Sport/physical activities and public health_.2008.Simovska

Embed Size (px)

Text of Sport/physical activities and public health_.2008.Simovska

  • 8/14/2019 Sport/physical activities and public health_.2008.Simovska

    1/14

    VALORIZATION OF SPORT/PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES

    AND CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS OF YOUTH

    IN CREATING MACEDONIAN STANDARDS

    Prim. Vera Simovska, MD., Ph.D.

    Zoran Simonovski, MD.

    Information technology technician Gorgi Jancev

    PUBLIC HEALTH INSTITUTES - SKOPJE

  • 8/14/2019 Sport/physical activities and public health_.2008.Simovska

    2/14

    I N T R O D U C T I O N

    Sport activities are an integral part of population health,everyday life and work, as well as to specific aims and interestsof society.

    The need for sport activities evaluation is closely related to therational impact on public health. An essential condition for carringout the strategy is the use of scientific results already obtainedthrough research on influence of sport activities oncardiorespiratory fitness of the population in certain socio-economic surroundings.

    The aim of our study was to evaluate the sport activities on thebasis on their influence on cardiorespiratory fitness of youth andto create Macedonian standards using own created software tool.

  • 8/14/2019 Sport/physical activities and public health_.2008.Simovska

    3/14

    M e t h o d s :

    57 kind sport activities were evaluated during the period of

    2005/06yrs. A great number of these are already practiced in

    Skopje, and some of them, considerating the dynamics, needs,

    possibilities and conditions of the social development, are likely

    to be practiced and improved in the next period countrywide.

    In the first phase, we have created software tool for the best

    evaluation of sport activities and their influence on cardiorespiratory

    fitness in 10.120 youth engaged in regular aerobic and aerobic-

    anaerobic sport activities in Skopje.

  • 8/14/2019 Sport/physical activities and public health_.2008.Simovska

    4/14

    In the second phase, we evaluated 38 sport activities

    by means of a particular experimental treatment.

    The study was carried out on 891 tested youth usingAstrand submaximal test, age range of 12-21 years,

    randomly selected.

    The sample was divided into 4 groups of approximately

    the same number of young population by age and sex.

  • 8/14/2019 Sport/physical activities and public health_.2008.Simovska

    5/14

    TO MAKE A DATA BASE WITH SOFTWARE HELP IN ORDER

    TO FOLLOW THE FOLLOWING PARAMETERS :

    DATA OF THE ANALYZED PARTICIPANT

    - NAME AND SURNAME

    - IDENTIFICATION NUMBER

    - EXAMINATION DATE- DATE OF BIRTH

    - AGE

    - SEX

    - KIND OF SPORT

    - CLUB- TOWN/CITY

    IN AND OUT ANTHROPOMETRIC PARAMETERS

    IN AND OUT PARAMETERS FOR CARDIORESPIRATORY CAPACITY

  • 8/14/2019 Sport/physical activities and public health_.2008.Simovska

    6/14

    ANTHROPOMETRY ENTER PARAMETERS

    3. Mid upper - arm circumference MUAC - mm4. Mid forearm circumference MFC - mm5. Mid calf circumference MCC - mm6. Mid thigh circumference MTC - mm7. Diameter of hand wrist DHW - mm8. Diameter of elbow DE - mm

    9. Diameter of ankle joint DAJ - mm10. Diameter of knee DK - mm11. Forearm skinfold thickness FST - mm12. Biceps skinfold thickness BST - mm13. Triceps skinfold thickness TST - mm14. Subscapular skinfold thickness SSST - mm

    15. Midaxillary skinfold thickness MST - mm16. Pectoral skinfold thickness PST - mm17. Abdomen skinfold thickness AST - mm18. Suprailiac skinfold thickness SIST - mm19. Calf skinfold thickness CST - mm20. Thigh skinfold thickness THST - mm

    1. Body height BH - cm2. Body weight BW - kg

  • 8/14/2019 Sport/physical activities and public health_.2008.Simovska

    7/14

    ANTHROPOMETRY - EXIT PARAMETERS

    1. Upper Arm Muscle Circumference MUSCIR - cm

    2. Upper Arm Muscle Area UAMA - cm 2

    3. Upper Arm Fat Area UAFA - cm 2

    4. Upper Arm Fat Area Index UAFA% - %

    5. Mass of muscle tissues MM - kg

    6. Percentage mass of muscle tissues RMM - %

    7. Mass of osseous OM - kg

    8. Percentage mass of osseus ROM - %

    9. Body fat BF - kg

    10. Body fat percentage RBF - %

    11. RBF specific for sport end sex12. Lean body mass LBM - kg

    13. Percentage lean body mass RLBM - %

    14. Body mass index BMI

    15. BMI category

    16. Body surface area BS - m2

    17. Ideal body weight LORENZ - kg

  • 8/14/2019 Sport/physical activities and public health_.2008.Simovska

    8/14

    CARDIORESPIRATORY CAPACITY

    ENTER PARAMETERS :

    1. ASTRAND test load degree - L :

    - unit of measurement - W or kpm / min

    2. Heart rate ( fh ) in resting - RHR ( bpm )

    3. Heart rate in the first minute of ASTRAND test - bpm

    4. Heart rate in the second minute of ASTRAND test - bpm

    5. Heart rate in the third minute of ASTRAND test - bpm6. Heart rate in the fourth minute of ASTRAND test - bpm

    7. Heart rate in the fifth minute of the ASTRAND - bpm

    8. Heart rate in the sixth minute of the ASTRAND test - bpm

    9. Heart rate in the seventh minute of the ASTRAND test - bpm

    10. Heart rate in the eighth minute of the ASTRAND test - bpm

    11. Heart rate in the ninth minute of the ASTRAND test - bpm

    12. Heart rate in the tenth minute of the ASTRAND test- bpm13. Average heart frequency in the last two minutes of the test ( Fh sm) - bpm

    14. Blood lactates mmol / L ( 8 12 measurements - Lactate treshold test )15. HRL ( Heart Rate bpm ) ( 8 12 measurements - Lactate treshold test )

    16. VC - Vital capacity l ( litres)

    17. FEV1 - Forced expiratory volume in the first second l ( litres )

    18. FEV1 / VC ( % )19. Labaratory researches hemoglobin , erythrocytes

  • 8/14/2019 Sport/physical activities and public health_.2008.Simovska

    9/14

    99

    CARDIORESPIRATORY CAPACITY -

    EXIT PARAMETERS

    1. VO2 max - L / min ( absolute value )2. VO2 max - ml / kg BW / min ( relative value )

    3. METs level4. Energy consumption - kcal / min

    5. Maximal estimated VO2 max - ml /kg BW / min

    6. Percentage of achieved estimated maximal VO2 max - %

    7. Category of VO2 max8. HR max Heart Rate maximum - bpm

    9. HR submax - Heart Rate submaximum - bpm

    10. HRR Heart Rate Reserve - bpm

  • 8/14/2019 Sport/physical activities and public health_.2008.Simovska

    10/14

    1010

    CARDIORESPIRATORY CAPACITY

    EXIT PARAMETERS

    11. Training Heart Rate ( Training zone 65% ) bpm

    12. Training Heart Rate ( Training zone 75% ) bpm

    13. Training Heart Rate ( Training zone 85% ) bpm

    14. Training Heart Rate ( Training zone 95% ) bpm

    15. vVO2 running speed estimated in aerobe conditions - m /s16. Average estimated VO2 max - ml / kg BW / min

    17. Percentage of achieved average of VO2 max - %

    18. Lactate threshold mmol / L

    19. HR LT - Heart rate during lactate threshold

    20. VC Vital capacity l ( litres ) ( measured value, estimated, % of theestimated value )

    21. FEV1 Forced expiratory circumference in the first second -l ( litres)

    ( measured value, estimated, % of the estimated value )

    22. FEV1 / VC - % ( measured value, estimated, % of the estimated value

    23. Systole and diastole blood preassure

  • 8/14/2019 Sport/physical activities and public health_.2008.Simovska

    11/14

    REPORTREPORT

    September, 2006

  • 8/14/2019 Sport/physical activities and public health_.2008.Simovska

    12/14

    R e s u l t s :

    In order to determine the effect of sport activities on

    cardiorespiratory fitness,compjuterized data basis provides

    19 cardiorespiratory and anthropometric incomes, and

    33 outcomes.

    The results of the arbitrary evaluation of aerobic and

    anaerobic-aerobic sport activities were evaluated with

    the essential descriptive statistical parameters.Obtained results for cardiorespiratory fitness of 891 young

    population are presented on next table:

  • 8/14/2019 Sport/physical activities and public health_.2008.Simovska

    13/14

    Cardiorespiratory fitness

    Age and sex VO2max-ml/kg/min = X SD minimum maximum

    Male = 12 - 16 37.68 6.72 23 59

    Male = 17 - 21 41.40 7.99 24.6 64Female = 12 - 16 34.29 6.75 21 53

    Female = 17 - 21 36.36 7.29 22 58

  • 8/14/2019 Sport/physical activities and public health_.2008.Simovska

    14/14

    CONCLUSION

    THE RESULT OF THIS SOFTWARE ANALYSIS IS IN ORDER TO HELP:

    VALORIZATION OF INFLUENCE OF SPORT/PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES ONCARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS OF YOUTH IN CREATING MACEDONIANSTANDARDS.

    PREVENTION OF MORBIDITY DURING EXERCISING DIET PLANNING OF THESPORTSMEN.

    SPORTS MEDICINE DOCTORS IN ORDER TO FOLLOW THE ANTHROPOMETRICPARAMETERS AND THE VITAL CAPACITIES OF THE PROFESSIONAL ANDAMATEUR SPORTISTS.

    SPORTS COACHES FOR EVALUATION OF THE CURRENT CONDITIONALFITNESS OF THE SPORTSMEN, TO PLAN AND CONTROL TRAINING PROCESS,

    OR TO IDENTIFY TALENTED SPORTISTS (BODY PROFILING FOR ADEQUATESPORTS).

    SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTIONS FOR CREATING OF STANDARDS FOR DIFFERENTKINDS OF SPORTS AND FOR DIFFERENT AGE GROUPS FOR SPECIFICSCIENTIFIC RESEARCHES AND SCREENING OF DIFFERENT CATEGORIES OFPOPULATION.

    PREVENTION OF SPORTS TRAUMA.