.1.1 An entity shall recognise a financial asset or a financial liability in

    its statement of financial position when, and only when, the entity

    becomes party to the contractual provisions of the instrument (see

    paragraphs B3.1.1 and B3.1.2). When an entity first recognises a

    financial asset, it shall classify it in accordance with paragraphs

    4.1.14.1.5 and measure it in accordance with paragraphs 5.1.1

    and 5.1.2. When an entity first recognises a financial liability, it

  • shall classify it in accordance with paragraphs 4.2.1 and 4.2.2 and

    measure it in accordance with paragraph 5.1.1.

    Regular way purchase or sale of financial assets

    3.1.2 A regular way purchase or sale of financial assets shall be

    recognised and derecognised, as applicable, using trade date

    accounting or settlement date accounting (see paragraphs B3.1.3

    B3.1.6).

    3.2 Derecognition of financial assets

    3.2.1 In consolidated financial statements, paragraphs 3.2.23.2.9, B3.1.1,

    B3.1.2 and B3.2.1B3.2.17 are applied at a consolidated level. Hence,

    an entity first consolidates all subsidiaries in accordance with SLFRS

    10 Consolidated Financial Statements and then applies those

    paragraphs to the resulting group.

    3.2.2 Before evaluating whether, and to what extent, derecognition is

    appropriate under paragraphs 3.2.33.2.9, an entity determines

    whether those paragraphs should be applied to a part of a

    financial asset (or a part of a group of similar financial assets) or a

    financial asset (or a group of similar financial assets) in its

    entirety, as follows.

    (a) Paragraphs 3.2.33.2.9 are applied to a part of a financial

    asset (or a part of a group of similar financial assets) if, and

    only if, the part being considered for derecognition meets

    one of the following three conditions.

    (i) The part comprises only specifically identified cash

    flows from a financial asset (or a group of similar

    financial assets). For example, when an entity enters

    into an interest rate strip whereby the counterparty

    obtains the right to the interest cash flows, but not the

    principal cash flows from a debt instrument,

    paragraphs 3.2.33.2.9 are applied to the interest cash

    flows.

    (ii) The part comprises only a fully proportionate (pro

    rata) share of the cash flows from a financial asset (or

    a group of similar financial assets). For example, when

    an entity enters into an arrangement whereby the

  • counterparty obtains the rights to a 90 per cent share

    of all cash flows of a debt instrument, paragraphs

    3.2.33.2.9 are applied to 90 per cent of those cash

    flows. If there is more than one counterparty, each

    counterparty is not required to have a proportionate

    share of the cash flows provided that the transferring

    entity has a fully proportionate share.

    (iii) The part comprises only a fully proportionate (pro

    rata) share of specifically identified cash flows from a

    financial asset (or a group of similar financial assets).

    For example, when an entity enters into an

    arrangement whereby the counterparty obtains the

    rights to a 90 per cent share of interest cash flows from

    a financial asset, paragraphs 3.2.33.2.9 are applied to

    90 per cent of those interest cash flows. If there is

    more than one counterparty, each counterparty is not

    required to have a proportionate share of the

    specifically identified cash flows provided that the

    transferring entity has a fully proportionate share.

    (b) In all other cases, paragraphs 3.2.33.2.9 are applied to the

    financial asset in its entirety (or to the group of similar

    financial assets in their entirety). For example, when an

    entity transfers (i) the rights to the first or the last 90 per

    cent of cash collections from a financial asset (or a group of

    financial assets), or (ii) the rights to 90 per cent of the cash

    flows from a group of receivables, but provides a guarantee

    to compensate the buyer for any credit losses up to 8 per

    cent of the principal amount of the receivables, paragraphs

    3.2.33.2.9 are applied to the financial asset (or a group of

    similar financial assets) in its entirety.

    In paragraphs 3.2.33.2.12, the term financial asset refers to

    either a part of a financial asset (or a part of a group of similar

    financial assets) as identified in (a) above or, otherwise, a financial

    asset (or a group of similar financial assets) in its entirety.

    3.2.3 An entity shall derecognise a financial asset when, and only when:

    (a) the contractual rights to the cash flows from the financial

    asset expire, or

  • (b) it transfers the financial asset as set out in paragraphs 3.2.4

    and 3.2.5 and the transfer qualifies for derecognition in

    accordance with paragraph 3.2.6.

    (See paragraph 3.1.2 for regular way sales of financial assets.)

    3.2.4 An entity transfers a financial asset if, and only if, it either:

    (a) transfers the contractual rights to receive the cash flows of

    the financial asset, or

    (b) retains the contractual rights to receive the cash flows of the

    financial asset, but assumes a contractual obligation to pay

    the cash flows to one or more recipients in an arrangement

    that meets the conditions in paragraph 3.2.5.

    3.2.5 When an entity retains the contractual rights to receive the cash

    flows of a financial asset (the original asset), but assumes a

    contractual obligation to pay those cash flows to one or more

    entities (the eventual recipients), the entity treats the transaction

    as a transfer of a financial asset if, and only if, all of the following

    three conditions are met.

    (a) The entity has no obligation to pay amounts to the eventual

    recipients unless it collects equivalent amounts from the

    original asset. Short-term advances by the entity with the

    right of full recovery of the amount lent plus accrued

    interest at market rates do not violate this condition.

    (b) The entity is prohibited by the terms of the transfer contract

    from selling or pledging the original asset other than as

    security to the eventual recipients for the obligation to pay

    them cash flows.

    (c) The entity has an obligation to remit any cash flows it

    collects on behalf of the eventual recipients without material

    delay. In addition, the entity is not entitled to reinvest such

    cash flows, except for investments in cash or cash

    equivalents (as defined in LKAS 7 Statement of Cash Flows)

    during the short settlement period from the collection date

    to the date of required remittance to the eventual recipients,

    and interest earned on such investments is passed to the

    eventual recipients.

  • 3.2.6 When an entity transfers a financial asset (see paragraph 3.2.4), it

    shall evaluate the extent to which it retains the risks and rewards

    of ownership of the financial asset. In this case:

    (a) if the entity transfers substantially all the risks and rewards

    of ownership of the financial asset, the entity shall

    derecognise the financial asset and recognise separately as

    assets or liabilities any rights and obligations created or

    retained in the transfe